Extensive Brain Anatomy

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Can you name the parts of the human brain?

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DesciptionPart Location/Type
I. Sense of smellCranial Nerve
II. Visual informationCranial Nerve
III. Eye movementCranial Nerve
IV. Eye movementCranial Nerve
V. Facial sensory/Jaw movementCranial Nerve
VI. Abducing eye movementCranial Nerve
VII. Facial expressionCranial Nerve
VIII. Sense of sound, rotation, gravityCranial Nerve
IX. Sense of tasteCranial Nerve
X. Controls voice musclesCranial Nerve
XI. Controls sternocleidomastoid and trapezius musclesCranial Nerve
XII. Controls tongue musclesCranial Nerve
Largest aperture in the base of the skull, through which the extension of the spinal cord enters and exitsSkull
Aperture in the base of the skull, transmitting nerves IX, X and XISkull
Frontal groove of the spinal cordMyelencephalon
White matter on ventral-medial part of the medulla, conveys motor commandsMyelencephalon
Prominent nucleus in the ventral medulla, modulates cerebellar processingMyelencephalon
Medial portion of the dorsal columns that convey mechano-sensory information from the lower bodyMyelencephalon
Lateral portion of the dorsal columns that convey mechano-sensory information from the upper limbs, trunk and neckMyelencephalon
Three major white matter structures that convey cerebellar afferents and efferentsMyelencephalon
Brainstem structure, provides a relay for the transfer of command signals from cerebral cortex to cerebellumMetencephalon
Seperates cerebellar hemispheresMetencephalon
Portion of the ventricular system that lies ventral of the cerebellumMetencephalon
Paired hillocks on the dorsal surface of the caudal midbrain, processes and relays auditory signalsMesencephalon
Paired hillocks on the dorsal surface of the caudal midbrain processes and relays visual signalsMesencephalon
DesciptionPart Location/Type
Structure on the midbrain, conveys signals from cerebral cortex to inferior olivary nucleus and contributes to the control of distal upper extremitiesMesencephalon
Midbrain base nucleus that innervates the striatum and cerebral cortex (compacta) and is a pallidal division of the basal ganglia (reticulata)Mesencephalon
Swellings on the posterior-ventral diencephalon surface involved in hippocampal processingDiencephalon
Region comprised of several small critical nuclei involved in memory processingDiencephalon
The connection between the above and below described sctructuresDiencephalon
Endocrine organ made up of hormone-secreting cells that regulate homeostasisDiencephalon
Major division relaying sensory information and motor signalsDiencephalon
Endocrine organ excreting melatonin, governs the sleep-wake cycleDiencephalon
The unpaired, midline ventricular space interposed between the diencephalon of the two cerebral hemispheresDiencephalon
Cortex part involved in reasoning, problem solving and judgementTelencephalon
Cortex part involved in touch sensation and location of objectsTelencephalon
Cortex part involved in auditory sensation and language recognitionTelencephalon
Cortex part involved in visual sensation and processingTelencephalon
Massive midline interconnecting the two cerebral hemispheresTelencephalon
Thin plate of gray matter lying in the white matter between the insular cortex and the basal ganglia, modulates cortical activityTelencephalon
Major basal ganglia component involved in regulating the expression of certain bodily movements, affective behavior and cognitive processesTelencephalon
Major basal ganglia component and lateral part of the striatumTelencephalon
Involved in intrinsic basal ganglia processing, provides output from basal ganglia that gates thalamic activityTelencephalon
Large white matter that lies between the diencephalon and basal ganglia comprising cortical and thalamic projection fibersTelencephalon
Large white matter that is a route for cholinergic fibers from the basal forebrain to the cerebral cortexTelencephalon
Large white matter of long association fibers that provides bidirectional communication between such areas as Broca's en Wernicke'sTelencephalon
Medial temporal lobe structure involved in memory acquisitionTelencephalon
Medial temporal lobe structure integrates emotion, cognition, and autonomic signalsTelencephalon
Prominent white matter structure conveys information over commissural fibresTelencephalon
Extensive, paired, C-shaped component of the ventricular systemTelencephalon

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