AP English Lit Terms

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A metrical line of verse consisting of six feet
Repetition of initial sounds in a set of words
A speech in which a character who is alone speaks his or her thoughts aloud
The use of material unrelated to the subject of a work
A type of figurative language in which a statement is made that says that one thing is something else but, literally, it is not
The use of words whose sound suggests their meaning
A line with a pause at the end
The devices used in effective or persuasive language
Literal meaning of a word
The use of words to mean something other than their literal meaning
A metrical foot consisting of one long and two short syllables or of one stressed and two unstressed syllables
Usually a repeated grouping of three or more lines with the same meter and rhyme scheme
A three-line stanza rhymed aba, bcb, cdc
A pair or group of words that has a subject and predicate, but is not a sentence on its own; part of a sentence
A figure of speech using indirection to avoid offensive bluntness (i.e. 'passed away' as opposed to 'died')
Rhyme that occurs in a single line of verse
A two syllable foot with an unaccented syllable followed by an accented one
Referencing a well known work (such as Shakespeare's many references to the Bible)
Word choice
Poetry that is not written in traditional meter but is still rhythmical
The actual meaning of something
The manner in which an author expresses his or her attitude; the intonation of the voice that expresses meaning
A form of reasoning in which two statements are made and a conclusion is drawn from them
All of the sensory perceptions referred to in a work; words or phrases used to create a 'mental picture'
The omission of a word or several words that would otherwise be required by the remaining elements
Bits of information given by the author to better develop the work
A grammatical mood expressing commands, direct requests and prohibitions
To change
Explicitly instructive
A statement that seems to be self-contradicting but, in fact, is true
Repetition of vowel sounds
Implied meaning of a word
The structure of a sentence; the arrangement of words in a sentence
The vantage point of a story in which the narrator can know, see, and report whatever he or she chooses
Characterized by incongruities or distortions
Preceding in time or order; pre-existing
A sentence that is not grammatically complete until the final clause or phrase
Something that is simultaneously itself and a sign of something else
A composition that imitates the style of another composition normally for comic effect
A figurative use of language that endows the nonhuman (ideas, inanimate objects, animals, abstractions) with human characteristics
A quality of some fictional narrators whose word the reader can trust
The author's feeling
A combination of opposites; the union of contradictory terms
A line of four feet
A type of symbolism in which everything in a work is representative of something (i.e. 'Young Goodman Brown')
A general phrase for the linguistic devices or techniques that a writer can use
Writing that seeks to arouse a reader's disapproval of an object by ridicule
The framework, or arrangement of materials within a work; the relationship of the parts of a work to the whole; the logical divisions of a work
The special language of a profession or group
The background to a story; the physical location of a play, story, or novel
Direct address of an abstract person or object
A conventional pattern, expression, character, or idea
Unrhymed iambic pentameter
A line containing five feet
Phrases or sentences with very similar grammatical structure
The mode of expression in language; the characteristic manner of expression of an author
Normally a fourteen-line iambic pentameter poem
A story designed to suggest a principle, illustrate a moral, or answer a question
The techniques of deploying the sound of words, especially in poetry
A brief, clever, often memorable statement
Intentional vagueness
The methods involved in telling a story; the procedures used by a writer of stories or accounts
A literary term referring to how a person, situation, statement, or circumstance is not as it would actually seem; many times it is the exact opposite of what it appears to be. Typ
The main thought expressed by a work, the meaning of the work as a whole
A seven-line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc, used by Chaucer and other medieval poets
The theme, meaning, or position that a writer undertakes to prove or support
A directly expressed comparison; a figure of speech comparing two objects, usually with 'like,' 'as,' or 'than.'
Any of several possible vantage points from which a story is told
A question asked for effect, not in expectation of a reply
The management of language for a specific effect
A traditional form for English poetry, commonly used for epic and narrative poetry; it refers to poems constructed from a sequence of rhyming pairs of iambic pentameter lines. The
A characteristic of a literary genre (often unrealistic) that is understood and accepted by audiences because it has come, through usage and time, to be recognized as a familiar te
Alternating lines of iambic tetrameter and iambic trimeter

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