AP English Lit Terms

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DefinitionTerm
Rhyme that occurs in a single line of verse
Exaggeration
The omission of a word or several words that would otherwise be required by the remaining elements
A line containing five feet
A directly expressed comparison; a figure of speech comparing two objects, usually with 'like,' 'as,' or 'than.'
A form of reasoning in which two statements are made and a conclusion is drawn from them
A speech in which a character who is alone speaks his or her thoughts aloud
Intentional vagueness
A three-line stanza rhymed aba, bcb, cdc
The vantage point of a story in which the narrator can know, see, and report whatever he or she chooses
A sentence that is not grammatically complete until the final clause or phrase
A type of symbolism in which everything in a work is representative of something (i.e. 'Young Goodman Brown')
A figure of speech using indirection to avoid offensive bluntness (i.e. 'passed away' as opposed to 'died')
The devices used in effective or persuasive language
Direct address of an abstract person or object
All of the sensory perceptions referred to in a work; words or phrases used to create a 'mental picture'
Referencing a well known work (such as Shakespeare's many references to the Bible)
A statement that seems to be self-contradicting but, in fact, is true
A characteristic of a literary genre (often unrealistic) that is understood and accepted by audiences because it has come, through usage and time, to be recognized as a familiar te
A metrical foot consisting of one long and two short syllables or of one stressed and two unstressed syllables
To change
A pair or group of words that has a subject and predicate, but is not a sentence on its own; part of a sentence
A conventional pattern, expression, character, or idea
Bits of information given by the author to better develop the work
Poetry that is not written in traditional meter but is still rhythmical
DefinitionTerm
The structure of a sentence; the arrangement of words in a sentence
Usually a repeated grouping of three or more lines with the same meter and rhyme scheme
Repetition of vowel sounds
Implied meaning of a word
The main thought expressed by a work, the meaning of the work as a whole
Characterized by incongruities or distortions
The use of material unrelated to the subject of a work
The manner in which an author expresses his or her attitude; the intonation of the voice that expresses meaning
The actual meaning of something
The use of words to mean something other than their literal meaning
A literary term referring to how a person, situation, statement, or circumstance is not as it would actually seem; many times it is the exact opposite of what it appears to be. Typ
A line of four feet
Normally a fourteen-line iambic pentameter poem
A traditional form for English poetry, commonly used for epic and narrative poetry; it refers to poems constructed from a sequence of rhyming pairs of iambic pentameter lines. The
Unrhymed iambic pentameter
Any of several possible vantage points from which a story is told
A quality of some fictional narrators whose word the reader can trust
A two syllable foot with an unaccented syllable followed by an accented one
Repetition of initial sounds in a set of words
A grammatical mood expressing commands, direct requests and prohibitions
A general phrase for the linguistic devices or techniques that a writer can use
The author's feeling
A line with a pause at the end
The methods involved in telling a story; the procedures used by a writer of stories or accounts
Alternating lines of iambic tetrameter and iambic trimeter
DefinitionTerm
A story designed to suggest a principle, illustrate a moral, or answer a question
The use of words whose sound suggests their meaning
A type of figurative language in which a statement is made that says that one thing is something else but, literally, it is not
The management of language for a specific effect
The mode of expression in language; the characteristic manner of expression of an author
A metrical line of verse consisting of six feet
The techniques of deploying the sound of words, especially in poetry
The theme, meaning, or position that a writer undertakes to prove or support
A brief, clever, often memorable statement
Something that is simultaneously itself and a sign of something else
The background to a story; the physical location of a play, story, or novel
A seven-line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc, used by Chaucer and other medieval poets
Writing that seeks to arouse a reader's disapproval of an object by ridicule
The special language of a profession or group
Preceding in time or order; pre-existing
Word choice
Explicitly instructive
A combination of opposites; the union of contradictory terms
A composition that imitates the style of another composition normally for comic effect
A question asked for effect, not in expectation of a reply
Songlike
A figurative use of language that endows the nonhuman (ideas, inanimate objects, animals, abstractions) with human characteristics
Literal meaning of a word
Phrases or sentences with very similar grammatical structure
The framework, or arrangement of materials within a work; the relationship of the parts of a work to the whole; the logical divisions of a work

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