AP English Lit Terms

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A type of symbolism in which everything in a work is representative of something (i.e. 'Young Goodman Brown')
Direct address of an abstract person or object
A combination of opposites; the union of contradictory terms
Repetition of initial sounds in a set of words
The omission of a word or several words that would otherwise be required by the remaining elements
The use of words whose sound suggests their meaning
Usually a repeated grouping of three or more lines with the same meter and rhyme scheme
The main thought expressed by a work, the meaning of the work as a whole
The management of language for a specific effect
A figurative use of language that endows the nonhuman (ideas, inanimate objects, animals, abstractions) with human characteristics
A composition that imitates the style of another composition normally for comic effect
A speech in which a character who is alone speaks his or her thoughts aloud
The special language of a profession or group
The author's feeling
A line with a pause at the end
A metrical foot consisting of one long and two short syllables or of one stressed and two unstressed syllables
The structure of a sentence; the arrangement of words in a sentence
The actual meaning of something
A question asked for effect, not in expectation of a reply
The use of material unrelated to the subject of a work
Any of several possible vantage points from which a story is told
A type of figurative language in which a statement is made that says that one thing is something else but, literally, it is not
Bits of information given by the author to better develop the work
Preceding in time or order; pre-existing
A directly expressed comparison; a figure of speech comparing two objects, usually with 'like,' 'as,' or 'than.'
The manner in which an author expresses his or her attitude; the intonation of the voice that expresses meaning
The theme, meaning, or position that a writer undertakes to prove or support
Writing that seeks to arouse a reader's disapproval of an object by ridicule
All of the sensory perceptions referred to in a work; words or phrases used to create a 'mental picture'
A traditional form for English poetry, commonly used for epic and narrative poetry; it refers to poems constructed from a sequence of rhyming pairs of iambic pentameter lines. The
A seven-line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc, used by Chaucer and other medieval poets
A quality of some fictional narrators whose word the reader can trust
A three-line stanza rhymed aba, bcb, cdc
A literary term referring to how a person, situation, statement, or circumstance is not as it would actually seem; many times it is the exact opposite of what it appears to be. Typ
Characterized by incongruities or distortions
A line containing five feet
The methods involved in telling a story; the procedures used by a writer of stories or accounts
A sentence that is not grammatically complete until the final clause or phrase
Repetition of vowel sounds
A conventional pattern, expression, character, or idea
A statement that seems to be self-contradicting but, in fact, is true
A two syllable foot with an unaccented syllable followed by an accented one
A brief, clever, often memorable statement
Unrhymed iambic pentameter
Literal meaning of a word
Alternating lines of iambic tetrameter and iambic trimeter
Something that is simultaneously itself and a sign of something else
A general phrase for the linguistic devices or techniques that a writer can use
A line of four feet
Word choice
The techniques of deploying the sound of words, especially in poetry
A form of reasoning in which two statements are made and a conclusion is drawn from them
The vantage point of a story in which the narrator can know, see, and report whatever he or she chooses
Phrases or sentences with very similar grammatical structure
The framework, or arrangement of materials within a work; the relationship of the parts of a work to the whole; the logical divisions of a work
The mode of expression in language; the characteristic manner of expression of an author
Poetry that is not written in traditional meter but is still rhythmical
Intentional vagueness
The use of words to mean something other than their literal meaning
The background to a story; the physical location of a play, story, or novel
Explicitly instructive
Implied meaning of a word
To change
A story designed to suggest a principle, illustrate a moral, or answer a question
Rhyme that occurs in a single line of verse
A characteristic of a literary genre (often unrealistic) that is understood and accepted by audiences because it has come, through usage and time, to be recognized as a familiar te
Referencing a well known work (such as Shakespeare's many references to the Bible)
Normally a fourteen-line iambic pentameter poem
A grammatical mood expressing commands, direct requests and prohibitions
The devices used in effective or persuasive language
A pair or group of words that has a subject and predicate, but is not a sentence on its own; part of a sentence
A metrical line of verse consisting of six feet
A figure of speech using indirection to avoid offensive bluntness (i.e. 'passed away' as opposed to 'died')

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