History / American Government Chapter 1 Vocab

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Can you name the American Government Chapter 1 Vocabulary?

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DefinitionVocabulary Word
A set of beliefs that includes the advocacy of positive government action to improve the welfare of individuals, support for civil rights, and tolerance for political and social ch
An economic system characterized by the private ownership of wealth-creating assets, free markets, and freedom of contact
The process of solving conflicts and deciding “who gets what, when, and how.” More specifically, politics is the struggle over power or influence within organizations or inform
An ongoing organization that performs certain functions for society
A government with powers that are limited either through a written document or through widely shared beliefs
Popular acceptance of the right and power of a government or other entity to exercise authority
A basic principle of democracy asserting that the greatest number of citizens in any political unit should select officials and determine polices
Anything that is or may be subject to ownership. As conceived by the political philosopher John Locke, the right to property is a natural right superior to human law (laws made by
Rule by a few
The first ten amendments to the US Constitution
Literally, Rule by God or gods; in practice, rule by religious leaders typically self-appointed
A state of peace and security. Maintaining order by protecting members of society from violence and criminal activity is the oldest purpose of government
A political ideology based on skepticism or opposition toward most government activities
A system or government in which decisions are made by the people directly, rather than by their elected representatives; probably attained most easily in small political communitie
A set of beliefs that includes a limited role for the national government in helping individuals, support for traditional values and lifestyles, and a cautious response to change
More than 50%
An electoral device whereby legislative or constitutional measures are referred by the legislature to the voters for approved or disapproval
The condition of no government
A republic in which representatives elected by the people make and enforce laws and policies
A procedure by which voters can propose a law or a constitutional amendment
The right and power of a government or entity to enforce its decisions and compel obedience
Those personal freedoms, including freedom of religion and freedom of speech that are protected for all individuals. The civil liberties set forth by the US constitution, as amende
DefinitionVocabulary Word
A form of government that controls all aspects of the political and social life of a nation
A patterned set of ideas, values, and ways of thinking about government and politics
A system of government in which political authority is vested in the people. The term derived from the Greek words demos (the people) and kratos (authority)
Rule by the “best”; in reality, rule by an upper class
The process by which political beliefs and values are transmitted to new immigrants and to our children. The family and the educational system are two of the most important forces
As a political value, the idea that all people are of equal worth
A procedure allowing the people to vote to dismiss an elected official from state office before his or her term expires
A theory that views politics as a conflict between interest groups. Political decision making is characterized by compromise and accommodation
A type of regime in which only the government itself is fully controlled by the ruler. Social and economic institutions exist that are not under government control
A political theory holding that in a democracy, the government ought to do what the majority of the people want
A perspective holding that society is ruled by a small number of people who exercise power to further their self-interest
A political ideology based on strong support for economic and social equality. These individuals traditionally envisioned a society in which major businesses were taken over by the
A form of government in which representatives elected by the people make and enforce laws and policies; may retain the monarchy in a ceremonial role
The idea that government and laws derive their legitimacy from the consent of the government
The concept that ultimate political authority is based on the people
The greatest freedom of the individual that is consistent with the freedom of other individuals in the society
A form of government in which sovereign power rest with the people, rather than with a king or a monarch
A government body primarily responsible for the making of laws
A comprehensive set of beliefs about the nature of people and about the role of an institution or government
The right of all adults to vote for their representative
The preeminent institutions within society in which decisions are made that resolve conflicts or allocate benefits and privileges. It is unique because it has the ultimate authorit

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