Chapter 4 Vocab

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DefinitionTerm
A government preventing material from being published. This is a common method of limiting the press in some nations, but it is usually unconstitutional in the United States, accor
The constitutional amendment designed to protect the rights of persons accused of crimes, including protection against double jeopardy, self-incrimination, and punishment without d
The constitutional amendment that forbids cruel and unusual punishment, although it does not define this phrase. Through the Fourteenth Amendment, this Bill of Rights provision app
The constitutional amendment designed to prtect individuals accused of crimes. It includes the right to counsel, the right to confront witnesses, and the right to a speedy and publ
Obtaining evidence in a haphazard or random manner, a practice prohibited by the Fourth Amendment. Probable cause and/or a search warrant are required for a legal and proper search
The right to a private personal life free from the intrusion of government.
The situation occurring when an individual accused of a crime is compelled to be a witness against himself or herself in court. The Fifth Amendment forbids this.
Part of the First Amendment stating that 'Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion.'
The consitutional amendment adopted after the Civil War that states, 'No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunites of citizens of the Unit
The legal constitutional protections against government. Although our civil liberties are formally set down in the Bill of Rights, the courts, police, and legislatures define their
The situation occuring when the police have reason to believe that a person should be arrested. In making the arrest, police are allowed legally to search for and seize incriminati
DefinitionTerm
Court sentences prohibited by the Eighth Amendment. Although the Supreme Court has ruled that mandatory death sentences for certain offenses are unconstitutional, it has not held t
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which define such basic liberties as freedom of religion, speech, and press and guarantee defendants' rights.
A First Amendment provision that prohibits government from interfering with the practice of religion.
Nonverbal communication, such as burning a flag or wearing an armband. The Supreme Court has accorded some symbolic speech protection under the First Amendment.
The legal concept under which the Supreme Court has nationalized the Bill of Rights by making most of its provisions applicable to the states through the Fourteenth Amendment.
The publication of false or malicious statements that damage someone's reputation.
The constitutional amendment that establishes the four great liberties: freedom of the press, of speech, of religion, and of assembly.
A written authorization from a court specifying the area to be searched and what the police are searching for.
A bargain struck between the defendant's lawyer and the prosecutor to the effect that the defendant will plead guilty to a lesser crime (or fewer crimes) in exchange for the state'
Communication in the form of advertising. It can be restricted more than many other types of speech but has been receiving increased protection from the Supreme Court.
The rule that evidence, no matter how incriminating, cannot be introduced into a trial if it was not constitutionally obtained. The rule prohibits use of evidence obtained through

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Created Sep 14, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:definition, chapter, Chapter 4, term