Language / Some literary terms

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Can you name the Some literary terms?

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DescriptionTermExample
The use of exaggerated terms, not to be taken literally
A form of expression in which the part is used to imply the whole
A device in which the speaker breaks off before finishing the sentence
 'Thebes, Thebes, a neighbouring city...'
The juxtaposition of two words of contradictory meaning to emphasise the contradiction
The repetition of a word or phrase in two or more successive clauses
The shortening of a sentence or phrases by the omission of words which can be understood
The application of a word or phrase to something it does not apply to literally, indicating a comparison
The refusal to claim expertise
A punning play on words'for he changed not his disposition by his position'
Words or combinations of words, the sound of which suggests their sense
Running a sentence over the end of a line of verse and then ending it after the first word of the new line, lending emphasis to that word
The omission of conjunctions
The substitution of a mild or roundabout expression for one considered improper or too harsh or blunt
The contrasting of ideas emphasised by the arrangement of words'since I would rather stand three times in the battle line than give birth once'
Transferring an adjective from the word to which it properly applies to another word in the same phrase
A figure of speech in which a verb or adjective is applied to two nouns, though it is literally applicable to only one of them
The dislocation of normal word order, by way of displacing one part of one clause into another
The use of words which are superfluous to the literal meaning'he lay huge at his huge length'
 
DescriptionTermExample
A statement which apparently contradicts itself but in fact makes a meaningful point
The recurrence of the same or a similar consonant, especially at the beginning of words or syllables
Repeating the same thing in different ways
Words are used which have a different meaning for the audience, who know the truth of the situation, and the speaker
The use of an adjective to anticipate its result
The reversal of the normal order of events'having dressed him in fragrant robes and washed him'
A roundabout way of saying things'to see the light of day' (i.e. to be alive)
 
The expression of one's meaning by using words or the opposite meaning in order to make one's remarks forceful
The representation of an idea or thing as having human characteristics
A single idea expressed through two nouns or verbs'in the sea and the waves'
The use of location, especially involving passing through doors or gates, to make a symbolic point
A pair of balanced phrases where the order of the elements of the second reverses that of the first
The juxtaposition of the intense or important and the trivial'Royalty is the keeper of the thunderbolt of Zeus, of good counsel, good sense, the dockyards, abuse, the paymaster and the three-obol bits'
A figure of speech where one thing is compared explicitly to another
The use of understatement, involving a negative, to emphasise one's meaning
The placing of words next to each other for effect
The occurrence of similar vowel sounds in words close to each other
A form of expression by which people or things can take their name from something which they are associated

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