Small Ruminants HM #3

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Can you name the Small Ruminants HM #3

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What are the three pillars of health management, utilized by biosecurity programs?
 
 
 
This disease may be spread by lacrimal secretions from an apparently healthy new arrival.
This and all similar questions to follow are in reference to small ruminants. 
Name an example of a disease that may be transmitted in the saliva of an apparently healthy animal?
 
Which of the following would not be transmitted by respiratory secretions of an apparently healthy animal?
a)respiratory viruses b)maedi visna or CAE c)dichelobacter nodosus d)caseous lymphadenitis e)enzootic nasal carcinoma  
Which of the following situations would be the highest risk for disease introduction?
a)purchase of CFIA accredited facility's semen b)introduction of new animals from low-risk known herds c)introduction of mature stock from a flock with unknown health status d)Borrowing of a breeding male e)fresh semen from health tested males 
True or false: it is lower risk to purchase animals from a single source compared to multiple.
 
Which fo the following could be transmitted by the integument, not the milk?
a)Staphylococcus aureus b)Johnes c)coxiella burnetii d)mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides e)orf 
If screening a new entry during a quarantine for these diseases, it must be over 3 months old, and get 2 negative serum tests 8-12 weeks apart.
 
True or false:A negative serological test and absence of external lymph node swelling guarantees CLA is not a concern?
 
A 20 minute foot bath with this active ingredient, 5 days in a row, will help with Dichelobacter nodosus footrot.
Alternatively treat with tilmicosin or oxytetracycline. 
A Controlled Access Zone (CAZ) usually includes areas of housing and managing, feed and equipment storage, whereas a ____ _____ ____ includes only where the animals are housed and
 
True or false: if an animal aborts, it should be moved into a separate pen from the pregnant animals to prevent infection?
 
Which of the following illnesses is not transmissible from cows to sheep/goats?
a)BVDV b)Johne's disease c)chorioptic mange d)contagious mastitis pathogens e)all of the above are likely 
Name a pathogen that may be transmitted to your small ruminant flock from wildlife?
 
A _____ parasite control program is most important for working dogs around your flock- also don't let them eat fresh deadstock.
 
What two diseases are limited in their transmission from cats to your flock by ensuring that all barn cats are spayed?
 
Manure should be composted a minimum of _ months, and ideally stored for a total of __ before being used on crops (not pasture) on a still day.
 
 
The brush wolf or eastern coyote is a hybrid of these two animals, that entered Ontario less than a century ago.
 
What will be eaten first by a brush wolf?
 
True or false: sheep frequently survive being hunted by a coyote, only to die later of massive infection?
 
Very young or very weak lambs may be attacked by crows, ravens, seagulls or some vultures. Wounds will appear in this area.
 
True or false: a coyote attack on a small lamb is theoretically covered by Livestock, Poultry and Honey Bee Protection Act... in practice not often though.
 
This is probably the most successful predation control method.
 
True or false: Guard donkeys are rarely if ever effective.
 
Why would a guard donkey be superior to a guard llama?
 
Treat all shearing wounds with this, as part of your control of CLA.
Other important advice: If without CLA, get the shearer to come early in the day, provide shearing equipment, insist on clean clothes and footwear, supply wool bags, and observe proper animal flow regardless of your own flock status. 
When cleaning and disinfecting the grooming tools, you de-bulk, then wash, then rinse, then disinfect, then what?
 
What is the minimum frequency of lymph node palpation to check for Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis (Caseous Lymphadenitis)?
 
True or false: there are no vaccines for Caseous Lymphadenitis that are licensed for goats, but sheep vaccines can be used.
 
True or false: In order to be enrolled in the Ontario Maedi Visna flock status program all sheep over 6 months old must be negative.
 
True or false: There is also an Ontario MVFS monitored status which involves testing a random proportion of sheep over 12 months old?
 
What organism is behind Johne's disease?
 
What is the most common transmission method of Johne's?
 
Which of the following would not be a reliable aspect of your Johne's control strategy?
a)test all new entrants to the herd b)use embryos and semen c)annual test and remove of all 12 months and over stock d)all of the above are legit 
What bacteria causes ovine footrot?
 
True or false: Canada has Scrapie in our flocks, but it is still a reportable disease.
 
Is scrapie zoonotic like BSE?
 
What kind of agent causes scrapie?
 
What is the turnaround time for withdrawal information for vets using gFARAD?
 
If there are systemic signs, the mastitis is _____
 
If there are visual changes in the udder but no systemic signs, the mastitis is?
 
If only the milk is abnormal (clots, discolouration), the mastitis is?
 
This is the most common etiology of infectious mastitis in ovines and caprines.
May be subclinical to gangrenous in range of effect. 
This grouping of organisms is the most important cause of subclinical mastitis.
S. caprae is the most pathogenic in most cases. 
The nasopharynx of lambs is likely the source of infection with this mastitis pathogen, common only in sheep, and associated with moderate to severe clinical mastitis
 
These pathogens affect joints and bursae of goats, and lungs of sheep, and are associated with lower milk production.
 
True or false: orf can directly invade the mammary gland?
 
mild to severe pimples on the udder are known as? (freqeuntly caused by staph aureus)
 
It is important when doing SCCs on milk to note that cow secretion is _____ whereas sheep and goats do _____
 
 
True or false: cytoplasmic budding in apocrine secretion in small ruminants includes fragments of DNA?
 
True or false: half a million cells/mL in milk for early lactation goats or 1.2 million per mL indicates subclinical mastitis?
 
True or false: keeping udders shorn short and clean can reduce mastitis?
 
True or false: removal of lambs or kids at birth is useful in controlling Johne's and MVV.
 
True or false: there are no approved drugs to treat mastitis in small ruminants in canada?
 
True or false: tilmicosin can treat clinical mastitis in small ruminants?
 
True or false: TMS is effective for mastitis in many cases in Canada.
 

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Created Jan 28, 2014ReportNominate
Tags:small