Respiratory pathology (Sys path)

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Can you name the Respiratory pathology (Sys path)

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Indoor housing, environmental dust/moulds/bacteria resulting in a chronic inflammatory response leads to this in horses.
Which of the following is NOT characteristic of inflammatory airway disease of young horses?
a)mainly an increase in neutrophils b)excess mucous c)cough d)exercise intolerance e)no distress at rest 
True or false: with recurrent airway obstruction (heaves) in older hoses, you'll see mainly neutrophils with toxic changes?
What lung lobes are most affected by equine exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage?
Name a bacterial infection that might cause septic suppurative inflammation in horses?
In their lungs, specifically. 
What is a finding you would expect in non-septic inflammatory airway disease of a dog or cat with an owner who smokes around them a lot?
Same as with pollutants, viral infections, all 3 causing chronic irritation... 
An environmental allergen would have to induce __-_ production to cause eosinophil proliferation in non-septic inflammatory airway disease.
Name a parasite that may cause allergic airway disease?
Scientific names... 
This is the main cause of kennel cough (infectious tracheobronchitis).
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are predisposed to infection with this species, leading to cough and severe dyspnea. (Only immunocompromised people get it, but dogs are healthy).
Olfactory nerves pass through this structure on their way to the olfactory lobe.
How many beats per second on pseudostratified ciliated airway epithelium?
These progenitor cells with detoxifying and immunological functions become more numerous the further down the airway you go?
What is the other name for Type I pneumocytes?
What type of pneumocyte secretes surfatant lipids and proteins?
True or false: Alveolar macrophages derive from blood monocytes but form a self-perpetuating population?
What triggers pulmonary vasoconstriction?
This can lead to right heart faiure in high altitudes. 
True or false: the lungs produce angiotensin and metabolize prostaglandins?
Thsi is a measure of how easily the lung expands. Measured by change in volume due to change in pressure.
Which of the following is not a cause of hypoventilation?
a)respiratory depression b)upper airway obstruction c)weak respiratory muscles d)disease of the aveolar septum e)chest injury 
The nasal cavity removes most particles over this many micrometres in diameter.
Which of the following mucus components would you not associate with direct injury to microbes?
a)defensins b)IgA c)lysozyme d)complement e)lactoperoxidase 
Which of the following is not associated with opsonization and making bacteria tastier for macrophages?
a)lactoferrin b)IgG c)surfactant proteins A and D d)complement C3b e)none of the above 
True or false: alveolar macrophages will call more macrophages in from the blood, as well as neutrophils?
Which of the following species lacks pulmonary intravascular macrophages?
a)cat b)ruminants c)pig d)dog e)horse 
True or false: species like humans, dogs and rodents without pulmonary intravascular macrophages are more predisposed to septicemia effects on the lung?
True or false: bordatella may predispose to worse bacterial infections by impairing mucociliary defence?
True or false: mild diffuse congestion is often of no significance on PM?
Bacterial bronchopneumonia has this distribution pattern in the lungs?
What might be a cause of increased venous pressure leading to edema in the lungs?
This is the least common of the 4 possible mechanisms for developing edema in the lungs.
What is the common name for hemosiderin-laden alveolar macrophages?
Which disease would you most likely associate with in situ thrombosis of the lung?
a)Addison's b)hyperthyroidism c)Cushing's d)hypothyroidism e)arthritis 
Which of the following would be least likely to cause ischemia or infarction of lung tissue?
a)thrombosis at the periphery of the lung b)impairment of bronchial circulation c)concurrent impairment of systemic circulation d)in situ thrombosus in the middle of the lung e)all of the above would likely cause large areas of ischemia or infarction 
_______ is defined as reversible collapse of alveoli with injury to alveolar septa.
Interlobular or bullous emphysema (alveolar septa destruction leading to loss of gas into interlobular tissue) results in _____, a crackly texture on palpation.
Overinflation is reversible, but _____ ______ (due to destruction of alveolar walls) is permanent.
Rare in animals... 
Accidental closure of the pop-off valve would be one potential cause of _____ trauma, and can rupture alveoli.
Lobectomy is curative for _____ ___ _____ in dogs, in which a single lobe develops an emphysematous bulla.
Is visual appearance or texture more reliable for gross assessment of lung?
True or false: grossly visible pulmonary thrombi are typically in situ growths?
This condition is unique in cats in that the metastases, not the primary lung tumour are frequently the cause of clinical signs.
Often unusual places like bone, eye, skeletal muscle, footpad or brain 
This is a common paraneoplastic syndrome of lung tumours.
This is the most likely presentation of viruses, heaves or asthma.
Bronchointerstitial pneumonia is a combination of ________ and ______ lung disease
This by itself is most often due to viruses, septicemia, endotoxemia or toxic lung injury. 
This pattern of pneumonia ia generalized multifocal in distribution.
If in the acute inflammatory response phase, bronchopneumonia will be red-purple. Afterwards it is usually?
How would you decide if lesions in a cranioventral pattern were due to bronchopneumonia or viral bronchointerstitial penumonia in it's cranioventral rather than generalized distrib
This infection in swine causes caudal lobes to be affected instead of bronchopneumonia pattern. No one knows why. (Scientific name of bacteria?)
Which of the following is not characteristic of aspiration bronchopneumonia?
a)unilateral b)foul smell c)green discolouration d)mixed population of bacteria e)all of the above are legit 
This may be confused with abscesses, but is actually dilated bronchi filled with pus.
This forms because macrophages cannot penetrate far into large masses of necrotic lung tissue.
A parvo puppy unfortunately dies of bacterial pneumonia. There was a generalized multifocal distribution pattern. How did this happen?
Which of the following is not an important cause of bronchopneumonia in cattle?
a)Histophilus somni b)Mannheimia hemolytica c)mycoplasma bovis d)Bordatella bronchiseptica e)all of the above are legit 
What are the top two viral causes of airway disease in cats?
feline ____ and feline _____ 
Chronic bronchitis is important in dogs and cats, asthma mainly in?
This substance is an example of one that may be metabolized to reactive intermediates that cause harm to alveolar walls by type II pneumocytes P450 enzymes.
Sloughed type I pneumocytes, plasma proteins, surfactant proteins combine to make ____ _____ in interstitial disease.
How soon after alveolar wall injury (type I pneumocytes) do type II pneumocytes start proliferating?
Which of the following causes of alveolar wall injury would least tend to cause fibrosis?
a)a viral infection b)inorganic dust exposure in the home c)hypersensitivity reactions d)inhaled irritant chemicals in the environment 
This is a fibrous pulp filling a bronchiolar lumen , a result of prior viral infection?
Damage to the epithelium is necessary to call the pattern of pneumonia __________, whereas exudate in air spaces is necessary for _____
This is a chronic lung disease caused by inhaling inorganic dusts.
True or false: in domestics, mesotheliomas are rare and associated primarily with asbestos exposure?
What are the three primary causes of pleuritis?
You'll see a wound of some kind externally 
You'll see fibrinous exudates on other serosal surfaces like the pericardium 
You'll see the lung lesion 
Pyothorax contains neutrophils, chylothorax contains _____.
Shipping fever is the more common name of?
Primarily caused by Mannheimia hemolytica, histophilus somni and PASTEURELLA multocida. 
Crumbly white foci of necrosis in a cranioventral pattern indicate infection with this bug
AKA chronic pneumonia and polyarthritis syndrome 
What are the two most important respiratory viruses in cattle?
Don't think BVDV, because that is mainly a predisposition to bacterial infections. 
If you see polyarthritis and bronchopneumonia with no foci of caseous necrosis, this is likely not mycoplasma bovis but?
3-methylindole toxicity is often called ___ fever because it often occurs on cattle given acces to lush pastures containing tryptophan in great amounts.
What is the more common name for Dictyocaulus viviparus
Ruptured liver abscesses most often shower the lungs with this bacteria?
True or false: immunosuppression is a factor in systemic aspergillosis but not nasal?
Stenotic nares, everted laryngeal ventricles, elongated soft palate and tracheal hypoplasia form part of?
Intranuclear inclusion bodies are characteristic of this feline respiratory disease?
This potential lung pathogen fungus has small cells with thick membranes. This one has large cells.

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