Cardiovascular pathology (sys path)

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Can you name the Cardiovascular pathology (sys path)

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The auricle will always point to the _____ side of the heart, along the septum of which runs the _____ groove.
 
 
The _____ side of the heart has the subsinosal groove along the septum?
 
True or false: A small amount of clear/yellow fluid is normal inside the pericardial sac?
 
You should cut off the ____ of the heart about 1/3 of the distance up after identifying which side of the heart is which?
 
In fetuses and neonates the LV:RV thickness ratio is usually?
 
The first chamber you should open is the ____ _____ from the base to the auricle tip.
Follow the path of the blood... 
After examining the AV valve from the top angle, you should cut down along the septum, along the ______ groove, and check the chordae tendonae.
 
True or false: after dissecting the heart, you can go back and take a closer look at the pulmonary artery?
 
7.1 g/kg is roughly the ratio of heart weight to body weight for this species.
 
These common incidental findings on neonatal calves disappear with age, and appear as hematomas on AV valves.
 
These incidental findings of the cardiac ventricles are red and elastic, in contrast to thrombi (white, granular or friable).
 
These types of hemorrhages in the endocardium and epicardium are common incidental PM findings, especially in ruminants
 
White granular material on the epicardium or endocardium is common after euthanasia. What is the material?
 
Peripheral edema and increased blood flow(/workload on failing heart) follow decreased renal blood flow as a result of this system's activation.
 
What prompts erythropoeisis leading to polycythemia in heart failure?
 
Which of the following is NOT a common cause of left sided heart failure?
a)Left AV valve or aortic valve dysplasia b)endocardiosis c)endocarditis d)myocardial disease e)cor pulmonale 
Which of the following would not likely result from left sided heart failure?
a)chronic cough b)ascites c)lethargy d)hemosiderin laden alveolar macrophages e)all of the above would result from left sided heart failure 
This sign of right sided heart failure is more common in cats (as compared to ascites in the dog, and subcutaneous edema in large animals)
Nutmeg liver and hepatomegaly may occur in ruminants and sometimes in dogs. 
Left ventricular hypertrophy may be an indication of this kind of outflow tract obstruction?
 
What is the most common anomaly of cat hearts?
 
These two valves showing stenosis are the most common anomalies in dog hearts, along with PDA.
 
This structure shunts blood away from the pulmonary artery to the aorta to bypass the lungs of a fetus.
If it remains patent, it results in volume overload on left ventricle, possibly the right as well. 
True or false: atrial septal defects are extremely damaging in most cases?
 
True or false: in both ventricular septal defects and PDA, the blood usually shunts left to right, but may switch back later on?
 
In this rare cardiac anomaly, you see ventricular septal defect, stenosis of pulmonic valve, right ventricular hypertrophy and dextrorotated aorta.
I wonder if there might be some FALLOuT from these four problems? Let me enjoy a tetra pack of apple juice while I ponder this. 
Myocardial necrosis, LV concentric hypertrophy may result of this stenosis, common in Newfoundlands, boxers and GSDs.
A white fibrous band encircling the aortic outflow tract below the valve. 
Megaesophagus is the result of entrapment of the esophagus between this and the ligamentum arteriosum.
 
The likely result of a ruptured hemangiosarcoma of the right atrium in a dog is?
 
Which of the following is not a component of the tetralogy of Fallot?
a)Atrial septal defect b)ventricular septal defect c)pulmonic stenosis d)dextrorotated aorta e)RV hypertrophy 
Suppurative pericarditis is most often a result of this in cattle?
 
Which of the following is true regarding valvular endocardiosis?
a)it is inflammatory b)you will see accumulations of neutrophils on histology c)it is smooth and shiny d)It affects the pulmonic valve e)none of the above 
True or false: valvular endocardiosis typically results in sudden death?
 
I am nodular. I am friable, with a rough dull surface. I am caused by a bacterial infection and inflammatory in nature. What am i?
I'm also a persistant source of bacterial showers and emboli. 
This is hypertrophy without dilatation, due to pressure overload.
 
This is hypertrophy and dilatation, due to volume overload.
 
This is idiopathic disease of the myocardium, perhaps with a mutation in contractile proteins.
 
Name an underlying cause of a secondary cardiomyopathy?
 
An embolism to the aorto-iliac bifurcation in cats often causing ischemia, pain and paresis is known as?
 
What is the condition, common in giant breed dogs and Dobermans, which involves thinning of the walls and dilatation of both ventricles?
 
This is a term for heart disease secondary to lung disease- pulmonary ypertension due to lung disease results in right sided heart failure, concentric hypertrophy.
 
True or false: white muscle disease can cause necrosis of cardiac myocytes as well as skeletal muscle?
 
This chemotherapeutic agent is a potential toxin to the heart muscle, as are monensin and other ionophores when incorrectly dosed.
 
Which of the following is not a common cause of myocarditis?
a)histophilus somni in feedlot cattle b)clostridium chauvoei c)Streptococcus suis d)canine parvovirus e)all of the above are common 
If the heart does not acutely fail as a result of loss of function due to myocardial necrosis, this can happen due to fibrosis?
 
This is the most commonly affected part of the canine heart for hemangiosarcoma.
 
Chronic hypoxemia in brachycephalic dogs make these types of cardiac neoplasia more common?
 
Endothelins produce ______, whereas nitric oxide produces _____.
 
 
Arteritis and phlebitis are subtypes of ______.
 
Atherosclerosis (the deposition of lipids in tunica intima and media) is more common in dogs with this underlying condition.
See also in psittacines on high fat diets. 
This condition, characterised by fibrosis of the tunica intima of arteries is uncommon in domestic species.
 
A race horse suddenly collpased dead on the track. Necropsy findings included massive hemorrhage into the thoracic cavity. What likely occured?
 
Which is not likely on lab evaluation of a patient with DIC?
a)reduced products of fibrin degradation b)prolonged APTT c)prolonged PTT d)thrombocytopenia 

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Created Feb 2, 2014ReportNominate
Tags:cardiovascular, path, pathology, sys