Cardiorespiratory clinical skills and physiology

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Can you name the Cardiorespiratory clinical skills and physiology?

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StatementTrue or false
The two heart sounds are caused by the collison of closing valve leaflets
The mitral valve normally has two leaflets
The R wave of the ECG follows atrial depolarisation
What is the normal upper value for pH?
A sphygmomanometer cuff that is too small will overestimate the blood pressure
The blood pressure in the left arm will normally be a little higher than in the right
The mitral valve closes after the tricuspid valve
This is the definition of what? The pressure exerted by a gas if it alone occupied the space
The posterior tibial artery is on the lateral side of the ankle
The JVP is another abbreviation for the CVP
This is the definition of what? The number of binding sites of haemoglobin that are occupied by oxygen, out of a total of 4
The internal inguinal ring is lateral to the external inguinal ring
The aortic valve normally has two leaflets
Narrowing of the aortic valve will cause turbulent flow across the valve during diastole
The dicrotic notch in the arterial pressure waveform corresponds to the second heart sound
The third heart sound reflects the filling of a non-compliant ventricle
What is the normal value for JVP height?
Peripheral cyanosis can occur with a normal oxygen saturation
There are four heart valves; the aortic opens when the other three close
The right kidney is normally lower than the left
If a patient becomes anaemic their oxygen saturation will fall
Systole is normally longer than diastole
The second heart sound is often split into two audible components
The cricoid cartilage is just above the thyroid cartilage
What is the normal lower value for pH?
StatementTrue or false
The c-wave is associated with tricuspid valve closure
What is a normal value for arterial PaO2
Tricuspid stenosis will increase the a-wave pressure more than mitral regurgitation
A normal paO2 implies the absence of tissue hypoxia
The inferior border of the spleen is positioned just inferior to the left intercostal margin
A hole in the ventricular septum will cause blood to flow from right to left ventricle during systole
A stethoscope has two chest pieces, a bell and a diaphragm. The bell is used to detect high frequency sounds
The carotid artery is on the medial side to the internal jugular vein
The mitral valve opens at the beginning of systole
With the patient lying flat, the systolic pressure measured in the arm will be greater than that measured in the ankle
The first heart sound is made up of mitral and aortic components
What is a normal value for arterial PaCO2?
Decreasing ventilation will cause paCO2 to rise
The pulmonary valve closes just after the aortic valve
The P wave of the ECG corresponds to the first heart sound
What is the normal value for minimal left ventricular pressure?
What is the normal value for arterial blood pressure, systolic?
The first heart sound is associated with mitral valve closure
The x-descent follows the a-wave
Mitral valve closure occurs just before a palpable radial pulse
There are four groups of lymph nodes in the axilla
The tricuspid valve closes before the pulmonary valve
What is the normal value for maximal left ventricular pressure?
The aorta bifurcates at the level of the umbilicus

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