Science / Cardiorespiratory clinical skills and physiology

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Can you name the Cardiorespiratory clinical skills and physiology?

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StatementTrue or false
There are four heart valves; the aortic opens when the other three close
The c-wave is associated with tricuspid valve closure
The dicrotic notch in the arterial pressure waveform corresponds to the second heart sound
Systole is normally longer than diastole
The tricuspid valve closes before the pulmonary valve
The x-descent follows the a-wave
The right kidney is normally lower than the left
The internal inguinal ring is lateral to the external inguinal ring
The second heart sound is often split into two audible components
Decreasing ventilation will cause paCO2 to rise
What is the normal lower value for pH?
The inferior border of the spleen is positioned just inferior to the left intercostal margin
With the patient lying flat, the systolic pressure measured in the arm will be greater than that measured in the ankle
The carotid artery is on the medial side to the internal jugular vein
What is a normal value for arterial PaCO2?
The mitral valve opens at the beginning of systole
This is the definition of what? The pressure exerted by a gas if it alone occupied the space
Tricuspid stenosis will increase the a-wave pressure more than mitral regurgitation
What is the normal upper value for pH?
There are four groups of lymph nodes in the axilla
A hole in the ventricular septum will cause blood to flow from right to left ventricle during systole
Peripheral cyanosis can occur with a normal oxygen saturation
The posterior tibial artery is on the lateral side of the ankle
What is a normal value for arterial PaO2
What is the normal value for arterial blood pressure, systolic?
StatementTrue or false
Mitral valve closure occurs just before a palpable radial pulse
Narrowing of the aortic valve will cause turbulent flow across the valve during diastole
What is the normal value for JVP height?
The third heart sound reflects the filling of a non-compliant ventricle
The P wave of the ECG corresponds to the first heart sound
The aorta bifurcates at the level of the umbilicus
A normal paO2 implies the absence of tissue hypoxia
This is the definition of what? The number of binding sites of haemoglobin that are occupied by oxygen, out of a total of 4
The JVP is another abbreviation for the CVP
What is the normal value for minimal left ventricular pressure?
The R wave of the ECG follows atrial depolarisation
A sphygmomanometer cuff that is too small will overestimate the blood pressure
If a patient becomes anaemic their oxygen saturation will fall
The first heart sound is made up of mitral and aortic components
The pulmonary valve closes just after the aortic valve
The two heart sounds are caused by the collison of closing valve leaflets
The cricoid cartilage is just above the thyroid cartilage
The blood pressure in the left arm will normally be a little higher than in the right
The aortic valve normally has two leaflets
The mitral valve closes after the tricuspid valve
What is the normal value for maximal left ventricular pressure?
The mitral valve normally has two leaflets
A stethoscope has two chest pieces, a bell and a diaphragm. The bell is used to detect high frequency sounds
The first heart sound is associated with mitral valve closure

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