Cardiorespiratory clinical skills and physiology

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Can you name the Cardiorespiratory clinical skills and physiology?

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StatementTrue or false
The aorta bifurcates at the level of the umbilicus
The P wave of the ECG corresponds to the first heart sound
The R wave of the ECG follows atrial depolarisation
The two heart sounds are caused by the collison of closing valve leaflets
What is a normal value for arterial PaO2
What is the normal value for maximal left ventricular pressure?
What is the normal lower value for pH?
The x-descent follows the a-wave
What is the normal value for arterial blood pressure, systolic?
A sphygmomanometer cuff that is too small will overestimate the blood pressure
The cricoid cartilage is just above the thyroid cartilage
A normal paO2 implies the absence of tissue hypoxia
The aortic valve normally has two leaflets
The pulmonary valve closes just after the aortic valve
Peripheral cyanosis can occur with a normal oxygen saturation
The mitral valve closes after the tricuspid valve
Mitral valve closure occurs just before a palpable radial pulse
A stethoscope has two chest pieces, a bell and a diaphragm. The bell is used to detect high frequency sounds
There are four heart valves; the aortic opens when the other three close
The internal inguinal ring is lateral to the external inguinal ring
The inferior border of the spleen is positioned just inferior to the left intercostal margin
What is the normal value for JVP height?
If a patient becomes anaemic their oxygen saturation will fall
The third heart sound reflects the filling of a non-compliant ventricle
The blood pressure in the left arm will normally be a little higher than in the right
StatementTrue or false
The right kidney is normally lower than the left
The first heart sound is made up of mitral and aortic components
The mitral valve opens at the beginning of systole
Systole is normally longer than diastole
The carotid artery is on the medial side to the internal jugular vein
This is the definition of what? The number of binding sites of haemoglobin that are occupied by oxygen, out of a total of 4
A hole in the ventricular septum will cause blood to flow from right to left ventricle during systole
The JVP is another abbreviation for the CVP
The posterior tibial artery is on the lateral side of the ankle
What is the normal upper value for pH?
The mitral valve normally has two leaflets
This is the definition of what? The pressure exerted by a gas if it alone occupied the space
What is a normal value for arterial PaCO2?
The dicrotic notch in the arterial pressure waveform corresponds to the second heart sound
What is the normal value for minimal left ventricular pressure?
There are four groups of lymph nodes in the axilla
The c-wave is associated with tricuspid valve closure
The first heart sound is associated with mitral valve closure
Tricuspid stenosis will increase the a-wave pressure more than mitral regurgitation
Decreasing ventilation will cause paCO2 to rise
With the patient lying flat, the systolic pressure measured in the arm will be greater than that measured in the ankle
The tricuspid valve closes before the pulmonary valve
The second heart sound is often split into two audible components
Narrowing of the aortic valve will cause turbulent flow across the valve during diastole

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