Cardiorespiratory clinical skills and physiology

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Can you name the Cardiorespiratory clinical skills and physiology?

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StatementTrue or false
The aorta bifurcates at the level of the umbilicus
What is the normal lower value for pH?
The third heart sound reflects the filling of a non-compliant ventricle
The right kidney is normally lower than the left
Mitral valve closure occurs just before a palpable radial pulse
Decreasing ventilation will cause paCO2 to rise
The aortic valve normally has two leaflets
The internal inguinal ring is lateral to the external inguinal ring
The pulmonary valve closes just after the aortic valve
The mitral valve normally has two leaflets
The mitral valve closes after the tricuspid valve
A stethoscope has two chest pieces, a bell and a diaphragm. The bell is used to detect high frequency sounds
What is a normal value for arterial PaCO2?
The inferior border of the spleen is positioned just inferior to the left intercostal margin
This is the definition of what? The number of binding sites of haemoglobin that are occupied by oxygen, out of a total of 4
The x-descent follows the a-wave
The P wave of the ECG corresponds to the first heart sound
Narrowing of the aortic valve will cause turbulent flow across the valve during diastole
What is the normal value for JVP height?
Tricuspid stenosis will increase the a-wave pressure more than mitral regurgitation
The JVP is another abbreviation for the CVP
The first heart sound is associated with mitral valve closure
The cricoid cartilage is just above the thyroid cartilage
The dicrotic notch in the arterial pressure waveform corresponds to the second heart sound
There are four groups of lymph nodes in the axilla
StatementTrue or false
The posterior tibial artery is on the lateral side of the ankle
If a patient becomes anaemic their oxygen saturation will fall
There are four heart valves; the aortic opens when the other three close
Systole is normally longer than diastole
The second heart sound is often split into two audible components
What is the normal value for maximal left ventricular pressure?
This is the definition of what? The pressure exerted by a gas if it alone occupied the space
The blood pressure in the left arm will normally be a little higher than in the right
What is the normal upper value for pH?
A normal paO2 implies the absence of tissue hypoxia
The R wave of the ECG follows atrial depolarisation
What is the normal value for arterial blood pressure, systolic?
What is the normal value for minimal left ventricular pressure?
The mitral valve opens at the beginning of systole
What is a normal value for arterial PaO2
The first heart sound is made up of mitral and aortic components
A hole in the ventricular septum will cause blood to flow from right to left ventricle during systole
The c-wave is associated with tricuspid valve closure
The carotid artery is on the medial side to the internal jugular vein
Peripheral cyanosis can occur with a normal oxygen saturation
The tricuspid valve closes before the pulmonary valve
A sphygmomanometer cuff that is too small will overestimate the blood pressure
With the patient lying flat, the systolic pressure measured in the arm will be greater than that measured in the ankle
The two heart sounds are caused by the collison of closing valve leaflets

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