Science / Basic Neuroscience

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Can you name the names and functions of the different parts of the brain?

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HintAnswerExtra Info
Transport Along Microtubules
Glial Cell; Forms Myelin Around Axons in Brain & Spinal CordAsymmetrical
Medium Cytoskeleton ComponentForm a lattice structure used for strength
The Regions of a Primary RNA Transcript Not Used to Code Protein
Front Section of the Brainsoft and squishy, controls sensory information
Contained Within PNSControls breathing, heart rate, and digestion
An Unequal Distribution of the Charge Across a Molecule
Largest Cytoskeleton ComponentThick hollow pipes made of tubulin; used for transport
Chemicals Released From Presynaptic NeuronsElicits a response in the postsynaptic neuron
Electrical Force that Makes Ions Move
Take in mRNA and Synthesize ProteinEither free-floating or associated with Rough ER
Nerve Split Towards the Back of the Spinal CordCarries information from the body to the brain
All Axons Have:A middle
Bumps of the Surface of the Brain
RNA-Synthesizing EnzymeBinds at Promoter
Water-HatingNonpolar
Process or Intron Removal
Used to Calculate Equilibrium Potential
Neuron With 3 or More Neurites
Nerve Split Towards the Front of the Spinal CordCarries information from the brain to the body
3-Dimensional Folding of a Polypeptide
Inner Matter of the Brain
Transmembrane Protein That is Gated or Non-Gated
Coiling of a Polypeptide into an Alpha-Helix
All Nervous Tissues(i.e. everything else)
Membrane Formed by Hydrophobic Tails and Hydrophilic HeadsForms a barrier to water-soluble ions
Neuron With 1 Neurite
An Even Distribution of the Charge Across a Molecule
String of Amino AcidsChain larger than 20 = a protein!
Purple Stain Showing Cell BodiesDoesn't show anything other than location of cell bodies
Back Section of the BrainFirm, used for muscle control
HintAnswerExtra Info
Glial Cell; Nutritive and Support FunctionsStar-shaped and symmetrical; surround and isolate synapses; control fluid around neurons; clean up debris and fill area with glia
Regions of RNA Used in Coding
Ohm's Law
Stacks of Disc-Shaped MembranesUsed to wrap and package proteins
All Axons Have:A beginning
Stacks of Disc-Shaped Membrane
Transport from Soma to TerminalsTravels via kinesin 'feet' on microtubules
Specialized Gap Between NeuronsWhere 2 neurons communicate
Chemical Force that Makes Ions MoveDown the concentration gradient
States That Nerves Can Only Carry Information Unidirectionally
Glial Cell; Defensive Function; Protects against invading organisms
Sections of DNA Containing Information Needed for Polypeptide Chains
Positively Charged Atoms or Molecules
Grooves on the Surface of the Brain
Structure of NeuronProtein strands that give the neuron shape; has 3 parts
Supporting Cells Glue vital to nervous system; 5 major types
Transmembrane Protein That is Always Open for Transport
Membrane Voltage Maintained by a Cell When not Generating Action PotentialsNeurons have one of -65mV
String of Polypeptides
Neuron With 2 Neurites
ER Studded with Ribosomes Used for protein synthesis
Makes Signals Travel Faster Down an AxonSticky-Notes wrapped around a pencil
Electrical Potential The force exerted on a charged particle
Negatively Charged Atoms or Molecules
Region of Contact Where a Neuron Transfers Info to Another Cell
Long Strands of Protein Within the NucleusContain DNA
Cellular Fluid Within the Neuron
Theory That Each Brain Cell is an Individual CellProposed by Cajal; neurons are separated by synapses
Branch Coming off the Soma that has 2 Types
Transport from Dendrites to SomaTravels via chynein 'feet' on microtubules
Silver Stain Showing Entire Cell Body and Neurites
HintAnswerExtra Info
Glial Cell; Forms Myelin in PNSAsymmetrical; cleans up damage by guiding axons to re-grow and re-connect
Process of Destroying Pieces of Brain Tube Led to discovery of different sections of the brain
Water-LovingPolar
Hollow Spaces Inside the Braincause muscles to move and contain fluid
All Axons Have:An end; have vesicles that carry neurotransmitters
Nervous System Within ANS'Rest and Digest'
Little Membrane Balloons (Organelle)Used to transport proteins
Transmembrane Protein That Actively Transports IonsUse ATP
The Potential of the Cell at Which There is No Net Movement of Ions
Glial Cell; Secretes Cerebrospinal FluidLines the walls of the ventricles in the brain
Theory That Brain Cells are a Continuous MassProposed by Golgi (he was wrong)
Nervous System Within ANS'Fight or Flight'
Used to Calculate RMP
Produce ATPFats, carbs, proteins, and oxygen go in; ATP comes out
Outer Matter of the Brain
The Movement of Electrical ChargeRepresented by I (amps)
Very Deep Groove
Brain and Spinal Chord
Smallest Cytoskeleton ComponentMade of actin; forms a network beneath the cell membrane
The Wires that Carry Neuron OutputBundles of fibers that make up nerves; variances in diameter affect speed of transfer
Central Dogma Process of RNA SynthesisInitiated at the promoter region; stopped at the terminator region
'Antennae'; Receives Incoming Signals
Double-Stranded, Antiparallel Nucleotide Polymer
Wires Made of Bunches of Fibers
Central Dogma Process Protein SynthesisFollows genetic instructions carried by mRNA
Transmembrane Protein That Removes Intracellular Na and Concentrates Intracellular KUses energy in the form of ATP
The Relative Inability of an Electrical Charge to MigrateRepresented by R, measured in Ohms
Relative Ability of an Electrical Charge to Migrate from One Point to AnotherRepresented by g (Siemens, or S)
Contained Within PNSControls sensation and motion
Various Polypeptides Bonded Together to Form a Larger Protein

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