Science / Basic Neuroscience

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Can you name the names and functions of the different parts of the brain?

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HintAnswerExtra Info
Nerve Split Towards the Back of the Spinal CordCarries information from the body to the brain
Outer Matter of the Brain
Membrane Voltage Maintained by a Cell When not Generating Action PotentialsNeurons have one of -65mV
Relative Ability of an Electrical Charge to Migrate from One Point to AnotherRepresented by g (Siemens, or S)
Glial Cell; Forms Myelin in PNSAsymmetrical; cleans up damage by guiding axons to re-grow and re-connect
All Nervous Tissues(i.e. everything else)
Stacks of Disc-Shaped Membrane
Transmembrane Protein That is Always Open for Transport
Neuron With 3 or More Neurites
An Unequal Distribution of the Charge Across a Molecule
Grooves on the Surface of the Brain
Negatively Charged Atoms or Molecules
Specialized Gap Between NeuronsWhere 2 neurons communicate
Transport from Dendrites to SomaTravels via chynein 'feet' on microtubules
Process or Intron Removal
3-Dimensional Folding of a Polypeptide
Largest Cytoskeleton ComponentThick hollow pipes made of tubulin; used for transport
Back Section of the BrainFirm, used for muscle control
Nervous System Within ANS'Fight or Flight'
ER Studded with Ribosomes Used for protein synthesis
Brain and Spinal Chord
Nervous System Within ANS'Rest and Digest'
Transmembrane Protein That Removes Intracellular Na and Concentrates Intracellular KUses energy in the form of ATP
String of Polypeptides
Structure of NeuronProtein strands that give the neuron shape; has 3 parts
Theory That Each Brain Cell is an Individual CellProposed by Cajal; neurons are separated by synapses
Very Deep Groove
All Axons Have:A beginning
The Potential of the Cell at Which There is No Net Movement of Ions
Take in mRNA and Synthesize ProteinEither free-floating or associated with Rough ER
Process of Destroying Pieces of Brain Tube Led to discovery of different sections of the brain
HintAnswerExtra Info
Transport Along Microtubules
Contained Within PNSControls breathing, heart rate, and digestion
The Relative Inability of an Electrical Charge to MigrateRepresented by R, measured in Ohms
Neuron With 1 Neurite
Purple Stain Showing Cell BodiesDoesn't show anything other than location of cell bodies
Electrical Potential The force exerted on a charged particle
Nerve Split Towards the Front of the Spinal CordCarries information from the brain to the body
The Wires that Carry Neuron OutputBundles of fibers that make up nerves; variances in diameter affect speed of transfer
Glial Cell; Nutritive and Support FunctionsStar-shaped and symmetrical; surround and isolate synapses; control fluid around neurons; clean up debris and fill area with glia
The Movement of Electrical ChargeRepresented by I (amps)
The Regions of a Primary RNA Transcript Not Used to Code Protein
Regions of RNA Used in Coding
Transmembrane Protein That is Gated or Non-Gated
'Antennae'; Receives Incoming Signals
Positively Charged Atoms or Molecules
Cellular Fluid Within the Neuron
Silver Stain Showing Entire Cell Body and Neurites
Bumps of the Surface of the Brain
An Even Distribution of the Charge Across a Molecule
States That Nerves Can Only Carry Information Unidirectionally
Stacks of Disc-Shaped MembranesUsed to wrap and package proteins
Long Strands of Protein Within the NucleusContain DNA
Used to Calculate RMP
Produce ATPFats, carbs, proteins, and oxygen go in; ATP comes out
Transport from Soma to TerminalsTravels via kinesin 'feet' on microtubules
RNA-Synthesizing EnzymeBinds at Promoter
Central Dogma Process of RNA SynthesisInitiated at the promoter region; stopped at the terminator region
Glial Cell; Secretes Cerebrospinal FluidLines the walls of the ventricles in the brain
Sections of DNA Containing Information Needed for Polypeptide Chains
Chemical Force that Makes Ions MoveDown the concentration gradient
HintAnswerExtra Info
Wires Made of Bunches of Fibers
Ohm's Law
Supporting Cells Glue vital to nervous system; 5 major types
Little Membrane Balloons (Organelle)Used to transport proteins
Electrical Force that Makes Ions Move
Glial Cell; Defensive Function; Protects against invading organisms
All Axons Have:A middle
String of Amino AcidsChain larger than 20 = a protein!
Chemicals Released From Presynaptic NeuronsElicits a response in the postsynaptic neuron
Contained Within PNSControls sensation and motion
All Axons Have:An end; have vesicles that carry neurotransmitters
Theory That Brain Cells are a Continuous MassProposed by Golgi (he was wrong)
Makes Signals Travel Faster Down an AxonSticky-Notes wrapped around a pencil
Hollow Spaces Inside the Braincause muscles to move and contain fluid
Region of Contact Where a Neuron Transfers Info to Another Cell
Double-Stranded, Antiparallel Nucleotide Polymer
Branch Coming off the Soma that has 2 Types
Transmembrane Protein That Actively Transports IonsUse ATP
Coiling of a Polypeptide into an Alpha-Helix
Glial Cell; Forms Myelin Around Axons in Brain & Spinal CordAsymmetrical
Inner Matter of the Brain
Smallest Cytoskeleton ComponentMade of actin; forms a network beneath the cell membrane
Front Section of the Brainsoft and squishy, controls sensory information
Medium Cytoskeleton ComponentForm a lattice structure used for strength
Used to Calculate Equilibrium Potential
Membrane Formed by Hydrophobic Tails and Hydrophilic HeadsForms a barrier to water-soluble ions
Neuron With 2 Neurites
Central Dogma Process Protein SynthesisFollows genetic instructions carried by mRNA
Various Polypeptides Bonded Together to Form a Larger Protein

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