Basic Neuroscience

Random Science Quiz

Can you name the names and functions of the different parts of the brain?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

How to Play
Score 0/92 Timer 15:00
HintAnswerExtra Info
Transport from Dendrites to SomaTravels via chynein 'feet' on microtubules
Regions of RNA Used in Coding
Theory That Brain Cells are a Continuous MassProposed by Golgi (he was wrong)
All Axons Have:A beginning
Very Deep Groove
Used to Calculate RMP
Produce ATPFats, carbs, proteins, and oxygen go in; ATP comes out
Used to Calculate Equilibrium Potential
Transmembrane Protein That Removes Intracellular Na and Concentrates Intracellular KUses energy in the form of ATP
String of Polypeptides
Transmembrane Protein That is Always Open for Transport
Supporting Cells Glue vital to nervous system; 5 major types
Outer Matter of the Brain
String of Amino AcidsChain larger than 20 = a protein!
Silver Stain Showing Entire Cell Body and Neurites
Membrane Formed by Hydrophobic Tails and Hydrophilic HeadsForms a barrier to water-soluble ions
Double-Stranded, Antiparallel Nucleotide Polymer
RNA-Synthesizing EnzymeBinds at Promoter
Nervous System Within ANS'Rest and Digest'
Glial Cell; Nutritive and Support FunctionsStar-shaped and symmetrical; surround and isolate synapses; control fluid around neurons; clean up debris and fill area with glia
Process or Intron Removal
'Antennae'; Receives Incoming Signals
Medium Cytoskeleton ComponentForm a lattice structure used for strength
Smallest Cytoskeleton ComponentMade of actin; forms a network beneath the cell membrane
Nerve Split Towards the Back of the Spinal CordCarries information from the body to the brain
Electrical Potential The force exerted on a charged particle
Nerve Split Towards the Front of the Spinal CordCarries information from the brain to the body
The Relative Inability of an Electrical Charge to MigrateRepresented by R, measured in Ohms
The Regions of a Primary RNA Transcript Not Used to Code Protein
Electrical Force that Makes Ions Move
Membrane Voltage Maintained by a Cell When not Generating Action PotentialsNeurons have one of -65mV
HintAnswerExtra Info
Inner Matter of the Brain
Little Membrane Balloons (Organelle)Used to transport proteins
Chemicals Released From Presynaptic NeuronsElicits a response in the postsynaptic neuron
An Even Distribution of the Charge Across a Molecule
Sections of DNA Containing Information Needed for Polypeptide Chains
Transmembrane Protein That is Gated or Non-Gated
Transport from Soma to TerminalsTravels via kinesin 'feet' on microtubules
Glial Cell; Forms Myelin Around Axons in Brain & Spinal CordAsymmetrical
Transport Along Microtubules
Ohm's Law
Hollow Spaces Inside the Braincause muscles to move and contain fluid
Wires Made of Bunches of Fibers
Brain and Spinal Chord
All Axons Have:A middle
All Axons Have:An end; have vesicles that carry neurotransmitters
3-Dimensional Folding of a Polypeptide
Theory That Each Brain Cell is an Individual CellProposed by Cajal; neurons are separated by synapses
Coiling of a Polypeptide into an Alpha-Helix
Neuron With 2 Neurites
Various Polypeptides Bonded Together to Form a Larger Protein
Negatively Charged Atoms or Molecules
Stacks of Disc-Shaped Membrane
The Movement of Electrical ChargeRepresented by I (amps)
Grooves on the Surface of the Brain
Chemical Force that Makes Ions MoveDown the concentration gradient
Cellular Fluid Within the Neuron
The Wires that Carry Neuron OutputBundles of fibers that make up nerves; variances in diameter affect speed of transfer
Neuron With 3 or More Neurites
ER Studded with Ribosomes Used for protein synthesis
HintAnswerExtra Info
Region of Contact Where a Neuron Transfers Info to Another Cell
Glial Cell; Defensive Function; Protects against invading organisms
Process of Destroying Pieces of Brain Tube Led to discovery of different sections of the brain
Stacks of Disc-Shaped MembranesUsed to wrap and package proteins
Makes Signals Travel Faster Down an AxonSticky-Notes wrapped around a pencil
Positively Charged Atoms or Molecules
Relative Ability of an Electrical Charge to Migrate from One Point to AnotherRepresented by g (Siemens, or S)
Back Section of the BrainFirm, used for muscle control
Front Section of the Brainsoft and squishy, controls sensory information
Bumps of the Surface of the Brain
Glial Cell; Forms Myelin in PNSAsymmetrical; cleans up damage by guiding axons to re-grow and re-connect
Branch Coming off the Soma that has 2 Types
Central Dogma Process Protein SynthesisFollows genetic instructions carried by mRNA
States That Nerves Can Only Carry Information Unidirectionally
Neuron With 1 Neurite
The Potential of the Cell at Which There is No Net Movement of Ions
An Unequal Distribution of the Charge Across a Molecule
Structure of NeuronProtein strands that give the neuron shape; has 3 parts
Contained Within PNSControls breathing, heart rate, and digestion
Glial Cell; Secretes Cerebrospinal FluidLines the walls of the ventricles in the brain
Contained Within PNSControls sensation and motion
Central Dogma Process of RNA SynthesisInitiated at the promoter region; stopped at the terminator region
Largest Cytoskeleton ComponentThick hollow pipes made of tubulin; used for transport
Long Strands of Protein Within the NucleusContain DNA
Transmembrane Protein That Actively Transports IonsUse ATP
Specialized Gap Between NeuronsWhere 2 neurons communicate
Take in mRNA and Synthesize ProteinEither free-floating or associated with Rough ER
All Nervous Tissues(i.e. everything else)
Nervous System Within ANS'Fight or Flight'
Purple Stain Showing Cell BodiesDoesn't show anything other than location of cell bodies

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments