Basic Neuroscience

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Can you name the names and functions of the different parts of the brain?

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HintAnswerExtra Info
Regions of RNA Used in Coding
Transmembrane Protein That Actively Transports IonsUse ATP
The Relative Inability of an Electrical Charge to MigrateRepresented by R, measured in Ohms
Water-LovingPolar
RNA-Synthesizing EnzymeBinds at Promoter
Outer Matter of the Brain
Brain and Spinal Chord
3-Dimensional Folding of a Polypeptide
Nervous System Within ANS'Fight or Flight'
Transport Along Microtubules
Transport from Soma to TerminalsTravels via kinesin 'feet' on microtubules
Grooves on the Surface of the Brain
Double-Stranded, Antiparallel Nucleotide Polymer
Branch Coming off the Soma that has 2 Types
Transmembrane Protein That Removes Intracellular Na and Concentrates Intracellular KUses energy in the form of ATP
Central Dogma Process Protein SynthesisFollows genetic instructions carried by mRNA
Stacks of Disc-Shaped MembranesUsed to wrap and package proteins
Stacks of Disc-Shaped Membrane
Neuron With 1 Neurite
Purple Stain Showing Cell BodiesDoesn't show anything other than location of cell bodies
Chemical Force that Makes Ions MoveDown the concentration gradient
Electrical Force that Makes Ions Move
Used to Calculate RMP
Glial Cell; Forms Myelin in PNSAsymmetrical; cleans up damage by guiding axons to re-grow and re-connect
Long Strands of Protein Within the NucleusContain DNA
Glial Cell; Secretes Cerebrospinal FluidLines the walls of the ventricles in the brain
Supporting Cells Glue vital to nervous system; 5 major types
Membrane Voltage Maintained by a Cell When not Generating Action PotentialsNeurons have one of -65mV
States That Nerves Can Only Carry Information Unidirectionally
Back Section of the BrainFirm, used for muscle control
Contained Within PNSControls breathing, heart rate, and digestion
HintAnswerExtra Info
Chemicals Released From Presynaptic NeuronsElicits a response in the postsynaptic neuron
Glial Cell; Nutritive and Support FunctionsStar-shaped and symmetrical; surround and isolate synapses; control fluid around neurons; clean up debris and fill area with glia
Transmembrane Protein That is Always Open for Transport
Glial Cell; Defensive Function; Protects against invading organisms
All Axons Have:An end; have vesicles that carry neurotransmitters
Makes Signals Travel Faster Down an AxonSticky-Notes wrapped around a pencil
Nerve Split Towards the Back of the Spinal CordCarries information from the body to the brain
Water-HatingNonpolar
Various Polypeptides Bonded Together to Form a Larger Protein
The Potential of the Cell at Which There is No Net Movement of Ions
Hollow Spaces Inside the Braincause muscles to move and contain fluid
Theory That Each Brain Cell is an Individual CellProposed by Cajal; neurons are separated by synapses
The Movement of Electrical ChargeRepresented by I (amps)
String of Polypeptides
Medium Cytoskeleton ComponentForm a lattice structure used for strength
Ohm's Law
Relative Ability of an Electrical Charge to Migrate from One Point to AnotherRepresented by g (Siemens, or S)
Neuron With 2 Neurites
Electrical Potential The force exerted on a charged particle
Bumps of the Surface of the Brain
String of Amino AcidsChain larger than 20 = a protein!
Transport from Dendrites to SomaTravels via chynein 'feet' on microtubules
Sections of DNA Containing Information Needed for Polypeptide Chains
Glial Cell; Forms Myelin Around Axons in Brain & Spinal CordAsymmetrical
Region of Contact Where a Neuron Transfers Info to Another Cell
ER Studded with Ribosomes Used for protein synthesis
An Even Distribution of the Charge Across a Molecule
Negatively Charged Atoms or Molecules
Coiling of a Polypeptide into an Alpha-Helix
'Antennae'; Receives Incoming Signals
Smallest Cytoskeleton ComponentMade of actin; forms a network beneath the cell membrane
HintAnswerExtra Info
Take in mRNA and Synthesize ProteinEither free-floating or associated with Rough ER
Contained Within PNSControls sensation and motion
Neuron With 3 or More Neurites
Produce ATPFats, carbs, proteins, and oxygen go in; ATP comes out
Theory That Brain Cells are a Continuous MassProposed by Golgi (he was wrong)
Nervous System Within ANS'Rest and Digest'
Central Dogma Process of RNA SynthesisInitiated at the promoter region; stopped at the terminator region
Front Section of the Brainsoft and squishy, controls sensory information
Positively Charged Atoms or Molecules
Very Deep Groove
Little Membrane Balloons (Organelle)Used to transport proteins
Cellular Fluid Within the Neuron
The Wires that Carry Neuron OutputBundles of fibers that make up nerves; variances in diameter affect speed of transfer
All Axons Have:A beginning
Silver Stain Showing Entire Cell Body and Neurites
Specialized Gap Between NeuronsWhere 2 neurons communicate
Membrane Formed by Hydrophobic Tails and Hydrophilic HeadsForms a barrier to water-soluble ions
The Regions of a Primary RNA Transcript Not Used to Code Protein
Nerve Split Towards the Front of the Spinal CordCarries information from the brain to the body
Used to Calculate Equilibrium Potential
Process or Intron Removal
An Unequal Distribution of the Charge Across a Molecule
Process of Destroying Pieces of Brain Tube Led to discovery of different sections of the brain
Inner Matter of the Brain
Largest Cytoskeleton ComponentThick hollow pipes made of tubulin; used for transport
All Axons Have:A middle
Structure of NeuronProtein strands that give the neuron shape; has 3 parts
Wires Made of Bunches of Fibers
Transmembrane Protein That is Gated or Non-Gated
All Nervous Tissues(i.e. everything else)

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