Basic Neuroscience

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Can you name the names and functions of the different parts of the brain?

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HintAnswerExtra Info
'Antennae'; Receives Incoming Signals
Little Membrane Balloons (Organelle)Used to transport proteins
Neuron With 2 Neurites
Relative Ability of an Electrical Charge to Migrate from One Point to AnotherRepresented by g (Siemens, or S)
Nerve Split Towards the Back of the Spinal CordCarries information from the body to the brain
Cellular Fluid Within the Neuron
Take in mRNA and Synthesize ProteinEither free-floating or associated with Rough ER
Glial Cell; Forms Myelin Around Axons in Brain & Spinal CordAsymmetrical
Largest Cytoskeleton ComponentThick hollow pipes made of tubulin; used for transport
The Potential of the Cell at Which There is No Net Movement of Ions
Process or Intron Removal
Medium Cytoskeleton ComponentForm a lattice structure used for strength
Electrical Force that Makes Ions Move
Nerve Split Towards the Front of the Spinal CordCarries information from the brain to the body
Smallest Cytoskeleton ComponentMade of actin; forms a network beneath the cell membrane
String of Polypeptides
Central Dogma Process Protein SynthesisFollows genetic instructions carried by mRNA
Sections of DNA Containing Information Needed for Polypeptide Chains
Theory That Brain Cells are a Continuous MassProposed by Golgi (he was wrong)
Transport from Soma to TerminalsTravels via kinesin 'feet' on microtubules
An Even Distribution of the Charge Across a Molecule
Transmembrane Protein That Actively Transports IonsUse ATP
Stacks of Disc-Shaped Membrane
Specialized Gap Between NeuronsWhere 2 neurons communicate
Stacks of Disc-Shaped MembranesUsed to wrap and package proteins
Makes Signals Travel Faster Down an AxonSticky-Notes wrapped around a pencil
Water-HatingNonpolar
Coiling of a Polypeptide into an Alpha-Helix
All Axons Have:A beginning
Brain and Spinal Chord
Theory That Each Brain Cell is an Individual CellProposed by Cajal; neurons are separated by synapses
HintAnswerExtra Info
Transmembrane Protein That is Gated or Non-Gated
Neuron With 1 Neurite
Supporting Cells Glue vital to nervous system; 5 major types
The Relative Inability of an Electrical Charge to MigrateRepresented by R, measured in Ohms
Structure of NeuronProtein strands that give the neuron shape; has 3 parts
Transmembrane Protein That Removes Intracellular Na and Concentrates Intracellular KUses energy in the form of ATP
Purple Stain Showing Cell BodiesDoesn't show anything other than location of cell bodies
An Unequal Distribution of the Charge Across a Molecule
Process of Destroying Pieces of Brain Tube Led to discovery of different sections of the brain
Branch Coming off the Soma that has 2 Types
Transport Along Microtubules
Wires Made of Bunches of Fibers
Contained Within PNSControls breathing, heart rate, and digestion
Inner Matter of the Brain
All Nervous Tissues(i.e. everything else)
Chemical Force that Makes Ions MoveDown the concentration gradient
Various Polypeptides Bonded Together to Form a Larger Protein
Water-LovingPolar
Double-Stranded, Antiparallel Nucleotide Polymer
ER Studded with Ribosomes Used for protein synthesis
Glial Cell; Secretes Cerebrospinal FluidLines the walls of the ventricles in the brain
String of Amino AcidsChain larger than 20 = a protein!
Transport from Dendrites to SomaTravels via chynein 'feet' on microtubules
The Regions of a Primary RNA Transcript Not Used to Code Protein
Membrane Voltage Maintained by a Cell When not Generating Action PotentialsNeurons have one of -65mV
Very Deep Groove
Positively Charged Atoms or Molecules
3-Dimensional Folding of a Polypeptide
The Movement of Electrical ChargeRepresented by I (amps)
Region of Contact Where a Neuron Transfers Info to Another Cell
Glial Cell; Defensive Function; Protects against invading organisms
HintAnswerExtra Info
Membrane Formed by Hydrophobic Tails and Hydrophilic HeadsForms a barrier to water-soluble ions
Produce ATPFats, carbs, proteins, and oxygen go in; ATP comes out
The Wires that Carry Neuron OutputBundles of fibers that make up nerves; variances in diameter affect speed of transfer
Transmembrane Protein That is Always Open for Transport
States That Nerves Can Only Carry Information Unidirectionally
All Axons Have:An end; have vesicles that carry neurotransmitters
Long Strands of Protein Within the NucleusContain DNA
Back Section of the BrainFirm, used for muscle control
Central Dogma Process of RNA SynthesisInitiated at the promoter region; stopped at the terminator region
Chemicals Released From Presynaptic NeuronsElicits a response in the postsynaptic neuron
Glial Cell; Forms Myelin in PNSAsymmetrical; cleans up damage by guiding axons to re-grow and re-connect
Regions of RNA Used in Coding
Nervous System Within ANS'Fight or Flight'
Hollow Spaces Inside the Braincause muscles to move and contain fluid
Nervous System Within ANS'Rest and Digest'
Grooves on the Surface of the Brain
Silver Stain Showing Entire Cell Body and Neurites
Outer Matter of the Brain
Electrical Potential The force exerted on a charged particle
RNA-Synthesizing EnzymeBinds at Promoter
Bumps of the Surface of the Brain
Negatively Charged Atoms or Molecules
All Axons Have:A middle
Ohm's Law
Neuron With 3 or More Neurites
Used to Calculate RMP
Used to Calculate Equilibrium Potential
Glial Cell; Nutritive and Support FunctionsStar-shaped and symmetrical; surround and isolate synapses; control fluid around neurons; clean up debris and fill area with glia
Contained Within PNSControls sensation and motion
Front Section of the Brainsoft and squishy, controls sensory information

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