Basic Neuroscience

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Can you name the names and functions of the different parts of the brain?

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HintAnswerExtra Info
Water-LovingPolar
All Nervous Tissues(i.e. everything else)
Transport from Dendrites to SomaTravels via chynein 'feet' on microtubules
All Axons Have:A middle
An Unequal Distribution of the Charge Across a Molecule
The Potential of the Cell at Which There is No Net Movement of Ions
3-Dimensional Folding of a Polypeptide
Neuron With 3 or More Neurites
Theory That Brain Cells are a Continuous MassProposed by Golgi (he was wrong)
Membrane Voltage Maintained by a Cell When not Generating Action PotentialsNeurons have one of -65mV
Theory That Each Brain Cell is an Individual CellProposed by Cajal; neurons are separated by synapses
Negatively Charged Atoms or Molecules
Back Section of the BrainFirm, used for muscle control
Used to Calculate Equilibrium Potential
Glial Cell; Forms Myelin in PNSAsymmetrical; cleans up damage by guiding axons to re-grow and re-connect
Makes Signals Travel Faster Down an AxonSticky-Notes wrapped around a pencil
Grooves on the Surface of the Brain
Transmembrane Protein That Removes Intracellular Na and Concentrates Intracellular KUses energy in the form of ATP
Electrical Potential The force exerted on a charged particle
Central Dogma Process of RNA SynthesisInitiated at the promoter region; stopped at the terminator region
The Regions of a Primary RNA Transcript Not Used to Code Protein
Glial Cell; Defensive Function; Protects against invading organisms
Electrical Force that Makes Ions Move
Little Membrane Balloons (Organelle)Used to transport proteins
Region of Contact Where a Neuron Transfers Info to Another Cell
States That Nerves Can Only Carry Information Unidirectionally
Largest Cytoskeleton ComponentThick hollow pipes made of tubulin; used for transport
Purple Stain Showing Cell BodiesDoesn't show anything other than location of cell bodies
Chemicals Released From Presynaptic NeuronsElicits a response in the postsynaptic neuron
Nerve Split Towards the Front of the Spinal CordCarries information from the brain to the body
Silver Stain Showing Entire Cell Body and Neurites
HintAnswerExtra Info
Relative Ability of an Electrical Charge to Migrate from One Point to AnotherRepresented by g (Siemens, or S)
Cellular Fluid Within the Neuron
Transport from Soma to TerminalsTravels via kinesin 'feet' on microtubules
Ohm's Law
Produce ATPFats, carbs, proteins, and oxygen go in; ATP comes out
Regions of RNA Used in Coding
Medium Cytoskeleton ComponentForm a lattice structure used for strength
Hollow Spaces Inside the Braincause muscles to move and contain fluid
Transmembrane Protein That is Gated or Non-Gated
All Axons Have:An end; have vesicles that carry neurotransmitters
'Antennae'; Receives Incoming Signals
Nerve Split Towards the Back of the Spinal CordCarries information from the body to the brain
An Even Distribution of the Charge Across a Molecule
Contained Within PNSControls sensation and motion
Neuron With 2 Neurites
Supporting Cells Glue vital to nervous system; 5 major types
String of Polypeptides
Process or Intron Removal
Brain and Spinal Chord
The Relative Inability of an Electrical Charge to MigrateRepresented by R, measured in Ohms
Stacks of Disc-Shaped Membrane
Glial Cell; Forms Myelin Around Axons in Brain & Spinal CordAsymmetrical
Transmembrane Protein That Actively Transports IonsUse ATP
Contained Within PNSControls breathing, heart rate, and digestion
Specialized Gap Between NeuronsWhere 2 neurons communicate
Water-HatingNonpolar
Double-Stranded, Antiparallel Nucleotide Polymer
Inner Matter of the Brain
Glial Cell; Nutritive and Support FunctionsStar-shaped and symmetrical; surround and isolate synapses; control fluid around neurons; clean up debris and fill area with glia
Nervous System Within ANS'Rest and Digest'
Membrane Formed by Hydrophobic Tails and Hydrophilic HeadsForms a barrier to water-soluble ions
HintAnswerExtra Info
Central Dogma Process Protein SynthesisFollows genetic instructions carried by mRNA
All Axons Have:A beginning
Coiling of a Polypeptide into an Alpha-Helix
String of Amino AcidsChain larger than 20 = a protein!
Glial Cell; Secretes Cerebrospinal FluidLines the walls of the ventricles in the brain
Wires Made of Bunches of Fibers
Take in mRNA and Synthesize ProteinEither free-floating or associated with Rough ER
Used to Calculate RMP
Chemical Force that Makes Ions MoveDown the concentration gradient
Bumps of the Surface of the Brain
Nervous System Within ANS'Fight or Flight'
Positively Charged Atoms or Molecules
Transmembrane Protein That is Always Open for Transport
Outer Matter of the Brain
Sections of DNA Containing Information Needed for Polypeptide Chains
The Wires that Carry Neuron OutputBundles of fibers that make up nerves; variances in diameter affect speed of transfer
Branch Coming off the Soma that has 2 Types
Process of Destroying Pieces of Brain Tube Led to discovery of different sections of the brain
RNA-Synthesizing EnzymeBinds at Promoter
Stacks of Disc-Shaped MembranesUsed to wrap and package proteins
Neuron With 1 Neurite
Structure of NeuronProtein strands that give the neuron shape; has 3 parts
Various Polypeptides Bonded Together to Form a Larger Protein
Smallest Cytoskeleton ComponentMade of actin; forms a network beneath the cell membrane
The Movement of Electrical ChargeRepresented by I (amps)
Front Section of the Brainsoft and squishy, controls sensory information
Transport Along Microtubules
Very Deep Groove
Long Strands of Protein Within the NucleusContain DNA
ER Studded with Ribosomes Used for protein synthesis

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