Basic Neuroscience

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Can you name the names and functions of the different parts of the brain?

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HintAnswerExtra Info
Transport Along Microtubules
Negatively Charged Atoms or Molecules
Wires Made of Bunches of Fibers
Contained Within PNSControls sensation and motion
Nervous System Within ANS'Rest and Digest'
Bumps of the Surface of the Brain
Supporting Cells Glue vital to nervous system; 5 major types
String of Polypeptides
An Even Distribution of the Charge Across a Molecule
Electrical Force that Makes Ions Move
Transmembrane Protein That is Always Open for Transport
All Axons Have:An end; have vesicles that carry neurotransmitters
The Potential of the Cell at Which There is No Net Movement of Ions
Hollow Spaces Inside the Braincause muscles to move and contain fluid
Nerve Split Towards the Back of the Spinal CordCarries information from the body to the brain
Nerve Split Towards the Front of the Spinal CordCarries information from the brain to the body
Glial Cell; Defensive Function; Protects against invading organisms
Transport from Dendrites to SomaTravels via chynein 'feet' on microtubules
ER Studded with Ribosomes Used for protein synthesis
The Relative Inability of an Electrical Charge to MigrateRepresented by R, measured in Ohms
Glial Cell; Nutritive and Support FunctionsStar-shaped and symmetrical; surround and isolate synapses; control fluid around neurons; clean up debris and fill area with glia
Branch Coming off the Soma that has 2 Types
Chemicals Released From Presynaptic NeuronsElicits a response in the postsynaptic neuron
All Axons Have:A middle
Nervous System Within ANS'Fight or Flight'
Take in mRNA and Synthesize ProteinEither free-floating or associated with Rough ER
Central Dogma Process Protein SynthesisFollows genetic instructions carried by mRNA
Long Strands of Protein Within the NucleusContain DNA
Structure of NeuronProtein strands that give the neuron shape; has 3 parts
Grooves on the Surface of the Brain
HintAnswerExtra Info
String of Amino AcidsChain larger than 20 = a protein!
Outer Matter of the Brain
Front Section of the Brainsoft and squishy, controls sensory information
Theory That Brain Cells are a Continuous MassProposed by Golgi (he was wrong)
Back Section of the BrainFirm, used for muscle control
Silver Stain Showing Entire Cell Body and Neurites
Neuron With 3 or More Neurites
Process of Destroying Pieces of Brain Tube Led to discovery of different sections of the brain
Various Polypeptides Bonded Together to Form a Larger Protein
Medium Cytoskeleton ComponentForm a lattice structure used for strength
Membrane Formed by Hydrophobic Tails and Hydrophilic HeadsForms a barrier to water-soluble ions
States That Nerves Can Only Carry Information Unidirectionally
Transmembrane Protein That Removes Intracellular Na and Concentrates Intracellular KUses energy in the form of ATP
Largest Cytoskeleton ComponentThick hollow pipes made of tubulin; used for transport
Positively Charged Atoms or Molecules
Specialized Gap Between NeuronsWhere 2 neurons communicate
'Antennae'; Receives Incoming Signals
Stacks of Disc-Shaped Membrane
Used to Calculate RMP
Smallest Cytoskeleton ComponentMade of actin; forms a network beneath the cell membrane
The Wires that Carry Neuron OutputBundles of fibers that make up nerves; variances in diameter affect speed of transfer
Cellular Fluid Within the Neuron
Used to Calculate Equilibrium Potential
Stacks of Disc-Shaped MembranesUsed to wrap and package proteins
The Movement of Electrical ChargeRepresented by I (amps)
Transport from Soma to TerminalsTravels via kinesin 'feet' on microtubules
Chemical Force that Makes Ions MoveDown the concentration gradient
All Axons Have:A beginning
Double-Stranded, Antiparallel Nucleotide Polymer
Electrical Potential The force exerted on a charged particle
Membrane Voltage Maintained by a Cell When not Generating Action PotentialsNeurons have one of -65mV
HintAnswerExtra Info
Neuron With 2 Neurites
Central Dogma Process of RNA SynthesisInitiated at the promoter region; stopped at the terminator region
Glial Cell; Secretes Cerebrospinal FluidLines the walls of the ventricles in the brain
Glial Cell; Forms Myelin Around Axons in Brain & Spinal CordAsymmetrical
Makes Signals Travel Faster Down an AxonSticky-Notes wrapped around a pencil
Brain and Spinal Chord
RNA-Synthesizing EnzymeBinds at Promoter
Transmembrane Protein That is Gated or Non-Gated
Glial Cell; Forms Myelin in PNSAsymmetrical; cleans up damage by guiding axons to re-grow and re-connect
Theory That Each Brain Cell is an Individual CellProposed by Cajal; neurons are separated by synapses
Region of Contact Where a Neuron Transfers Info to Another Cell
An Unequal Distribution of the Charge Across a Molecule
Process or Intron Removal
Neuron With 1 Neurite
Sections of DNA Containing Information Needed for Polypeptide Chains
Coiling of a Polypeptide into an Alpha-Helix
All Nervous Tissues(i.e. everything else)
Very Deep Groove
Contained Within PNSControls breathing, heart rate, and digestion
Ohm's Law
Purple Stain Showing Cell BodiesDoesn't show anything other than location of cell bodies
Regions of RNA Used in Coding
Transmembrane Protein That Actively Transports IonsUse ATP
Inner Matter of the Brain
Relative Ability of an Electrical Charge to Migrate from One Point to AnotherRepresented by g (Siemens, or S)
The Regions of a Primary RNA Transcript Not Used to Code Protein
Produce ATPFats, carbs, proteins, and oxygen go in; ATP comes out
Little Membrane Balloons (Organelle)Used to transport proteins
3-Dimensional Folding of a Polypeptide

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