AP Psych - Parts of the Brain

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Can you name the parts of the brain?

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FunctionPart
Layer of fatty tissue encasing fibers of neurons; enables greater transmission speed of neural impulses
Part of limbic system, controls body temperature, libido, hunger, thirst, endocrine system, biological rhythms; pleasure center, reward center
Lies above ears; includes auditory areas, each side receives information from opposite ear
Lies behind forehead; speaking, muscle movements, making plans, judgment
Covers hemispheres, ultimate control and information-processing center
'Little brain'; habitual muscle movements, basic biological functions
Bundled axons that form neural 'cables'
Neurons within the brain and spinal cord
Area at front of parietal lobe; registers and processes body touch and movement sensations
Neural system associated with emotions and drives
Junction between axon tip of one neuron and dendrite of another; small gap
Master endocrine gland
Lies at top of head and toward rear; receives sensory information (touch and body position)
Part of limbic system, receives sensory signals from spinal cord and sends them to other areas of the brain
Controls blood pressure, heart rate, breathing
FunctionPart
Lies at rear of frontal lobe; controls voluntary movements
A nerve cell
Connects brain's hemispheres; removal can stop seizures
Part of limbic system, new memories, before storage
Extension of a neuron, ending in branching fibers
Connects hindbrain with midbrain and forebrain; control of facial expressions
Oldest part and central core of brain, responsible for automatic survival functions
Chemical messengers that cross synaptic gaps between neurons; bind to receptor sites on receiving neuron
Helps control arousal, filters stimuli going to thalamus and relays information to other areas
Lies at back of head; receives information from visual fields
Bushy, branching extensions of a neuron
Neurons that carry incoming information from sensory receptors to brain and spinal cord
Part of limbic system, fear and aggression
Neurons that carry outgoing information from the brain and spinal cord to muscles and glands
Pathway of neural fibers to and from brain, controls reflexes

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Created Apr 30, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:brain, function, psych