Science / AP Psych - Parts of the Brain

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Can you name the parts of the brain?

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Helps control arousal, filters stimuli going to thalamus and relays information to other areas
Bushy, branching extensions of a neuron
'Little brain'; habitual muscle movements, basic biological functions
Neurons that carry outgoing information from the brain and spinal cord to muscles and glands
Lies at rear of frontal lobe; controls voluntary movements
Part of limbic system, new memories, before storage
Lies at top of head and toward rear; receives sensory information (touch and body position)
Neurons that carry incoming information from sensory receptors to brain and spinal cord
Lies at back of head; receives information from visual fields
Layer of fatty tissue encasing fibers of neurons; enables greater transmission speed of neural impulses
Covers hemispheres, ultimate control and information-processing center
Extension of a neuron, ending in branching fibers
Bundled axons that form neural 'cables'
Chemical messengers that cross synaptic gaps between neurons; bind to receptor sites on receiving neuron
Junction between axon tip of one neuron and dendrite of another; small gap
Lies above ears; includes auditory areas, each side receives information from opposite ear
Master endocrine gland
Part of limbic system, fear and aggression
Neural system associated with emotions and drives
Lies behind forehead; speaking, muscle movements, making plans, judgment
Area at front of parietal lobe; registers and processes body touch and movement sensations
Connects hindbrain with midbrain and forebrain; control of facial expressions
Controls blood pressure, heart rate, breathing
Part of limbic system, controls body temperature, libido, hunger, thirst, endocrine system, biological rhythms; pleasure center, reward center
Pathway of neural fibers to and from brain, controls reflexes
A nerve cell
Oldest part and central core of brain, responsible for automatic survival functions
Connects brain's hemispheres; removal can stop seizures
Neurons within the brain and spinal cord
Part of limbic system, receives sensory signals from spinal cord and sends them to other areas of the brain

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