AP Psych - Parts of the Brain

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Can you name the parts of the brain?

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FunctionPart
Bushy, branching extensions of a neuron
'Little brain'; habitual muscle movements, basic biological functions
Neurons that carry outgoing information from the brain and spinal cord to muscles and glands
Lies behind forehead; speaking, muscle movements, making plans, judgment
Part of limbic system, receives sensory signals from spinal cord and sends them to other areas of the brain
Neurons within the brain and spinal cord
Layer of fatty tissue encasing fibers of neurons; enables greater transmission speed of neural impulses
Lies at back of head; receives information from visual fields
Controls blood pressure, heart rate, breathing
Pathway of neural fibers to and from brain, controls reflexes
Part of limbic system, new memories, before storage
Part of limbic system, fear and aggression
Lies at top of head and toward rear; receives sensory information (touch and body position)
Bundled axons that form neural 'cables'
Chemical messengers that cross synaptic gaps between neurons; bind to receptor sites on receiving neuron
FunctionPart
Connects hindbrain with midbrain and forebrain; control of facial expressions
Covers hemispheres, ultimate control and information-processing center
Master endocrine gland
A nerve cell
Oldest part and central core of brain, responsible for automatic survival functions
Lies above ears; includes auditory areas, each side receives information from opposite ear
Junction between axon tip of one neuron and dendrite of another; small gap
Neural system associated with emotions and drives
Lies at rear of frontal lobe; controls voluntary movements
Part of limbic system, controls body temperature, libido, hunger, thirst, endocrine system, biological rhythms; pleasure center, reward center
Connects brain's hemispheres; removal can stop seizures
Helps control arousal, filters stimuli going to thalamus and relays information to other areas
Extension of a neuron, ending in branching fibers
Neurons that carry incoming information from sensory receptors to brain and spinal cord
Area at front of parietal lobe; registers and processes body touch and movement sensations

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