Chapter 13 Key Terms

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DefinitionTermWord Bank
Type of Schizophrenia marked by striking motor disturbances, ranging from muscular rigidity to random motor activity.Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Genuine physical ailments caused in part by psychological factors, especially emotional distress.Generalized Anxiety Disorder
The apparent causation and developmental history of an illness.Conjunction Fallacy
Persistent, uncontrollable intrusions of unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and urges to engage in senseless rituals (compulsions).Somatization Disorder
False beliefs that are maintained even though they clearly are out of touch with reality.Concordance Rate
Sensory perceptions that occur in the absence of a real, external stimulus or are gross distortions of perceptual input.Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Type of schizophrenia marked by idiosyncratic mixtures of schizophrenia symptoms.Positive Symptoms
A class of disorders in which people lose contact with portions of their consciousness or memory, resulting in disruptions in their sense of identity.Catatonic Schizophrenia
Model that propses that it is useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease.Anxiety Disorders
When people estimate that the odds of two uncertain events happening together are greater than the odds of either event happening alone.Anorexia Nervosa
Disorder marked by the experience of both depressed and manic periods.Diagnosis
Type of schizophrenia marked by a particularly severe deterioration of adaptive behavior.Agoraphobia
Somatoform disorder marked by a history of diverse physical complaints that appear to be psychological in origin.Culture-Bound Disorders
Anxiety disorder marked by recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety that usually occur suddenly and unexpectedly.Somatoform Disorders
Dissociative disorder involving the coexistance in one person of two or more largely complete, and usually very different, personalities.Dissociative Fugue
Anxiety disorder marked by a chronic, high level of anxiety that is not tied to any specific threat.Schizophrenic Disorders
Behavioral exercises or peculiarities, such as hallucinations, delusions, bizarre behavior, and wild flights of ideas.Hallucinations
Indicates the percentage of twin pairs or other pairs of relatives that exhibit the same disorder.Mood Disorders
Mood disorder marked by people showing persistent feelings of sadness and despair and a loss of interest in previous sources of pleasure.Negative Symptoms
Fear of going out in public to big open spaces.Undifferentiated Schizophrenia
Intense fear of gaining weight, disturbed body image, refusal to maintain normal weight, and dangerous measures to lose weight.Psychosomatic Diseases
DefinitionTermWord Bank
Anxiety disorder involving enduring psychological disturbance attributed to the experience of a major traumatic event.Hypochondriasis
Basing the estimated probability of an event on how similar it is to the typical prototype of that event.Eating Disorders
A class of disorders represented by physical ailments that cannot be fully explained by organic conditions and are largely due to psychological factors.Bulimia Nervosa
The coexistance of two or more disorders.Dissociative Identity (aka Multiple Personality) Disorder (DID)
Distinguishing one illness from another.Paranoid Schizophrenia
Behavioral Deficits, such as flattened emotions, social withdrawal, apathy, impaired attention, and poverty of speech.Bipolar (aka Manic-Depressive) Disorder
A class of disorders marked by emotional disturbances of varied kinds that may spill over to disrupt physical, perceptual, social, and though processes.Panic Disorder
Anxiety disorder marked by a persistent and irrational fear of an object or situation that presents no realistic danger.Dissociative Amnesia
Type of Schizophrenia marked by delusions of persecution along with delusions of grandeur. Availability Heuristic
A class of disorders marked by feelings of excessive apprehension and anxiety.Delusions
A forecast about the probable course of an illness.Conversion Disorder
Type of somatoform disorder marked by excessive preoccupation with one's health and incessant worry about developing physical illnesses.Etiology
A class of disorders marked by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, and deterioration of adaptive behavior.Major Depressive Disorder
Habitually engaging in out-of-control overeating followed by unhealthy compensatory efforts, such as self-induced vomiting, fasting, abuse of laxatives and diuretics, and excessiveDissociative Disorders
Type of dissociative disorder marked by a sudden loss of memory for important personal information that is too extensive to be due to normal forgetting.Disorganized Schizophrenia
Type of Somatoform disorder marked by a significant loss of physical function with no apparent organic basis, usually in a single organ system.Prognosis
Basing the estimated probability of an event on the ease with which relevant instances come to mind.Representativeness Heuristic
Severe disturbances in eating behavior characterized by preoccupation with weight concerns and unhealthy efforts to control weight.Phobic Disorder
Type of dissociative disorder in which people lose their memory for their entire lives along with their sense of personal identity.Comorbidity
Abnormal syndromes found only in a few cultural groupsMedical Model

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Created May 5, 2010ReportNominate
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