Into to Judaism

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Unleavened bread eaten at Passover
At puberty, a boy or girl becomes responsible for keeping religious duties and observing commandments
Judaism as developed by generations of Jewish sages from 1st century BCE through present, rooted in biblical teachings and rabbinic interpretations setting norms for Jewish behavio
Pentacost, Jewish holiday commemorating giving of Torah at Sinai
Someone qualified to perform ritual circumcisions
The spring festival commemorating and reenacting the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt in 1200 BCE
Palm branch waved during sukkot
Bitter herb, one of ritual foods eaten at Passover seder
The divider set up between men and women in Orthodox synagogue
Prayer book used on Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur
Leather straps that traditionally religious Jewish men bind on their left arm and hand and above the forehead with boxes containing words from Deuteronomy
Commandment, used to refer to a good deed
Jewish prayer shawl
The narrative of the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt, recited at the Passover seder
The Jewish family that fought against Syrian Greek rule and in 167 B.C. restored the Jewish state in Jerusalem
Ritual on afternoon of first day of Rosh Hashanah, symbolically cast sins into water
Speaking evil of someone when he or she is not present, gossip
Jewish elementary school
Jewish burial society; help clean and prepare body for burial
Mishnah and Gemara are two, each with Mishnah and different Gemaras. Palestinian or Jerusalem one completed 400 CE, Babylonian completed in 500 CE
Mixture of apples, wine, and nuts; one of the ritual foods eaten during Passover seder, symbolizes mortar used in making bricks
300 B.C.-300 C.E., refers to period in which Jews influences by fusion of Syrian and Greek culture. Setting story of Maccabees
The honor of being called up to the Torah to recite a blessing
Sanctification, refers to Jewish marriage ceremony; also name of tractate in Mishnah focusing on betrothal
Betrothal. Though originally separate from the wedding, has, since the middle ages been part of the wedding ceremony
Greek word meaning desert, matzah hidden and found during seder, later eaten
Second of 3 daily prayer services, recited in later afternoon at twilight
The seventh day, the sabbath, holy day of rest in commemoration of God's rest after creating the world in 6 days
The largest Hasidic group in the world today. Most live in U.S. and Israel, place special emphasis on outreach to nonobservant Jews and on Jewish education
Jewish house of assembly, study, and prayer
Sanctification prayer proclaiming holiness of Sabbath or holidays; recited over cup of wine
Jews whose ancestors came from Spain, Portugal, or European Mediterranean countries
Joyous celebration of victory of Biblical Esther and Mordecai over Haman, who tried to destroy the Jews
Earliest corpus of Jewish law, edited in 200 CE by Judah the Prince. Organized in 6 orders, it forms the basis for the Talmud...613 commandments
God's revelation to Moses at Sinai, first 5 books of Hebrew Bible
Jewish bill of divorcement
Evening liturgical service
Bridal canopy
First of 3 daily services, morning liturgy
Prayers used in a synagogue liturgy
7 blessings recited under the marriage canopy in celebration of a wedding
Dedication, refers to 8 day holiday celebrating victory of Maccabees and their rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem to God
19th Century religious movement founded in Germany that attempted to adapt Judaism to perceived spirit of the modern age, places greatest emphasis on teachings of prophets and soci
An agreement, or contrast between God and the Jewish people that binds each party to adhere to certain stipulations/promises
Ritual bath of running fresh water, one of women's three special mitzvot (other two are lighting Sabbath candles and baking challah) also used in conversion ritual
To return to God, Repentance
Repair of the world, working with God to make world a better place in which all of us can live
Ritual Circumcision
Modern Jewish religious movement, originating in U.S. in late 19th century that emphasizes both tradition and change...emphasis on Israel
From Hebrew, (go). The rabbinic legal tradition; traditional Jewish law; rabbinic prescriptions for living a Jewish life
Ram's horn, sounded on New Year and celebration of New Moon
Holy language of Jewish people and native language of State of Israel today; also name given to Abraham and his descendants up until they settled in the land of Israel
Before the Common Era
A term coined by reform opponents of traditionalism in 19th century as one of derision (old fashioned) but adopted by various groups of observant Jews, including the modern Orthodo
Obligation of visiting the sick
Name given to Jews after they settled in land of Israel (end of 2nd millennium BCE)
Common Era
20th century American Jewish movement founded by Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan that views God as transnatural power or process, rejected belief in Jews as chosen people, sees Judaism as ev
'The Name,' term used by traditionally religious Jews in referring to God
Ritual object placed on door posts of Jewish homes (contains parchment with lines from Deuteronomy including the Shema
Approximates concept of charity of money, time, and energy. Relates to concept of justice and making world right, obligation of Jews
Academy of higher Jewish learning
Studying Torah for its own sake
Principle of honoring the dead (not desecrating the body; burial within 48 hours after death)
Candelabra, the special candelabra used on Chanukah is called a Chanukiyah
Braided loaf of bread, ritually baked and eaten on Shabbat and holidays, baked by a woman
The Yiddish term meaning to pray
The Jewish people (means 'one who wrestles with God') name given to Jacob after wrestles with angel, also homeland of Jewish people
Jews living outside the land of Israel, as citizens of the nations in which they dwell
18 benedictions, the silent prayer, recited while standing, morning, noon, and night, in traditional Jewish liturgy which consists of 19 paragraphs, each ending with a blessing
Rejoicing in the Torah, festival in which yearly cycle of Torah reading ends and begins, dance with Torah
Leavened products, removed from home in preparation for Passover
Jewish religious movement that first arose in Eastern Europe in the 18th century in reaction to what some perceived to be the elitism of the medieval Jewish mysticism; sought to br
Quoram of ten adult Jews (traditionally, only men) necessary for public worship
Hebrew Bible, 3 parts T=Torah N=Nevi'im (prophets) and Ketuvim
Ancient Israelite writings which present themselves as sacred texts but were not included in the Bible. The most well known are the books of Jubilees, Maccabees, and Ben Sirach. Pr
Exile, term used to describe Jewish existence outside of the land of Israel
Citron, used in celebration of Sukkot in the sukkah
Jewish dietary laws (that which is kosher is suitable or fit; vs. treif--unsuitable
19th century Jewish religious movement founded in Germany by Samson Raphael Hirsch, rejects view that cannot be a traditionally religious Jew and participate in the modern world. T
Jewish marriage contract, a document providing support for a woman if her husband divorces her or dies
Hebrew prayer book used daily, on Shabbat, and holidays (except RH and YK) derived from Hebrew word for 'order'
Day of Atonement, 10 days after Rosh Hashanah
Prayer of sanctification and praise of God recited at certain points in liturgy, including as a memorial prayer for the dead
Jew of priestly descent; descendant of house of Aaron
Teacher and interpreter of Jewish law, today is also socio-spiritual head of a Jewish community or congregation
The cantor or prayer leader of the synagogue or prayer services
Symbolic boundary around a neighborhood or town enclosing and transforming it into a private domain, thereby permitting one to carry objects within the circumference on Shabbat
The Jewish New Year, the head of the year
Central prayer of Judaism from Book of Deuteronomy 'Hear O Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is One'
Ceremony marking the end of the Sabbath and the beginning of the ordinary work week
Contemporary Jewish ceremony celebrating birth of daughter and her entrance in God's covenant with Jewish people
Order, refers to the Passover ritual meal
Term first used in 6th century BCE after fall of Southern kingdom, and tribe of Judah went into exile in Babylonia. Remains the name of Jewish people today
A citizen of the modern state of Israel (includes all citizens, Jews and non-Jews
Hut erected in celebration of fall week long festival of Sukkot
Phrase in Mishnah to refer to goodness of studying Torah and earning a living, good to study and live a life of Torah while also participating in the modern world
Image of God. Basic Jewish belief that all humans are created in God's image

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