Biology- The Structure and Function of Macromolecules

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Can you name the Biology terms?

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DefinitionAnswer
A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of replicating and determining the inherited structure of a cell's proteins
a long carbon chain carboxylic acid of usually 16 or 18 carbon atoms in length
One of two types of nitrogenous bases found in nucleotides. Cytosine (C), thymine (T), and uracil (U) are pyrimidines.
Monomers are connected by a reaction in which two molecules are covalently bonded to each other through loss of a water molecule
A type of nucleic acid consisting of nucleotide monomers with a ribose sugar and the mitrogenous bases adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and uracil (U)l usually singlestrande
One of two types of nitrogenous bases found in nucleotides. Adenine (A) and guanine (G) are purines
a steroid that is a common component of animal cell membranes and is the precursor from which other steroids are synthesized
Long molecule consisting of many covalently bonded monomers
- lipids characterized by a carbon skeleton containing four rings
The building block of a nucleic acid, consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalently bonded to a nitrogenous base and a phosphate group.
A more extensively branched polysaccharide that animals store
The buildings blocks for polymers
an alcohol with three carbons, each bearing a hydroxyl group
a catalyst-serving protein
DefinitionAnswer
a class of large biological molecules that are insoluble in water and do not contain polymers
Has the general molecular formula as a multiple of CH2O
Term used for large molecules
polymers of amino acids
a molecule that has a hydrophilic head and two hydrophobic tails and it a constituent of the inner bilayer of biological membranes
organic molecules possessing both carboxyl and amino groups
a cardiovascular disease that results from a diet rich in saturated fats
A structural polysaccharide used in plants
a strong covalent bond formed when the sulfur of one cysteine monomer bonds to the sulfur of another cysteine monomer
The process that is used to disassemble polymers to monomers
a process in which a protein unravels and loses its native conformation
A covalent bond formed between two monosaccharide to build a disaccharide
protein molecules that assist the proper folding of other proteins
A polymer consisting of entirely glucose monomers

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