Muscles of the Hip

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Can you name the Muscles of the Hip?

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Origin (O) and Insertion (I)MuscleInnervation (N) and Action (A)
O- Medial part of outer surface of obturator membrane, medial margin of obturator foramen I- Trochanteric fossa of the femurN- Obturator Nerve (L3, L4) A- Lateral Rotation
O- Anterior pubis where the pubic crest joins the symphysis pubis I- middle 1/3 of femur along linea asperaN- Obturator Nerve (L2, L3, L4) A- Adduction, Flexion, Medial Rotation
O- Outer surface of inferior pubic ramus I- Pectineal line of femur and upper part of linea asperaN- Obturator Nerve (L2, L3, L4) A- Adduction, Flexion, Medial Rotation
O- Lateral lip of the linea aspera of femur I- Lateral surface of head of fibula and lateral condyle of tibiaN- Peroneal Part of the Sciatic Nerve (L5, S1, S2) A- Flexion, Lateral Rotation
O- Ischial tuberosity I- Posterior aspect of medial condyle of the tibiaN- Tibial Part of the Sciatic Nerve (L5, S1, S2) A- Flexion and Medial Rotation (leg), Extension (thigh)
O- Outer surface of the ischial spine I- Medial surface of greater trochanter with tendon of the obturator interiusN- Nerve to Obturator Internus (L5, S1) A- Lateral Rotation (extended thigh), Abduction (flexed thigh)
O- Iliac fossa; anterior inferior iliac spine I- Lesser trochanter of femurN- Femoral Nerve (L2, L3) A- Flexion
O- Pelvic surface of obtruator membrane and from the bone surrounding the obturator foramen I- Medial surface of greater trochanter proximal to the trochanteric fossa N- Nerve to Obturator Internus (L5, S1) A- Lateral Rotation (extended thigh), Abduction (flexed thigh)
O- Anterior inferior iliac spine, groove above the acetabulum I- Patellar tendon to the tibial tuberosityN- Femoral Nerve (L2, L3, L4) A- Flexion
O- Ischial tuberosity I- Lateral surface of head of the fibula and lateral condyle of the tibiaN- Tibial Part of the Sciatic Nerve (S1, S2, S3) A- Flexion (leg), Lateral Rotation,Extension (thigh at hip)
O- Anterior superior iliac spine I-Superior part of the medial surface of the tibiaN- Femoral Nerve (L2, L3) A- Flexion, Abduction, Lateral Rotation
O- Pectineal line of pubis I- Pectineal line of femurN- Femoral Nerve (L2, L3) A- Flexion, Adduction, Medial Rotation
Origin (O) and Insertion (I)MuscleInnervation (N) and Action (A)
O- Outer surface of ilium between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines I- Anterior border of greater trochanter and on the fibrous capsule of the hip jointN- Superior Gluteal Nerve (L4, L5, S1) A- Abduction, Medial Rotation
O- Ischial tuberosity I- Medial surface of upper body of tibiaN- Tibial Part of the Sciatic Nerve (L5, S1, S2) A- Flexion and Meidal Rotation (leg), Extension (thigh)
O- Lateral border of the ischial tuberosity I- Quadrate tubercle on the posterior surface of the femur; also onto the intertrochanteric crest of the femurN- Nerve to the Quadratus Femoris (L5, S1) A- Lateral Rotation
O- Outer ilium and iliac crest; dorsal sacrum; lateral side of coccyx and sacrotuberous ligament I- Iliotibial band to lateral condyle of tibia, gluteal tuberosity of femurN- Inferior Gluteal Nerve (L5, S1,S2) A- Extension, Lateral Rotation
O- Inferior ramus of the pubis; ramus of the ischium and the ischial tuberosity I- Upper 2/3 of linea aspera, medial supracondylar line and adductor tubercleN- Obturator Nerve (L2, L3, L4); Sciatic nerve (tibial division) for hamstring part A- Adduction, Flexion and Medial Rotation (upper), Extension and Lateral Rotation (lower)
O-Transverse process and body of T12 and upper four lumbar vertebrae; intervertebral disks between T12 and L5 I- Lesser trochanter of femurN- Branches from upper 4 lumbar nerves A- Flexion
O- From the body of the pubis and the adjacent inferior pubic ramus I- Upper part of the medial surface of the tibia below the medial condyleN- Obturator Nerve (L2, L3) A- Adduction
O- Anterior (pelvic) surface of the sacrum and the inner surface of sacrotuberous ligament I- Upper border of the greater trochanter of the femur N- Nerve to the Piriformis (L5, S1, S2) A- Lateral Rotation (extended thigh), Abduction (flexed thigh)
O- Outer lip of iliac crest, anterior superior iliac spine I- Iliotibial tract to lateral condyle of tibiaN- Superior Gluteal Nerve (L4, L5) A- Abduction, Flexion, Medial Rotation
O- From the ischial tuberosity I- Medial surface of greater trochanter with tendon of the obturator internusN- Nerve to the Quadratus Femoris (L5, S1) A- Lateral Rotation (extended thigh), Abduction (flexed thigh)
O- External surface of the ilium between the anterior and posterior gluteal lines I- Lateral surface of greater trochanter of the femurN- Superior Gluteal Nerve (L4, L5, S1) A- Abduction, Medial Rotation

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