Amino Acids

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Can you name the Amino Acids (with their short names in parentheses; ie. Arginine (Arg; R)?

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CharacteristicsAmino AcidR-Groups
Polar, Hydrophillic and Negative (Acidic)-COOH group (negative charge)
Non-Polar, HydrophobicAromatic Ring R-group
Non-Polar, HydrophobicAliphatic Hydrocarbon R-Group
Non-Polar, HydrophobicAliphatic Hydrocarbon R-Group
Polar, Hydrophillic and Uncharged-OH Group
Polar, Hydrophillic and UnchargedAmide; hydrogen bond with H2O
Polar, Hydrophillic and Uncharged-OH Group
Polar, Hydrophillic and Positive (Basic)Basic Group; Ammonia (NH3)
Polar, Hydrophillic and UnchargedAmide; hydrogen bond with H2O
Non-Polar, HydrophobicAliphatic Hydrocarbon R-Group
Non-Polar, HydrophobicAliphatic Hydrocarbon R-Group
CharacteristicsAmino AcidR-Groups
Polar, Hydrophillic and Positive (Basic)Basic Group; Imidazolium
Non-Polar, Hydrophobic (Exception)Also has an aliphatic hydrocarbon R-group. Has hydrophobic character and creates a kink in polypeptide chain that disrupts ordered secondary structure. It is NOT found in alpha-helixes
Non-Polar, HydrophobicAliphatic Hydrocarbon R-Group
Non-Polar, HydrophobicAliphatic Hydrocarbon R-Group
Polar, Hydrophillic and Positive (Basic)Basic Group; Guanidinium
Non-Polar, Hydrophobic (Exception)Only has an -H side chain. Can be either in hydrophobic or hydrophillic environment. Often resides where 2 polypeptides come close in contact
Non-Polar, Hydrophobic (Exception)It has polar, uncharged character but forms covalent bond with another of itself to form a disulfide bond.
Non-Polar, HydrophobicSulfur-containing R-group
Polar, Hydrophillic and Negative (Acidic)-COOH group (negative charge)
Non-Polar, HydrophobicAromatic Ring R-group
Polar, Hydrophillic and Uncharged-OH Group

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