Biochemistry

Random Science or definition Quiz

Can you name the definitions of the chemistry terms?

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definitions Example
when a persons pH level is above 7.8
The stronger the acid....
When a molecule does not dissolve in water easily. i.e water fearing
When a molecule contains both polar and nonpolar groupsmicelle, phospholipid
The stronger the acid....the larger the_____.
The stronger the acid.....
What represents the effects of osmotic solutions on cells?
a negatively charged ion, more electrons than protons
When a persons pH level is below 7.0
Pressure required to stop the net flow of water across the membrane
a pH level of 13 is
a positively charged ion, more protons than electrons
Atoms that have lost or gained electrons
Side effect of alkalosis
What does not completely dissociate in water
Solution has lower solute concentration relative to cell, cell will swell
Intracellular Fluid Compartment (ICF)
What is the purpose of a buffer?
Solution that has a higher solute concentration relative to the cell, cell will crenate
The sharing of electrons between atoms
Covalently bonded molecules that share electrons equallyH2
definitions Example
The capacity/ability of a solvent to reduce attractive forces between ions
Solution has same solute concentration relative to the cell
What is the normal pH level in humans?
What equation describes the dissociation characteristics of weak acids and bases and the effect oh pH?
Covalently bonded molecules do not share electrons equallyH20
As the hydrogen ion concentration increases....
what rapidly and completely dissociates in aqueous solutions?
What accepts a proton
When a molecule is easily dissolved in water. i.e; water loving
A weak bond formed between hydrogen atoms
The stronger the acid, the lower the______.
When water absorbs and releases large amounts of heat slowly before temperature changes. Ex: in order to evaporate it takes a lot of energy so it has a _________.
What type of molecule demonstrates hydrogen bonding?
The neutral pH level
the acidity and alkalinity is based on the _____
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane from a region of higher concentration to lower concentration
Ionic interactions in biological molecules
Extracellular Fluid Compartment (ECF)
side effect of acidosis
What donates a proton
A large amount of heat is required to convert water from a liquid to a gas.

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