Biochemistry

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Can you name the definitions of the chemistry terms?

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definitions Example
a negatively charged ion, more electrons than protons
Pressure required to stop the net flow of water across the membrane
What represents the effects of osmotic solutions on cells?
The stronger the acid.....
Covalently bonded molecules that share electrons equallyH2
When a molecule does not dissolve in water easily. i.e water fearing
Extracellular Fluid Compartment (ECF)
Solution has same solute concentration relative to the cell
What donates a proton
what rapidly and completely dissociates in aqueous solutions?
What equation describes the dissociation characteristics of weak acids and bases and the effect oh pH?
What does not completely dissociate in water
Intracellular Fluid Compartment (ICF)
When a persons pH level is below 7.0
What accepts a proton
Atoms that have lost or gained electrons
What type of molecule demonstrates hydrogen bonding?
Covalently bonded molecules do not share electrons equallyH20
When a molecule contains both polar and nonpolar groupsmicelle, phospholipid
When water absorbs and releases large amounts of heat slowly before temperature changes. Ex: in order to evaporate it takes a lot of energy so it has a _________.
When a molecule is easily dissolved in water. i.e; water loving
definitions Example
The stronger the acid, the lower the______.
Ionic interactions in biological molecules
side effect of acidosis
What is the purpose of a buffer?
Solution that has a higher solute concentration relative to the cell, cell will crenate
a pH level of 13 is
when a persons pH level is above 7.8
Side effect of alkalosis
The capacity/ability of a solvent to reduce attractive forces between ions
The stronger the acid....the larger the_____.
A large amount of heat is required to convert water from a liquid to a gas.
The stronger the acid....
What is the normal pH level in humans?
The sharing of electrons between atoms
Solution has lower solute concentration relative to cell, cell will swell
a positively charged ion, more protons than electrons
A weak bond formed between hydrogen atoms
As the hydrogen ion concentration increases....
The neutral pH level
the acidity and alkalinity is based on the _____
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane from a region of higher concentration to lower concentration

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