Biochemistry

Random Science or definition Quiz

Can you name the definitions of the chemistry terms?

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definitions Example
the acidity and alkalinity is based on the _____
The stronger the acid.....
Solution has same solute concentration relative to the cell
The stronger the acid....
side effect of acidosis
The stronger the acid....the larger the_____.
a negatively charged ion, more electrons than protons
What is the purpose of a buffer?
A weak bond formed between hydrogen atoms
The neutral pH level
Solution that has a higher solute concentration relative to the cell, cell will crenate
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane from a region of higher concentration to lower concentration
What equation describes the dissociation characteristics of weak acids and bases and the effect oh pH?
Intracellular Fluid Compartment (ICF)
What accepts a proton
When a persons pH level is below 7.0
Extracellular Fluid Compartment (ECF)
The sharing of electrons between atoms
A large amount of heat is required to convert water from a liquid to a gas.
What is the normal pH level in humans?
What donates a proton
definitions Example
what rapidly and completely dissociates in aqueous solutions?
What does not completely dissociate in water
Ionic interactions in biological molecules
As the hydrogen ion concentration increases....
When a molecule does not dissolve in water easily. i.e water fearing
Covalently bonded molecules do not share electrons equallyH20
When a molecule is easily dissolved in water. i.e; water loving
Pressure required to stop the net flow of water across the membrane
when a persons pH level is above 7.8
Solution has lower solute concentration relative to cell, cell will swell
a positively charged ion, more protons than electrons
Side effect of alkalosis
When a molecule contains both polar and nonpolar groupsmicelle, phospholipid
What type of molecule demonstrates hydrogen bonding?
a pH level of 13 is
When water absorbs and releases large amounts of heat slowly before temperature changes. Ex: in order to evaporate it takes a lot of energy so it has a _________.
Atoms that have lost or gained electrons
The capacity/ability of a solvent to reduce attractive forces between ions
What represents the effects of osmotic solutions on cells?
Covalently bonded molecules that share electrons equallyH2
The stronger the acid, the lower the______.

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