Biochemistry

Random Science or chemistry Quiz

Can you name the definitions of the chemistry terms?

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definitions Example
A weak bond formed between hydrogen atoms
What donates a proton
side effect of acidosis
Atoms that have lost or gained electrons
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane from a region of higher concentration to lower concentration
When a molecule is easily dissolved in water. i.e; water loving
Covalently bonded molecules that share electrons equallyH2
Side effect of alkalosis
when a persons pH level is above 7.8
the acidity and alkalinity is based on the _____
Ionic interactions in biological molecules
Solution has same solute concentration relative to the cell
The stronger the acid.....
Pressure required to stop the net flow of water across the membrane
Solution that has a higher solute concentration relative to the cell, cell will crenate
The capacity/ability of a solvent to reduce attractive forces between ions
What accepts a proton
The neutral pH level
When a molecule contains both polar and nonpolar groupsmicelle, phospholipid
Extracellular Fluid Compartment (ECF)
what rapidly and completely dissociates in aqueous solutions?
definitions Example
a negatively charged ion, more electrons than protons
Intracellular Fluid Compartment (ICF)
Solution has lower solute concentration relative to cell, cell will swell
What is the normal pH level in humans?
What does not completely dissociate in water
What represents the effects of osmotic solutions on cells?
The stronger the acid....
What type of molecule demonstrates hydrogen bonding?
The stronger the acid....the larger the_____.
Covalently bonded molecules do not share electrons equallyH20
a positively charged ion, more protons than electrons
a pH level of 13 is
A large amount of heat is required to convert water from a liquid to a gas.
When a persons pH level is below 7.0
As the hydrogen ion concentration increases....
What equation describes the dissociation characteristics of weak acids and bases and the effect oh pH?
What is the purpose of a buffer?
When water absorbs and releases large amounts of heat slowly before temperature changes. Ex: in order to evaporate it takes a lot of energy so it has a _________.
The stronger the acid, the lower the______.
The sharing of electrons between atoms
When a molecule does not dissolve in water easily. i.e water fearing

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