Psychology 2010 Chapter 5 Memory

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Can you name the terms in Chapter 5 of Psychology?

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DefinitionTerm
The ability to store and retrieve information over time
The process by which we transform what we perceive, think, or feel into an enduring memory.
The process of bringing to mind information that has been previously encoded and stored
The process of actively relating new information to knowledge that is already in memory.
The process of storing new information by converting it into mental pictures
The act of categorizing information by noticing the relationships among a series of items
The process of maintaining information in memory over time.
The place in which sensory information is kept for a few seconds or less
A fast-decaying store of visual information
A fast-decaying store of auditory information
A place where nonsensory information is kept for more than a few seconds but less than a minute
The process of keeping information in short-term memory by mentally repeating it.
Combining small pieces of information into larger clusters or chunks that are more easily held in short-term memory.
Active maintenance of information in short-term storage.
A place in which information can be kept for hours, days, weeks, or years.
The inability to transfer new information from the short-term store into the long-term store.
The inability to retrieve information that was acquired before a particular date, usually the date of an injury or operation
Enhanced neural processing that results from the strengthening of synaptic connections
A hippocampal receptor site that influences the flow of information from one neuron to another across the synapse by controlling the initiation of long-term potentiation.
External information that is associated with stored information and helps bring it to mind.
The idea that a retrieval cue can serve as an effective reminder when it helps re-create the specific way in which information was initially encoded
DefinitionTerm
The tendency for information to be better recalled when the person is in the same state during encoding and retrieval
The idea that memory is likely to transfer from one situation to another when we process information in a way that is appropriate to the retrieval cues that will be available later
The act of consciously or intentionally retrieving past experiences.
The influence of past experiences on later behavior and performance, even though people are not trying to recollect them and are not aware that they are remembering them
The gradual acquisition of skills as a result of practice, or 'knowing how,' to do things
An enhanced ability to think of a stimulus, such as a word or object, as a result of a recent exposure to the stimulus.
A network of associated facts and concepts that make up our general knowledge of the world
The collection of past personal experiences that occurred at a particular time and place
Forgetting what occurs with the passage of time
Situations in which later learning impairs memory for information acquired earlier
Situations in which earlier learning impairs memory for information acquired later.
A lapse in attention that results in memory failure
A failure to retrieve information that is available in memory even though you are trying to produce it.
The temporary inability to retrieve information that is stored in memory, accompanied by the feeling that you are on the verge of recovering the information.
Assigning a recollection or an idea to the wrong source
Recall of when, where, and how information was acquired.
A feeling of familiarity about something that hasn't been encountered before.
The tendency to incorporate misleading information from external sources into personal recollections.
The distorting influencing of present knowledge, beliefs, and feelings on recollection of previous experiences
The intrusive recollection of events that we wish we could forget
Detailed recollections of when and where we heard about shocking events.

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