Thorax - Unit 2a

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Can you name the important concepts of the Thorax - Unit 2a?

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the left 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
ligament that is a continuity between the pleural and parietal cavities that extends between parietal and mediastinum
where does rib 2 attach?
inflitration of anesthetic around intercostal nerves.
which lung has the cardiac notch?
inflammation of the endocardium
Heart rate does what in the presence of parsympathetic stimulation?
the posterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery?
these intercostal muscles help depress the ribs during expiration
chest pain due to ischemia of the heart is known as
electric impulses of the heart originate here..
anterior rami of T1-T11 form which nerves
posterior blood supply of the thorax comes from
inflammation of the pericardium
each main bronchi divides into
Difficult breathing
accumulation of a significant amount of fluid in pleural cavity
a keel-shaped cartilage lying at the tracheal bifurcation--it separates the right main stem bronchus from the left main stem bronchus.
this node lies in the interatrial septum
a surgical procedure which involves replacing diseased (narrowed) coronary arteries with veins obtained from the patient's lower extremities or the patient's internal thoracic arte
these structure prolong ribs and contribute to elasticity of the thoracic wall.
ventricular relaxation, elongation, or extension
the visceral layer of the serous pericardium
TRUE OR FALSE: The sympathetic innervation of the esophageal vascular smooth muscle is from the thoracic portion of the sympathetic chain and the fibers are postsynaptic.
the thick muscle layer of the heart
contraction of the ventricles
arterial supply of the pericardium
aspiration of a foreign body usually falls into which mainstem?
compensatory circulation carried on through secondary channels after obstruction of the principal vessel supplying the part
known as the pacemaker of the heart
the progressive narrowing and hardening of the arteries over time
Which chamber's anterior wall forms most of the sternocostal surface of the heart?
main vein of the heart
the brachiocephalic veins drain into which vein?
The sternocostal surface of the heart is formed primarily by the anterior wall of which heart chamber?
A viral disease of spinal ganglia and is a dermatomically distributed lesion...
this pleura lines the pulmonary cavities, adhering to the pulmonary wall
ANTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
This collection of autonomic fibers is located at the base of the heart behind and within the concavity of the arch of the aorta.
the pec. major, pec. minor, and serratus anterior muscles can help expand the thoracic cavity when inspiration is deep and forceful. These muscles are what type of muscles?
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
Which ribs attach directly to the sternum through their own costal cartilages?
The pleural cavity near the cardiac notch is known as the:
insertion of a needle through an intercostal space in order to obtain pleural fluid
muscles of the right ventricle are known as
Which valves would be open during ventricular systole?
heart sounds heard as blood is pumped from the ventricles.
right lung has how many lobes?
indents the anterioinferior aspect of the left lung
parasympathetic innervation of the heart is supplied by which nerve?
the internal thoracic artery arises from which artery?
Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
the visceral and parietal plurae are continuous at the ...?
which nerve loops near the ligamentum arteriosum?
The thoracic wall is innervated by:
which bronchi is shorter and wider and more vertical.
left lung has how many lobes?
this node is located in the cristae terminalis of the right atrium
The first rib articulates with the sternum directly below which joint?
entry of air into the pleural cavity resulting from penetrating wound to parietal pleura
Parasympathetic stimulation of the esophagus results in the rhythmic contraction of esophageal smooth muscle known as?
the main arterial supply for the pericardium
These intercostal muscles help elevate ribs during inspiration
heart sound heard as blood passes through the atria to the ventricle
this pleura covers the lungs and is adherent to all its surfaces
interference with venous return of blood to the heart due to an extensive accumulation of fluid in the pericardium (pericardial effusion)
internal thoracic artery arise from which artery?
each lobar bronchi divides into
surgical creation of an opening through the thoracic wall to enter a pleural cavity
Anterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery
obstruction of a pulmonary artery by a blood clot
injury to which nerve can cause paralysis of the diaphragm
innervation of the diaphragm
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the heart will cause...?
muscles in the wall of the right atrium are known as?
roots for the phrenic nerve
the left 4th intercostal space (just lateral to the sternum) is the auscultation point for which valve?
the right 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
failed closure of the foramen ovalis leads to?
inferior boundary of the thoracic cavity
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) usually affects which portion of the interventricular septum?
narrowing of the orifice of the aortic valve or of the supravalvular or subvalvular regions
which artery accompanies the phrenic nerve?
Blockage of which artery would lead to ischemia of the apex of the heart?
escape of fluid into the pleural cavity
the backflow of blood from ventricle to atrium
the left 5th intercostal space (right below the nipple) is the auscultation point for which valve?
The sympathetic innervation of the heart originates from which part the thoracic spinal cord?
POSTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
left and right brachiocephalic veins drain into?
a surgical procedure in which an incision is made opening the chest cavity
occurs if a sufficient amount of air enters the pleural cavity causing the tension adhering visceral to parietal pleura to break
an area of necrosis resulting from a sudden insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the heart's muscular wall
the endothelial lining of all of the chambers of the heart
midline incision through the sternum
a chronic disorder characterized by hyperreactive airways leading to episodic, reversible bronchoconstriction due to an increased sensitivity to irritating stimuli.
The portion of the parietal pleura that extends above the first rib is called the :
Which ribs have cartilages that do not attach to the sternum?
Because of its angle with the trachea and size of the main bronchus, a bronchoscope would pass more readily into which lung?
Which ribs have cartilages that are joined to the cartilage just superior to them (indirect attachment to sternum)?
union of subclavian & internal jugular veins create which vein?

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