Thorax - Unit 2a

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Can you name the important concepts of the Thorax - Unit 2a?

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The thoracic wall is innervated by:
These intercostal muscles help elevate ribs during inspiration
anterior rami of T1-T11 form which nerves
interference with venous return of blood to the heart due to an extensive accumulation of fluid in the pericardium (pericardial effusion)
Difficult breathing
injury to which nerve can cause paralysis of the diaphragm
this pleura lines the pulmonary cavities, adhering to the pulmonary wall
the main arterial supply for the pericardium
a keel-shaped cartilage lying at the tracheal bifurcation--it separates the right main stem bronchus from the left main stem bronchus.
narrowing of the orifice of the aortic valve or of the supravalvular or subvalvular regions
inflitration of anesthetic around intercostal nerves.
The sternocostal surface of the heart is formed primarily by the anterior wall of which heart chamber?
Heart rate does what in the presence of parsympathetic stimulation?
entry of air into the pleural cavity resulting from penetrating wound to parietal pleura
Anterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery
The sympathetic innervation of the heart originates from which part the thoracic spinal cord?
which lung has the cardiac notch?
inferior boundary of the thoracic cavity
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the heart will cause...?
main vein of the heart
an area of necrosis resulting from a sudden insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the heart's muscular wall
midline incision through the sternum
the visceral layer of the serous pericardium
roots for the phrenic nerve
the thick muscle layer of the heart
Which ribs have cartilages that do not attach to the sternum?
a surgical procedure which involves replacing diseased (narrowed) coronary arteries with veins obtained from the patient's lower extremities or the patient's internal thoracic arte
Parasympathetic stimulation of the esophagus results in the rhythmic contraction of esophageal smooth muscle known as?
internal thoracic artery arise from which artery?
which bronchi is shorter and wider and more vertical.
surgical creation of an opening through the thoracic wall to enter a pleural cavity
union of subclavian & internal jugular veins create which vein?
the posterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery?
chest pain due to ischemia of the heart is known as
each main bronchi divides into
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
A viral disease of spinal ganglia and is a dermatomically distributed lesion...
each lobar bronchi divides into
occurs if a sufficient amount of air enters the pleural cavity causing the tension adhering visceral to parietal pleura to break
the right 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
a chronic disorder characterized by hyperreactive airways leading to episodic, reversible bronchoconstriction due to an increased sensitivity to irritating stimuli.
Because of its angle with the trachea and size of the main bronchus, a bronchoscope would pass more readily into which lung?
Which valves would be open during ventricular systole?
electric impulses of the heart originate here..
the internal thoracic artery arises from which artery?
heart sound heard as blood passes through the atria to the ventricle
the pec. major, pec. minor, and serratus anterior muscles can help expand the thoracic cavity when inspiration is deep and forceful. These muscles are what type of muscles?
ANTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
this node is located in the cristae terminalis of the right atrium
compensatory circulation carried on through secondary channels after obstruction of the principal vessel supplying the part
parasympathetic innervation of the heart is supplied by which nerve?
left lung has how many lobes?
this node lies in the interatrial septum
Which ribs attach directly to the sternum through their own costal cartilages?
escape of fluid into the pleural cavity
innervation of the diaphragm
failed closure of the foramen ovalis leads to?
the left 5th intercostal space (right below the nipple) is the auscultation point for which valve?
the left 4th intercostal space (just lateral to the sternum) is the auscultation point for which valve?
Which chamber's anterior wall forms most of the sternocostal surface of the heart?
insertion of a needle through an intercostal space in order to obtain pleural fluid
these intercostal muscles help depress the ribs during expiration
heart sounds heard as blood is pumped from the ventricles.
muscles of the right ventricle are known as
inflammation of the pericardium
Which ribs have cartilages that are joined to the cartilage just superior to them (indirect attachment to sternum)?
obstruction of a pulmonary artery by a blood clot
The portion of the parietal pleura that extends above the first rib is called the :
these structure prolong ribs and contribute to elasticity of the thoracic wall.
where does rib 2 attach?
muscles in the wall of the right atrium are known as?
ligament that is a continuity between the pleural and parietal cavities that extends between parietal and mediastinum
This collection of autonomic fibers is located at the base of the heart behind and within the concavity of the arch of the aorta.
Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
the brachiocephalic veins drain into which vein?
The pleural cavity near the cardiac notch is known as the:
posterior blood supply of the thorax comes from
indents the anterioinferior aspect of the left lung
right lung has how many lobes?
the visceral and parietal plurae are continuous at the ...?
The first rib articulates with the sternum directly below which joint?
which nerve loops near the ligamentum arteriosum?
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) usually affects which portion of the interventricular septum?
the backflow of blood from ventricle to atrium
aspiration of a foreign body usually falls into which mainstem?
POSTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
inflammation of the endocardium
ventricular relaxation, elongation, or extension
the endothelial lining of all of the chambers of the heart
known as the pacemaker of the heart
the progressive narrowing and hardening of the arteries over time
the left 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
which artery accompanies the phrenic nerve?
a surgical procedure in which an incision is made opening the chest cavity
accumulation of a significant amount of fluid in pleural cavity
contraction of the ventricles
left and right brachiocephalic veins drain into?
arterial supply of the pericardium
TRUE OR FALSE: The sympathetic innervation of the esophageal vascular smooth muscle is from the thoracic portion of the sympathetic chain and the fibers are postsynaptic.
Blockage of which artery would lead to ischemia of the apex of the heart?
this pleura covers the lungs and is adherent to all its surfaces

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