Thorax - Unit 2a

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Can you name the important concepts of the Thorax - Unit 2a?

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the left 5th intercostal space (right below the nipple) is the auscultation point for which valve?
failed closure of the foramen ovalis leads to?
union of subclavian & internal jugular veins create which vein?
Which chamber's anterior wall forms most of the sternocostal surface of the heart?
the backflow of blood from ventricle to atrium
each lobar bronchi divides into
this node is located in the cristae terminalis of the right atrium
the left 4th intercostal space (just lateral to the sternum) is the auscultation point for which valve?
Which valves would be open during ventricular systole?
Which ribs have cartilages that do not attach to the sternum?
the visceral layer of the serous pericardium
insertion of a needle through an intercostal space in order to obtain pleural fluid
which nerve loops near the ligamentum arteriosum?
muscles of the right ventricle are known as
These intercostal muscles help elevate ribs during inspiration
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
muscles in the wall of the right atrium are known as?
Anterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery
occurs if a sufficient amount of air enters the pleural cavity causing the tension adhering visceral to parietal pleura to break
a keel-shaped cartilage lying at the tracheal bifurcation--it separates the right main stem bronchus from the left main stem bronchus.
ventricular relaxation, elongation, or extension
internal thoracic artery arise from which artery?
obstruction of a pulmonary artery by a blood clot
posterior blood supply of the thorax comes from
This collection of autonomic fibers is located at the base of the heart behind and within the concavity of the arch of the aorta.
ligament that is a continuity between the pleural and parietal cavities that extends between parietal and mediastinum
compensatory circulation carried on through secondary channels after obstruction of the principal vessel supplying the part
inflitration of anesthetic around intercostal nerves.
narrowing of the orifice of the aortic valve or of the supravalvular or subvalvular regions
an area of necrosis resulting from a sudden insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the heart's muscular wall
this pleura covers the lungs and is adherent to all its surfaces
aspiration of a foreign body usually falls into which mainstem?
surgical creation of an opening through the thoracic wall to enter a pleural cavity
entry of air into the pleural cavity resulting from penetrating wound to parietal pleura
the posterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery?
the right 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
chest pain due to ischemia of the heart is known as
anterior rami of T1-T11 form which nerves
The portion of the parietal pleura that extends above the first rib is called the :
this pleura lines the pulmonary cavities, adhering to the pulmonary wall
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the heart will cause...?
Difficult breathing
Heart rate does what in the presence of parsympathetic stimulation?
Parasympathetic stimulation of the esophagus results in the rhythmic contraction of esophageal smooth muscle known as?
TRUE OR FALSE: The sympathetic innervation of the esophageal vascular smooth muscle is from the thoracic portion of the sympathetic chain and the fibers are postsynaptic.
The pleural cavity near the cardiac notch is known as the:
Blockage of which artery would lead to ischemia of the apex of the heart?
these structure prolong ribs and contribute to elasticity of the thoracic wall.
interference with venous return of blood to the heart due to an extensive accumulation of fluid in the pericardium (pericardial effusion)
escape of fluid into the pleural cavity
which lung has the cardiac notch?
right lung has how many lobes?
the main arterial supply for the pericardium
indents the anterioinferior aspect of the left lung
accumulation of a significant amount of fluid in pleural cavity
Which ribs attach directly to the sternum through their own costal cartilages?
Because of its angle with the trachea and size of the main bronchus, a bronchoscope would pass more readily into which lung?
inferior boundary of the thoracic cavity
main vein of the heart
ANTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
the visceral and parietal plurae are continuous at the ...?
a surgical procedure which involves replacing diseased (narrowed) coronary arteries with veins obtained from the patient's lower extremities or the patient's internal thoracic arte
the progressive narrowing and hardening of the arteries over time
each main bronchi divides into
contraction of the ventricles
the brachiocephalic veins drain into which vein?
midline incision through the sternum
a surgical procedure in which an incision is made opening the chest cavity
The sympathetic innervation of the heart originates from which part the thoracic spinal cord?
the thick muscle layer of the heart
the internal thoracic artery arises from which artery?
inflammation of the pericardium
known as the pacemaker of the heart
A viral disease of spinal ganglia and is a dermatomically distributed lesion...
the endothelial lining of all of the chambers of the heart
where does rib 2 attach?
injury to which nerve can cause paralysis of the diaphragm
The first rib articulates with the sternum directly below which joint?
which artery accompanies the phrenic nerve?
left lung has how many lobes?
this node lies in the interatrial septum
Which ribs have cartilages that are joined to the cartilage just superior to them (indirect attachment to sternum)?
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) usually affects which portion of the interventricular septum?
Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
the left 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
which bronchi is shorter and wider and more vertical.
these intercostal muscles help depress the ribs during expiration
electric impulses of the heart originate here..
left and right brachiocephalic veins drain into?
roots for the phrenic nerve
The thoracic wall is innervated by:
arterial supply of the pericardium
a chronic disorder characterized by hyperreactive airways leading to episodic, reversible bronchoconstriction due to an increased sensitivity to irritating stimuli.
inflammation of the endocardium
parasympathetic innervation of the heart is supplied by which nerve?
innervation of the diaphragm
The sternocostal surface of the heart is formed primarily by the anterior wall of which heart chamber?
POSTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
the pec. major, pec. minor, and serratus anterior muscles can help expand the thoracic cavity when inspiration is deep and forceful. These muscles are what type of muscles?
heart sounds heard as blood is pumped from the ventricles.
heart sound heard as blood passes through the atria to the ventricle

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Created Oct 9, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:concept, important, unit