Thorax - Unit 2a

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Can you name the important concepts of the Thorax - Unit 2a?

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These intercostal muscles help elevate ribs during inspiration
the endothelial lining of all of the chambers of the heart
this node is located in the cristae terminalis of the right atrium
narrowing of the orifice of the aortic valve or of the supravalvular or subvalvular regions
indents the anterioinferior aspect of the left lung
the visceral and parietal plurae are continuous at the ...?
a surgical procedure in which an incision is made opening the chest cavity
each main bronchi divides into
occurs if a sufficient amount of air enters the pleural cavity causing the tension adhering visceral to parietal pleura to break
parasympathetic innervation of the heart is supplied by which nerve?
these intercostal muscles help depress the ribs during expiration
which nerve loops near the ligamentum arteriosum?
left lung has how many lobes?
the pec. major, pec. minor, and serratus anterior muscles can help expand the thoracic cavity when inspiration is deep and forceful. These muscles are what type of muscles?
failed closure of the foramen ovalis leads to?
muscles of the right ventricle are known as
which bronchi is shorter and wider and more vertical.
the main arterial supply for the pericardium
this pleura lines the pulmonary cavities, adhering to the pulmonary wall
Heart rate does what in the presence of parsympathetic stimulation?
ventricular relaxation, elongation, or extension
left and right brachiocephalic veins drain into?
The sternocostal surface of the heart is formed primarily by the anterior wall of which heart chamber?
Which ribs have cartilages that do not attach to the sternum?
This collection of autonomic fibers is located at the base of the heart behind and within the concavity of the arch of the aorta.
internal thoracic artery arise from which artery?
Because of its angle with the trachea and size of the main bronchus, a bronchoscope would pass more readily into which lung?
the right 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
the left 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
escape of fluid into the pleural cavity
a chronic disorder characterized by hyperreactive airways leading to episodic, reversible bronchoconstriction due to an increased sensitivity to irritating stimuli.
midline incision through the sternum
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) usually affects which portion of the interventricular septum?
an area of necrosis resulting from a sudden insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the heart's muscular wall
QuestionAnswer
a surgical procedure which involves replacing diseased (narrowed) coronary arteries with veins obtained from the patient's lower extremities or the patient's internal thoracic arte
inflammation of the pericardium
Which ribs attach directly to the sternum through their own costal cartilages?
which lung has the cardiac notch?
inflammation of the endocardium
a keel-shaped cartilage lying at the tracheal bifurcation--it separates the right main stem bronchus from the left main stem bronchus.
insertion of a needle through an intercostal space in order to obtain pleural fluid
A viral disease of spinal ganglia and is a dermatomically distributed lesion...
main vein of the heart
the brachiocephalic veins drain into which vein?
surgical creation of an opening through the thoracic wall to enter a pleural cavity
Blockage of which artery would lead to ischemia of the apex of the heart?
The first rib articulates with the sternum directly below which joint?
contraction of the ventricles
the posterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery?
Anterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery
each lobar bronchi divides into
heart sounds heard as blood is pumped from the ventricles.
Which chamber's anterior wall forms most of the sternocostal surface of the heart?
injury to which nerve can cause paralysis of the diaphragm
posterior blood supply of the thorax comes from
heart sound heard as blood passes through the atria to the ventricle
Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
this pleura covers the lungs and is adherent to all its surfaces
union of subclavian & internal jugular veins create which vein?
ANTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
chest pain due to ischemia of the heart is known as
The thoracic wall is innervated by:
the visceral layer of the serous pericardium
the backflow of blood from ventricle to atrium
the thick muscle layer of the heart
arterial supply of the pericardium
The sympathetic innervation of the heart originates from which part the thoracic spinal cord?
compensatory circulation carried on through secondary channels after obstruction of the principal vessel supplying the part
QuestionAnswer
POSTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
the internal thoracic artery arises from which artery?
right lung has how many lobes?
anterior rami of T1-T11 form which nerves
Difficult breathing
aspiration of a foreign body usually falls into which mainstem?
muscles in the wall of the right atrium are known as?
these structure prolong ribs and contribute to elasticity of the thoracic wall.
accumulation of a significant amount of fluid in pleural cavity
this node lies in the interatrial septum
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the heart will cause...?
obstruction of a pulmonary artery by a blood clot
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
where does rib 2 attach?
The portion of the parietal pleura that extends above the first rib is called the :
innervation of the diaphragm
the left 5th intercostal space (right below the nipple) is the auscultation point for which valve?
interference with venous return of blood to the heart due to an extensive accumulation of fluid in the pericardium (pericardial effusion)
which artery accompanies the phrenic nerve?
electric impulses of the heart originate here..
The pleural cavity near the cardiac notch is known as the:
inferior boundary of the thoracic cavity
TRUE OR FALSE: The sympathetic innervation of the esophageal vascular smooth muscle is from the thoracic portion of the sympathetic chain and the fibers are postsynaptic.
known as the pacemaker of the heart
Parasympathetic stimulation of the esophagus results in the rhythmic contraction of esophageal smooth muscle known as?
Which valves would be open during ventricular systole?
the left 4th intercostal space (just lateral to the sternum) is the auscultation point for which valve?
roots for the phrenic nerve
inflitration of anesthetic around intercostal nerves.
Which ribs have cartilages that are joined to the cartilage just superior to them (indirect attachment to sternum)?
ligament that is a continuity between the pleural and parietal cavities that extends between parietal and mediastinum
the progressive narrowing and hardening of the arteries over time
entry of air into the pleural cavity resulting from penetrating wound to parietal pleura

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Created Oct 9, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:concept, important, unit