Thorax - Unit 2a

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entry of air into the pleural cavity resulting from penetrating wound to parietal pleura
the visceral layer of the serous pericardium
Difficult breathing
a keel-shaped cartilage lying at the tracheal bifurcation--it separates the right main stem bronchus from the left main stem bronchus.
the progressive narrowing and hardening of the arteries over time
this pleura lines the pulmonary cavities, adhering to the pulmonary wall
inferior boundary of the thoracic cavity
The thoracic wall is innervated by:
Which ribs have cartilages that are joined to the cartilage just superior to them (indirect attachment to sternum)?
The portion of the parietal pleura that extends above the first rib is called the :
surgical creation of an opening through the thoracic wall to enter a pleural cavity
failed closure of the foramen ovalis leads to?
roots for the phrenic nerve
left and right brachiocephalic veins drain into?
heart sound heard as blood passes through the atria to the ventricle
which lung has the cardiac notch?
Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
inflitration of anesthetic around intercostal nerves.
a surgical procedure which involves replacing diseased (narrowed) coronary arteries with veins obtained from the patient's lower extremities or the patient's internal thoracic arte
TRUE OR FALSE: The sympathetic innervation of the esophageal vascular smooth muscle is from the thoracic portion of the sympathetic chain and the fibers are postsynaptic.
aspiration of a foreign body usually falls into which mainstem?
ANTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
Which chamber's anterior wall forms most of the sternocostal surface of the heart?
POSTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
These intercostal muscles help elevate ribs during inspiration
a surgical procedure in which an incision is made opening the chest cavity
Which valves would be open during ventricular systole?
innervation of the diaphragm
The sternocostal surface of the heart is formed primarily by the anterior wall of which heart chamber?
left lung has how many lobes?
the backflow of blood from ventricle to atrium
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) usually affects which portion of the interventricular septum?
narrowing of the orifice of the aortic valve or of the supravalvular or subvalvular regions
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the heart will cause...?
A viral disease of spinal ganglia and is a dermatomically distributed lesion...
each main bronchi divides into
posterior blood supply of the thorax comes from
these structure prolong ribs and contribute to elasticity of the thoracic wall.
heart sounds heard as blood is pumped from the ventricles.
the posterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery?
interference with venous return of blood to the heart due to an extensive accumulation of fluid in the pericardium (pericardial effusion)
union of subclavian & internal jugular veins create which vein?
occurs if a sufficient amount of air enters the pleural cavity causing the tension adhering visceral to parietal pleura to break
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
The first rib articulates with the sternum directly below which joint?
Anterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery
these intercostal muscles help depress the ribs during expiration
ventricular relaxation, elongation, or extension
the internal thoracic artery arises from which artery?
which nerve loops near the ligamentum arteriosum?
known as the pacemaker of the heart
this node is located in the cristae terminalis of the right atrium
inflammation of the endocardium
this node lies in the interatrial septum
the thick muscle layer of the heart
accumulation of a significant amount of fluid in pleural cavity
the brachiocephalic veins drain into which vein?
compensatory circulation carried on through secondary channels after obstruction of the principal vessel supplying the part
which artery accompanies the phrenic nerve?
chest pain due to ischemia of the heart is known as
the right 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
where does rib 2 attach?
The sympathetic innervation of the heart originates from which part the thoracic spinal cord?
ligament that is a continuity between the pleural and parietal cavities that extends between parietal and mediastinum
a chronic disorder characterized by hyperreactive airways leading to episodic, reversible bronchoconstriction due to an increased sensitivity to irritating stimuli.
Heart rate does what in the presence of parsympathetic stimulation?
the main arterial supply for the pericardium
Parasympathetic stimulation of the esophagus results in the rhythmic contraction of esophageal smooth muscle known as?
inflammation of the pericardium
Which ribs have cartilages that do not attach to the sternum?
Blockage of which artery would lead to ischemia of the apex of the heart?
an area of necrosis resulting from a sudden insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the heart's muscular wall
parasympathetic innervation of the heart is supplied by which nerve?
insertion of a needle through an intercostal space in order to obtain pleural fluid
muscles of the right ventricle are known as
the endothelial lining of all of the chambers of the heart
obstruction of a pulmonary artery by a blood clot
muscles in the wall of the right atrium are known as?
midline incision through the sternum
anterior rami of T1-T11 form which nerves
escape of fluid into the pleural cavity
this pleura covers the lungs and is adherent to all its surfaces
the left 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
contraction of the ventricles
Because of its angle with the trachea and size of the main bronchus, a bronchoscope would pass more readily into which lung?
the visceral and parietal plurae are continuous at the ...?
This collection of autonomic fibers is located at the base of the heart behind and within the concavity of the arch of the aorta.
main vein of the heart
Which ribs attach directly to the sternum through their own costal cartilages?
injury to which nerve can cause paralysis of the diaphragm
the left 4th intercostal space (just lateral to the sternum) is the auscultation point for which valve?
which bronchi is shorter and wider and more vertical.
the left 5th intercostal space (right below the nipple) is the auscultation point for which valve?
each lobar bronchi divides into
right lung has how many lobes?
arterial supply of the pericardium
internal thoracic artery arise from which artery?
the pec. major, pec. minor, and serratus anterior muscles can help expand the thoracic cavity when inspiration is deep and forceful. These muscles are what type of muscles?
The pleural cavity near the cardiac notch is known as the:
indents the anterioinferior aspect of the left lung
electric impulses of the heart originate here..

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Created Oct 9, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:concept, important, unit