Thorax - Unit 2a

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Can you name the important concepts of the Thorax - Unit 2a?

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this node lies in the interatrial septum
muscles in the wall of the right atrium are known as?
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
contraction of the ventricles
The pleural cavity near the cardiac notch is known as the:
the left 5th intercostal space (right below the nipple) is the auscultation point for which valve?
chest pain due to ischemia of the heart is known as
which nerve loops near the ligamentum arteriosum?
Which valves would be open during ventricular systole?
known as the pacemaker of the heart
right lung has how many lobes?
accumulation of a significant amount of fluid in pleural cavity
anterior rami of T1-T11 form which nerves
the main arterial supply for the pericardium
this node is located in the cristae terminalis of the right atrium
indents the anterioinferior aspect of the left lung
Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
the internal thoracic artery arises from which artery?
union of subclavian & internal jugular veins create which vein?
which lung has the cardiac notch?
these structure prolong ribs and contribute to elasticity of the thoracic wall.
the visceral layer of the serous pericardium
heart sound heard as blood passes through the atria to the ventricle
each main bronchi divides into
injury to which nerve can cause paralysis of the diaphragm
This collection of autonomic fibers is located at the base of the heart behind and within the concavity of the arch of the aorta.
Which ribs have cartilages that are joined to the cartilage just superior to them (indirect attachment to sternum)?
failed closure of the foramen ovalis leads to?
Which chamber's anterior wall forms most of the sternocostal surface of the heart?
the visceral and parietal plurae are continuous at the ...?
each lobar bronchi divides into
parasympathetic innervation of the heart is supplied by which nerve?
the posterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery?
internal thoracic artery arise from which artery?
QuestionAnswer
main vein of the heart
arterial supply of the pericardium
Anterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery
POSTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
aspiration of a foreign body usually falls into which mainstem?
the right 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
insertion of a needle through an intercostal space in order to obtain pleural fluid
innervation of the diaphragm
where does rib 2 attach?
the left 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
left and right brachiocephalic veins drain into?
a chronic disorder characterized by hyperreactive airways leading to episodic, reversible bronchoconstriction due to an increased sensitivity to irritating stimuli.
the progressive narrowing and hardening of the arteries over time
muscles of the right ventricle are known as
the thick muscle layer of the heart
The first rib articulates with the sternum directly below which joint?
compensatory circulation carried on through secondary channels after obstruction of the principal vessel supplying the part
a keel-shaped cartilage lying at the tracheal bifurcation--it separates the right main stem bronchus from the left main stem bronchus.
left lung has how many lobes?
The portion of the parietal pleura that extends above the first rib is called the :
ventricular relaxation, elongation, or extension
Because of its angle with the trachea and size of the main bronchus, a bronchoscope would pass more readily into which lung?
the left 4th intercostal space (just lateral to the sternum) is the auscultation point for which valve?
this pleura lines the pulmonary cavities, adhering to the pulmonary wall
the backflow of blood from ventricle to atrium
heart sounds heard as blood is pumped from the ventricles.
this pleura covers the lungs and is adherent to all its surfaces
a surgical procedure which involves replacing diseased (narrowed) coronary arteries with veins obtained from the patient's lower extremities or the patient's internal thoracic arte
surgical creation of an opening through the thoracic wall to enter a pleural cavity
Heart rate does what in the presence of parsympathetic stimulation?
narrowing of the orifice of the aortic valve or of the supravalvular or subvalvular regions
Which ribs attach directly to the sternum through their own costal cartilages?
The sternocostal surface of the heart is formed primarily by the anterior wall of which heart chamber?
A viral disease of spinal ganglia and is a dermatomically distributed lesion...
QuestionAnswer
obstruction of a pulmonary artery by a blood clot
ligament that is a continuity between the pleural and parietal cavities that extends between parietal and mediastinum
posterior blood supply of the thorax comes from
Parasympathetic stimulation of the esophagus results in the rhythmic contraction of esophageal smooth muscle known as?
an area of necrosis resulting from a sudden insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the heart's muscular wall
ANTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the heart will cause...?
roots for the phrenic nerve
occurs if a sufficient amount of air enters the pleural cavity causing the tension adhering visceral to parietal pleura to break
which bronchi is shorter and wider and more vertical.
the brachiocephalic veins drain into which vein?
midline incision through the sternum
TRUE OR FALSE: The sympathetic innervation of the esophageal vascular smooth muscle is from the thoracic portion of the sympathetic chain and the fibers are postsynaptic.
Blockage of which artery would lead to ischemia of the apex of the heart?
a surgical procedure in which an incision is made opening the chest cavity
the pec. major, pec. minor, and serratus anterior muscles can help expand the thoracic cavity when inspiration is deep and forceful. These muscles are what type of muscles?
interference with venous return of blood to the heart due to an extensive accumulation of fluid in the pericardium (pericardial effusion)
escape of fluid into the pleural cavity
electric impulses of the heart originate here..
inflitration of anesthetic around intercostal nerves.
Which ribs have cartilages that do not attach to the sternum?
Difficult breathing
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) usually affects which portion of the interventricular septum?
inflammation of the pericardium
inflammation of the endocardium
these intercostal muscles help depress the ribs during expiration
inferior boundary of the thoracic cavity
The sympathetic innervation of the heart originates from which part the thoracic spinal cord?
The thoracic wall is innervated by:
entry of air into the pleural cavity resulting from penetrating wound to parietal pleura
These intercostal muscles help elevate ribs during inspiration
the endothelial lining of all of the chambers of the heart
which artery accompanies the phrenic nerve?

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Created Oct 9, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:concept, important, unit