Thorax - Unit 2a

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Can you name the important concepts of the Thorax - Unit 2a?

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surgical creation of an opening through the thoracic wall to enter a pleural cavity
a chronic disorder characterized by hyperreactive airways leading to episodic, reversible bronchoconstriction due to an increased sensitivity to irritating stimuli.
the posterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery?
occurs if a sufficient amount of air enters the pleural cavity causing the tension adhering visceral to parietal pleura to break
ventricular relaxation, elongation, or extension
ligament that is a continuity between the pleural and parietal cavities that extends between parietal and mediastinum
midline incision through the sternum
inflammation of the pericardium
escape of fluid into the pleural cavity
The pleural cavity near the cardiac notch is known as the:
anterior rami of T1-T11 form which nerves
internal thoracic artery arise from which artery?
the right 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
this node is located in the cristae terminalis of the right atrium
inflammation of the endocardium
Because of its angle with the trachea and size of the main bronchus, a bronchoscope would pass more readily into which lung?
where does rib 2 attach?
Blockage of which artery would lead to ischemia of the apex of the heart?
A viral disease of spinal ganglia and is a dermatomically distributed lesion...
the endothelial lining of all of the chambers of the heart
Which ribs have cartilages that are joined to the cartilage just superior to them (indirect attachment to sternum)?
Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
Anterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery
the left 4th intercostal space (just lateral to the sternum) is the auscultation point for which valve?
parasympathetic innervation of the heart is supplied by which nerve?
this node lies in the interatrial septum
narrowing of the orifice of the aortic valve or of the supravalvular or subvalvular regions
inflitration of anesthetic around intercostal nerves.
chest pain due to ischemia of the heart is known as
which artery accompanies the phrenic nerve?
the left 5th intercostal space (right below the nipple) is the auscultation point for which valve?
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the heart will cause...?
which nerve loops near the ligamentum arteriosum?
this pleura lines the pulmonary cavities, adhering to the pulmonary wall
QuestionAnswer
left lung has how many lobes?
indents the anterioinferior aspect of the left lung
This collection of autonomic fibers is located at the base of the heart behind and within the concavity of the arch of the aorta.
the visceral layer of the serous pericardium
the main arterial supply for the pericardium
a surgical procedure which involves replacing diseased (narrowed) coronary arteries with veins obtained from the patient's lower extremities or the patient's internal thoracic arte
a keel-shaped cartilage lying at the tracheal bifurcation--it separates the right main stem bronchus from the left main stem bronchus.
which bronchi is shorter and wider and more vertical.
contraction of the ventricles
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
aspiration of a foreign body usually falls into which mainstem?
which lung has the cardiac notch?
failed closure of the foramen ovalis leads to?
The first rib articulates with the sternum directly below which joint?
The sympathetic innervation of the heart originates from which part the thoracic spinal cord?
Difficult breathing
heart sounds heard as blood is pumped from the ventricles.
known as the pacemaker of the heart
The thoracic wall is innervated by:
the pec. major, pec. minor, and serratus anterior muscles can help expand the thoracic cavity when inspiration is deep and forceful. These muscles are what type of muscles?
this pleura covers the lungs and is adherent to all its surfaces
Which ribs attach directly to the sternum through their own costal cartilages?
compensatory circulation carried on through secondary channels after obstruction of the principal vessel supplying the part
posterior blood supply of the thorax comes from
The portion of the parietal pleura that extends above the first rib is called the :
a surgical procedure in which an incision is made opening the chest cavity
muscles in the wall of the right atrium are known as?
these intercostal muscles help depress the ribs during expiration
heart sound heard as blood passes through the atria to the ventricle
right lung has how many lobes?
the progressive narrowing and hardening of the arteries over time
the visceral and parietal plurae are continuous at the ...?
Heart rate does what in the presence of parsympathetic stimulation?
each lobar bronchi divides into
QuestionAnswer
each main bronchi divides into
accumulation of a significant amount of fluid in pleural cavity
the internal thoracic artery arises from which artery?
an area of necrosis resulting from a sudden insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the heart's muscular wall
the backflow of blood from ventricle to atrium
The sternocostal surface of the heart is formed primarily by the anterior wall of which heart chamber?
injury to which nerve can cause paralysis of the diaphragm
electric impulses of the heart originate here..
ANTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
union of subclavian & internal jugular veins create which vein?
arterial supply of the pericardium
Which valves would be open during ventricular systole?
obstruction of a pulmonary artery by a blood clot
interference with venous return of blood to the heart due to an extensive accumulation of fluid in the pericardium (pericardial effusion)
POSTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) usually affects which portion of the interventricular septum?
insertion of a needle through an intercostal space in order to obtain pleural fluid
roots for the phrenic nerve
inferior boundary of the thoracic cavity
Which ribs have cartilages that do not attach to the sternum?
innervation of the diaphragm
muscles of the right ventricle are known as
entry of air into the pleural cavity resulting from penetrating wound to parietal pleura
main vein of the heart
the left 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
left and right brachiocephalic veins drain into?
Which chamber's anterior wall forms most of the sternocostal surface of the heart?
these structure prolong ribs and contribute to elasticity of the thoracic wall.
TRUE OR FALSE: The sympathetic innervation of the esophageal vascular smooth muscle is from the thoracic portion of the sympathetic chain and the fibers are postsynaptic.
These intercostal muscles help elevate ribs during inspiration
Parasympathetic stimulation of the esophagus results in the rhythmic contraction of esophageal smooth muscle known as?
the brachiocephalic veins drain into which vein?
the thick muscle layer of the heart

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Created Oct 9, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:concept, important, unit