Thorax - Unit 2a

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Can you name the important concepts of the Thorax - Unit 2a?

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accumulation of a significant amount of fluid in pleural cavity
Heart rate does what in the presence of parsympathetic stimulation?
main vein of the heart
escape of fluid into the pleural cavity
aspiration of a foreign body usually falls into which mainstem?
inflammation of the pericardium
Which chamber's anterior wall forms most of the sternocostal surface of the heart?
the right 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
muscles of the right ventricle are known as
the brachiocephalic veins drain into which vein?
right lung has how many lobes?
POSTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
Because of its angle with the trachea and size of the main bronchus, a bronchoscope would pass more readily into which lung?
each lobar bronchi divides into
TRUE OR FALSE: The sympathetic innervation of the esophageal vascular smooth muscle is from the thoracic portion of the sympathetic chain and the fibers are postsynaptic.
This collection of autonomic fibers is located at the base of the heart behind and within the concavity of the arch of the aorta.
this node lies in the interatrial septum
compensatory circulation carried on through secondary channels after obstruction of the principal vessel supplying the part
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the heart will cause...?
the left 4th intercostal space (just lateral to the sternum) is the auscultation point for which valve?
arterial supply of the pericardium
internal thoracic artery arise from which artery?
occurs if a sufficient amount of air enters the pleural cavity causing the tension adhering visceral to parietal pleura to break
this pleura covers the lungs and is adherent to all its surfaces
the visceral and parietal plurae are continuous at the ...?
anterior rami of T1-T11 form which nerves
the thick muscle layer of the heart
entry of air into the pleural cavity resulting from penetrating wound to parietal pleura
a keel-shaped cartilage lying at the tracheal bifurcation--it separates the right main stem bronchus from the left main stem bronchus.
which artery accompanies the phrenic nerve?
chest pain due to ischemia of the heart is known as
contraction of the ventricles
the visceral layer of the serous pericardium
inflitration of anesthetic around intercostal nerves.
QuestionAnswer
indents the anterioinferior aspect of the left lung
a chronic disorder characterized by hyperreactive airways leading to episodic, reversible bronchoconstriction due to an increased sensitivity to irritating stimuli.
known as the pacemaker of the heart
the endothelial lining of all of the chambers of the heart
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
an area of necrosis resulting from a sudden insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the heart's muscular wall
the backflow of blood from ventricle to atrium
posterior blood supply of the thorax comes from
these intercostal muscles help depress the ribs during expiration
which bronchi is shorter and wider and more vertical.
the pec. major, pec. minor, and serratus anterior muscles can help expand the thoracic cavity when inspiration is deep and forceful. These muscles are what type of muscles?
insertion of a needle through an intercostal space in order to obtain pleural fluid
the main arterial supply for the pericardium
surgical creation of an opening through the thoracic wall to enter a pleural cavity
this pleura lines the pulmonary cavities, adhering to the pulmonary wall
failed closure of the foramen ovalis leads to?
Parasympathetic stimulation of the esophagus results in the rhythmic contraction of esophageal smooth muscle known as?
The thoracic wall is innervated by:
midline incision through the sternum
ventricular relaxation, elongation, or extension
Difficult breathing
A viral disease of spinal ganglia and is a dermatomically distributed lesion...
this node is located in the cristae terminalis of the right atrium
obstruction of a pulmonary artery by a blood clot
innervation of the diaphragm
the posterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery?
which nerve loops near the ligamentum arteriosum?
union of subclavian & internal jugular veins create which vein?
the progressive narrowing and hardening of the arteries over time
Anterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery
ANTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
a surgical procedure in which an incision is made opening the chest cavity
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) usually affects which portion of the interventricular septum?
ligament that is a continuity between the pleural and parietal cavities that extends between parietal and mediastinum
QuestionAnswer
Which ribs attach directly to the sternum through their own costal cartilages?
the left 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
left and right brachiocephalic veins drain into?
the internal thoracic artery arises from which artery?
These intercostal muscles help elevate ribs during inspiration
each main bronchi divides into
where does rib 2 attach?
Which ribs have cartilages that do not attach to the sternum?
left lung has how many lobes?
roots for the phrenic nerve
inferior boundary of the thoracic cavity
The pleural cavity near the cardiac notch is known as the:
injury to which nerve can cause paralysis of the diaphragm
Blockage of which artery would lead to ischemia of the apex of the heart?
heart sounds heard as blood is pumped from the ventricles.
heart sound heard as blood passes through the atria to the ventricle
Which ribs have cartilages that are joined to the cartilage just superior to them (indirect attachment to sternum)?
electric impulses of the heart originate here..
parasympathetic innervation of the heart is supplied by which nerve?
interference with venous return of blood to the heart due to an extensive accumulation of fluid in the pericardium (pericardial effusion)
Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
inflammation of the endocardium
Which valves would be open during ventricular systole?
The first rib articulates with the sternum directly below which joint?
the left 5th intercostal space (right below the nipple) is the auscultation point for which valve?
narrowing of the orifice of the aortic valve or of the supravalvular or subvalvular regions
which lung has the cardiac notch?
a surgical procedure which involves replacing diseased (narrowed) coronary arteries with veins obtained from the patient's lower extremities or the patient's internal thoracic arte
muscles in the wall of the right atrium are known as?
these structure prolong ribs and contribute to elasticity of the thoracic wall.
The sternocostal surface of the heart is formed primarily by the anterior wall of which heart chamber?
The portion of the parietal pleura that extends above the first rib is called the :
The sympathetic innervation of the heart originates from which part the thoracic spinal cord?

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Created Oct 9, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:concept, important, unit