Thorax - Unit 2a

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Can you name the important concepts of the Thorax - Unit 2a?

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inflitration of anesthetic around intercostal nerves.
a surgical procedure in which an incision is made opening the chest cavity
Anterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery
ventricular relaxation, elongation, or extension
A viral disease of spinal ganglia and is a dermatomically distributed lesion...
interference with venous return of blood to the heart due to an extensive accumulation of fluid in the pericardium (pericardial effusion)
Heart rate does what in the presence of parsympathetic stimulation?
contraction of the ventricles
right lung has how many lobes?
left lung has how many lobes?
The portion of the parietal pleura that extends above the first rib is called the :
Because of its angle with the trachea and size of the main bronchus, a bronchoscope would pass more readily into which lung?
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
Blockage of which artery would lead to ischemia of the apex of the heart?
posterior blood supply of the thorax comes from
which nerve loops near the ligamentum arteriosum?
the main arterial supply for the pericardium
this node is located in the cristae terminalis of the right atrium
the right 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
failed closure of the foramen ovalis leads to?
known as the pacemaker of the heart
the endothelial lining of all of the chambers of the heart
indents the anterioinferior aspect of the left lung
TRUE OR FALSE: The sympathetic innervation of the esophageal vascular smooth muscle is from the thoracic portion of the sympathetic chain and the fibers are postsynaptic.
this pleura covers the lungs and is adherent to all its surfaces
muscles in the wall of the right atrium are known as?
POSTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
This collection of autonomic fibers is located at the base of the heart behind and within the concavity of the arch of the aorta.
a chronic disorder characterized by hyperreactive airways leading to episodic, reversible bronchoconstriction due to an increased sensitivity to irritating stimuli.
arterial supply of the pericardium
left and right brachiocephalic veins drain into?
the thick muscle layer of the heart
heart sound heard as blood passes through the atria to the ventricle
The pleural cavity near the cardiac notch is known as the:
Which valves would be open during ventricular systole?
which bronchi is shorter and wider and more vertical.
these structure prolong ribs and contribute to elasticity of the thoracic wall.
The sympathetic innervation of the heart originates from which part the thoracic spinal cord?
a surgical procedure which involves replacing diseased (narrowed) coronary arteries with veins obtained from the patient's lower extremities or the patient's internal thoracic arte
union of subclavian & internal jugular veins create which vein?
main vein of the heart
these intercostal muscles help depress the ribs during expiration
an area of necrosis resulting from a sudden insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the heart's muscular wall
occurs if a sufficient amount of air enters the pleural cavity causing the tension adhering visceral to parietal pleura to break
inflammation of the pericardium
where does rib 2 attach?
each main bronchi divides into
Which chamber's anterior wall forms most of the sternocostal surface of the heart?
Parasympathetic stimulation of the esophagus results in the rhythmic contraction of esophageal smooth muscle known as?
the left 5th intercostal space (right below the nipple) is the auscultation point for which valve?
this node lies in the interatrial septum
each lobar bronchi divides into
accumulation of a significant amount of fluid in pleural cavity
Difficult breathing
parasympathetic innervation of the heart is supplied by which nerve?
ANTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
entry of air into the pleural cavity resulting from penetrating wound to parietal pleura
the left 4th intercostal space (just lateral to the sternum) is the auscultation point for which valve?
the backflow of blood from ventricle to atrium
a keel-shaped cartilage lying at the tracheal bifurcation--it separates the right main stem bronchus from the left main stem bronchus.
surgical creation of an opening through the thoracic wall to enter a pleural cavity
which artery accompanies the phrenic nerve?
the brachiocephalic veins drain into which vein?
this pleura lines the pulmonary cavities, adhering to the pulmonary wall
obstruction of a pulmonary artery by a blood clot
narrowing of the orifice of the aortic valve or of the supravalvular or subvalvular regions
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the heart will cause...?
Which ribs have cartilages that do not attach to the sternum?
The sternocostal surface of the heart is formed primarily by the anterior wall of which heart chamber?
innervation of the diaphragm
midline incision through the sternum
The first rib articulates with the sternum directly below which joint?
These intercostal muscles help elevate ribs during inspiration
compensatory circulation carried on through secondary channels after obstruction of the principal vessel supplying the part
anterior rami of T1-T11 form which nerves
which lung has the cardiac notch?
insertion of a needle through an intercostal space in order to obtain pleural fluid
internal thoracic artery arise from which artery?
heart sounds heard as blood is pumped from the ventricles.
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) usually affects which portion of the interventricular septum?
chest pain due to ischemia of the heart is known as
escape of fluid into the pleural cavity
the left 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
ligament that is a continuity between the pleural and parietal cavities that extends between parietal and mediastinum
muscles of the right ventricle are known as
inferior boundary of the thoracic cavity
the visceral and parietal plurae are continuous at the ...?
Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
the visceral layer of the serous pericardium
the internal thoracic artery arises from which artery?
aspiration of a foreign body usually falls into which mainstem?
the progressive narrowing and hardening of the arteries over time
the posterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery?
electric impulses of the heart originate here..
the pec. major, pec. minor, and serratus anterior muscles can help expand the thoracic cavity when inspiration is deep and forceful. These muscles are what type of muscles?
inflammation of the endocardium
injury to which nerve can cause paralysis of the diaphragm
Which ribs attach directly to the sternum through their own costal cartilages?
The thoracic wall is innervated by:
Which ribs have cartilages that are joined to the cartilage just superior to them (indirect attachment to sternum)?
roots for the phrenic nerve

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Created Oct 9, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:concept, important, unit