Thorax - Unit 2a

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Can you name the important concepts of the Thorax - Unit 2a?

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Which ribs have cartilages that do not attach to the sternum?
this pleura lines the pulmonary cavities, adhering to the pulmonary wall
where does rib 2 attach?
POSTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
Which ribs attach directly to the sternum through their own costal cartilages?
Which ribs have cartilages that are joined to the cartilage just superior to them (indirect attachment to sternum)?
arterial supply of the pericardium
escape of fluid into the pleural cavity
accumulation of a significant amount of fluid in pleural cavity
entry of air into the pleural cavity resulting from penetrating wound to parietal pleura
Because of its angle with the trachea and size of the main bronchus, a bronchoscope would pass more readily into which lung?
occurs if a sufficient amount of air enters the pleural cavity causing the tension adhering visceral to parietal pleura to break
Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
compensatory circulation carried on through secondary channels after obstruction of the principal vessel supplying the part
Which valves would be open during ventricular systole?
the visceral layer of the serous pericardium
these structure prolong ribs and contribute to elasticity of the thoracic wall.
surgical creation of an opening through the thoracic wall to enter a pleural cavity
left and right brachiocephalic veins drain into?
ANTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
narrowing of the orifice of the aortic valve or of the supravalvular or subvalvular regions
anterior rami of T1-T11 form which nerves
which bronchi is shorter and wider and more vertical.
the posterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery?
a chronic disorder characterized by hyperreactive airways leading to episodic, reversible bronchoconstriction due to an increased sensitivity to irritating stimuli.
roots for the phrenic nerve
indents the anterioinferior aspect of the left lung
the main arterial supply for the pericardium
chest pain due to ischemia of the heart is known as
failed closure of the foramen ovalis leads to?
the pec. major, pec. minor, and serratus anterior muscles can help expand the thoracic cavity when inspiration is deep and forceful. These muscles are what type of muscles?
a surgical procedure in which an incision is made opening the chest cavity
internal thoracic artery arise from which artery?
electric impulses of the heart originate here..
main vein of the heart
Parasympathetic stimulation of the esophagus results in the rhythmic contraction of esophageal smooth muscle known as?
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
ligament that is a continuity between the pleural and parietal cavities that extends between parietal and mediastinum
the progressive narrowing and hardening of the arteries over time
insertion of a needle through an intercostal space in order to obtain pleural fluid
This collection of autonomic fibers is located at the base of the heart behind and within the concavity of the arch of the aorta.
which lung has the cardiac notch?
the brachiocephalic veins drain into which vein?
this node is located in the cristae terminalis of the right atrium
union of subclavian & internal jugular veins create which vein?
innervation of the diaphragm
heart sound heard as blood passes through the atria to the ventricle
aspiration of a foreign body usually falls into which mainstem?
each main bronchi divides into
inferior boundary of the thoracic cavity
an area of necrosis resulting from a sudden insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the heart's muscular wall
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) usually affects which portion of the interventricular septum?
known as the pacemaker of the heart
this node lies in the interatrial septum
midline incision through the sternum
ventricular relaxation, elongation, or extension
the right 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
the endothelial lining of all of the chambers of the heart
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the heart will cause...?
heart sounds heard as blood is pumped from the ventricles.
right lung has how many lobes?
left lung has how many lobes?
a keel-shaped cartilage lying at the tracheal bifurcation--it separates the right main stem bronchus from the left main stem bronchus.
the backflow of blood from ventricle to atrium
Anterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery
parasympathetic innervation of the heart is supplied by which nerve?
The sternocostal surface of the heart is formed primarily by the anterior wall of which heart chamber?
The thoracic wall is innervated by:
inflitration of anesthetic around intercostal nerves.
the left 4th intercostal space (just lateral to the sternum) is the auscultation point for which valve?
muscles in the wall of the right atrium are known as?
A viral disease of spinal ganglia and is a dermatomically distributed lesion...
posterior blood supply of the thorax comes from
the thick muscle layer of the heart
The pleural cavity near the cardiac notch is known as the:
the left 5th intercostal space (right below the nipple) is the auscultation point for which valve?
the left 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
Difficult breathing
muscles of the right ventricle are known as
each lobar bronchi divides into
The portion of the parietal pleura that extends above the first rib is called the :
Which chamber's anterior wall forms most of the sternocostal surface of the heart?
contraction of the ventricles
interference with venous return of blood to the heart due to an extensive accumulation of fluid in the pericardium (pericardial effusion)
a surgical procedure which involves replacing diseased (narrowed) coronary arteries with veins obtained from the patient's lower extremities or the patient's internal thoracic arte
which nerve loops near the ligamentum arteriosum?
obstruction of a pulmonary artery by a blood clot
These intercostal muscles help elevate ribs during inspiration
which artery accompanies the phrenic nerve?
these intercostal muscles help depress the ribs during expiration
TRUE OR FALSE: The sympathetic innervation of the esophageal vascular smooth muscle is from the thoracic portion of the sympathetic chain and the fibers are postsynaptic.
this pleura covers the lungs and is adherent to all its surfaces
the visceral and parietal plurae are continuous at the ...?
the internal thoracic artery arises from which artery?
inflammation of the pericardium
inflammation of the endocardium
The first rib articulates with the sternum directly below which joint?
Blockage of which artery would lead to ischemia of the apex of the heart?
Heart rate does what in the presence of parsympathetic stimulation?
injury to which nerve can cause paralysis of the diaphragm
The sympathetic innervation of the heart originates from which part the thoracic spinal cord?

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Created Oct 9, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:concept, important, unit