Thorax - Unit 2a

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Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
the progressive narrowing and hardening of the arteries over time
the backflow of blood from ventricle to atrium
which artery accompanies the phrenic nerve?
this node lies in the interatrial septum
this pleura lines the pulmonary cavities, adhering to the pulmonary wall
muscles in the wall of the right atrium are known as?
inflammation of the pericardium
the brachiocephalic veins drain into which vein?
heart sound heard as blood passes through the atria to the ventricle
ventricular relaxation, elongation, or extension
The sternocostal surface of the heart is formed primarily by the anterior wall of which heart chamber?
aspiration of a foreign body usually falls into which mainstem?
inferior boundary of the thoracic cavity
midline incision through the sternum
accumulation of a significant amount of fluid in pleural cavity
posterior blood supply of the thorax comes from
the visceral layer of the serous pericardium
the left 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
each lobar bronchi divides into
the main arterial supply for the pericardium
the posterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery?
The portion of the parietal pleura that extends above the first rib is called the :
This collection of autonomic fibers is located at the base of the heart behind and within the concavity of the arch of the aorta.
entry of air into the pleural cavity resulting from penetrating wound to parietal pleura
ligament that is a continuity between the pleural and parietal cavities that extends between parietal and mediastinum
where does rib 2 attach?
the internal thoracic artery arises from which artery?
obstruction of a pulmonary artery by a blood clot
Which chamber's anterior wall forms most of the sternocostal surface of the heart?
The pleural cavity near the cardiac notch is known as the:
surgical creation of an opening through the thoracic wall to enter a pleural cavity
the left 4th intercostal space (just lateral to the sternum) is the auscultation point for which valve?
indents the anterioinferior aspect of the left lung
these structure prolong ribs and contribute to elasticity of the thoracic wall.
which lung has the cardiac notch?
TRUE OR FALSE: The sympathetic innervation of the esophageal vascular smooth muscle is from the thoracic portion of the sympathetic chain and the fibers are postsynaptic.
Parasympathetic stimulation of the esophagus results in the rhythmic contraction of esophageal smooth muscle known as?
failed closure of the foramen ovalis leads to?
POSTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
chest pain due to ischemia of the heart is known as
left and right brachiocephalic veins drain into?
Difficult breathing
the endothelial lining of all of the chambers of the heart
the left 5th intercostal space (right below the nipple) is the auscultation point for which valve?
narrowing of the orifice of the aortic valve or of the supravalvular or subvalvular regions
Stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system in the heart will cause...?
Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system in the lungs acts to
the right 2nd intercostal space is the auscultation point for which valve?
A viral disease of spinal ganglia and is a dermatomically distributed lesion...
roots for the phrenic nerve
heart sounds heard as blood is pumped from the ventricles.
interference with venous return of blood to the heart due to an extensive accumulation of fluid in the pericardium (pericardial effusion)
the thick muscle layer of the heart
main vein of the heart
a keel-shaped cartilage lying at the tracheal bifurcation--it separates the right main stem bronchus from the left main stem bronchus.
Heart rate does what in the presence of parsympathetic stimulation?
occurs if a sufficient amount of air enters the pleural cavity causing the tension adhering visceral to parietal pleura to break
anterior rami of T1-T11 form which nerves
the pec. major, pec. minor, and serratus anterior muscles can help expand the thoracic cavity when inspiration is deep and forceful. These muscles are what type of muscles?
which bronchi is shorter and wider and more vertical.
the visceral and parietal plurae are continuous at the ...?
parasympathetic innervation of the heart is supplied by which nerve?
inflammation of the endocardium
known as the pacemaker of the heart
union of subclavian & internal jugular veins create which vein?
Which ribs attach directly to the sternum through their own costal cartilages?
A ventricular septal defect (VSD) usually affects which portion of the interventricular septum?
arterial supply of the pericardium
each main bronchi divides into
Anterior intercostal arteries arise from which artery
a surgical procedure which involves replacing diseased (narrowed) coronary arteries with veins obtained from the patient's lower extremities or the patient's internal thoracic arte
Which ribs have cartilages that are joined to the cartilage just superior to them (indirect attachment to sternum)?
this pleura covers the lungs and is adherent to all its surfaces
electric impulses of the heart originate here..
an area of necrosis resulting from a sudden insufficiency of arterial or venous blood supply to the heart's muscular wall
Which valves would be open during ventricular systole?
internal thoracic artery arise from which artery?
Because of its angle with the trachea and size of the main bronchus, a bronchoscope would pass more readily into which lung?
ANTERIOR VAGAL TRUNK of the esophagus is form from the left or right vagus nerve?
injury to which nerve can cause paralysis of the diaphragm
insertion of a needle through an intercostal space in order to obtain pleural fluid
contraction of the ventricles
innervation of the diaphragm
right lung has how many lobes?
escape of fluid into the pleural cavity
Blockage of which artery would lead to ischemia of the apex of the heart?
The first rib articulates with the sternum directly below which joint?
These intercostal muscles help elevate ribs during inspiration
which nerve loops near the ligamentum arteriosum?
Which ribs have cartilages that do not attach to the sternum?
muscles of the right ventricle are known as
The thoracic wall is innervated by:
inflitration of anesthetic around intercostal nerves.
The sympathetic innervation of the heart originates from which part the thoracic spinal cord?
compensatory circulation carried on through secondary channels after obstruction of the principal vessel supplying the part
a chronic disorder characterized by hyperreactive airways leading to episodic, reversible bronchoconstriction due to an increased sensitivity to irritating stimuli.
this node is located in the cristae terminalis of the right atrium
left lung has how many lobes?
these intercostal muscles help depress the ribs during expiration
a surgical procedure in which an incision is made opening the chest cavity

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Created Oct 9, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:concept, important, unit