Sexual Differentiation

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Can you name the HYTQ concepts?

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the presence or absence of what chromosome determines sex
SRY translocation to X chromosome leads to a _____.
urethral folds become the _____ in females
this structure hollows out to form the seminiferous tubules
the pelvic portion of the urogenital sinus in females becomes what structure?
a cell containing 2 sets of chromosomes are known as _____.
the labioscrotal swellings becomes the ____ in males
True or False: only one X chromosome is needed for development of a normal ovary
Which internal genitalia duct regresses in the male?
At _____ of embryonic development, the testes begin making androgens and AMH.
the genital tubercle becomes the _____ in males
Which duct in the female regresses?
the labioscrotal swellings becomes the ____ in females
catalyzes the conversion of testosterone to DHT
True or False: Cryptorchism is incomplete testicular descent
This hormone causes the conversion of the urogenital sinus into the prostatic and initial phallic urethra, development of prostate and bulbourethral glands, and also causes the dev
gene on the Y chromosome that makes TDF (testes determining factor) transcription factor
Testosterone is made by the ____ cells
What connects the testes to the labioscrotal swellings?
This hormone causes the development of the testes, conversion of the mesonephric tubule to the efferent ductule, wolffian duct differentiation and also testicular descent
determination of the gonads occurs during weeks _____ of development
biological attributes that distinguish male from female
True or False: A deletion of SRY can lead to an XY female.
The penile urethra is derived from which portion of the urogenital sinus?
The follicles of the ovary develops from the _____ sex cords.
this condition occurs when the urogenital folds fail to fuse properly. causes the urethral opening to be at the tip but located ventrally on the penis
Which hormone causes the formation of the epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, and ejaculatory ducts?
the vesicle of the urogenital sinus develops into what in males and females?
condition in which an X chromosome is missing producing ovarian dysgenesis with vestigial streak gonads
The presence of what hormone in males leads to the regression of the mullerian duct?
Which duct regresses spontaneously in the absence of testosterone?
AMH is located on which chromosome?
absence of AMH causes development of the _____ into fimbria, fallopian tubes, uterus, the cervix, and upper 3rd of the vagina.
concept held by an individual that the individual is male, female, or ambivalent
the phallic portion of the urogenital sinus becomes what structure in females?
urethral folds become the _____ in males
the genital tubercle becomes the _____ in females
transcription factor that is important for development of the testes
can arise from the pluripotent germ cells that do not migrate properly to the gonadal ridges
the differentiation of the external genitalia occurs at weeks _____ of development
primordial germ cells initially migrate to the _____ ridges
sex cell
What regulates the transcription of AMH?
Anti mullerian hormone is made by the ____ cells.
the pelvic portion of the urogenital sinus in males becomes the ____ urethra
disparity between genotype and phenotypic sex, as in XX male or XY female

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