A. and P. Triangles of the Neck/ Cervical Viscera

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Can you name the Concepts of the Anterior and Posterior Triangles of theNeck?

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motor innervation of the palatopharyngeus
this layer of the deep cervical fascia forms a sheath around the vertebra and it's surrounding muscles
supplies blood to the inferior part of the thyroid gland
sensory innervation of the sternocleidomastoid
this portion of the pharynx is bounded by the soft palate superiorly, the base of the tongue inferiorly and the platoglossal and platopharyngeal arches laterally
triangle bounded by anterior belly of omohyoid, posterior belly of digastric, and anterior border of SCM
surgical removal of the thyroid gland
hyoid bone lies at the level of which vertebra
junction between the thorax and the neck is known as the
Bifurcation of common carotid artery into external and internal carotid arteries occurs at what cervical vertebra level?
innervation of platysma
what muscle is the landmark for the division of the subclavian arteries
the right recurrent laryngeal nerve loops behind which structure?
the point of entry to the venous system for central line placement to administer parenteral (nutritional) fluids and medications and to measure central venous pressure.
motor innevation of tensor veli palatini
digestive organ that directs food to the esophagus.
muscle that opens the pharyngeal orifice of the eustachian tube during swallowing
the thyrocervical trunk comes from which artery?
nerve that supplies the skin of the neck and scalp posteriosuperior to the auricle. Comes from C2
motor innervation of middle constrictor muscle and inferior constrictor muscles
the roots of the brachial plexus appear between which 2 muscles?
which nerve passes through the occipital triangle?
motor innervation of the sternocleidomastoid
attachment of the middle constrictor muscle of the pharynx?
fascia of the neck prevents the spread of what?
posterior border of the posterior cervical triangle
the sternal head of the sternocleidomastoid attaches to what?
triangle located between inferior mandible and anterior and posterior bellies of the digastric muscle
first branch of subclavian artery
Superior boundary of the anterior cervical triangle
nerve is located in the tracheo-esophageal groove.
this area of deep cervical fascia is limited to the anterior portion of the neck and it contains a muscular portion (surrounds infrahyoid muscles) and a vascular portion ( surround
Lateral boundary of the anterior cervical triangle
Anterior boundary of the anterior cervical triangle
innervation of the longus capitis
innervation of the sternohyoid
innervation of the sternothyroid
the external jugular vein, suprascapular artery, and subclavian artery are contained in which portion of the posterior cervical triangle?
triangle located between Between body of hyoid bone and right and left anterior bellies of the digastric muscles
innervation of geniohyoid
the submental, submandibular, the carotid, and the muscular triangles make up the ____ ____ _____?
(from C2 and C3 roots) supplies the skin covering the anterior cervical region
provides motor innervation to most of the muscles of the tongue
enlargement of the thyroid gland
inferior border of the posterior cervical triangle
innervation of the omohyoid
provides motor innervation to Cricothyroid muscle
2nd portion of the subclavian artery
the roots of C1-C4 make up the _____?
motor innervation of the salpingopharyngeus
which muscle of the pharynx attaches along the oblique line of the thyroid cartilage and on the cricoid cartilage laterally
innervation of the longus colli
motor innervation of superior constrictor muscle
portion of the pharynx that is posterior to the nose and superior to the soft palate
a rib which arises from the seventh cervical vertebrae (above the normal first rib).
innervation of the middle scalene (roots?)
small depression of the laryngealpharyngeal cavity on each side of inlet
supplies blood to the superior portion of the thyroid gland
sinus between the palatoglossal and palatopharyngeal arches
an emergency procedure where a cut or passageway is made in the cricothyroid membrane.
anterior border of the posterior cervical triangle
nose opens into the nasopharynx via what structures?
innervation of stylopharyngeus
which muscle divides the neck into anterior and posterior triangles?
the largest and most clinically important fascial interspace of the neck because it is the major pathway for the spread of infection
innervation of the splenius capitis
innervation of the thryohyoid
which artery crosses the recurrent (inferior) laryngeal nerve?
innervation anterior belly of digastric muscle
(from C2 and C3 roots) ascends superiorly across SCM. Supplies the skin over parotid, posterior auricle, and skin from mandible to mastoid process
three layers of deep fascia in the neck
provides sensory innervation above vocal folds
an incomplete circular band of lymphoid tissues around the superior pharynx
This lobe is an embryological remnant of the thyroglossal duct
the occipital artery comes from which main artery?
innervation of the anterior scalene (roots?)
fascia with common carotid artery, internal jugular vein, and vagus nerve
innervation of stylohyoid muscle
arises from the C3 and C4 nerve roots and passes under the cover of the SCM and sends small branches to the skin of the neck and across the clavicle to supply skin over shoulder
True or False: the stylopharyngeus, salpingopharyngeus, and palatopharyngeus serve to shorten and widen pharynx during swallowing and speaking.
innervation of the posterior scalene (roots?)
originates chiefly from the C4 nerve root (but receives contributions from C3 and C5. innervates the diaphragm.
innervation of posterior belly of digastric muscle
the surgical creation of an artificial airway in the trachea (windpipe) on the anterior surface of the neck.
triangle Bounded by anterior border of SCM, superior belly of omohyoid, midline of neck
what lies posterior to the transverse cervical artery and suprascapular artery as they cross the anterior surface of the scalenus anterior muscle.
the sternocleidomastiod and the trapezius muscle are surrounded by this layer of the deep fascia of the neck
innervation of the cricothryroid muscle
inferior thyroid vein drains into
the posterior cervical triangle is subdivided by which muscle?
the superior and middle thyroid veins drain into what?
Thin, broad sheet of muscle within superficial fascia of the neck that is used in facial expression
inferior thyroid artery arises from
The laryngeal prominence, larger in males, is located at which vertebra level?
origin of the salpingopharyngeus
roof of posterior cervical triangle
what attaches to the pharyngeal tubercle?
this carotid artery has no branches in the neck
which tonsils lie in the tonsillar fossa?
the superior laryngeal nerve is a branch from which nerve
Head bends to affected side and face turns away.Facial asymmetry can occur, because of growth retardation on affected side.

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