A. and P. Triangles of the Neck/ Cervical Viscera

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Can you name the Concepts of the Anterior and Posterior Triangles of theNeck?

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QuestionAnswer
nose opens into the nasopharynx via what structures?
fascia with common carotid artery, internal jugular vein, and vagus nerve
the posterior cervical triangle is subdivided by which muscle?
innervation of stylohyoid muscle
fascia of the neck prevents the spread of what?
innervation of the posterior scalene (roots?)
motor innervation of the sternocleidomastoid
posterior border of the posterior cervical triangle
roof of posterior cervical triangle
this layer of the deep cervical fascia forms a sheath around the vertebra and it's surrounding muscles
this area of deep cervical fascia is limited to the anterior portion of the neck and it contains a muscular portion (surrounds infrahyoid muscles) and a vascular portion ( surround
(from C2 and C3 roots) ascends superiorly across SCM. Supplies the skin over parotid, posterior auricle, and skin from mandible to mastoid process
the submental, submandibular, the carotid, and the muscular triangles make up the ____ ____ _____?
provides sensory innervation above vocal folds
motor innervation of the salpingopharyngeus
innervation of the sternothyroid
what lies posterior to the transverse cervical artery and suprascapular artery as they cross the anterior surface of the scalenus anterior muscle.
nerve that supplies the skin of the neck and scalp posteriosuperior to the auricle. Comes from C2
innervation of the longus colli
digestive organ that directs food to the esophagus.
surgical removal of the thyroid gland
innervation of the longus capitis
which muscle of the pharynx attaches along the oblique line of the thyroid cartilage and on the cricoid cartilage laterally
originates chiefly from the C4 nerve root (but receives contributions from C3 and C5. innervates the diaphragm.
the right recurrent laryngeal nerve loops behind which structure?
which muscle divides the neck into anterior and posterior triangles?
the roots of C1-C4 make up the _____?
which nerve passes through the occipital triangle?
sinus between the palatoglossal and palatopharyngeal arches
origin of the salpingopharyngeus
an incomplete circular band of lymphoid tissues around the superior pharynx
supplies blood to the superior portion of the thyroid gland
innervation of stylopharyngeus
muscle that opens the pharyngeal orifice of the eustachian tube during swallowing
QuestionAnswer
(from C2 and C3 roots) supplies the skin covering the anterior cervical region
the occipital artery comes from which main artery?
what attaches to the pharyngeal tubercle?
supplies blood to the inferior part of the thyroid gland
True or False: the stylopharyngeus, salpingopharyngeus, and palatopharyngeus serve to shorten and widen pharynx during swallowing and speaking.
Anterior boundary of the anterior cervical triangle
inferior thyroid artery arises from
innervation of the anterior scalene (roots?)
portion of the pharynx that is posterior to the nose and superior to the soft palate
innervation of the omohyoid
arises from the C3 and C4 nerve roots and passes under the cover of the SCM and sends small branches to the skin of the neck and across the clavicle to supply skin over shoulder
innervation anterior belly of digastric muscle
triangle located between Between body of hyoid bone and right and left anterior bellies of the digastric muscles
an emergency procedure where a cut or passageway is made in the cricothyroid membrane.
innervation of the thryohyoid
the sternocleidomastiod and the trapezius muscle are surrounded by this layer of the deep fascia of the neck
innervation of platysma
this portion of the pharynx is bounded by the soft palate superiorly, the base of the tongue inferiorly and the platoglossal and platopharyngeal arches laterally
inferior border of the posterior cervical triangle
the external jugular vein, suprascapular artery, and subclavian artery are contained in which portion of the posterior cervical triangle?
the surgical creation of an artificial airway in the trachea (windpipe) on the anterior surface of the neck.
the sternal head of the sternocleidomastoid attaches to what?
the superior and middle thyroid veins drain into what?
Lateral boundary of the anterior cervical triangle
This lobe is an embryological remnant of the thyroglossal duct
innervation of the sternohyoid
innervation of posterior belly of digastric muscle
a rib which arises from the seventh cervical vertebrae (above the normal first rib).
The laryngeal prominence, larger in males, is located at which vertebra level?
this carotid artery has no branches in the neck
innervation of the splenius capitis
Superior boundary of the anterior cervical triangle
what muscle is the landmark for the division of the subclavian arteries
Head bends to affected side and face turns away.Facial asymmetry can occur, because of growth retardation on affected side.
QuestionAnswer
the largest and most clinically important fascial interspace of the neck because it is the major pathway for the spread of infection
Thin, broad sheet of muscle within superficial fascia of the neck that is used in facial expression
which tonsils lie in the tonsillar fossa?
provides motor innervation to most of the muscles of the tongue
the thyrocervical trunk comes from which artery?
motor innervation of middle constrictor muscle and inferior constrictor muscles
the point of entry to the venous system for central line placement to administer parenteral (nutritional) fluids and medications and to measure central venous pressure.
2nd portion of the subclavian artery
hyoid bone lies at the level of which vertebra
enlargement of the thyroid gland
the roots of the brachial plexus appear between which 2 muscles?
the superior laryngeal nerve is a branch from which nerve
small depression of the laryngealpharyngeal cavity on each side of inlet
innervation of the cricothryroid muscle
attachment of the middle constrictor muscle of the pharynx?
sensory innervation of the sternocleidomastoid
Bifurcation of common carotid artery into external and internal carotid arteries occurs at what cervical vertebra level?
motor innevation of tensor veli palatini
triangle Bounded by anterior border of SCM, superior belly of omohyoid, midline of neck
innervation of the middle scalene (roots?)
nerve is located in the tracheo-esophageal groove.
which artery crosses the recurrent (inferior) laryngeal nerve?
three layers of deep fascia in the neck
motor innervation of superior constrictor muscle
motor innervation of the palatopharyngeus
anterior border of the posterior cervical triangle
inferior thyroid vein drains into
provides motor innervation to Cricothyroid muscle
triangle bounded by anterior belly of omohyoid, posterior belly of digastric, and anterior border of SCM
junction between the thorax and the neck is known as the
triangle located between inferior mandible and anterior and posterior bellies of the digastric muscle
first branch of subclavian artery
innervation of geniohyoid

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