A. and P. Triangles of the Neck/ Cervical Viscera

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Can you name the Concepts of the Anterior and Posterior Triangles of theNeck?

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originates chiefly from the C4 nerve root (but receives contributions from C3 and C5. innervates the diaphragm.
the roots of C1-C4 make up the _____?
the surgical creation of an artificial airway in the trachea (windpipe) on the anterior surface of the neck.
triangle located between Between body of hyoid bone and right and left anterior bellies of the digastric muscles
innervation anterior belly of digastric muscle
innervation of the sternohyoid
triangle located between inferior mandible and anterior and posterior bellies of the digastric muscle
this layer of the deep cervical fascia forms a sheath around the vertebra and it's surrounding muscles
Lateral boundary of the anterior cervical triangle
which muscle divides the neck into anterior and posterior triangles?
innervation of the posterior scalene (roots?)
an incomplete circular band of lymphoid tissues around the superior pharynx
what lies posterior to the transverse cervical artery and suprascapular artery as they cross the anterior surface of the scalenus anterior muscle.
the posterior cervical triangle is subdivided by which muscle?
supplies blood to the superior portion of the thyroid gland
innervation of the omohyoid
innervation of platysma
2nd portion of the subclavian artery
motor innervation of the sternocleidomastoid
this area of deep cervical fascia is limited to the anterior portion of the neck and it contains a muscular portion (surrounds infrahyoid muscles) and a vascular portion ( surround
innervation of stylohyoid muscle
the superior and middle thyroid veins drain into what?
arises from the C3 and C4 nerve roots and passes under the cover of the SCM and sends small branches to the skin of the neck and across the clavicle to supply skin over shoulder
motor innervation of the salpingopharyngeus
what muscle is the landmark for the division of the subclavian arteries
innervation of the longus colli
(from C2 and C3 roots) ascends superiorly across SCM. Supplies the skin over parotid, posterior auricle, and skin from mandible to mastoid process
the sternocleidomastiod and the trapezius muscle are surrounded by this layer of the deep fascia of the neck
innervation of stylopharyngeus
surgical removal of the thyroid gland
the point of entry to the venous system for central line placement to administer parenteral (nutritional) fluids and medications and to measure central venous pressure.
hyoid bone lies at the level of which vertebra
provides motor innervation to most of the muscles of the tongue
this portion of the pharynx is bounded by the soft palate superiorly, the base of the tongue inferiorly and the platoglossal and platopharyngeal arches laterally
QuestionAnswer
a rib which arises from the seventh cervical vertebrae (above the normal first rib).
the right recurrent laryngeal nerve loops behind which structure?
enlargement of the thyroid gland
Bifurcation of common carotid artery into external and internal carotid arteries occurs at what cervical vertebra level?
(from C2 and C3 roots) supplies the skin covering the anterior cervical region
portion of the pharynx that is posterior to the nose and superior to the soft palate
True or False: the stylopharyngeus, salpingopharyngeus, and palatopharyngeus serve to shorten and widen pharynx during swallowing and speaking.
innervation of the middle scalene (roots?)
innervation of posterior belly of digastric muscle
three layers of deep fascia in the neck
fascia of the neck prevents the spread of what?
anterior border of the posterior cervical triangle
the occipital artery comes from which main artery?
which tonsils lie in the tonsillar fossa?
the sternal head of the sternocleidomastoid attaches to what?
provides motor innervation to Cricothyroid muscle
fascia with common carotid artery, internal jugular vein, and vagus nerve
this carotid artery has no branches in the neck
motor innevation of tensor veli palatini
The laryngeal prominence, larger in males, is located at which vertebra level?
muscle that opens the pharyngeal orifice of the eustachian tube during swallowing
motor innervation of middle constrictor muscle and inferior constrictor muscles
which nerve passes through the occipital triangle?
which artery crosses the recurrent (inferior) laryngeal nerve?
motor innervation of the palatopharyngeus
the roots of the brachial plexus appear between which 2 muscles?
innervation of geniohyoid
which muscle of the pharynx attaches along the oblique line of the thyroid cartilage and on the cricoid cartilage laterally
inferior thyroid artery arises from
origin of the salpingopharyngeus
the external jugular vein, suprascapular artery, and subclavian artery are contained in which portion of the posterior cervical triangle?
an emergency procedure where a cut or passageway is made in the cricothyroid membrane.
innervation of the anterior scalene (roots?)
nerve that supplies the skin of the neck and scalp posteriosuperior to the auricle. Comes from C2
QuestionAnswer
Thin, broad sheet of muscle within superficial fascia of the neck that is used in facial expression
Head bends to affected side and face turns away.Facial asymmetry can occur, because of growth retardation on affected side.
attachment of the middle constrictor muscle of the pharynx?
This lobe is an embryological remnant of the thyroglossal duct
inferior thyroid vein drains into
the superior laryngeal nerve is a branch from which nerve
small depression of the laryngealpharyngeal cavity on each side of inlet
innervation of the thryohyoid
what attaches to the pharyngeal tubercle?
first branch of subclavian artery
innervation of the cricothryroid muscle
Anterior boundary of the anterior cervical triangle
innervation of the sternothyroid
digestive organ that directs food to the esophagus.
the largest and most clinically important fascial interspace of the neck because it is the major pathway for the spread of infection
innervation of the longus capitis
triangle bounded by anterior belly of omohyoid, posterior belly of digastric, and anterior border of SCM
the thyrocervical trunk comes from which artery?
nerve is located in the tracheo-esophageal groove.
sinus between the palatoglossal and palatopharyngeal arches
the submental, submandibular, the carotid, and the muscular triangles make up the ____ ____ _____?
provides sensory innervation above vocal folds
posterior border of the posterior cervical triangle
nose opens into the nasopharynx via what structures?
triangle Bounded by anterior border of SCM, superior belly of omohyoid, midline of neck
Superior boundary of the anterior cervical triangle
roof of posterior cervical triangle
motor innervation of superior constrictor muscle
innervation of the splenius capitis
supplies blood to the inferior part of the thyroid gland
sensory innervation of the sternocleidomastoid
inferior border of the posterior cervical triangle
junction between the thorax and the neck is known as the

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