Science / A. and P. Triangles of the Neck/ Cervical Viscera

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Can you name the Concepts of the Anterior and Posterior Triangles of theNeck?

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supplies blood to the superior portion of the thyroid gland
innervation of stylohyoid muscle
hyoid bone lies at the level of which vertebra
innervation anterior belly of digastric muscle
anterior border of the posterior cervical triangle
innervation of the omohyoid
triangle Bounded by anterior border of SCM, superior belly of omohyoid, midline of neck
2nd portion of the subclavian artery
which muscle of the pharynx attaches along the oblique line of the thyroid cartilage and on the cricoid cartilage laterally
Bifurcation of common carotid artery into external and internal carotid arteries occurs at what cervical vertebra level?
attachment of the middle constrictor muscle of the pharynx?
origin of the salpingopharyngeus
provides sensory innervation above vocal folds
the largest and most clinically important fascial interspace of the neck because it is the major pathway for the spread of infection
the sternal head of the sternocleidomastoid attaches to what?
the occipital artery comes from which main artery?
a rib which arises from the seventh cervical vertebrae (above the normal first rib).
(from C2 and C3 roots) ascends superiorly across SCM. Supplies the skin over parotid, posterior auricle, and skin from mandible to mastoid process
which tonsils lie in the tonsillar fossa?
this portion of the pharynx is bounded by the soft palate superiorly, the base of the tongue inferiorly and the platoglossal and platopharyngeal arches laterally
Lateral boundary of the anterior cervical triangle
innervation of stylopharyngeus
fascia with common carotid artery, internal jugular vein, and vagus nerve
True or False: the stylopharyngeus, salpingopharyngeus, and palatopharyngeus serve to shorten and widen pharynx during swallowing and speaking.
nose opens into the nasopharynx via what structures?
triangle bounded by anterior belly of omohyoid, posterior belly of digastric, and anterior border of SCM
innervation of the thryohyoid
this carotid artery has no branches in the neck
innervation of the longus capitis
innervation of the sternohyoid
three layers of deep fascia in the neck
triangle located between inferior mandible and anterior and posterior bellies of the digastric muscle
motor innervation of the salpingopharyngeus
the superior and middle thyroid veins drain into what?
QuestionAnswer
first branch of subclavian artery
what lies posterior to the transverse cervical artery and suprascapular artery as they cross the anterior surface of the scalenus anterior muscle.
Head bends to affected side and face turns away.Facial asymmetry can occur, because of growth retardation on affected side.
which nerve passes through the occipital triangle?
sensory innervation of the sternocleidomastoid
this area of deep cervical fascia is limited to the anterior portion of the neck and it contains a muscular portion (surrounds infrahyoid muscles) and a vascular portion ( surround
Thin, broad sheet of muscle within superficial fascia of the neck that is used in facial expression
portion of the pharynx that is posterior to the nose and superior to the soft palate
triangle located between Between body of hyoid bone and right and left anterior bellies of the digastric muscles
the superior laryngeal nerve is a branch from which nerve
the surgical creation of an artificial airway in the trachea (windpipe) on the anterior surface of the neck.
motor innervation of superior constrictor muscle
originates chiefly from the C4 nerve root (but receives contributions from C3 and C5. innervates the diaphragm.
posterior border of the posterior cervical triangle
innervation of the posterior scalene (roots?)
surgical removal of the thyroid gland
innervation of the middle scalene (roots?)
sinus between the palatoglossal and palatopharyngeal arches
(from C2 and C3 roots) supplies the skin covering the anterior cervical region
innervation of the cricothryroid muscle
motor innervation of the palatopharyngeus
supplies blood to the inferior part of the thyroid gland
an emergency procedure where a cut or passageway is made in the cricothyroid membrane.
what attaches to the pharyngeal tubercle?
the point of entry to the venous system for central line placement to administer parenteral (nutritional) fluids and medications and to measure central venous pressure.
nerve is located in the tracheo-esophageal groove.
junction between the thorax and the neck is known as the
Anterior boundary of the anterior cervical triangle
innervation of posterior belly of digastric muscle
the right recurrent laryngeal nerve loops behind which structure?
the posterior cervical triangle is subdivided by which muscle?
the sternocleidomastiod and the trapezius muscle are surrounded by this layer of the deep fascia of the neck
The laryngeal prominence, larger in males, is located at which vertebra level?
motor innervation of the sternocleidomastoid
QuestionAnswer
the thyrocervical trunk comes from which artery?
this layer of the deep cervical fascia forms a sheath around the vertebra and it's surrounding muscles
the roots of the brachial plexus appear between which 2 muscles?
Superior boundary of the anterior cervical triangle
roof of posterior cervical triangle
inferior thyroid artery arises from
fascia of the neck prevents the spread of what?
innervation of platysma
This lobe is an embryological remnant of the thyroglossal duct
an incomplete circular band of lymphoid tissues around the superior pharynx
the external jugular vein, suprascapular artery, and subclavian artery are contained in which portion of the posterior cervical triangle?
provides motor innervation to most of the muscles of the tongue
innervation of the splenius capitis
inferior border of the posterior cervical triangle
innervation of the anterior scalene (roots?)
inferior thyroid vein drains into
innervation of the longus colli
provides motor innervation to Cricothyroid muscle
the submental, submandibular, the carotid, and the muscular triangles make up the ____ ____ _____?
what muscle is the landmark for the division of the subclavian arteries
digestive organ that directs food to the esophagus.
enlargement of the thyroid gland
arises from the C3 and C4 nerve roots and passes under the cover of the SCM and sends small branches to the skin of the neck and across the clavicle to supply skin over shoulder
nerve that supplies the skin of the neck and scalp posteriosuperior to the auricle. Comes from C2
motor innervation of middle constrictor muscle and inferior constrictor muscles
innervation of geniohyoid
the roots of C1-C4 make up the _____?
which muscle divides the neck into anterior and posterior triangles?
which artery crosses the recurrent (inferior) laryngeal nerve?
innervation of the sternothyroid
muscle that opens the pharyngeal orifice of the eustachian tube during swallowing
motor innevation of tensor veli palatini
small depression of the laryngealpharyngeal cavity on each side of inlet

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