Lower Extremities

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Can you name the Lower Extremities?

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LE Unit 1
connects the two menisci
the knee jerk reflex tests which nerve roots?
painful condition of the anterior portion of the leg along the thin bone the tibia. Caused by swollen muscles in the anterior compartment
prevents overeversion of the foot
this meniscus is hurt more due to its association with the tibial collateral ligament
medial sural cutaneous arises from which nerve?
allows the passage of the femoral artery and vein into the popliteal fossa
small branches from the popliteal artery that provides blood supply to knee
ligament that prevents hyperextension of the knee
what attaches to the adductor tubercle?
prevents backward sliding of the tibia onto the femur
lesser saphenous vein drains into
the obturator internus, the gluteus minimus, gluteus medius, and the piriformis attach here...
weak member of the adductor group of muscles. often used in transplants to replace damage muscles in the hand
removal of a prominence on the medial aspect of the first metatarsal head.
insertion for the pectineus
which artery supplies the most blood to the head and neck of the femur?
which portion of the gluteal region is the safest site for intramuscular injection of medications?
pathway for the tendon of the obturator internus
gastocnemius and the soleus comprise?
largest sesamoid bone in the body
pathway for the piriformis muscle
innervates the skin of the buttock, posterior thigh, and posterior calf
weight bearing medial bone of the body
loss of plantar flexion suggests injury to which nerve?
an alteration of the angle made by the axis of femoral neck to the axis so that the angle less 135. making the femoral neck more horizontal
with the avulsion of the tendo calcaneus, which motion of the foot is compromised?
impaired flexion of the hip and impaired extension of the leg suggests damage to which nerve?
A dislocated knee or fracture of the distal femur would most likely injure which artery?
evertors of the foot lie in which compartment of the leg?
which region is a common site for intramuscular injection of medications?
innervates the skin on the back of the leg and lateral side of the ankle, heel, and foot
which nerve can be injured in intramuscular injection of medications?
dorsiflexors of the foot lie in which compartment?
musculature of the lower limbs arise from which embryonic germlayer?
vein commonly coronary artery bypass surgery
provides sensation to the skin on the anterior and lateral aspects of the thigh
innervates skin on the medial side of the leg and foot
great saphenous vein drains into
LE Unit 1
complex symptom resulting from the tibial nerve or its medial and lateral plantar branches in tarsal tunnel, with pain numbness, and tingling sensations on the ankle, heel, and sol
innervates skin in between 1st and 2nd toes
which ligament is torn during an ankle sprain?
arises from the intercondylar area of tibia and inserts into medial lateral condyle of the femur
the ankle joint is what type of joint?
formed by the union of medial sural cutaneous and lateral sural cutaneous nerves
fracture of the lower end of the fibula. Caused by forced eversion of the foot.
superior and inferior gluteal artery arises from?
pain in lower back that radiates down the lower thigh and into the lower back
roots of inferior gluteal nerve?
what attaches to the fovea capitis femoris
lateral sural cutaneous arises from which nerve?
Superior and inferior gluteal nerve arise from?
characterized by ischemic necrosis of the muscles in the anterior compartment of the leg. Occurs due to the compression of arteries by swollen muscles following excessive exertion.
sudden involuntary painful contraction of muscles of the lower limb. Caused by muscle fatigue, overexertion, dehydration, and depletion or imbalance of salts and minerals.
a posterior sliding of the tibia on the femur due to a rupture of the ACL
the gracilis, the semitendinosis, and the sartorius attach here...
roots of common peroneal nerve
most complicated joint
longest and strongest bone of the body
roots of obturator nerve
a localized swelling at the medial side of the first metatarsalphalageal joint
waddling gait characterized by the pelvis falling or drooping toward the unaffected side when the opposite leg is raised at each step
fracture of the neck of the femur would most likely result in the injury of which artery?
venous inflammation with thrombus formation that occurs in the superficial veins in the lower limb, leading to pulmonary embolism
reduced elasticity in veins that allow backflow of blood
femoral artery arises from
saphenous nerve arises from which nerve?
which ligament prevents medial displacement of the tibia and femur
a deformity in which the tibia is bent medially
the superior and inferior gluteal nerves and vessels, the internal pudendal nerves and vessels, the sciatic nerve, posterior femoral cutaneous, and the nerves to the obturator inte
round ligament of the head of the femur
a deformity in which the tibia is bent or twisted laterally.
roots of tibial nerve
achilles tendon
weakness in adduction and a lateral tingling of the lower thigh during walking suggests damage to which nerve?
impaired extension at the hip, knee flexion, loss of dorsiflexion and plantar flexion, and loss of inversion and eversion suggest damage to which nerve?
Foot drop or loss of dorsiflexion suggests injury to which nerve
prevents forward sliding of the tibia onto the femur
LE Unit 1
arises from the posterior intercondylar area of tibia and inserts into the lateral surface of the medial femoral condyle
attaches to the lesser trochanter
which nerve is vulnerable to injury during the repair of varicose veins?
innervates skin on the posterolateral side of the leg
a forward sliding of the tibia on the femur due to a rupture of the ACL
gluteal gait results in the paralysis of what muscle?
condition in which the piriformis places pressure on the sciatic nerve
lower limb skeleton arise from which embryonic germ layer
innervate the skin of the gluteal region
intermittent or continuous pain perceived as originating in an absent or amputated limb
innervates skin on the lateral leg and the skin on the dorsum of the foot
Refers to a complete or partial tear of the anterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament, and the medial meniscus. Indicated by obvious swelling in the suprapatellar port
roots of femoral nerve
provides insertion for tensor fascia lata and gluteus maximus
roots of sciatic nerve?
forms the heel of the foot
an alteration of the angle made by the axis of femoral neck to the axis so that the angle exceeds 135, making the femoral neck straighter
resists inversion of the foot
ligament that limits hyperflexion of the knee
stain, streching, or tearing of the origin of the flexor and adductor of the thigh
Loss of eversion with no foot drop suggests an injury to which nerve?
dislocation of the femoral head usually occurs with age and is associated with which disease?
innervates skin on the back of the leg, and lateral side of ankle, heel, and foot.
roots of superior gluteal nerve
weakened abduction of the thigh and a gluteal gait suggest damage to which nerve?
fatigue fracture in the metatarsals
fracture to the shaft of the fibular neck would most likely injure what structure and cause foot drop?
usually causes a rapid swelling of the injured knee joint
oburator nerve arises from?
plantarflexors of the foot in which compartment?
origin of the hamstrings from the ischial tuberosity is avulsed
occurs when the contents of the abdomen (usually part of the small intestine) push through a weak point or tear the thin muscular wall of the abdomen, which holds the abdominal or
seen in a fracture of the femoral neck, dislocated hip joint, or weakness and paralysis of the gluteus medius or maximus causing inability to abduct hip
the tibialis posterior, the flexor digitorum longus, posterior tibial artery, tibial nerve, and the flexor hallicus longus are contained in what compartment
the hamstrings arise originate from?
the hip joint is deepened by the?
test for the integrity of the cruciate ligaments
a condition of limping caused by ischemia of the muscles in the lower limbs and its seen occlusive peripheral arterial diseases particularly in the popliteal arteries and veins

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