Lower Extremities

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Can you name the Lower Extremities?

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LE Unit 1
weakened abduction of the thigh and a gluteal gait suggest damage to which nerve?
gastocnemius and the soleus comprise?
round ligament of the head of the femur
loss of plantar flexion suggests injury to which nerve?
the obturator internus, the gluteus minimus, gluteus medius, and the piriformis attach here...
attaches to the lesser trochanter
roots of femoral nerve
prevents forward sliding of the tibia onto the femur
musculature of the lower limbs arise from which embryonic germlayer?
a localized swelling at the medial side of the first metatarsalphalageal joint
saphenous nerve arises from which nerve?
allows the passage of the femoral artery and vein into the popliteal fossa
roots of tibial nerve
the hamstrings arise originate from?
Refers to a complete or partial tear of the anterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament, and the medial meniscus. Indicated by obvious swelling in the suprapatellar port
occurs when the contents of the abdomen (usually part of the small intestine) push through a weak point or tear the thin muscular wall of the abdomen, which holds the abdominal or
Superior and inferior gluteal nerve arise from?
which region is a common site for intramuscular injection of medications?
oburator nerve arises from?
prevents backward sliding of the tibia onto the femur
test for the integrity of the cruciate ligaments
condition in which the piriformis places pressure on the sciatic nerve
lesser saphenous vein drains into
pathway for the piriformis muscle
arises from the intercondylar area of tibia and inserts into medial lateral condyle of the femur
seen in a fracture of the femoral neck, dislocated hip joint, or weakness and paralysis of the gluteus medius or maximus causing inability to abduct hip
weak member of the adductor group of muscles. often used in transplants to replace damage muscles in the hand
roots of superior gluteal nerve
roots of inferior gluteal nerve?
gluteal gait results in the paralysis of what muscle?
longest and strongest bone of the body
ligament that limits hyperflexion of the knee
an alteration of the angle made by the axis of femoral neck to the axis so that the angle less 135. making the femoral neck more horizontal
Foot drop or loss of dorsiflexion suggests injury to which nerve
fracture of the neck of the femur would most likely result in the injury of which artery?
lower limb skeleton arise from which embryonic germ layer
the superior and inferior gluteal nerves and vessels, the internal pudendal nerves and vessels, the sciatic nerve, posterior femoral cutaneous, and the nerves to the obturator inte
A dislocated knee or fracture of the distal femur would most likely injure which artery?
which artery supplies the most blood to the head and neck of the femur?
LE Unit 1
fracture of the lower end of the fibula. Caused by forced eversion of the foot.
intermittent or continuous pain perceived as originating in an absent or amputated limb
which ligament is torn during an ankle sprain?
an alteration of the angle made by the axis of femoral neck to the axis so that the angle exceeds 135, making the femoral neck straighter
a posterior sliding of the tibia on the femur due to a rupture of the ACL
connects the two menisci
pain in lower back that radiates down the lower thigh and into the lower back
Loss of eversion with no foot drop suggests an injury to which nerve?
which ligament prevents medial displacement of the tibia and femur
most complicated joint
the ankle joint is what type of joint?
sudden involuntary painful contraction of muscles of the lower limb. Caused by muscle fatigue, overexertion, dehydration, and depletion or imbalance of salts and minerals.
origin of the hamstrings from the ischial tuberosity is avulsed
great saphenous vein drains into
provides insertion for tensor fascia lata and gluteus maximus
which nerve can be injured in intramuscular injection of medications?
insertion for the pectineus
impaired flexion of the hip and impaired extension of the leg suggests damage to which nerve?
lateral sural cutaneous arises from which nerve?
innervates skin on the back of the leg, and lateral side of ankle, heel, and foot.
characterized by ischemic necrosis of the muscles in the anterior compartment of the leg. Occurs due to the compression of arteries by swollen muscles following excessive exertion.
a deformity in which the tibia is bent or twisted laterally.
weight bearing medial bone of the body
innervates skin on the posterolateral side of the leg
largest sesamoid bone in the body
roots of obturator nerve
weakness in adduction and a lateral tingling of the lower thigh during walking suggests damage to which nerve?
pathway for the tendon of the obturator internus
with the avulsion of the tendo calcaneus, which motion of the foot is compromised?
vein commonly coronary artery bypass surgery
this meniscus is hurt more due to its association with the tibial collateral ligament
femoral artery arises from
superior and inferior gluteal artery arises from?
evertors of the foot lie in which compartment of the leg?
arises from the posterior intercondylar area of tibia and inserts into the lateral surface of the medial femoral condyle
innervates the skin on the back of the leg and lateral side of the ankle, heel, and foot
dislocation of the femoral head usually occurs with age and is associated with which disease?
removal of a prominence on the medial aspect of the first metatarsal head.
plantarflexors of the foot in which compartment?
LE Unit 1
impaired extension at the hip, knee flexion, loss of dorsiflexion and plantar flexion, and loss of inversion and eversion suggest damage to which nerve?
a condition of limping caused by ischemia of the muscles in the lower limbs and its seen occlusive peripheral arterial diseases particularly in the popliteal arteries and veins
which nerve is vulnerable to injury during the repair of varicose veins?
waddling gait characterized by the pelvis falling or drooping toward the unaffected side when the opposite leg is raised at each step
reduced elasticity in veins that allow backflow of blood
what attaches to the adductor tubercle?
innervates skin on the lateral leg and the skin on the dorsum of the foot
medial sural cutaneous arises from which nerve?
fracture to the shaft of the fibular neck would most likely injure what structure and cause foot drop?
stain, streching, or tearing of the origin of the flexor and adductor of the thigh
small branches from the popliteal artery that provides blood supply to knee
which portion of the gluteal region is the safest site for intramuscular injection of medications?
usually causes a rapid swelling of the injured knee joint
prevents overeversion of the foot
roots of sciatic nerve?
achilles tendon
dorsiflexors of the foot lie in which compartment?
painful condition of the anterior portion of the leg along the thin bone the tibia. Caused by swollen muscles in the anterior compartment
what attaches to the fovea capitis femoris
innervates the skin of the buttock, posterior thigh, and posterior calf
innervates skin on the medial side of the leg and foot
ligament that prevents hyperextension of the knee
a forward sliding of the tibia on the femur due to a rupture of the ACL
provides sensation to the skin on the anterior and lateral aspects of the thigh
the tibialis posterior, the flexor digitorum longus, posterior tibial artery, tibial nerve, and the flexor hallicus longus are contained in what compartment
forms the heel of the foot
the gracilis, the semitendinosis, and the sartorius attach here...
formed by the union of medial sural cutaneous and lateral sural cutaneous nerves
the knee jerk reflex tests which nerve roots?
innervate the skin of the gluteal region
venous inflammation with thrombus formation that occurs in the superficial veins in the lower limb, leading to pulmonary embolism
a deformity in which the tibia is bent medially
resists inversion of the foot
innervates skin in between 1st and 2nd toes
the hip joint is deepened by the?
fatigue fracture in the metatarsals
roots of common peroneal nerve
complex symptom resulting from the tibial nerve or its medial and lateral plantar branches in tarsal tunnel, with pain numbness, and tingling sensations on the ankle, heel, and sol

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