Lower Extremities

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Can you name the Lower Extremities?

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LE Unit 1
resists inversion of the foot
roots of common peroneal nerve
formed by the union of medial sural cutaneous and lateral sural cutaneous nerves
Foot drop or loss of dorsiflexion suggests injury to which nerve
weakened abduction of the thigh and a gluteal gait suggest damage to which nerve?
a posterior sliding of the tibia on the femur due to a rupture of the ACL
prevents backward sliding of the tibia onto the femur
which artery supplies the most blood to the head and neck of the femur?
intermittent or continuous pain perceived as originating in an absent or amputated limb
sudden involuntary painful contraction of muscles of the lower limb. Caused by muscle fatigue, overexertion, dehydration, and depletion or imbalance of salts and minerals.
largest sesamoid bone in the body
impaired extension at the hip, knee flexion, loss of dorsiflexion and plantar flexion, and loss of inversion and eversion suggest damage to which nerve?
a forward sliding of the tibia on the femur due to a rupture of the ACL
roots of obturator nerve
a deformity in which the tibia is bent or twisted laterally.
which portion of the gluteal region is the safest site for intramuscular injection of medications?
the tibialis posterior, the flexor digitorum longus, posterior tibial artery, tibial nerve, and the flexor hallicus longus are contained in what compartment
Loss of eversion with no foot drop suggests an injury to which nerve?
innervates the skin of the buttock, posterior thigh, and posterior calf
painful condition of the anterior portion of the leg along the thin bone the tibia. Caused by swollen muscles in the anterior compartment
which region is a common site for intramuscular injection of medications?
arises from the intercondylar area of tibia and inserts into medial lateral condyle of the femur
the hamstrings arise originate from?
innervates skin on the back of the leg, and lateral side of ankle, heel, and foot.
musculature of the lower limbs arise from which embryonic germlayer?
loss of plantar flexion suggests injury to which nerve?
a deformity in which the tibia is bent medially
most complicated joint
weak member of the adductor group of muscles. often used in transplants to replace damage muscles in the hand
dislocation of the femoral head usually occurs with age and is associated with which disease?
evertors of the foot lie in which compartment of the leg?
ligament that limits hyperflexion of the knee
the gracilis, the semitendinosis, and the sartorius attach here...
complex symptom resulting from the tibial nerve or its medial and lateral plantar branches in tarsal tunnel, with pain numbness, and tingling sensations on the ankle, heel, and sol
what attaches to the adductor tubercle?
roots of superior gluteal nerve
provides sensation to the skin on the anterior and lateral aspects of the thigh
attaches to the lesser trochanter
Superior and inferior gluteal nerve arise from?
LE Unit 1
connects the two menisci
fracture of the lower end of the fibula. Caused by forced eversion of the foot.
venous inflammation with thrombus formation that occurs in the superficial veins in the lower limb, leading to pulmonary embolism
the superior and inferior gluteal nerves and vessels, the internal pudendal nerves and vessels, the sciatic nerve, posterior femoral cutaneous, and the nerves to the obturator inte
weight bearing medial bone of the body
dorsiflexors of the foot lie in which compartment?
innervates skin on the medial side of the leg and foot
arises from the posterior intercondylar area of tibia and inserts into the lateral surface of the medial femoral condyle
which ligament prevents medial displacement of the tibia and femur
vein commonly coronary artery bypass surgery
lower limb skeleton arise from which embryonic germ layer
usually causes a rapid swelling of the injured knee joint
condition in which the piriformis places pressure on the sciatic nerve
the ankle joint is what type of joint?
gluteal gait results in the paralysis of what muscle?
pathway for the piriformis muscle
medial sural cutaneous arises from which nerve?
plantarflexors of the foot in which compartment?
origin of the hamstrings from the ischial tuberosity is avulsed
an alteration of the angle made by the axis of femoral neck to the axis so that the angle less 135. making the femoral neck more horizontal
weakness in adduction and a lateral tingling of the lower thigh during walking suggests damage to which nerve?
reduced elasticity in veins that allow backflow of blood
pain in lower back that radiates down the lower thigh and into the lower back
removal of a prominence on the medial aspect of the first metatarsal head.
what attaches to the fovea capitis femoris
longest and strongest bone of the body
the obturator internus, the gluteus minimus, gluteus medius, and the piriformis attach here...
test for the integrity of the cruciate ligaments
femoral artery arises from
innervates skin in between 1st and 2nd toes
Refers to a complete or partial tear of the anterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament, and the medial meniscus. Indicated by obvious swelling in the suprapatellar port
seen in a fracture of the femoral neck, dislocated hip joint, or weakness and paralysis of the gluteus medius or maximus causing inability to abduct hip
fracture of the neck of the femur would most likely result in the injury of which artery?
which nerve can be injured in intramuscular injection of medications?
a condition of limping caused by ischemia of the muscles in the lower limbs and its seen occlusive peripheral arterial diseases particularly in the popliteal arteries and veins
innervate the skin of the gluteal region
which ligament is torn during an ankle sprain?
roots of inferior gluteal nerve?
allows the passage of the femoral artery and vein into the popliteal fossa
LE Unit 1
small branches from the popliteal artery that provides blood supply to knee
the knee jerk reflex tests which nerve roots?
with the avulsion of the tendo calcaneus, which motion of the foot is compromised?
innervates the skin on the back of the leg and lateral side of the ankle, heel, and foot
waddling gait characterized by the pelvis falling or drooping toward the unaffected side when the opposite leg is raised at each step
pathway for the tendon of the obturator internus
a localized swelling at the medial side of the first metatarsalphalageal joint
characterized by ischemic necrosis of the muscles in the anterior compartment of the leg. Occurs due to the compression of arteries by swollen muscles following excessive exertion.
innervates skin on the posterolateral side of the leg
insertion for the pectineus
A dislocated knee or fracture of the distal femur would most likely injure which artery?
lesser saphenous vein drains into
roots of sciatic nerve?
gastocnemius and the soleus comprise?
oburator nerve arises from?
great saphenous vein drains into
which nerve is vulnerable to injury during the repair of varicose veins?
fracture to the shaft of the fibular neck would most likely injure what structure and cause foot drop?
round ligament of the head of the femur
impaired flexion of the hip and impaired extension of the leg suggests damage to which nerve?
superior and inferior gluteal artery arises from?
stain, streching, or tearing of the origin of the flexor and adductor of the thigh
occurs when the contents of the abdomen (usually part of the small intestine) push through a weak point or tear the thin muscular wall of the abdomen, which holds the abdominal or
achilles tendon
prevents overeversion of the foot
the hip joint is deepened by the?
forms the heel of the foot
innervates skin on the lateral leg and the skin on the dorsum of the foot
ligament that prevents hyperextension of the knee
saphenous nerve arises from which nerve?
this meniscus is hurt more due to its association with the tibial collateral ligament
provides insertion for tensor fascia lata and gluteus maximus
prevents forward sliding of the tibia onto the femur
roots of tibial nerve
fatigue fracture in the metatarsals
roots of femoral nerve
an alteration of the angle made by the axis of femoral neck to the axis so that the angle exceeds 135, making the femoral neck straighter
lateral sural cutaneous arises from which nerve?

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