Hypothalamus, Pituitary Gland, and Adrenal Medulla

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Can you name the HYTQ concepts?

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QuestionAnswer
This adrenergic receptor acts to increase phosphoinositide
which two enzymes act to metabolize epinephrine and norepinephrine?
The Beta class of adrenergic receptors acts to _____ cAMP levels
these trophic cells synthesize follicle stimulating hormone and lutenizing hormone
The hormones released by neurons of the hypothalamus act on trophes or endocrine cells of the anterior or posterior pituitary?
which hormone stimulates the release of TSH(mostly) and prolactin from the anterior pituitary?
conversion of norepinephrine to epinephrine occurs where in the cell?
precursor to ACTH
oxytocin predominantly comes from which nucleus of the hypothalamus?
carrier proteins for ADH and oxytocin
What neurotransmitter acts on chromaffin cells to increase the synthesis and release of epinephrine and norepinephrine?
catalyzes the conversion of dopamine to norepinephrine?
Corticotropin releasing hormone is released from the ______ nucleus of the hypothalamus.
True or False: TSH, FH, and LH are peptide hormones.
True or False: Norepinephrine and epinephrine required a carrier protein to be transported in the blood.
Where do the neurons of the nuclei of the hypothalamus terminate?
type of trophic endocrine cell that synthesizes adrenocorticotropic hormone, B endorphin, y-lipotropin
the effect of ADH on blood vessels
activates myoepithelial cells for release of milk from the breast
what enzyme catalyzes the conversion of L Dopa to dopamine?
release of what substance from the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus cause the inhibition of the release of prolactin?
vasopressin or ADH predominantly comes from which nucleus of the hypothalamus?
this hormone is involved in inducing uterine contractions and stimulation of tactile receptors in the nipples of the lactating breast
The hormone that stimulates the release of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary comes from the _____ nucleus of the hypothalamus.
what is the major metabolite of epinephrine and norepinephrine in the urine?
vasopressin and oxytocin are composed of how many peptides?
what enzyme catalyzes the conversion of tyrosine to L Dopa?
on which type of adrenergic receptor will epinephrine illicit a greater response than norepinephrine?
QuestionAnswer
Lutenizing hormone releasing hormone acts on which endocrine cell of the anterior pituitary?
epinephrine and norepinephrine act as negative feedback regulators of which enzyme?
True or False: The parvocellular neurons of the hypothalamic nuclei release releasing or inhibiting hormones in the circulation at the median eminence.
the conversion of dopamine to norepinephrine occurs where in the cell?
Thyrotropin releasing hormone can come from which 2 hypothalamic nuclei?
most abundant endocrine cell in the anterior pituitary
catalyzes the conversion of norepinephrine to epinephrine?
The hormone that inhibits the release of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary comes from the _____ nucleus of the hypothalamus.
2 major sites of action for oxytocin
hormone that inhibits the release of growth hormone
Which two proteins released by the anterior pituitary are peptide hormones?
thyrotrophs synthesize what hormone?
somatotrophs synthesize what hormone?
type of trophic endocrine cell that synthesizes prolactin
this hormone is secreted from the post. pituitary in response to a increase in plasma osmolality or a decrease in blood volume
The anterior and medial nuclei and the preoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus release which hormone?
Hormone that stimulates the release of growth hormone
what is responsible for transporting catecholamines in and out of chromaffin granules?
ADH V1 receptors are located in the ________
in stressful situations, cortisol acts on which enzyme?
ADH V2 receptors are located in the ________
cortisol is made where?
This adrenergic receptor acts to decrease cAMP levels
percentage of norepinephrine or noreadrenaline made by the adrenal medulla
under periods of stress, which hormone can stimulate the release of adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH)?
percentage of epinephrine or adrenaline made by the adrenal medulla
2 hormones of the posterior pituitary

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