Hypothalamus, Pituitary Gland, and Adrenal Medulla

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Can you name the HYTQ concepts?

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QuestionAnswer
under periods of stress, which hormone can stimulate the release of adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH)?
the effect of ADH on blood vessels
2 major sites of action for oxytocin
these trophic cells synthesize follicle stimulating hormone and lutenizing hormone
carrier proteins for ADH and oxytocin
The Beta class of adrenergic receptors acts to _____ cAMP levels
what enzyme catalyzes the conversion of L Dopa to dopamine?
thyrotrophs synthesize what hormone?
what enzyme catalyzes the conversion of tyrosine to L Dopa?
what is the major metabolite of epinephrine and norepinephrine in the urine?
hormone that inhibits the release of growth hormone
True or False: TSH, FH, and LH are peptide hormones.
The hormone that inhibits the release of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary comes from the _____ nucleus of the hypothalamus.
cortisol is made where?
this hormone is involved in inducing uterine contractions and stimulation of tactile receptors in the nipples of the lactating breast
which two enzymes act to metabolize epinephrine and norepinephrine?
percentage of epinephrine or adrenaline made by the adrenal medulla
Where do the neurons of the nuclei of the hypothalamus terminate?
This adrenergic receptor acts to increase phosphoinositide
conversion of norepinephrine to epinephrine occurs where in the cell?
epinephrine and norepinephrine act as negative feedback regulators of which enzyme?
what is responsible for transporting catecholamines in and out of chromaffin granules?
Which two proteins released by the anterior pituitary are peptide hormones?
percentage of norepinephrine or noreadrenaline made by the adrenal medulla
on which type of adrenergic receptor will epinephrine illicit a greater response than norepinephrine?
ADH V2 receptors are located in the ________
Hormone that stimulates the release of growth hormone
catalyzes the conversion of norepinephrine to epinephrine?
QuestionAnswer
type of trophic endocrine cell that synthesizes adrenocorticotropic hormone, B endorphin, y-lipotropin
The hormone that stimulates the release of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary comes from the _____ nucleus of the hypothalamus.
somatotrophs synthesize what hormone?
The hormones released by neurons of the hypothalamus act on trophes or endocrine cells of the anterior or posterior pituitary?
precursor to ACTH
catalyzes the conversion of dopamine to norepinephrine?
vasopressin or ADH predominantly comes from which nucleus of the hypothalamus?
2 hormones of the posterior pituitary
True or False: The parvocellular neurons of the hypothalamic nuclei release releasing or inhibiting hormones in the circulation at the median eminence.
in stressful situations, cortisol acts on which enzyme?
type of trophic endocrine cell that synthesizes prolactin
vasopressin and oxytocin are composed of how many peptides?
True or False: Norepinephrine and epinephrine required a carrier protein to be transported in the blood.
The anterior and medial nuclei and the preoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus release which hormone?
oxytocin predominantly comes from which nucleus of the hypothalamus?
this hormone is secreted from the post. pituitary in response to a increase in plasma osmolality or a decrease in blood volume
ADH V1 receptors are located in the ________
most abundant endocrine cell in the anterior pituitary
Lutenizing hormone releasing hormone acts on which endocrine cell of the anterior pituitary?
the conversion of dopamine to norepinephrine occurs where in the cell?
activates myoepithelial cells for release of milk from the breast
What neurotransmitter acts on chromaffin cells to increase the synthesis and release of epinephrine and norepinephrine?
Thyrotropin releasing hormone can come from which 2 hypothalamic nuclei?
This adrenergic receptor acts to decrease cAMP levels
which hormone stimulates the release of TSH(mostly) and prolactin from the anterior pituitary?
Corticotropin releasing hormone is released from the ______ nucleus of the hypothalamus.
release of what substance from the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus cause the inhibition of the release of prolactin?

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