Hypothalamus, Pituitary Gland, and Adrenal Medulla

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Can you name the HYTQ concepts?

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QuestionAnswer
The anterior and medial nuclei and the preoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus release which hormone?
the effect of ADH on blood vessels
carrier proteins for ADH and oxytocin
What neurotransmitter acts on chromaffin cells to increase the synthesis and release of epinephrine and norepinephrine?
True or False: The parvocellular neurons of the hypothalamic nuclei release releasing or inhibiting hormones in the circulation at the median eminence.
activates myoepithelial cells for release of milk from the breast
This adrenergic receptor acts to increase phosphoinositide
percentage of epinephrine or adrenaline made by the adrenal medulla
conversion of norepinephrine to epinephrine occurs where in the cell?
oxytocin predominantly comes from which nucleus of the hypothalamus?
Thyrotropin releasing hormone can come from which 2 hypothalamic nuclei?
percentage of norepinephrine or noreadrenaline made by the adrenal medulla
epinephrine and norepinephrine act as negative feedback regulators of which enzyme?
these trophic cells synthesize follicle stimulating hormone and lutenizing hormone
Corticotropin releasing hormone is released from the ______ nucleus of the hypothalamus.
what is the major metabolite of epinephrine and norepinephrine in the urine?
The hormone that stimulates the release of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary comes from the _____ nucleus of the hypothalamus.
release of what substance from the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus cause the inhibition of the release of prolactin?
ADH V2 receptors are located in the ________
2 hormones of the posterior pituitary
The hormones released by neurons of the hypothalamus act on trophes or endocrine cells of the anterior or posterior pituitary?
precursor to ACTH
under periods of stress, which hormone can stimulate the release of adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH)?
True or False: Norepinephrine and epinephrine required a carrier protein to be transported in the blood.
Where do the neurons of the nuclei of the hypothalamus terminate?
on which type of adrenergic receptor will epinephrine illicit a greater response than norepinephrine?
what is responsible for transporting catecholamines in and out of chromaffin granules?
catalyzes the conversion of norepinephrine to epinephrine?
QuestionAnswer
True or False: TSH, FH, and LH are peptide hormones.
which hormone stimulates the release of TSH(mostly) and prolactin from the anterior pituitary?
Lutenizing hormone releasing hormone acts on which endocrine cell of the anterior pituitary?
catalyzes the conversion of dopamine to norepinephrine?
what enzyme catalyzes the conversion of L Dopa to dopamine?
Which two proteins released by the anterior pituitary are peptide hormones?
ADH V1 receptors are located in the ________
vasopressin or ADH predominantly comes from which nucleus of the hypothalamus?
hormone that inhibits the release of growth hormone
cortisol is made where?
what enzyme catalyzes the conversion of tyrosine to L Dopa?
Hormone that stimulates the release of growth hormone
2 major sites of action for oxytocin
most abundant endocrine cell in the anterior pituitary
the conversion of dopamine to norepinephrine occurs where in the cell?
This adrenergic receptor acts to decrease cAMP levels
in stressful situations, cortisol acts on which enzyme?
somatotrophs synthesize what hormone?
this hormone is involved in inducing uterine contractions and stimulation of tactile receptors in the nipples of the lactating breast
thyrotrophs synthesize what hormone?
vasopressin and oxytocin are composed of how many peptides?
which two enzymes act to metabolize epinephrine and norepinephrine?
type of trophic endocrine cell that synthesizes prolactin
type of trophic endocrine cell that synthesizes adrenocorticotropic hormone, B endorphin, y-lipotropin
this hormone is secreted from the post. pituitary in response to a increase in plasma osmolality or a decrease in blood volume
The Beta class of adrenergic receptors acts to _____ cAMP levels
The hormone that inhibits the release of growth hormone from the anterior pituitary comes from the _____ nucleus of the hypothalamus.

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