Embryology of the Nervous System

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Can you name the concepts concerning the Embryology of the Nervous System?

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QuestionAnswer
the anterior commissure, corpus callosum, and the hippocampal commissure arise from the _____.
the presence of a cerebral cortical cleft of brain tissue that extends from the ventricles to the cerebral cortical surface.
which embryonic plate of the spinal cord gives rise to the dorsal horn of the spinal cord?
the doral root ganglion, the autonomic ganglion, the epidermal pigment cells, and the chromaffin cells are derivatives of which embryonic cell type?
longitudinal groove that separates the alar and basal plates
Is the sulcus limitans retained in the spinal cord or the brain?
a rare genetic disorder most often characterized by varying degrees of deafness, minor defects in structures arising from the neural crest, and pigmentation anomalies.
The _____ is derived from the rhombencephalon and gives rise to the pons and the cerebellum
what gives rise to the thalamus, epithalamus, hypothalamus, and subthalamus?
What important molecule is needed to prevent NTDs?
term describing unusually large gyri
The neuroepithelial cells of the spinal cord migrate to the _______ zone forming the gray matter of the spinal
this term refers to the formation and closure of the neural tube
what folds to give rise to the neural tube?
dilation of the ventricles due to an excess of CSF that may result from either a blockage of CSF circulation or, rarely, an overproduction of CSF (e.g., due to a choroid plexus pap
term describing the primitive brain with no folds or grooves
the hippocampus and the amygdala arise from the ______.
what divides the thalmus and hypothalamus?
the cerebral hemispheres arise from the _____.
which embryonic plate of the spinal cord gives rise to the ventral horn of the spinal cord?
This primary vesicle gives rise to the metencephalon and the myelencephalon
the ____ zone forms the white matter of the spinal cord
The _____ is derived from the rhombencephalon and gives rise to the medulla oblongata
which ventricle is associated with the myencephalon?
what gives rise to the midbrain?
which ventricle is associated with the diencephalon?
the neurohypophysis and the infundibulum of the pituitary arise from what?
QuestionAnswer
Optic vesicles, cups, and stalks are derivatives of the _______.
this syndrome is caused by a mutation in FMR-1 and leads to abnormal pruning and dendritic spines
Cranial Nerves 4-8 all arise from which secondary vesicle?
The anterior opening of the neural tube closes to become the _____ ______.
what ventricle is associated with the telencephalon?
This primary vesicle gives rise to the optic vesicles and also gives rise to the telencephalon and the diencephalon
another anatomical term that means alar
The lumen of the neural tube gives rise to the ______ system in the brain and the central canal in the spinal cord.
the notochord forms the ____ _____ of the intervertebral disc.
another anatomical term that means basal
This flexure is located between the procencephalon and the mesencephalon
This flexure is located between the rhombencephalon and the spinal cord
Type of Lower Neural Tube Defect where the posterior neuropore fails to close
term describing unusally smalll gyri
the basal ganglia arises from the ______.
Cranial Nerve III arises from which embryonic portion of the brain?
Anencephaly result in a failure of what structure to close?
Which family of genes is responsible for the differentiation of the neural tube?
Cranial Nerve I is derived from the _____.
Cranial Nerves 8-12 all arise from which secondary ventricle?
failure of neuronal migration leads to?
what signals the ectoderm to differentiate into neuroectoderm forming the neural plate?
the red nucleus and the substantia nigria arise from the _______.
True or False: The neural tube gives rise to the brain and spinal cord
the mesencephalon is associated with what ventricular structure?
in which week is the CNS formed?

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