Embryology of the Nervous System

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Can you name the concepts concerning the Embryology of the Nervous System?

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QuestionAnswer
Anencephaly result in a failure of what structure to close?
what signals the ectoderm to differentiate into neuroectoderm forming the neural plate?
the mesencephalon is associated with what ventricular structure?
Cranial Nerve I is derived from the _____.
The _____ is derived from the rhombencephalon and gives rise to the pons and the cerebellum
failure of neuronal migration leads to?
The anterior opening of the neural tube closes to become the _____ ______.
the notochord forms the ____ _____ of the intervertebral disc.
which ventricle is associated with the myencephalon?
this term refers to the formation and closure of the neural tube
this syndrome is caused by a mutation in FMR-1 and leads to abnormal pruning and dendritic spines
which embryonic plate of the spinal cord gives rise to the dorsal horn of the spinal cord?
another anatomical term that means basal
in which week is the CNS formed?
the anterior commissure, corpus callosum, and the hippocampal commissure arise from the _____.
term describing the primitive brain with no folds or grooves
Which family of genes is responsible for the differentiation of the neural tube?
The _____ is derived from the rhombencephalon and gives rise to the medulla oblongata
the presence of a cerebral cortical cleft of brain tissue that extends from the ventricles to the cerebral cortical surface.
Cranial Nerve III arises from which embryonic portion of the brain?
The neuroepithelial cells of the spinal cord migrate to the _______ zone forming the gray matter of the spinal
Is the sulcus limitans retained in the spinal cord or the brain?
This primary vesicle gives rise to the optic vesicles and also gives rise to the telencephalon and the diencephalon
what gives rise to the midbrain?
The lumen of the neural tube gives rise to the ______ system in the brain and the central canal in the spinal cord.
another anatomical term that means alar
what ventricle is associated with the telencephalon?
QuestionAnswer
the hippocampus and the amygdala arise from the ______.
longitudinal groove that separates the alar and basal plates
This primary vesicle gives rise to the metencephalon and the myelencephalon
This flexure is located between the rhombencephalon and the spinal cord
Cranial Nerves 8-12 all arise from which secondary ventricle?
What important molecule is needed to prevent NTDs?
Type of Lower Neural Tube Defect where the posterior neuropore fails to close
what divides the thalmus and hypothalamus?
the neurohypophysis and the infundibulum of the pituitary arise from what?
which embryonic plate of the spinal cord gives rise to the ventral horn of the spinal cord?
what gives rise to the thalamus, epithalamus, hypothalamus, and subthalamus?
the doral root ganglion, the autonomic ganglion, the epidermal pigment cells, and the chromaffin cells are derivatives of which embryonic cell type?
the red nucleus and the substantia nigria arise from the _______.
the basal ganglia arises from the ______.
a rare genetic disorder most often characterized by varying degrees of deafness, minor defects in structures arising from the neural crest, and pigmentation anomalies.
the ____ zone forms the white matter of the spinal cord
term describing unusually large gyri
This flexure is located between the procencephalon and the mesencephalon
True or False: The neural tube gives rise to the brain and spinal cord
which ventricle is associated with the diencephalon?
Cranial Nerves 4-8 all arise from which secondary vesicle?
what folds to give rise to the neural tube?
dilation of the ventricles due to an excess of CSF that may result from either a blockage of CSF circulation or, rarely, an overproduction of CSF (e.g., due to a choroid plexus pap
Optic vesicles, cups, and stalks are derivatives of the _______.
term describing unusally smalll gyri
the cerebral hemispheres arise from the _____.

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