CNS Disease and Injury, Neurovasculature, and Stroke

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Can you name the concepts related CNS Trauma and Injury?

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the innermost part of the temporal lobe, the uncus, can be squeezed so much that it goes by the tentorium and puts pressure on the brainstem, most notably the midbrain.
Which type of ischemic stroke has a faster onset?
an anastomotic connection of the carotid and vertebrobasilar systems is known as what?
What marks the transition of the internal carotid artery from extracranial to intracranial?
Alpha-synuclein protein inclusions in the form of Lewy bodies can be found in patients with _______ Disease.
passive, immediate cell death associated with primary injury
What artery supplies the choroid plexus of the lateral ventricle, uncal and parahippocampal gyrus, portion of the thalamus, and the posterior limb of the internal capsule?
True or False: Alzheimers is 2x more common in men.
Which artery wraps around the midbrain (cerebral peduncles), above the tentorium, and then proceeds posteriorly, sending branches over the inferior surfaces of the temporal lobes a
What artery is involved in Carotid Cavernous fistula?
What are the two types of ischemic stroke?
abnormal protein aggregation as seen in patients with Parkinsons
he cerebellar tonsils move downward through the foramen magnum possibly causing compression of the lower brainstem and upper cervical spinal cord as they pass through the foramen m
True or False: The most common sites of thrombosis development is the heart, the aorta, the bifurcation of the common carotid, the proximal basilar, the distal vertebral , and the
60% of Ischemic stroke are caused by ___.
Caused by the downward movement of the brainstem as a result of ICP. The movement of the brainstem causes a shearing of the pontine perforating arteries causing hemorrhage of the b
A disease characterized by disordered neuromuscular function due to Late prenatal cortical neuronal loss or absence of myelinated cortical systems
what artery links the internal carotid artery and the posterior cerebral artery?
A disease characterized by a loss of short term memory due to a loss of cholinergic neurons in the nucleus basalis of Meynert. Presents with neurofibrillary plaques
Perforators that come off of the MCA are known as the ______ arteries... supplies the basal ganglia, internal capsule, and the corona radiata.
programmed cell death in response to stimuli around the cell
increased intracranial pressure that causes compression of the foramina of Monro. CSF production continues causing what?
True or False: Changes in Blood Flow, breakdown of BBB, excitotoxicity, reactive oxygen species, and apoptosis can all be causes of secondary tissue damage
An aneurysm in the supraclinoid region of the internal carotid artery can cause a _____ hemorrhage.
Which veins run though the foramen of Monro?
where does the basilar artery terminate?
Huntingtons Disease is what type of genetic disorder?
This artery supplies pons, middle cerebellar peduncle, lateral cerebellar surface
True or False: the Common places for lodged emboli are at the ICA bifurcation, the MCA bifurcation, and at the apex of the basilar artery.
What artery is involved in epidural hematomas?
30% of ischemic stroke are caused by ___.
What cranial nerve serves as a landmark for the division of the superior cerebellar artery and posterior cerebral artery?
The Left Internal Carotid artery arises from the ____ ____.
The posterior inferior artery is a branch of what artery?
What artery runs in the interhemispheric fissure?
Which artery runs in the sylvian fissure?
True or False: The internal carotid artery travels within the cavernous sinus with CN VI
What protein can be found in a senile plaque of a patient with Alzheimers?
The Right Internal Carotid arises from the _____ _____.
The Anterior inferior cerebellar artery and the superior cerebellar artery are branches of what artery?
Neuroprotection is most effective within ____ hours of trauma.
Stroke in perforating vessels of the cerebrum and brainstem occurs because of thrombosis or embolus?
The carotid T junctions marks the point at which the internal carotid splits into the _____ and ______ arteries
Bifurcation of the Internal and External Carotid occurs at the level of what structure?
A disease characterized by progressive loss of motor function due to loss in spinal neurons
Name 2 types of cell death
2 causes of secondary tissue damage
A disease characterized by involuntary writhing movements due to neuronal loss in the striatum (caudate and putamen)
A disease characterized by abnormal motor function and cognition due to a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substaintia nigra.
True or False: The CNS provides a favorable environment to neuronal regeneration.
excessive release of neurotransmitters is known as ______.
This disease is characterized by the neurons loss in the ability to degrade proteins through ubiquitin or SOD1.
What are the two types of stroke?
The 2 anterior cerebral artery are joined by the _____ ______ artery.
A disease characterized by progressive paralysis and vision problems due to loss of CNS mylein or oligodendrocyte degenration
True or False: CNS neurons have the metabolic capacity to regenerate.
Increased intracranial pressure causing the Pinching off of the ACA under the falx cerebri is known as a ______ herniation.
vertebral arteries merge forming the _____ artery
Which veins run along the roof of the 3rd ventricle?
The great vein of Galen empties into the _____ sinus
The region of cells around the primary injury, that a susceptible to secondary death
This artery supplies midbrain, sup. cerebellar peduncle, sup. cerebellar surface
True or False: Cerebral Aneurysms normally occur at bifurcation points.
Pure Motor and Pure Sensory are signs of stroke occurring in what type of vessel?
Perforators that come off of the ACA are known as the ________. They supply the anterior limb of the internal capsule, optic chiasm, and the hypothalamus
The vertebral artery is a branch of the ______ artery.
4th leading cause of adult deaths
This artery supplies medulla, inferior cerebellar peduncle, inferior cerebellar surface
These perforators come off of the PCA and supply much of the thalamus and geniculate bodies

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