Respiratory Pump and Lung Volumes

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Can you name the Respiratory Pump and Lung Volumes?

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Z number or generation number for the trachea
Volume of air that can be exhaled after normal expiration (=total lung capacity - residual volume)
These bronchi are the site of highest resistance to airflow and are surrounded by smooth muscle
most important muscle for inspiration
Maximal volume of air that can be inhaled after normal expiration (=tidal volume +IRV)
Volume of air in the conducting airways (mL)
Volume of air in lungs remaining after maximal expiration
site of gas exchange in the lung
True or False: The rate of diffusion is proportional to the area of the membrane and inversely proportional to it thickness
Volume of air than can be inhaled at the end of a normal breath
patients with pulmonary fibrosis have a ___ lung recoil
Which gas is the first to be affected by a diffusion limited disorder?
A ____ in surface area and a _____in membrane thickness can cause the lung to become diffusion limited.
low partial pressure of oxygen in blood
Volume of air in lungs after maximal expiration
Function of these airways is to clean, condition, and warm air
low partial pressure of oxygen in tissues
On average, how much time does an RBC spend in the respiratory airways (sec)?
T/F: During inspiration, the transpleural pressure difference becomes greater and allows for expansion of the lungs and alveoli.
2 main forces that must be overcome during breathing?
T/F:An Increase in molecule solubility increases rate of diffusion
The diaphragm, the external intercostals, and the sternocleidomastoids are important for _____.
T/F: A 'diffusion limited' A-a gradient is smaller than under normal circumstances.
Volume of air that can be exhaled as forcibly and rapidly as possible from total lung capacity
Has Z numbers spanning from Z17-Z23
Normal Tidal Volume in liters
Which component of Fick's Law can be manipulated in the clincial setting?
Volume of air in lungs after maximal inspiration
Where is the majority of the surface area of the lung located?
Principal(or Law) that provides the basis for airflow in the lung
given change in lung volume per given changes in pleural pressure
T/F: Gas exchange ocurrs in the conducting airways.
Is the airflow in the respiratory or alveolar airways laminar or turbulent?
T/F: The terminal bronchioles are surrounded by smooth muscle
pressure difference between the alveoli and the pleural space is known as ____ ____.
Total volume of air in lungs after maximal inspiration
If the transpulmonary pressure is +3, then the lungs are ____ (collapsing or expanding).
Lung recoils is used during ____.
As the diaphragm contracts. the volume increases in the pleural space. What happens to the pleural pressure?
inversely proportional to lung compliance
T/F: During inspiration, the pressure in the alveolus become sub-atmospheric, allowing air from the atmosphere to move into the lungs.
Has a Z number that spans from Z0-Z16
pressure in the atmosphere is ___ cm h20
Volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal expiration
Volume of exhaled air with every breath is known as ____ volume.
Work during breath occurs on ____.
T/F: An increase in particle size increases rate of diffusion
units for measurement of transpulmonary pressure
Is the airflow in the conducting airways laminar or turbulent?
patients with emphysema have a ____ lung compliance
Average Lung Compliance for a tidal volume in L/cm H20 (Avg Volume = .5 and change in Pressure= 2.5)
Gas moves across the alveoli via _____ diffusion
Essential muscle in creating differences in transpleural pressure
Maximal Volume that can be exhaled at the end of a tidal volume
The internal intercostals and the abdominal muscle are important for ____.
Volume of air in the respiratory or alveolar airways (mL)
pressure in the pleural cavity is normally ____ cm H2O at the end of a tidal volume breath

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