Respiratory Pump and Lung Volumes

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Can you name the Respiratory Pump and Lung Volumes?

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QuestionAnswer
Where is the majority of the surface area of the lung located?
T/F: The terminal bronchioles are surrounded by smooth muscle
These bronchi are the site of highest resistance to airflow and are surrounded by smooth muscle
Function of these airways is to clean, condition, and warm air
Volume of air in lungs remaining after maximal expiration
low partial pressure of oxygen in blood
The internal intercostals and the abdominal muscle are important for ____.
Essential muscle in creating differences in transpleural pressure
Z number or generation number for the trachea
Volume of air than can be inhaled at the end of a normal breath
patients with pulmonary fibrosis have a ___ lung recoil
T/F: A 'diffusion limited' A-a gradient is smaller than under normal circumstances.
low partial pressure of oxygen in tissues
Volume of air in the respiratory or alveolar airways (mL)
patients with emphysema have a ____ lung compliance
T/F: Gas exchange ocurrs in the conducting airways.
inversely proportional to lung compliance
Which gas is the first to be affected by a diffusion limited disorder?
Which component of Fick's Law can be manipulated in the clincial setting?
site of gas exchange in the lung
T/F: During inspiration, the transpleural pressure difference becomes greater and allows for expansion of the lungs and alveoli.
units for measurement of transpulmonary pressure
pressure in the pleural cavity is normally ____ cm H2O at the end of a tidal volume breath
Maximal volume of air that can be inhaled after normal expiration (=tidal volume +IRV)
Is the airflow in the respiratory or alveolar airways laminar or turbulent?
T/F: An increase in particle size increases rate of diffusion
T/F: During inspiration, the pressure in the alveolus become sub-atmospheric, allowing air from the atmosphere to move into the lungs.
Work during breath occurs on ____.
Volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal expiration
QuestionAnswer
T/F:An Increase in molecule solubility increases rate of diffusion
As the diaphragm contracts. the volume increases in the pleural space. What happens to the pleural pressure?
Has Z numbers spanning from Z17-Z23
Volume of air that can be exhaled as forcibly and rapidly as possible from total lung capacity
On average, how much time does an RBC spend in the respiratory airways (sec)?
Average Lung Compliance for a tidal volume in L/cm H20 (Avg Volume = .5 and change in Pressure= 2.5)
given change in lung volume per given changes in pleural pressure
A ____ in surface area and a _____in membrane thickness can cause the lung to become diffusion limited.
2 main forces that must be overcome during breathing?
Volume of air in lungs after maximal inspiration
If the transpulmonary pressure is +3, then the lungs are ____ (collapsing or expanding).
Volume of exhaled air with every breath is known as ____ volume.
Volume of air that can be exhaled after normal expiration (=total lung capacity - residual volume)
Total volume of air in lungs after maximal inspiration
Volume of air in lungs after maximal expiration
pressure in the atmosphere is ___ cm h20
Normal Tidal Volume in liters
Is the airflow in the conducting airways laminar or turbulent?
True or False: The rate of diffusion is proportional to the area of the membrane and inversely proportional to it thickness
Has a Z number that spans from Z0-Z16
pressure difference between the alveoli and the pleural space is known as ____ ____.
Lung recoils is used during ____.
Gas moves across the alveoli via _____ diffusion
Maximal Volume that can be exhaled at the end of a tidal volume
Volume of air in the conducting airways (mL)
The diaphragm, the external intercostals, and the sternocleidomastoids are important for _____.
most important muscle for inspiration
Principal(or Law) that provides the basis for airflow in the lung

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Created May 6, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:pump, respiratory, volume