Respiratory Pump and Lung Volumes

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Can you name the Respiratory Pump and Lung Volumes?

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Volume of exhaled air with every breath is known as ____ volume.
inversely proportional to lung compliance
2 main forces that must be overcome during breathing?
Which gas is the first to be affected by a diffusion limited disorder?
Volume of air in lungs after maximal inspiration
As the diaphragm contracts. the volume increases in the pleural space. What happens to the pleural pressure?
Work during breath occurs on ____.
Function of these airways is to clean, condition, and warm air
Where is the majority of the surface area of the lung located?
Volume of air in lungs remaining after maximal expiration
Maximal Volume that can be exhaled at the end of a tidal volume
On average, how much time does an RBC spend in the respiratory airways (sec)?
T/F: The terminal bronchioles are surrounded by smooth muscle
low partial pressure of oxygen in blood
Has Z numbers spanning from Z17-Z23
T/F: An increase in particle size increases rate of diffusion
T/F: During inspiration, the transpleural pressure difference becomes greater and allows for expansion of the lungs and alveoli.
pressure in the pleural cavity is normally ____ cm H2O at the end of a tidal volume breath
True or False: The rate of diffusion is proportional to the area of the membrane and inversely proportional to it thickness
Volume of air remaining in the lungs after a normal expiration
Z number or generation number for the trachea
T/F: During inspiration, the pressure in the alveolus become sub-atmospheric, allowing air from the atmosphere to move into the lungs.
Volume of air that can be exhaled as forcibly and rapidly as possible from total lung capacity
A ____ in surface area and a _____in membrane thickness can cause the lung to become diffusion limited.
Gas moves across the alveoli via _____ diffusion
Volume of air in the conducting airways (mL)
Is the airflow in the respiratory or alveolar airways laminar or turbulent?
pressure difference between the alveoli and the pleural space is known as ____ ____.
The diaphragm, the external intercostals, and the sternocleidomastoids are important for _____.
site of gas exchange in the lung
If the transpulmonary pressure is +3, then the lungs are ____ (collapsing or expanding).
Has a Z number that spans from Z0-Z16
Is the airflow in the conducting airways laminar or turbulent?
patients with emphysema have a ____ lung compliance
Total volume of air in lungs after maximal inspiration
Maximal volume of air that can be inhaled after normal expiration (=tidal volume +IRV)
Volume of air than can be inhaled at the end of a normal breath
Principal(or Law) that provides the basis for airflow in the lung
Volume of air that can be exhaled after normal expiration (=total lung capacity - residual volume)
given change in lung volume per given changes in pleural pressure
T/F:An Increase in molecule solubility increases rate of diffusion
pressure in the atmosphere is ___ cm h20
The internal intercostals and the abdominal muscle are important for ____.
units for measurement of transpulmonary pressure
Which component of Fick's Law can be manipulated in the clincial setting?
T/F: A 'diffusion limited' A-a gradient is smaller than under normal circumstances.
Normal Tidal Volume in liters
low partial pressure of oxygen in tissues
Essential muscle in creating differences in transpleural pressure
patients with pulmonary fibrosis have a ___ lung recoil
Lung recoils is used during ____.
These bronchi are the site of highest resistance to airflow and are surrounded by smooth muscle
T/F: Gas exchange ocurrs in the conducting airways.
Average Lung Compliance for a tidal volume in L/cm H20 (Avg Volume = .5 and change in Pressure= 2.5)
Volume of air in lungs after maximal expiration
most important muscle for inspiration
Volume of air in the respiratory or alveolar airways (mL)

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