Pulmonary Circulation & Gas Transport in the Blood

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Can you name the Pulmonary Circulation?

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In this zone the alveolar pressure is less than the pulmonary arterial pressure but it exceeds the pulmonary venous pressure
primary form of CO2 in the blood
In _____, the O2 content is decreased with a decreased amount of O2 binding to hemoglobin.
Are the extra-alveolar and alveolar vessels in parallel or series?
An increase in 2, 3 DPG production will cause a ____-ward shift in the oxygen binding curve for hemoglobin.
A ____-ward shift in the oxygen binding curve to hemoglobin denotes an decrease in oxygen delivery to tissues.
calculated by the [(arterial gas content -venous gas content) x blood flow]
what is the carrying capacity of hemoglobin in the blood per 100mL (ml O2 per 100mL of blood.)
These vessels are affected by alveolar pressure and includes capillaries surrounding alveoli
T/F: The concentration of dissolved oxygen in the blood determines the percent saturation of hemoglobin
T/F: Total gas content is calculated by adding the amount carried on hemoglobin and the amount of gas dissolved
In this zone the pulmonary arterial and venous pressures are greater than the alveolar pressures
molecule made as a result of metabolism of RBC.... its production is increased under hypoxic conditions
At larger lung volumes, what happens to the resistance of the alveolar vessels? (increase or decrease)
Where does recruitment usually occur in the lung.
True/ False: The total content of CO2 is higher in the blood than O2.
T/F: Low oxygen in alveolar air can act on pulmonary vessels to direct blood away from hypoxic regions and increase pulmonary arterial pressure.
When oxygen is released from hemoglobin to form deoxyhemoglobin, is hemoglobin is a relaxed or tense state?
At total lung capacity, the resistance is the least in the extra-alveolar or alveolar vessels?
Lowest total resistance occurs at _____.
As pulmonary arterial pressure increases blood flows through capillaries that previously had little or no blood flow. This is known as _____.
An increased pCO2 or a decrease in blood pH will cause a rightward shift of the blood oxygen binding curve to hemoglobin. This is known as the ____ effect.
According to Henry;s Law, concentration of dissolved gas is dependent on what two variables.
T/F: Under normal circumstances, there is no Zone 1 in the lungs
The ____ circulation supplies the conducting airways.
A ____-ward shift in the oxygen binding curve to hemoglobin denotes an increase in oxygen delivery to tissues.
As pulmonary arterial pressure increases, what happens to the resistance ? (increases or decreases)
Venous partial pressure of oxygen (mm Hg)
The resistance in the extra-alveolar vessels increases on _____. (inspiration or expiration)
True/ False: Vaso active substances such as prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and angiotensin II are metabolized and/ or removed in the lung
QuestionAnswer
When capillaries are already open further increases in blood pressure dilate the vessels, which is known as ____.
When oxygen binds hemoglobin to form oxyhemoglobin, is hemoglobin is a relaxed or tense state?
normal amount of hemoglobin in the blood (in grams/100mL)
Hemoglobin is 50% saturated at ___ mmHg O2.
Hemoglobin is 90% saturated at ___ mmHg O2.
When pulmonary arterial and/or venous pressure increases, more fluid enters the interstitial space. If the lymphatic system cannot absorb the fluid, the result is _____.
CO2 can be dissolved in the blood, carried in the form of bicarbonate, or carried as _____ compounds.
these vessels are affected by the intrapleural pressure.
T/F: There is more blood flow at the apex of the lung versus the base.
T/F: AN increase in temperature, increases oxygen delivery to tissues by changing the conformation of hemoglobin.
this substance or gas vasodilates the pulmonary vasculature
In this zone the alveolar pressure exceeds the pulmonary arterial pressure
The content carried by hemoglobin can be calculated by multiplying ____ and _____.
defined as the amount of O2 bound to hemoglobin / the carrying capacity of hemoglobin
T:F: There is a left to right shunt in the pulmonary circulation that arises from blood that does not flow through the pulmonary capillaries to pick up oxygen before it enters the
The resistance in the alveolar vessels increases on _____. (inspiration or expiration)
The pulmonary circulation is a ___ compliance system.
mean arterial pressure in the pulmonary circulation
Hemoglobin is 75% saturated at ___ mmHg O2.
_____ partial pressure of CO2 causes vasoconstriction
Hemoglobin can hold up to _____ mlO2/g Hemoglobin
In _____, the O2 content is decreased but there is no change in the relationship of oxygen binding to hemoglobin.
At larger lung volumes, what happens to the resistance of the extra-alveolar vessels? (increase or decrease)
Alveolar vessel resistance is the lowest in which zone?
As pulmonary arterial pressure increases, what happens to the blood flow? (increases or decreases)
T/F: The oxygen dissolved in the blood is enough to meet the body's metabolic needs.
mean arterial pressure in the systemic circulation
Low partial pressure of O2 in the alveolar air causes _____ in the small pulmonary arteries
T/F: The binding of oxygen to hemoglobin is linear
At residual volume, the resistance is the least in the extra-alveolar or alveolar vessels?

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Created May 7, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:blood, circulation, gas, transport