Pulmonary Circulation & Gas Transport in the Blood

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Can you name the Pulmonary Circulation?

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CO2 can be dissolved in the blood, carried in the form of bicarbonate, or carried as _____ compounds.
The pulmonary circulation is a ___ compliance system.
molecule made as a result of metabolism of RBC.... its production is increased under hypoxic conditions
calculated by the [(arterial gas content -venous gas content) x blood flow]
Venous partial pressure of oxygen (mm Hg)
An increased pCO2 or a decrease in blood pH will cause a rightward shift of the blood oxygen binding curve to hemoglobin. This is known as the ____ effect.
Low partial pressure of O2 in the alveolar air causes _____ in the small pulmonary arteries
Hemoglobin is 50% saturated at ___ mmHg O2.
An increase in 2, 3 DPG production will cause a ____-ward shift in the oxygen binding curve for hemoglobin.
Are the extra-alveolar and alveolar vessels in parallel or series?
T/F: The oxygen dissolved in the blood is enough to meet the body's metabolic needs.
At total lung capacity, the resistance is the least in the extra-alveolar or alveolar vessels?
When oxygen is released from hemoglobin to form deoxyhemoglobin, is hemoglobin is a relaxed or tense state?
True/ False: The total content of CO2 is higher in the blood than O2.
True/ False: Vaso active substances such as prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and angiotensin II are metabolized and/ or removed in the lung
mean arterial pressure in the pulmonary circulation
In this zone the alveolar pressure exceeds the pulmonary arterial pressure
Where does recruitment usually occur in the lung.
As pulmonary arterial pressure increases, what happens to the resistance ? (increases or decreases)
normal amount of hemoglobin in the blood (in grams/100mL)
what is the carrying capacity of hemoglobin in the blood per 100mL (ml O2 per 100mL of blood.)
Hemoglobin can hold up to _____ mlO2/g Hemoglobin
At larger lung volumes, what happens to the resistance of the alveolar vessels? (increase or decrease)
In this zone the pulmonary arterial and venous pressures are greater than the alveolar pressures
T/F: Total gas content is calculated by adding the amount carried on hemoglobin and the amount of gas dissolved
The ____ circulation supplies the conducting airways.
this substance or gas vasodilates the pulmonary vasculature
_____ partial pressure of CO2 causes vasoconstriction
In this zone the alveolar pressure is less than the pulmonary arterial pressure but it exceeds the pulmonary venous pressure
Hemoglobin is 90% saturated at ___ mmHg O2.
QuestionAnswer
Hemoglobin is 75% saturated at ___ mmHg O2.
According to Henry;s Law, concentration of dissolved gas is dependent on what two variables.
T/F: AN increase in temperature, increases oxygen delivery to tissues by changing the conformation of hemoglobin.
T/F: Under normal circumstances, there is no Zone 1 in the lungs
mean arterial pressure in the systemic circulation
defined as the amount of O2 bound to hemoglobin / the carrying capacity of hemoglobin
The resistance in the alveolar vessels increases on _____. (inspiration or expiration)
A ____-ward shift in the oxygen binding curve to hemoglobin denotes an decrease in oxygen delivery to tissues.
A ____-ward shift in the oxygen binding curve to hemoglobin denotes an increase in oxygen delivery to tissues.
In _____, the O2 content is decreased with a decreased amount of O2 binding to hemoglobin.
When capillaries are already open further increases in blood pressure dilate the vessels, which is known as ____.
primary form of CO2 in the blood
These vessels are affected by alveolar pressure and includes capillaries surrounding alveoli
these vessels are affected by the intrapleural pressure.
At larger lung volumes, what happens to the resistance of the extra-alveolar vessels? (increase or decrease)
When pulmonary arterial and/or venous pressure increases, more fluid enters the interstitial space. If the lymphatic system cannot absorb the fluid, the result is _____.
At residual volume, the resistance is the least in the extra-alveolar or alveolar vessels?
As pulmonary arterial pressure increases blood flows through capillaries that previously had little or no blood flow. This is known as _____.
Alveolar vessel resistance is the lowest in which zone?
As pulmonary arterial pressure increases, what happens to the blood flow? (increases or decreases)
T/F: The concentration of dissolved oxygen in the blood determines the percent saturation of hemoglobin
When oxygen binds hemoglobin to form oxyhemoglobin, is hemoglobin is a relaxed or tense state?
T/F: The binding of oxygen to hemoglobin is linear
T/F: There is more blood flow at the apex of the lung versus the base.
T/F: Low oxygen in alveolar air can act on pulmonary vessels to direct blood away from hypoxic regions and increase pulmonary arterial pressure.
In _____, the O2 content is decreased but there is no change in the relationship of oxygen binding to hemoglobin.
Lowest total resistance occurs at _____.
T:F: There is a left to right shunt in the pulmonary circulation that arises from blood that does not flow through the pulmonary capillaries to pick up oxygen before it enters the
The content carried by hemoglobin can be calculated by multiplying ____ and _____.
The resistance in the extra-alveolar vessels increases on _____. (inspiration or expiration)

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