Pulmonary Circulation & Gas Transport in the Blood

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Can you name the Pulmonary Circulation?

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T/F: Total gas content is calculated by adding the amount carried on hemoglobin and the amount of gas dissolved
In this zone the pulmonary arterial and venous pressures are greater than the alveolar pressures
T/F: AN increase in temperature, increases oxygen delivery to tissues by changing the conformation of hemoglobin.
The resistance in the alveolar vessels increases on _____. (inspiration or expiration)
Hemoglobin is 90% saturated at ___ mmHg O2.
Alveolar vessel resistance is the lowest in which zone?
At larger lung volumes, what happens to the resistance of the alveolar vessels? (increase or decrease)
T/F: The concentration of dissolved oxygen in the blood determines the percent saturation of hemoglobin
what is the carrying capacity of hemoglobin in the blood per 100mL (ml O2 per 100mL of blood.)
As pulmonary arterial pressure increases blood flows through capillaries that previously had little or no blood flow. This is known as _____.
When oxygen is released from hemoglobin to form deoxyhemoglobin, is hemoglobin is a relaxed or tense state?
molecule made as a result of metabolism of RBC.... its production is increased under hypoxic conditions
mean arterial pressure in the pulmonary circulation
these vessels are affected by the intrapleural pressure.
Hemoglobin can hold up to _____ mlO2/g Hemoglobin
T:F: There is a left to right shunt in the pulmonary circulation that arises from blood that does not flow through the pulmonary capillaries to pick up oxygen before it enters the
primary form of CO2 in the blood
Hemoglobin is 75% saturated at ___ mmHg O2.
T/F: Under normal circumstances, there is no Zone 1 in the lungs
In this zone the alveolar pressure exceeds the pulmonary arterial pressure
In this zone the alveolar pressure is less than the pulmonary arterial pressure but it exceeds the pulmonary venous pressure
T/F: Low oxygen in alveolar air can act on pulmonary vessels to direct blood away from hypoxic regions and increase pulmonary arterial pressure.
The content carried by hemoglobin can be calculated by multiplying ____ and _____.
this substance or gas vasodilates the pulmonary vasculature
At larger lung volumes, what happens to the resistance of the extra-alveolar vessels? (increase or decrease)
As pulmonary arterial pressure increases, what happens to the blood flow? (increases or decreases)
An increase in 2, 3 DPG production will cause a ____-ward shift in the oxygen binding curve for hemoglobin.
A ____-ward shift in the oxygen binding curve to hemoglobin denotes an decrease in oxygen delivery to tissues.
_____ partial pressure of CO2 causes vasoconstriction
When oxygen binds hemoglobin to form oxyhemoglobin, is hemoglobin is a relaxed or tense state?
QuestionAnswer
True/ False: The total content of CO2 is higher in the blood than O2.
CO2 can be dissolved in the blood, carried in the form of bicarbonate, or carried as _____ compounds.
At total lung capacity, the resistance is the least in the extra-alveolar or alveolar vessels?
These vessels are affected by alveolar pressure and includes capillaries surrounding alveoli
defined as the amount of O2 bound to hemoglobin / the carrying capacity of hemoglobin
The ____ circulation supplies the conducting airways.
normal amount of hemoglobin in the blood (in grams/100mL)
In _____, the O2 content is decreased with a decreased amount of O2 binding to hemoglobin.
Where does recruitment usually occur in the lung.
The resistance in the extra-alveolar vessels increases on _____. (inspiration or expiration)
Hemoglobin is 50% saturated at ___ mmHg O2.
Low partial pressure of O2 in the alveolar air causes _____ in the small pulmonary arteries
When pulmonary arterial and/or venous pressure increases, more fluid enters the interstitial space. If the lymphatic system cannot absorb the fluid, the result is _____.
In _____, the O2 content is decreased but there is no change in the relationship of oxygen binding to hemoglobin.
T/F: The binding of oxygen to hemoglobin is linear
True/ False: Vaso active substances such as prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and angiotensin II are metabolized and/ or removed in the lung
When capillaries are already open further increases in blood pressure dilate the vessels, which is known as ____.
T/F: There is more blood flow at the apex of the lung versus the base.
According to Henry;s Law, concentration of dissolved gas is dependent on what two variables.
The pulmonary circulation is a ___ compliance system.
Are the extra-alveolar and alveolar vessels in parallel or series?
mean arterial pressure in the systemic circulation
Lowest total resistance occurs at _____.
At residual volume, the resistance is the least in the extra-alveolar or alveolar vessels?
As pulmonary arterial pressure increases, what happens to the resistance ? (increases or decreases)
A ____-ward shift in the oxygen binding curve to hemoglobin denotes an increase in oxygen delivery to tissues.
T/F: The oxygen dissolved in the blood is enough to meet the body's metabolic needs.
Venous partial pressure of oxygen (mm Hg)
An increased pCO2 or a decrease in blood pH will cause a rightward shift of the blood oxygen binding curve to hemoglobin. This is known as the ____ effect.
calculated by the [(arterial gas content -venous gas content) x blood flow]

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