Gastric Physiology

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Can you name the Gastric Physiology?

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which two products of oxidative phosphorylation are important for the production of stomach acid.
T/F: An increase in pH (basicity) slows gastric emptying.
these cells produce gastrin
The superficial epithelial cells along with which other cell type in the stomach act to lubricate and protect the stomach wall?
made by the I cells of the duodenum
Cl ions are transported into the parietal cell using which type of transport protein?
T/F: ECL cells can be activated by acetylcholine or gastrin
T/F: Ileal fat increase gastric emptying.
All stomach cell types are activated by the neurotransmitter (from the enteric nervous system) Acetylcholine, except which cell?
___ are hormones released by the duodenum and cause feedback on stomach to decrease gastric emptying and secretions
H2 blockers prevent the binding of ____ to prevent the production of acid.
these cells produce somatostatin
2nd messenger involved in activation of the parietal cell
T/F: The parietal cell can be activated by Acetylcholine, histamine, or gastrin.
essential for binding and absorption of vitamin B12
Hypoglycemia ___ (increase or decreases) gastric emptying.
what activates pepsinogen?
The gland of the stomach is known an ____ gland.
these cells produce histamine
pespinogen and HCl are released into the lumen of the stomach... where is histamine released?
P/D1 cells release what hormone?
T/F: The stomach is the major site for digestion.
Cl ions are transported into the lumen of the stomach using which type of transport protein?
occurs due to a defiency in vitamin B12, which inhibits the body's ability to go through erythropoesis
failure of the pyloric sphincter to relax for gastric emptying... leads to projectile vomiting
these cells produce HCl and intrinsic factor
Which histamine receptor is found on the basolateral membrane of the parietal cell?
These cells in the stomach are activated by the H+ions in the stomach to reduce the release of gastrin
leptin is release by which type of tissue?
T/F: Large volumes in the stomach increase gastric emptying
This type of drug inhibits prostaglandin related defense mechanisms within the stomach
P/D1 cells are located where?
prilosec or omeprazole acts by inhibiting what?
The movement of Cl into the parietal cell is coupled to the movement of which ion out of the cell?
CCK ____ (promotes or inhibits) gastric emptying
T/F: In some cases of peptic ulcer disease, acid from the stomach erodes the D cells of the stomach preventing the brake mechanism for acid production.
responsible for getting H+ ions into the lumen of the stomach
enzyme important for the production of protons and bicarbonate in the parietal cell
occurs due to uncontrolled gastric emptying due to the lack of feedback inhibition by the duodenum and undigested food makes it to the colon
these cells produce pepsinogen and gastric lipase
T/F: Tagemet and cimetidine prevent acid production by blocking H1 histamine receptors
T/F: Rate of gastric emptying increases with rectal and colonic distention.
T/F: Ghelin is released during fasting which stimulates appetite
2 causes of peptic ulcers
T/F: After a large meal, the alkaline tide (removal of bicarbonate from the parietal cell) causes an increase in the pH of the blood.
How does potassium get out of the parietal cell?
this hormone acts on the G cell in the antrum of the stomach to inhibit the release of gastrin
Nutrients in the ileum and the colon influence gastric emptying through the _____ mechanism
this hormone acts at the hypothalamus to suppress appetite
Secretin ____ (promotes or inhibits) gastric emptying
Peptide tyrosine-tyrosine (PYY) and glucagon like peptide (GLP1 and GLP2) ____ (stimulates/inhibits) gastric emptying
made by the S cells of the duodenum
T/F: Prilosec or Omeprazole acts at the basolateral membrane of the parietal cell.
T/F: Proton pump inhibitors bind irreversibly to the H/K proton pump.
severely delayed gastric emptying or no emptying

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Created Mar 25, 2012ReportNominate