Gastric Physiology

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Can you name the Gastric Physiology?

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All stomach cell types are activated by the neurotransmitter (from the enteric nervous system) Acetylcholine, except which cell?
made by the S cells of the duodenum
P/D1 cells release what hormone?
T/F: Proton pump inhibitors bind irreversibly to the H/K proton pump.
T/F: Tagemet and cimetidine prevent acid production by blocking H1 histamine receptors
T/F: Rate of gastric emptying increases with rectal and colonic distention.
failure of the pyloric sphincter to relax for gastric emptying... leads to projectile vomiting
T/F: After a large meal, the alkaline tide (removal of bicarbonate from the parietal cell) causes an increase in the pH of the blood.
The superficial epithelial cells along with which other cell type in the stomach act to lubricate and protect the stomach wall?
which two products of oxidative phosphorylation are important for the production of stomach acid.
Cl ions are transported into the parietal cell using which type of transport protein?
these cells produce histamine
P/D1 cells are located where?
enzyme important for the production of protons and bicarbonate in the parietal cell
Which histamine receptor is found on the basolateral membrane of the parietal cell?
T/F: Ileal fat increase gastric emptying.
occurs due to a defiency in vitamin B12, which inhibits the body's ability to go through erythropoesis
2nd messenger involved in activation of the parietal cell
T/F: An increase in pH (basicity) slows gastric emptying.
this hormone acts at the hypothalamus to suppress appetite
these cells produce HCl and intrinsic factor
These cells in the stomach are activated by the H+ions in the stomach to reduce the release of gastrin
2 causes of peptic ulcers
CCK ____ (promotes or inhibits) gastric emptying
T/F: The parietal cell can be activated by Acetylcholine, histamine, or gastrin.
Hypoglycemia ___ (increase or decreases) gastric emptying.
The movement of Cl into the parietal cell is coupled to the movement of which ion out of the cell?
T/F: Ghelin is released during fasting which stimulates appetite
essential for binding and absorption of vitamin B12
H2 blockers prevent the binding of ____ to prevent the production of acid.
Secretin ____ (promotes or inhibits) gastric emptying
these cells produce somatostatin
prilosec or omeprazole acts by inhibiting what?
pespinogen and HCl are released into the lumen of the stomach... where is histamine released?
Cl ions are transported into the lumen of the stomach using which type of transport protein?
occurs due to uncontrolled gastric emptying due to the lack of feedback inhibition by the duodenum and undigested food makes it to the colon
Peptide tyrosine-tyrosine (PYY) and glucagon like peptide (GLP1 and GLP2) ____ (stimulates/inhibits) gastric emptying
T/F: The stomach is the major site for digestion.
responsible for getting H+ ions into the lumen of the stomach
This type of drug inhibits prostaglandin related defense mechanisms within the stomach
this hormone acts on the G cell in the antrum of the stomach to inhibit the release of gastrin
what activates pepsinogen?
T/F: Prilosec or Omeprazole acts at the basolateral membrane of the parietal cell.
T/F: In some cases of peptic ulcer disease, acid from the stomach erodes the D cells of the stomach preventing the brake mechanism for acid production.
The gland of the stomach is known an ____ gland.
severely delayed gastric emptying or no emptying
these cells produce gastrin
___ are hormones released by the duodenum and cause feedback on stomach to decrease gastric emptying and secretions
T/F: ECL cells can be activated by acetylcholine or gastrin
these cells produce pepsinogen and gastric lipase
T/F: Large volumes in the stomach increase gastric emptying
Nutrients in the ileum and the colon influence gastric emptying through the _____ mechanism
leptin is release by which type of tissue?
How does potassium get out of the parietal cell?
made by the I cells of the duodenum

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