Gastric Physiology

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responsible for getting H+ ions into the lumen of the stomach
T/F: Ileal fat increase gastric emptying.
these cells produce pepsinogen and gastric lipase
P/D1 cells release what hormone?
made by the I cells of the duodenum
occurs due to uncontrolled gastric emptying due to the lack of feedback inhibition by the duodenum and undigested food makes it to the colon
Hypoglycemia ___ (increase or decreases) gastric emptying.
P/D1 cells are located where?
made by the S cells of the duodenum
leptin is release by which type of tissue?
T/F: Rate of gastric emptying increases with rectal and colonic distention.
this hormone acts on the G cell in the antrum of the stomach to inhibit the release of gastrin
T/F: Proton pump inhibitors bind irreversibly to the H/K proton pump.
Nutrients in the ileum and the colon influence gastric emptying through the _____ mechanism
H2 blockers prevent the binding of ____ to prevent the production of acid.
This type of drug inhibits prostaglandin related defense mechanisms within the stomach
these cells produce HCl and intrinsic factor
this hormone acts at the hypothalamus to suppress appetite
Which histamine receptor is found on the basolateral membrane of the parietal cell?
Secretin ____ (promotes or inhibits) gastric emptying
occurs due to a defiency in vitamin B12, which inhibits the body's ability to go through erythropoesis
CCK ____ (promotes or inhibits) gastric emptying
essential for binding and absorption of vitamin B12
T/F: An increase in pH (basicity) slows gastric emptying.
The movement of Cl into the parietal cell is coupled to the movement of which ion out of the cell?
severely delayed gastric emptying or no emptying
enzyme important for the production of protons and bicarbonate in the parietal cell
failure of the pyloric sphincter to relax for gastric emptying... leads to projectile vomiting
these cells produce somatostatin
T/F: In some cases of peptic ulcer disease, acid from the stomach erodes the D cells of the stomach preventing the brake mechanism for acid production.
2nd messenger involved in activation of the parietal cell
T/F: ECL cells can be activated by acetylcholine or gastrin
T/F: Large volumes in the stomach increase gastric emptying
these cells produce histamine
The superficial epithelial cells along with which other cell type in the stomach act to lubricate and protect the stomach wall?
Peptide tyrosine-tyrosine (PYY) and glucagon like peptide (GLP1 and GLP2) ____ (stimulates/inhibits) gastric emptying
2 causes of peptic ulcers
prilosec or omeprazole acts by inhibiting what?
what activates pepsinogen?
T/F: Tagemet and cimetidine prevent acid production by blocking H1 histamine receptors
The gland of the stomach is known an ____ gland.
These cells in the stomach are activated by the H+ions in the stomach to reduce the release of gastrin
T/F: The stomach is the major site for digestion.
these cells produce gastrin
All stomach cell types are activated by the neurotransmitter (from the enteric nervous system) Acetylcholine, except which cell?
T/F: Prilosec or Omeprazole acts at the basolateral membrane of the parietal cell.
___ are hormones released by the duodenum and cause feedback on stomach to decrease gastric emptying and secretions
Cl ions are transported into the lumen of the stomach using which type of transport protein?
Cl ions are transported into the parietal cell using which type of transport protein?
which two products of oxidative phosphorylation are important for the production of stomach acid.
T/F: Ghelin is released during fasting which stimulates appetite
pespinogen and HCl are released into the lumen of the stomach... where is histamine released?
T/F: After a large meal, the alkaline tide (removal of bicarbonate from the parietal cell) causes an increase in the pH of the blood.
T/F: The parietal cell can be activated by Acetylcholine, histamine, or gastrin.
How does potassium get out of the parietal cell?

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Created Mar 25, 2012ReportNominate