Eye Movements and the Retina

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QuestionAnswer
connections between the LGN and the primary visual cortex are known as what?
central most sensitive part of the macula, the area of highest visual acuity
the smooth pursuit in the optokinetic reflex is initiated by the ______ exciting the ipsilateral PPRF
most sensitive portion of the retina
Palsy of what nerve is characterized by the inabilty of eye to intort or depress when adducted.
disconjugate gaze causes double vision also known as ______.
lesion in the left PPRF would cause an inability to gaze in what direction?
a disconjugate movement of both eyes toward the midline to allow for focusing on a near object
True or False: a lesion to the abducens nucleus results in a gaze palsy to the ipsilateral side that can be overcome by the vestibulo-oculomotor reflex
Patients with Cranial Nerve ___ palsy tend to lean away from affected side to regain conjugate gaze.
quick darting conjugate movements that move the eyes to new targets
True or False: Signal to the right abducens nucleus induces contraction of the right lateral rectus and co-contracture of the left medial rectus via the MLF.
these photoreceptors are able to function under low light conditions
The inability to look in one direction
True or False: If the tonic inhibition of the ipsilateral abducens nucleus by the medial vestibular nucleus decreases that will cause the eye to deviate to the side contralateral t
accomodation and the pupillary reflex are produced by neurons in what nucleus?
this extraocular muscle moves the eye laterally
What reflex is responsible for changing position of the eyes and maintaining vision throughout the movement of the head?
this extraocular muscle moves the eye up and out... extorts
Lesion in the left frontal eye field would cause an inability to gaze in what direction?
The mapping of the retina onto the calcarine cortex is known as ______ mapping.
True or False: Fibers that represent the most peripheral portions of the retina represent the most posterior portion of the calcarine cortex.
the saccade back to the next target in the optokinetic reflex is initated by the _____ activating the contralateral PPRF
true or false: the ciliary muscle contracts to release tension on the lens, making it more round, enabling it to focus on closer object
A lesion to what structure would cause a gaze palsy ipsilateral to the affected side that can be overcome by the vestibulo-oculomotor reflex.
involuntary saccades to elementary stimulus are controlled by what structure?
drooping of the eyelid is known as what?
QuestionAnswer
both eyes moving in the same direction is known as ____ movement
True or False: The smooth pursuit initiated in the left hemishere of the cerebrum controls smooth pursuit to the left.
this syndrome is characterized by an up-gaze palsy, light near dissociation, and convergence-retraction nystagmus. Commonly caused by Pineal gland
parasympathetic fibers controlling the pupillary sphincter originate where?
the combination of ocular vergence, accomodation, and pupullary constriction is known as what?
lesion in the right abducens nucleus would cause an inability for a patient to gaze to the right, but would the patient still be able to accommodate or converge on a close object?
this extraocular muscle moves the eye up
this extraocular muscle moves the eye down and in... intorsion
which nerve is susceptible to compression through increased intracranial pressure?
lesion to the MLF. eye ipislateral to lesion cannot adduct. contralateral eye can abduct with nystagmus
Which vestibular nucleus is involved in sending tonic signals to the abducens nerve and midbrain vertical eye network for the vestibulo-ocular reflex?
voluntary _____ originates in the angular gyrus
A turn of the head to the right, will activate the _____ abducens nuclei, producing a gaze contralateral to the rotation.
this syndrome is characterized by the ability to only abduct the eye contralateral to the lesion
the point at which the axons of the retinal ganglion cells coalesce to form the optic nerve is known as the ____, because it has no photoreceptors.
this extraocular muscle moves the eye down
this extraocular muscle moves the eye medially
slow conjugate movement of the eye which allows for tracking of a moving object or of a stationary object while we are moving
true or false: the photoreceptors of the eye form the most superficial layer of the retina
axons of what cells form the optic nerve?
Voluntary saccades are controlled by what brodmann's area?
True or False: Fibers from the lower part of the retina that subserve the superior visual field course anteriorly into the temporal lobe, as Meyer's Loop, before heading back to th
occurs when eyes smoothly pursue one target then quickly saccade to pick up the next target (allows us to pick up sequential moving targets
clinical term for lazy eye... can cause blindness in one eye because the person only uses one eye
Palsy of what nerve is characterized by the affected side looking down and out
signals from the Left frontal eye fields project to the ___ parapontine reticular formation
Lesion to CN VI is characterized by the loss of ____ of the ipsilateral eye

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