Endocrine Histology

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Can you name the the HYTQ concepts?

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stimulates follicular development and spermatogenesis
a roughly spherical cystlike compartment with a wall formed by simple cuboidal epithelium
this class of hormones is synthesized from cholesterol by enzymes present in mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum
norepinephrine and epinephrine are examples of what class of hormone?
these cells are responsible for the production of T3 and T4
endocrine gland that regulates daily body rhythm
chief cells of the pineal gland
oxytocin is secreted by the ______ nuclei?
develops from the thickened lateral walls of the pouch of the anterior pituitary and forms a collar or sheath around the infundibulum
this hormone increases blood calcium by promoting release from bones
release of aldosterone from the adrenal gland is stimulated by what?
hormone promotes mammary growth and initiates milk formation
_____ is an iodinated tyrosine derivative embedded within thyroglobulin, which is released during the endocytosis and lysosomal degradation. _______ then diffuses out of the cell.
these cells secrete calcitonin
_____ _____ _____is a disorder related to a abnormal regulation of day/night cycles.
narrow outer zone of the adrenal cortex that secretes mineralcortacoids
True or False: The pineal gland arises from an outpocketing of the diencephalon
gonadal and adrenocortical hormones are examples of what class of hormone?
calcified concretions in the pineal gland
the portion of the adrenal gland that produces steroid hormones
an indolamine whose synthesis and release via diffusion through the membrane is enhanced during the dark cycle.
hormonal control classified as hormones secreted into the blood to be transported to the effector cell.
this class of hormones is translated by ribosomes at the rough endoplasmic reticulum, packaged in the Golgi apparatus, and transported to the cell surface via secretory vesicles
comprises the bulk of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. arises from the thickened anterior wall of the pouch
which pituitary lobe is known as the neurohypohysis?
QuestionAnswer
portion of the posterior pituitary that contains neurosecretory axons and their endings
thick middle zone of the adrenal cortex that releases gluococorticoids
regulates body rhythms and day/night cycles and inhibits secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) from the hypothalamus, which regulates the release of FSH and LH.
the portion of the adrenal gland that produces catecholamines
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
cells of the adrenal medulla that secrete epinephrine and norepinephrine
which pituitary lobe is known as the adrenohypohysis?
these type of hormones regulate activity of hormones in other endocrine glands
hormonal control classified as hormones secreted from one cell to act on adjacent cells.
thin remnant of the posterior wall of the pouch of the anterior pituitary lobe that abuts the pas distalis
synthesized from tyrosine and packaged into secretory vesicles
this hormone decreases blood calcium by stimulating absorption of calcium by the bones
embryologic origin of the posterior lobe of the pituitary?
prolactin is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
maintains structure and stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and gonadocorticoids.
what hormone stimulates the release of growth hormone?
these cells secrete PTH
hormonal control classified as hormones secreted and acts on same cell
True or False: The release of catecholamines and peptide hormones occurs by merocrine secretion, while thyroxine and steroid hormones diffuse across the membrane.
somatostatin _____ the release of growth hormone.
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
stimulates thyroid growth and secretion of thyroxines
principal component of the colloid
cells specific to the posterior pituitary
a pea sized compound endocrine gland that is also known as the hypohysis
QuestionAnswer
luteinizing hormone (LH) is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
insulin, glucagon, growth hormone, and FSH are examples of what class of hormone?
hormone release by the anterior pituitary stimulates kidney and liver to secrete IGF-1, which stimulates bone growth
how many hormones are secreted by the anterior pituitary?
the inner zone of the adrenal cortex that is involved in producing the sex hormones or androgens
this class of hormones does not readily need transport proteins when released in the blood
thryrotropic hormone (TSH) is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
released upon the endocytosis and lysosomal degradation of iodothyroglobulin
stimulates myoepithelial cells of the mammary gland andstimulates contraction of smooth muscle in the pregnant uterus
this molecule inhibits the release of prolactin
embryologic origin of the anterior lobe of the pituitary?
membrane bound neurosecretory granules unite to form _____ ____ that contain oxytocin and vasopressin.
what embryonic structure descends in the neck and divides into left and right thyroid lobes.
growth hormone is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
IGF-1 is produced by _____.
neurotransmitters synthesized from tryptophan
decreases urine volume by increasing reabsorption of water by collecting ducts, decreases perspiration in response to dehydration, and increases blood pressure by stimulating contr
ADH is secreted by the ______ nuclei.
regulates maturation of ovarian follicle, ovulation, and corpus luteum formation
this class of hormones requires a transport protein such as androgen binding protein to reach target cells
Tumor of chromaffin cells resulting in the overproduction of catecholamines.
true or false: ADH acts to increase permeability of the distal portions of the nephron by acting on aquaporins
gel-like mass within the thyroid follicle

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