Science / Endocrine Histology

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Can you name the the HYTQ concepts?

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oxytocin is secreted by the ______ nuclei?
how many hormones are secreted by the anterior pituitary?
the inner zone of the adrenal cortex that is involved in producing the sex hormones or androgens
gonadal and adrenocortical hormones are examples of what class of hormone?
a pea sized compound endocrine gland that is also known as the hypohysis
cells of the adrenal medulla that secrete epinephrine and norepinephrine
true or false: ADH acts to increase permeability of the distal portions of the nephron by acting on aquaporins
norepinephrine and epinephrine are examples of what class of hormone?
this molecule inhibits the release of prolactin
True or False: The pineal gland arises from an outpocketing of the diencephalon
this class of hormones is translated by ribosomes at the rough endoplasmic reticulum, packaged in the Golgi apparatus, and transported to the cell surface via secretory vesicles
maintains structure and stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and gonadocorticoids.
release of aldosterone from the adrenal gland is stimulated by what?
thick middle zone of the adrenal cortex that releases gluococorticoids
stimulates follicular development and spermatogenesis
the portion of the adrenal gland that produces steroid hormones
develops from the thickened lateral walls of the pouch of the anterior pituitary and forms a collar or sheath around the infundibulum
which pituitary lobe is known as the adrenohypohysis?
portion of the posterior pituitary that contains neurosecretory axons and their endings
hormone promotes mammary growth and initiates milk formation
_____ _____ _____is a disorder related to a abnormal regulation of day/night cycles.
principal component of the colloid
stimulates myoepithelial cells of the mammary gland andstimulates contraction of smooth muscle in the pregnant uterus
thryrotropic hormone (TSH) is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
comprises the bulk of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. arises from the thickened anterior wall of the pouch
QuestionAnswer
this hormone increases blood calcium by promoting release from bones
narrow outer zone of the adrenal cortex that secretes mineralcortacoids
decreases urine volume by increasing reabsorption of water by collecting ducts, decreases perspiration in response to dehydration, and increases blood pressure by stimulating contr
cells specific to the posterior pituitary
hormonal control classified as hormones secreted into the blood to be transported to the effector cell.
Tumor of chromaffin cells resulting in the overproduction of catecholamines.
this hormone decreases blood calcium by stimulating absorption of calcium by the bones
this class of hormones does not readily need transport proteins when released in the blood
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
what embryonic structure descends in the neck and divides into left and right thyroid lobes.
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
neurotransmitters synthesized from tryptophan
calcified concretions in the pineal gland
regulates body rhythms and day/night cycles and inhibits secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) from the hypothalamus, which regulates the release of FSH and LH.
prolactin is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
membrane bound neurosecretory granules unite to form _____ ____ that contain oxytocin and vasopressin.
luteinizing hormone (LH) is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
a roughly spherical cystlike compartment with a wall formed by simple cuboidal epithelium
hormonal control classified as hormones secreted from one cell to act on adjacent cells.
ADH is secreted by the ______ nuclei.
the portion of the adrenal gland that produces catecholamines
somatostatin _____ the release of growth hormone.
synthesized from tyrosine and packaged into secretory vesicles
an indolamine whose synthesis and release via diffusion through the membrane is enhanced during the dark cycle.
these cells secrete calcitonin
QuestionAnswer
insulin, glucagon, growth hormone, and FSH are examples of what class of hormone?
this class of hormones requires a transport protein such as androgen binding protein to reach target cells
these type of hormones regulate activity of hormones in other endocrine glands
these cells secrete PTH
growth hormone is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
embryologic origin of the anterior lobe of the pituitary?
these cells are responsible for the production of T3 and T4
released upon the endocytosis and lysosomal degradation of iodothyroglobulin
hormonal control classified as hormones secreted and acts on same cell
_____ is an iodinated tyrosine derivative embedded within thyroglobulin, which is released during the endocytosis and lysosomal degradation. _______ then diffuses out of the cell.
chief cells of the pineal gland
stimulates thyroid growth and secretion of thyroxines
this class of hormones is synthesized from cholesterol by enzymes present in mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum
hormone release by the anterior pituitary stimulates kidney and liver to secrete IGF-1, which stimulates bone growth
endocrine gland that regulates daily body rhythm
embryologic origin of the posterior lobe of the pituitary?
regulates maturation of ovarian follicle, ovulation, and corpus luteum formation
IGF-1 is produced by _____.
True or False: The release of catecholamines and peptide hormones occurs by merocrine secretion, while thyroxine and steroid hormones diffuse across the membrane.
what hormone stimulates the release of growth hormone?
thin remnant of the posterior wall of the pouch of the anterior pituitary lobe that abuts the pas distalis
which pituitary lobe is known as the neurohypohysis?
gel-like mass within the thyroid follicle

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