Endocrine Histology

Random Science Quiz

Can you name the the HYTQ concepts?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

How to Play
Share
Tweet
Embed
QuestionAnswer
decreases urine volume by increasing reabsorption of water by collecting ducts, decreases perspiration in response to dehydration, and increases blood pressure by stimulating contr
neurotransmitters synthesized from tryptophan
oxytocin is secreted by the ______ nuclei?
norepinephrine and epinephrine are examples of what class of hormone?
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
endocrine gland that regulates daily body rhythm
this class of hormones requires a transport protein such as androgen binding protein to reach target cells
which pituitary lobe is known as the adrenohypohysis?
an indolamine whose synthesis and release via diffusion through the membrane is enhanced during the dark cycle.
principal component of the colloid
these cells are responsible for the production of T3 and T4
this hormone decreases blood calcium by stimulating absorption of calcium by the bones
how many hormones are secreted by the anterior pituitary?
the portion of the adrenal gland that produces catecholamines
cells of the adrenal medulla that secrete epinephrine and norepinephrine
stimulates myoepithelial cells of the mammary gland andstimulates contraction of smooth muscle in the pregnant uterus
this class of hormones is translated by ribosomes at the rough endoplasmic reticulum, packaged in the Golgi apparatus, and transported to the cell surface via secretory vesicles
portion of the posterior pituitary that contains neurosecretory axons and their endings
thick middle zone of the adrenal cortex that releases gluococorticoids
IGF-1 is produced by _____.
a pea sized compound endocrine gland that is also known as the hypohysis
prolactin is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
True or False: The release of catecholamines and peptide hormones occurs by merocrine secretion, while thyroxine and steroid hormones diffuse across the membrane.
thryrotropic hormone (TSH) is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
these type of hormones regulate activity of hormones in other endocrine glands
QuestionAnswer
this class of hormones does not readily need transport proteins when released in the blood
hormone release by the anterior pituitary stimulates kidney and liver to secrete IGF-1, which stimulates bone growth
_____ is an iodinated tyrosine derivative embedded within thyroglobulin, which is released during the endocytosis and lysosomal degradation. _______ then diffuses out of the cell.
hormonal control classified as hormones secreted and acts on same cell
gel-like mass within the thyroid follicle
this class of hormones is synthesized from cholesterol by enzymes present in mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum
somatostatin _____ the release of growth hormone.
insulin, glucagon, growth hormone, and FSH are examples of what class of hormone?
comprises the bulk of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. arises from the thickened anterior wall of the pouch
maintains structure and stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and gonadocorticoids.
regulates maturation of ovarian follicle, ovulation, and corpus luteum formation
chief cells of the pineal gland
growth hormone is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
release of aldosterone from the adrenal gland is stimulated by what?
narrow outer zone of the adrenal cortex that secretes mineralcortacoids
develops from the thickened lateral walls of the pouch of the anterior pituitary and forms a collar or sheath around the infundibulum
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
regulates body rhythms and day/night cycles and inhibits secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) from the hypothalamus, which regulates the release of FSH and LH.
cells specific to the posterior pituitary
Tumor of chromaffin cells resulting in the overproduction of catecholamines.
this molecule inhibits the release of prolactin
what hormone stimulates the release of growth hormone?
_____ _____ _____is a disorder related to a abnormal regulation of day/night cycles.
True or False: The pineal gland arises from an outpocketing of the diencephalon
luteinizing hormone (LH) is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
QuestionAnswer
hormonal control classified as hormones secreted from one cell to act on adjacent cells.
what embryonic structure descends in the neck and divides into left and right thyroid lobes.
these cells secrete calcitonin
gonadal and adrenocortical hormones are examples of what class of hormone?
these cells secrete PTH
embryologic origin of the posterior lobe of the pituitary?
synthesized from tyrosine and packaged into secretory vesicles
the inner zone of the adrenal cortex that is involved in producing the sex hormones or androgens
hormone promotes mammary growth and initiates milk formation
which pituitary lobe is known as the neurohypohysis?
hormonal control classified as hormones secreted into the blood to be transported to the effector cell.
stimulates thyroid growth and secretion of thyroxines
a roughly spherical cystlike compartment with a wall formed by simple cuboidal epithelium
the portion of the adrenal gland that produces steroid hormones
thin remnant of the posterior wall of the pouch of the anterior pituitary lobe that abuts the pas distalis
embryologic origin of the anterior lobe of the pituitary?
calcified concretions in the pineal gland
true or false: ADH acts to increase permeability of the distal portions of the nephron by acting on aquaporins
released upon the endocytosis and lysosomal degradation of iodothyroglobulin
ADH is secreted by the ______ nuclei.
stimulates follicular development and spermatogenesis
this hormone increases blood calcium by promoting release from bones
membrane bound neurosecretory granules unite to form _____ ____ that contain oxytocin and vasopressin.

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
OR
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments

Extras