Endocrine Histology

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Can you name the the HYTQ concepts?

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these cells secrete calcitonin
develops from the thickened lateral walls of the pouch of the anterior pituitary and forms a collar or sheath around the infundibulum
regulates body rhythms and day/night cycles and inhibits secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) from the hypothalamus, which regulates the release of FSH and LH.
oxytocin is secreted by the ______ nuclei?
membrane bound neurosecretory granules unite to form _____ ____ that contain oxytocin and vasopressin.
stimulates thyroid growth and secretion of thyroxines
this class of hormones is synthesized from cholesterol by enzymes present in mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum
chief cells of the pineal gland
Tumor of chromaffin cells resulting in the overproduction of catecholamines.
this class of hormones requires a transport protein such as androgen binding protein to reach target cells
the inner zone of the adrenal cortex that is involved in producing the sex hormones or androgens
maintains structure and stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and gonadocorticoids.
stimulates follicular development and spermatogenesis
stimulates myoepithelial cells of the mammary gland andstimulates contraction of smooth muscle in the pregnant uterus
True or False: The release of catecholamines and peptide hormones occurs by merocrine secretion, while thyroxine and steroid hormones diffuse across the membrane.
these type of hormones regulate activity of hormones in other endocrine glands
this hormone decreases blood calcium by stimulating absorption of calcium by the bones
hormonal control classified as hormones secreted and acts on same cell
decreases urine volume by increasing reabsorption of water by collecting ducts, decreases perspiration in response to dehydration, and increases blood pressure by stimulating contr
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) is is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
these cells secrete PTH
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
cells of the adrenal medulla that secrete epinephrine and norepinephrine
comprises the bulk of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. arises from the thickened anterior wall of the pouch
IGF-1 is produced by _____.
QuestionAnswer
True or False: The pineal gland arises from an outpocketing of the diencephalon
cells specific to the posterior pituitary
endocrine gland that regulates daily body rhythm
an indolamine whose synthesis and release via diffusion through the membrane is enhanced during the dark cycle.
insulin, glucagon, growth hormone, and FSH are examples of what class of hormone?
embryologic origin of the anterior lobe of the pituitary?
hormonal control classified as hormones secreted into the blood to be transported to the effector cell.
these cells are responsible for the production of T3 and T4
growth hormone is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
released upon the endocytosis and lysosomal degradation of iodothyroglobulin
this class of hormones is translated by ribosomes at the rough endoplasmic reticulum, packaged in the Golgi apparatus, and transported to the cell surface via secretory vesicles
hormone release by the anterior pituitary stimulates kidney and liver to secrete IGF-1, which stimulates bone growth
_____ is an iodinated tyrosine derivative embedded within thyroglobulin, which is released during the endocytosis and lysosomal degradation. _______ then diffuses out of the cell.
thick middle zone of the adrenal cortex that releases gluococorticoids
gel-like mass within the thyroid follicle
somatostatin _____ the release of growth hormone.
neurotransmitters synthesized from tryptophan
norepinephrine and epinephrine are examples of what class of hormone?
thin remnant of the posterior wall of the pouch of the anterior pituitary lobe that abuts the pas distalis
prolactin is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
a pea sized compound endocrine gland that is also known as the hypohysis
thryrotropic hormone (TSH) is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
principal component of the colloid
embryologic origin of the posterior lobe of the pituitary?
a roughly spherical cystlike compartment with a wall formed by simple cuboidal epithelium
QuestionAnswer
what hormone stimulates the release of growth hormone?
this hormone increases blood calcium by promoting release from bones
the portion of the adrenal gland that produces steroid hormones
hormone promotes mammary growth and initiates milk formation
narrow outer zone of the adrenal cortex that secretes mineralcortacoids
which pituitary lobe is known as the neurohypohysis?
gonadal and adrenocortical hormones are examples of what class of hormone?
what embryonic structure descends in the neck and divides into left and right thyroid lobes.
synthesized from tyrosine and packaged into secretory vesicles
hormonal control classified as hormones secreted from one cell to act on adjacent cells.
how many hormones are secreted by the anterior pituitary?
_____ _____ _____is a disorder related to a abnormal regulation of day/night cycles.
calcified concretions in the pineal gland
this molecule inhibits the release of prolactin
release of aldosterone from the adrenal gland is stimulated by what?
portion of the posterior pituitary that contains neurosecretory axons and their endings
true or false: ADH acts to increase permeability of the distal portions of the nephron by acting on aquaporins
luteinizing hormone (LH) is released by acidophils or basophils of the anterior pituitary?
this class of hormones does not readily need transport proteins when released in the blood
which pituitary lobe is known as the adrenohypohysis?
the portion of the adrenal gland that produces catecholamines
regulates maturation of ovarian follicle, ovulation, and corpus luteum formation
ADH is secreted by the ______ nuclei.

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