Abdominal Wall

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Can you name the the HYTQ concepts of the Abdominal Wall?

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QuestionAnswer
these folds are lateral to the median umbilical fold and are formed by the occluded parts of the umbilical arteries
the abdominal cavity is bound superiorly by what?
1. Innervation of Muscle (2 nerves)
midline raphe formed by the aponeuroses of the external oblique, internal oblique, and transversus abdominus
peritoneal fossa between the median and medial umbilical folds.
longest portion of the small intestine
Organs that have a mesentery are called what?
true or false: the fascia of the internal and external obliques make up the anterior rectus sheath
demarcates the transition between the posterior rectus sheath and the transversalis fascia.
the inferior epigastric and the deep circumflex iliac artery are branches of what artery?
space behind the peritoneum of the posterior abdominal wall.
the superficial epigastric artery is a branch of what artery?
most common type of inguinal hernia
4. Identify Muscle
the ilioinguinal nerve emerges from the _______ inguinal ring.
the superficial epigastric and the superficial circumflex iliac are branches of what artery?
5. Identify Muscle
rectus abdominus muscles are connected via the _____ ______.
the aponeuroses of the muscles of the abdominal wall form a sheath that encloses the rectus abdominus called?
The layer lining the abdominal wall, the pelvic wall and pelvic viscera, and the inferior surface of the diaphragm is the _____ ______.
. Below the umbilicus, lymphatics drain into what?
peritoneal fossa between the medial and lateral umbilical folds and potential sites for direct inguinal hernias
9. Identify
the surgical puncture of the peritoneal cavity for the aspiration or drainage of fluid
1. Identify Muscle
double-layer sheets of peritoneum that suspend most of the gut and associated structures from the posterior body wall and provide pathways for blood vessels and nerves to the visce
True or False: The retroperitoneal space is within the peritoneal cavity.
10. Identify
QuestionAnswer
this plane passes through the umbilicus and IV discs between the L4 and L5 planes
this plane passes through the inferior border of the 10th costal cartilage on each side
infection and inflammation of the peritoneum
this plane passes from the midpoints of the clavicles to the midinguinal points.
3. The fatty layer of this subcutaneous facia is known as what?
peritoneal fossa lateral to the lateral umbilical fold and potential site for indirect inguinal hernia
the transtubercular plane is located at about what vertebral layer?
6. Identify
Organs without a mesentery are called what?
the subcostal plane is located at what vertebral level?
7. Identify Muscle
Above the umbilicus, lymphatics drain where?
innervation of the external oblique (2 nerves)
innervation of the transversus abdominis (2 nerves)
this fold is a remnant of the urachus and it extends from the aoex of the urinary bladder to the umbilicus
this plane passes through the line of the iliac tubercles and the body of L5 vertebra
the iliohypogastric and ilioinguinal nerves are the terminal branches of what spinal nerve?
the ilioinguinal nerve runs on the spermatic cord in males. It runs on the ___ ____ in females.
excess fluid in the peritoneal cavity is called
3. The membraneous layer of this subcutaneous fascia is known as what?
8. Identify Muscle
the musculophrenic and superior epigastric arteries are branches of what artery?
2. Identify
5. Innervation of Muscle (2 nerves)
these folds are lateral to the medial umbilical folds and cover the inferior epigastric vessels
layer lining the surface of the organs within the abdomen
innervation of the internal oblique (2 nerves)
a potential space between the parietal peritoneum lining the body wall and visceral peritoneum covering the abdominal organs.

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