Abdominal Wall

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Can you name the the HYTQ concepts of the Abdominal Wall?

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2. Identify
the musculophrenic and superior epigastric arteries are branches of what artery?
8. Identify Muscle
the superficial epigastric and the superficial circumflex iliac are branches of what artery?
3. The fatty layer of this subcutaneous facia is known as what?
excess fluid in the peritoneal cavity is called
the subcostal plane is located at what vertebral level?
peritoneal fossa between the medial and lateral umbilical folds and potential sites for direct inguinal hernias
The layer lining the abdominal wall, the pelvic wall and pelvic viscera, and the inferior surface of the diaphragm is the _____ ______.
innervation of the transversus abdominis (2 nerves)
innervation of the external oblique (2 nerves)
this plane passes from the midpoints of the clavicles to the midinguinal points.
layer lining the surface of the organs within the abdomen
5. Identify Muscle
the inferior epigastric and the deep circumflex iliac artery are branches of what artery?
9. Identify
the aponeuroses of the muscles of the abdominal wall form a sheath that encloses the rectus abdominus called?
6. Identify
peritoneal fossa between the median and medial umbilical folds.
innervation of the internal oblique (2 nerves)
3. The membraneous layer of this subcutaneous fascia is known as what?
these folds are lateral to the medial umbilical folds and cover the inferior epigastric vessels
true or false: the fascia of the internal and external obliques make up the anterior rectus sheath
most common type of inguinal hernia
10. Identify
this plane passes through the umbilicus and IV discs between the L4 and L5 planes
Above the umbilicus, lymphatics drain where?
the surgical puncture of the peritoneal cavity for the aspiration or drainage of fluid
infection and inflammation of the peritoneum
space behind the peritoneum of the posterior abdominal wall.
midline raphe formed by the aponeuroses of the external oblique, internal oblique, and transversus abdominus
the ilioinguinal nerve emerges from the _______ inguinal ring.
Organs that have a mesentery are called what?
peritoneal fossa lateral to the lateral umbilical fold and potential site for indirect inguinal hernia
1. Identify Muscle
rectus abdominus muscles are connected via the _____ ______.
7. Identify Muscle
True or False: The retroperitoneal space is within the peritoneal cavity.
double-layer sheets of peritoneum that suspend most of the gut and associated structures from the posterior body wall and provide pathways for blood vessels and nerves to the visce
5. Innervation of Muscle (2 nerves)
this fold is a remnant of the urachus and it extends from the aoex of the urinary bladder to the umbilicus
longest portion of the small intestine
the iliohypogastric and ilioinguinal nerves are the terminal branches of what spinal nerve?
the superficial epigastric artery is a branch of what artery?
the transtubercular plane is located at about what vertebral layer?
this plane passes through the inferior border of the 10th costal cartilage on each side
Organs without a mesentery are called what?
4. Identify Muscle
the ilioinguinal nerve runs on the spermatic cord in males. It runs on the ___ ____ in females.
. Below the umbilicus, lymphatics drain into what?
the abdominal cavity is bound superiorly by what?
1. Innervation of Muscle (2 nerves)
a potential space between the parietal peritoneum lining the body wall and visceral peritoneum covering the abdominal organs.
demarcates the transition between the posterior rectus sheath and the transversalis fascia.
this plane passes through the line of the iliac tubercles and the body of L5 vertebra
these folds are lateral to the median umbilical fold and are formed by the occluded parts of the umbilical arteries

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