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Places in Africa (HARD)
Can you name the sovereign country for the following places of the African continent ?
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Vocabulary Blitz II
History Match-Up (1990s)
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Some places may be connected to several countries: any correct answer is accepted. Please, use "DRC" for Democratic Republic of Congo/Congo-Kinshasa.
The Bissagos Islands (or Bijagós Archipelago) are a group of islands, located in the Atlantic Ocean in front of Bissau.
Previously known as Moçâmedes, it's located in southwestern Angola and is one of the major ports in the country.
It's the northernmost and easternmost island of the Portuguese archipelago of Madeira.
Damaraland was a name given to the north-central part of what later became Namibia.
Formerly Kitega, it's the 2nd largest city in Burundi.
Also known as 'Lake Malawi', it is the 3rd largest African Lake.
Hargeisa is the 2nd largest city in Somalia and is the capital of Somaliland (a de facto independent republic internationally recognized as a part of Somalia).
Hlotse (or Leribe )
Situated on the Hlotse River, it's an important market town in Lesotho.
It's a Spanish autonomous city located along Mediterranean coast of North Africa across from the Strait of Gibraltar.
Named 'Drakensberg' in South Africa and 'Maloti Mountains' in Lesotho, the 'Dragon Mountains' is the highest mountain range in Southern Africa.
Matobo National Park
It forms the core of the Matobo or Matopos Hills, an area of granite kopjes and wooded valleys, in southern Zimbabwe.
Formerly Port-Étienne, it's the 2nd largest city in Mauritania.
It's a large arid to semi-arid sandy area in Southern Africa, covering much of Botswana and parts of Namibia and South Africa.
Known as Victoria until 1982, it's a seaside city in the South West Region of Cameroon and is considered the best touristic city in the country to visit.
It's an island group in the Red Sea. The larger islands are a Yemen possession, while the peripheral islands to the southwest belongs to Eritrea.
Located in the South Atlantic Ocean, Annobón, also known as Pagalu or Pigalu, is an island of Equatorial Guinea.
Grown from a village named Masuku, it's one of the four largest cities in Gabon.
Europa Island (Île Europa) is a French island, classified as nature reserve, in the Mozambique Channel.
Air and Ténéré Natural Reserve
It's the 2nd largest protected nature reserve in Africa.
With its large bay and sand dunes, it's the tourism activity centre of Namibia.
It's the 2nd largest city in Togo.
Known as Bremersdorp until 1960, it's a market town in central Swaziland and the nation's main industrial centre.
it's the largest island of the Seychelles.
Located in the center of the country, it's the 2nd largest city in Togo.
Amphitheatre of El Jem
Built during the 3rd century, it's North Africa's Roman largest coliseum.
Afar Depression (or The Afar Triangle)
Also called the Danakil Depression, it's a geological depression near the Horn of Africa. It's well known as one of the cradles of hominids.
It is a mountain range of central Africa located on the border between Uganda and the DRC.
The sacred city of Abydos is one of the most important archaeological sites of Ancient Egypt. It's notable for the memorial temple of Seti I containing the Abydos King List.
Lying on the western banks of the River Nile, opposite Khartoum, it's the largest city in Sudan.
Fes (or Fez) is the 2nd largest city of Morocco, after Casablanca, and is one of the country's four 'imperial cities'.
Bloemfontein is the judicial capital city of South Africa.
Located along the Greenwich Meridian, it's the largest manmade lake (reservoir) by surface area in the world.
Also called Grande-Terre, it's the largest island of the Departmental Collectivity of Mayotte, even known as 'Maore'.
It's the northern island group of Cape Verde archipelago.
It's one of the African Great Lakes between the DRC and Rwanda.
It's one of the most industrialized towns of Mauritius.
Ilha do Príncipe
It's the smaller of the two major islands of São Tomé and Príncipe. It was the site where Einstein's Theory of Relativity was experimentally proved successful in 1919.
The Congo River forms the Livingstone Falls, a number of cataracts in deep canyons, where Brazzaville and Kinshasa lie on the opposite banks.
It's a port city on the Red Sea coast of Eritrea. It was the capital of the Italian Colony of Eritrea before being replaced by Asmara.
Masoala National Park
Masoala National Park, in northeast Madagascar, is the largest of the island's protected areas.
Located in the Danakil Depression, it's the lowest point in Africa.
Koidu Town (or Sefadu)
It's one of the largest city in Sierra Leone and serves as the capital city of the richest diamond producing District in the Eastern Province.
Cape Agulhas, a rocky headland in South Africa, is the geographic southern tip of Africa and the official dividing point between the Atlantic and Indian oceans.
Aldabra is an uninhabitated atoll of the Seychelles and is home to the world's largest population of giant tortoises.
It's an extinct shield volcano on the border of Uganda and Kenya. It's one of the largest intact calderas in the world.
It's Malawi's centre of finance and commerce and the 2nd largest city in the country.
Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera
It's a Spanish territory in North Africa off the Moroccan coast. It's one of the Spanish plazas de soberanía
Seven Brothers Islands
It's the English name given to the Sawabi Islands, a group of small islands off of the eastern coast of the Horn of Africa.
Agadez (or Agades) is the largest city in northern Niger. It lies in the Sahara and is the capital of one of the traditional Tuareg federations.
Located in north-eastern Tunisia, Monastir is a major tourist resort.
The Ogooué (or Ogowe) is the main river of Gabon.
The Galite Islands are a rocky group of islands of volcanic origin and are the northernmost point of Africa.
Located on the Lake Tunis across from the centre of Tunis, it was one of the largest cities in Hellenistic times. Today it's a popular tourist attraction and residential suburb.
The Cabinda Province is an exclave of Angola. Cabinda (city) is its capital, also called Tchiowa locally.
Locally called 'Damagaram', it's the 2nd largest city in Niger.
The Okavango Delta (or Okavango Swamp) is the world's largest inland delta disappearing in the desert.
El-Aaiún, or Laâyoune, is the unofficial capital city of Western Sahara, a disputed territory controlled by Morocco.
Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi Hill
The Kasubi Tombs in Kampala are the site of the burial grounds for four 'kabakas' (kings of Buganda) and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
It is the second-largest city of Gabon and a leading seaport.
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
It's one of the richest ecosystems in Africa and the diversity of species is a feature of the park. It's a World Heritage Site because of its ecological importance.
Known for marine turtles and traditional music, it's the 3rd largest island of Cape Verde.
Island of Gorée
The island was the largest slave-trading center on the African coast from the 15th to the 19th century
It was the capital of Morocco under the reign of Moulay Ismail, who constructed numerous edifices, gates and mosques (whence the nickname of 'City of the Hundred Minarets').
It was originally significant as the site of the first French colony in the region.
Situated on a headland between Pointe-Noire Bay and the Atlantic Ocean, it's the 2nd largest city in the Republic of the Congo.
Lying on the Benue River, it's an important river port and the 3rd largest city in the country.
Serengeti National Park
Widely regarded as the best wildlife reserve in Africa due to its density of predators and prey, it's most famous for its annual migration of wildebeest and zebra.
Fish River Canyon
After the Grand Canyon, it's the second largest canyon in the world and the largest in Africa.
Bight of Bonny
Also known as the Bight of Biafra, it's the easternmost part of the Gulf of Guinea.
It's the 2nd biggest city in Burkina Faso, after Ouagadougou.
Ras ben Sakka
Located in Tunisia, Ras ben Sakka is the northernmost point of the African mainland continent.
Popularly known as 'The Garden City' because of its many species of flowers and plants, it was capital of the Ashanti Confederacy. It's the 2nd largest city in Ghana.
It's the Continental Region of Equatorial Guinea, comprising the mainland geographical area.
The Agalega Islands are two islands in the Indian Ocean, lying north of Mauritius.
Cidade de Nacala
Located on the northern coast of Mozambique, it's the deepest natural port on the east coast of Africa.
Located in the Gulf of Gabes, off the coast of Tunisia, it's the largest island of North Africa and a popular tourist destination.
Lying near the Zambian border, it's the 2nd largest city in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Toubkal is a mountain peak in southwestern Morocco. It is the highest peak in the Atlas Mountains and in North Africa.
Historically known as Little Popo, it was the first German capital of Togo.
It's a group of caves, named after a local chief who used them as a refuge from Ndebele raiders and designated a National Park in 1955.
Formerly known as Georgetown, it's one of the largest city in the country.
It's an island group located in the Red Sea near Massawa.
It was the first capital of Portuguese Guinea and remained so until its transfer to Bissau in 1941.
The Virunga Mountains are a chain of volcanoes in East Africa and home of the critically endangered mountain gorilla.
Founded on the ruins of Taparura and Thaenae, it's a Mediterranean port on the Gulf of Gabès.
Regarded as the capital of eastern Algeria and the centre of its region, it's one of the largest city in the country.
Lalibela is one of Ethiopia's holiest cities and is a center of pilgrimage. It was intended to be a New Jerusalem in response to the capture of Jerusalem by Muslims.
Originating in Burundi and emptying into Lake Victoria, it's an East African river and a remote source of the Nile.
Juan de Nova Island
Also called Saint-Christophe, it's a French nature reserve located in the narrowest part of the Mozambique Channel.
Volcanoes National Park
It's home to five of the eight volcanoes of the Virunga Mountains and best known for the Mountain Gorilla.
It's divided between four countries: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania and Zambia.
Chimfunshi Wildlife Orphanage
It's a renowned orphanage and sanctuary for Chimpanzees, the only one of its kind in the world.
It is a large oasis and a city in south west Tunisia and it is considered the center of 'desert tourism'.
Saint-Denis is the 'préfecture' (administrative capital) of the French Overseas Region and Department of Réunion, in the Indian Ocean.
It's the 2nd largest city in terms of size and population in Zambia.
The Orange River (or Oranjerivier, or Senqu River) is the longest river in South Africa.
Ngorongoro Crater is a large volcanic caldera and lies within the Ngorongoro Conservation Area,. a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Tanzania.
Pointe des Almadies
Located in the Cap-Vert peninsula in Senegal, it is the westernmost point of the African mainland continent.
Royal Hill of Ambohimanga
It's a site of cultural and historical significance located near Antananarivo and consists of a walled village including residences and burial sites of the royalty of Imerina.
Sometimes called 'Dembiya', it is the source of the Blue Nile and is the largest lake in Ethiopia.
Tromelin Island (Île Tromelin) is a French territory located in the Indian Ocean and claimed by Mauritius and Seychelles.
Royal Palaces of Abomey
Abomey was the seat of 12 kings who ruled the Kingdom of Dahomey (1625-1900). The Royal Palace is one of the most famous and historically significant sites in West Africa.
Often shortened to PE and nicknamed 'The Friendly City' or 'The Windy City, Port Elizabeth is one of the major seaports in South Africa.
Located on Ngazidja, it's the country's highest point and currently one of the most active volcanoes in the world.
The Glorioso Islands or Glorieuses (Îles Glorieuses) are a group of French islands in the northern Mozambique channel.
Kongou Falls (or Koungou Falls) is a massive cataract about 2 to 3 miles wide located in Ivindo National Park in eastern Gabon.
Located along the border of Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia and Guinea, it's the highest peak of the Nimba Range and of the three countries.
Jamestown is the capital of the island of Saint Helena, a British Overseas Territory in the South Atlantic Ocean.
It's a group of islands in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar, comprising Mauritius, Réunion and other islands.
Formerly known as 'Lake Rudolf', it's the world's largest permanent desert lake and the world's largest alkaline lake.
Located in central kenya, it's one of the Rift Valley soda lakes. Its abundance of algae attracts the vast quantity of flamingos that famously lines the shore.
It's the westernmost island of the African continent.
Ras Hafun, a peninsula in northern Somalia, is the Easternmost point of African mainland continent.
Located on the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the river Bou Regreg, it's the twin city to Rabat.
Edinburgh of the Seven Seas
It's the main settlement of the island of Tristan da Cunha, a British Overseas Territory in the South Atlantic Ocean.
It's a port in north-eastern Sudan. It was formerly the region's chief port, before being replaced by Port Sudan.
Great Pyramid of Giza
It's the oldest of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World and has been the tallest structure for 4,000 years until the completion of Lincoln Cathedral in England around the year 1300.
Formerly known as 'Sá da Bandeira', it's one of the highest cities in Angola.
It's the location of some of the best preserved Berbero-Roman ruins, recognized as a unique adaptation of Roman architecture to a mountain environment.
Dzaoudzi was the capital of Mayotte until 1977.
Kilimanjaro is an inactive stratovolcano in north-eastern Tanzania and the highest mountain in Africa.
Zanzibar is an archipelago in the Indian Ocean, few kilometers off the coast, and is a semi-autonomous part of Tanzania.
Elmina Castle (or St. George of the Mine)
Erected by Portugal in 1482, it was the first trading post built on the Gulf of Guinea, so it's the oldest European building in existence below the Sahara.
Formerly known as Fort Archambault, it's the 3rd largest city in Chad.
Axum (or Aksum) is a city in northern Ethiopia. It was the original capital of the eponymous kingdom of Axum.
Bassas da India
Also called 'Basse de Judie', it's a French uninhabited atoll located in the southern Mozambique Channel.
The Chari River is a river of central Africa, flowing from the CAR through Chad into Lake Chad.
Durban is the 3rd largest city in South Africa and the biggest city on the East coast of the African continent.
Become of interest in recent years for oil prospects, it's a small island in the Gulf of Guinea.
Mamoudzou is the capital of the French Overseas Collectivity of Mayotte, in the Indian Ocean.
It's a dependency of Mauritius in the middle of the Indian Ocean. It's the easternmost point of Africa.
Also called 'Fernando Po', it is an island off the west coast of Africa, in the Gulf of Guinea. It is the island where the capital Malabo is situated.
Lying southwest of Banjul, it's the largest city in The Gambia.
Okapi Wildlife Reserve
It's a World Heritage Site in the Ituri Forest, in the north-east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
It's an autonomous Spanish city located on the Mediterranean, on the north coast of North Africa.
Also known as Lemain Island, it's an island located approximately 170 miles (272 km) upriver from the mouth of the Gambia River.
Ibadan is the 3rd largest metropolitan area in Nigeria.
Situated in the upper Congo River basin in Zambia, it's one of the world's great wetland systems, comprising Lake Bangweulu, the Bangweulu Swamps and the Bangweulu Flats.
Lying north west of Asmara, it's the 2nd largest city in Eritrea.
Legendary site of the capital of the Ghana Empire, it's the most famous archeological site in Mauritania.
It was the name of the Republic of Benin, before being renamed after the Bight of Benin.
It's an inactive volcano on the border between Rwanda and the DRC. It's the highest peak in the Virunga Mountains.
Located in the Indian Ocean at the East of the Horn of Africa, Socotra is part of the Republic of Yemen..
Saint Paul River
It forms part of the boundary between Guinea and Liberia.
It's a port city in western Kenya and one of the largest cities in the country.
Ilhéu das Rolas
Located in the Gulf of Guinea, it's a small island crossed by the equatorial line.
With a diameter of 190 km (120 mi), it is the largest, oldest and most deeply eroded astrobleme found on Earth. It is named after the near town of Vredefort.
It's the highest mountain in Zimbabwe.
Beira is the 2nd largest city in Mozambique.
Located in northwestern Botswana, it's a site of great cultural and spiritual significance to the San peoples of the Kalahari and contains over 4,500 rock paintings.
Gulf of Tadjoura
It's a gulf of the Indian Ocean in the Horn of Africa. Most of its coastline is territory of Djibouti, except for a short southern stretch which is part of Somalia.
Located on the Logone River in the south of Chad, it's the second largest city in the country.
Cliff of Bandiagara
It's a sandstone chain ranging from south to northeast over 200 km and extending to the Grandamia massif, marked in the end by the Hombori Tondo, Mali's highest peak.
Ruins of Loropéni
More than a thousand years old, it's the best-preserved of ten fortresses in Lobi, in southern Burkina Faso.
It's the capital of Ascension Island, a British Overseas Territory in the South Atlantic Ocean.
It corresponds to the coastal areas of present Togo, Benin and western Nigeria. Important export centre for the Atlantic slave trade since the early 16th century.
Located in the southeast of the capital city, it's the highest peak in the country.
Lamu Old Town is the oldest and best-preserved Swahili settlement along coastal East Africa.
It's the capital city of Portugal's Autonomous Region of Madeira, an archipelago in the north Atlantic Ocean.
Located in the Ahaggar Mountains, it's the highest mountain peak in Algeria, at 3,003 metres (9,852 ft).
Located in Zimbabwe on the Zambezi river, it's the largest artificial lake and reservoir in the world (5400 kmq).
Asante Traditional Buildings
Located to the northeast of Kumasi, these buildings are the last vestige of the Asante civilization. It's a World Heritage Site consisting of a collection of 13 buildings.
Lower Valley of the Awash
It is a World Heritage Site for the grat number of pre-human hominid remains found. The skeleton called 'Lucy' was found here in 1974. The Awash is a major river of Ethiopia.
It serves as a rough boundary between Bantu speakers in the south and Nilotic and Central Sudanic language speakers in the north.
Prosperous centre considered an El Dorado in the 15th-16th centuries, Timbuktu is an ancient city in the Tombouctou Region of Mali.
Lying at the central heart of Africa’s great rainforests, it's one of the largest city in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Abu Simbel Temples
Abu Simbel temples are two massive rock temples in southern Egypt, part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the 'Nubian Monuments'.
It's the official name for 'Grande Comore', the largest island in the Comoros nation.
It's the 2nd largest city in Sierra Leone.
Seven Coloured Earths
The Seven Coloured Earths (Terres des Sept Coleurs) are a geological formation and prominent tourist attraction found in the Chamarel plain.
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