The Presidency is peacefully transferred to Democratic-Republican party under Jefferson. Voting problems would lead to the 12th Amendment.
John Marshall is appointed Chief Justice of The Supreme Court by Adams. He will be the last Federalists influence on government.
Attempt by Adams to further Federalists influence by creating 3 new circuit courts and 10 district courts. He filled them with 'Midnight Judges'.
Congress repeals the Judiciary Act of 1801, getting rid of the new positions.
First time an act of Congress is declared Unconstitutional, establishing the principle of Judicial Review.
Thomas Jefferson buys the Louisiana territory for $15,000,000 from France.
Jefferson commissions Lewis and Clark for a transcontinental journey to explore Louisiana and make observations about the wildlife.
Jefferson wins in a landslide against the Federalist who only get a few New England states.
British refuse to recognize US neutrality in the war between Britain and France. They stop ships going to or from France and board them.
Vice President Burr attempts to take control of the Southwest and create as separate nation.
A British ship pursues, attacks, and boards an american one in search of British deserters off the coast of Virginia. Public is outraged.
Stops all trade with any nations whatsoever in hopes of getting France and Britain to recognize US neutrality. Largely ignored due to economic impact.
Congress bans the Atlantic Slave Trade.
James Madison elected president.
Opened trade to all nations except Britain and France. Whichever one agreed to respect neutrality first would have trade reestablished
First time a state law is declared unconstitutional. Contract clause of the constitution overrode state law.
Madison annexes Republic of West Florida, claiming it as part of the Louisiana Territory.
Charter for the First Bank of America expires and is not reestablished by Madison.
The state of Louisiana is admitted to the Union.
War fought with British over sailor impressments and aid to Natives by British. Francis Key Scott writes 'Star Spangled Banner' during the Battle of Baltimore and Jackson seen as hero for victory at Battle of New Orleans. Leads to Era of Good Feelings.
Meeting of New England states to discuss secession due to economic troubles over British blockade, tariffs, and taxes.
US stops policy of paying tributes to Pirates off the Barbary coast. Effectively ends piracy in the region.
Effectively demilitarizes the border between Great Britain and the US including Northwest Territory. Joint occupation of the Oregon territory.
Madison issue a new charter for the Bank of America in a series of steps towards the American System.
Democratic Republicans dominate election of 1816 due to War of 1812, Era of Good Feelings, and Federalist ideas like a national Bank.
The first federally founded road ran from Maryland all the way through Ohio and Indiana, ending in Illinois.
Jackson invades Florida and fights a war against Native Seminoles and runaway African Americans. This leads to the Adams-Onis Treaty since Spain cant defend Florida anymore. US gets east Florida.
The charter of a private corporation is protected under the constitution.
First economic downturn to largely be caused by internal issues instead of Foreign including the National Bank, War of 1812 and the debt from the war.
Upheld Constitutionality of the Bank of The United States. Example of loose construction of the Constitution.
Added Missouri as Slave state and Maine as Free state. Banned slavery in Louisiana territory north of 36' 30'
Policy of preventing European interference in North and South America.
Affirmed federal control of interstate commerce under commerce clause of the Constitution
Jackson technically wins but Senate gets to chose and Clay is deciding vote. Clay later becomes Secretary of State leading to the assumption of a corrupt bargain.
Connects Atlantic Ocean to Great Lakes cutting transportation costs by 95% and allowing New York City to become the main port in the US.
Passed to protect northern industry but hurt southern agricultural economy leading to the Nullification Crisis.
Election saw the National Republicans and emergence of the Second Party System dominated by Jacksonian Democracy.
Jackson veto's road due to unconstitutionality of intrastate improvements and the idea of a government that didn't influence the economy.
Used military pressure to remove Native Americans, particularly in Georgia.
Jackson veto's the Bank recharter due to the fact that it concentrates too much power in the hands of too few people and wasn't regulated by the government.
South Carolina tries to Nullify the Tariff of Abominations.
In response to nullification Congress passe this bill to allow Jackson to use military strength to enforce federal laws.
To end the federal bank faster Jackson removes federal deposits and puts them in these state banks.
This war was to get the Seminoles to move west out of Florida as well as prevent possible slave uprisings.
In this election the Whigs had 4 candidates who campaigned in different regions to try and beat Van Buren.
This panic was caused by the national bank not being renewed and Specie Circular.
About 4,000 Cherokee die as they are moved west on this trail to lands west of the Mississippi.
Attempt to separate the treasury system from banking system.