Russell Review

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Arteritis with mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, usually occurs in children. Coronary arteries can be involved with aneurysm formation and/or thrombosis.Medium vessel vasculitis
Stable or Vulnerable Plaque: Thick Fibrous Cap with low Lipid content, Few inflammatory cells
Calcification in tunica media and not in the intima.Small muscular arteries in the pelvis, neck, and breast regions can be affected.These arterial calcifications can be seen in radiographs. Medial calcific sclerosis can also be seen involving the extremities in association with autonomic neuropathy in diabetes mellitus.
Necrotizing small vessel vasculitis with few or no immune deposits. Necrotizing glomerulonephritis and pulmonary capillaritis are common. Associated with MPO-ANCAs. Small vessel vasculitis
Typically involves renal and visceral vessels but spares the pulmonary arteries. Medium vessel vasculitis
40-50% of infarcts result from the occlusion of ______.
Stable or Vulnerable Plaque: Thin Fibrous Cap, High lipid content, many inflammatory cells
A person with AAA is very likely to have _________ in other vessels and has an increased risk of IHD and stroke.
Hypertension leads to LVH and eventually myocardial __________.
Systemic vasculitis of small or medium sized muscular arteries characterized by segmental transmural necrotizing inflammation with a predilection for branch points.Medium vessel vasculitis
A fixed coronary obstruction results into this symptom.
At 7-28 days, the MI is _______.
Granulomatous inflammation involving the respiratory tract and necrotizing vasculitis affecting small vessels, including glomerular vessels. Associated with PR3-ANCAs. Small vessel vasculitis
Diagnosis: Active arteritis with destruction of tunica media by chronic inflammatory infiltrates including giant cells. Cross sections of right carortid artery at autopsy showing mLarge vessel vasculitis
Segmental, thrombosing, acute and chronic inflammation of medium-sized and small arteries. Tibial and radial pulses are most often affected. Occurs almost exclusively in smokers, u
At 29 days and beyond, the MI is _______.
A 3-5 day old infract can have total __________ and maximal PMN infiltration.
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Occlusion of the LAD, Circumflex artery, and RCA result into _______ infarct.
The most common form of vasculitis among elderly individuals in the United States and Europe. Therapeutic response to steroids. Unknown cause. Large vessel vasculitis
Pulseless disease. Patients less than 50yo. Granulomatous vasculitis - classically the aortic arch.
Troponin I needs to be greater than _____ng/mL in order to diagnose acute MI.
At 6h, the MI is ________.
Eosinophil-rich granulomatous inflammation involving the respiratory tract and necrotizing vasculitis affecting small vessels. Associated with asthma and blood eosinophilia. AssociSmall vessel vasculitis
Necrotizing inflammation typically involving renal arteries but sparing pulmonary vessels.Medium vessel vasculitis
This is the most common calcific valvular disease.Thickened cusps with dystrophic calcified plaques. Not much lipid. Not much cellular proliferation.
Diagnosis: Destroyed internal elastic lamina and giant cells. Thickened, nodular, tender segment of temporal artery.
At 6h-7days, the MI is ______.
25% of AAA will rupture if it is greater than ___cm in size.
A SEVERE fixed coronary obstruction causes this condition.
What is the clinical result of a mural thrombus?
Malignant hypertension is greater than 240/120 mmHg. It may develop in previously normotensive patients and usually superimposed on preexisting ________ hypertension.
What is the clinical result of an occlusive thrombus?
Name a manifestation of reperfusion injury.

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