Pediatrics COMAT Part 2

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Can you name the Pediatrics COMAT Part 2?

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The syndrome includes partial oculocutaneous albinism, peripheral neuropathy, and neutropenia. Blood smear shows neutrophils with giant granules.
Congenital infection associated with PDA, deafness, cataracts, and mental retardation.
'Ground-glass' appearance, diffuse atelectasis, and air bronchograms on CXR.
Caused by Coxsackie A virus. Oral ulcers. Maculopapular vesicular rash on the hands and feet and sometimes on the buttocks.
_____ sign: Reluctance of knee extension when the hip is flexed.
An X-linked recessive disorder seen only in males. Classic presentation involves bleeding, eczema, and recurrent otitis media. Patients rarely survive to adulthood.
Presents with tetany secondary to hypocalcemia in the first days of life. Infections with viruses, fungi, and PCP pneumonia. X-ray may show absent thymic shadow.
An autosomal dominant disorder with recurrent episodes of angioedema lasting 2-72 hours and provoked by stress or trauma.
Herniation of the abdominal viscera through the abdominal wall at the umbilicus into a sac. Seen in Beckwith-Wiedemann syndome and trisomies.
Untreated Kawasaki disease can lead to ______
_____ Disease: Conjunctivitis, Rash, Adenopathy, Strawberry Tongue, Hands and Feet are red, swollen, and flaky skin
All Ig levels are low. Normal B cell numbers. Decreased plasma cells. Treat with IVIG
The most common cause of respiratory failure in preterm infants (affects more than 70% of infants born at 28-30 weeks)
Recurrent infections of catalase + organisms. The nitroblue tetrazolium test is diagnostic.
Pruritic 'teardrop' vesicular rash in a dermatomal distribution. Uncommon unless the patient is immunocompromised.
_____ sign: Pain with passive neck flexion.
Respiratory distress, sunken abdomen, bowel sounds over the left hemithorax.
Absent tonsils and other lymphoid tissues may provide a clue
Classic 'steeple sign' from subglottic narrowing
_____ abscess: Acute onset high fever with sore throat, a muffled 'hot potato' voice. Six months to 6 years of age.
Bilious emesis within hours after the first feeding. Associated with Down Syndrome.
Inability to form membrane attack complex (MAC). Recurrent Neisseria infections, meningococcal or gonococcal.
Recurrent skin, mucosal, and pulmonary infections. Delayed separation of the umbilical cords.
'Cough, Coryza, and Conjunctivitis', Koplik Spots.
The most common immunodeficiency. Low IgA levels only.
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Subglottic narrowing
'Slapped Cheek' caused by Parvovirus B19.
Anaphylactic transfusion reaction. Do not give IVIG, as it can lead to the production of anti-IgA antibodies.
Presents as an asymptomatic, nontender, smooth abdominal mass that does not usually cross the midline.
'Thumbprint sign' on lateral film
An acute viral inflammatory disease of the larynx, primarily within the subglottic space. Pathogens include parainfluenza virus type 1. Barking cough.
Patients sit with the neck hyperextended and the chin protruding and lean forward in a 'tripod' position to maximize air entry.
A suppurative infection of the middle ear cavity that is common in children. Pathogens are S. pneumonia, H. influenza, and Moraxella.
_____ abscess: Sore throat, a muffled 'hot potato' voice, truisms, drooling, uvula displaced to opposite side. Group A streptococcus.
Generalized, pruritic, 'teardrop' vesicular periphery. Lesions are often at different stages of healing.
Severe lack of B and T cells due to a defect in stem cell maturation and decreased adenosine deaminase
A range of nonhereditary, nonprogressive disorders of movement and posture. Often results from perinatal neurologic insult, but in most cases the cause is unknown.
_____ Jaundice: Not present until 72 hours after birth. Resolves by 1 week in term infants and 2 weeks in preterm infants.
X-linked recessive B cell deficiency found only in boys. Symptoms begin after 6 months of age.
______ syndrome: Cardiac abnormalities, Abnormal facies, Thymic aplasia, Cleft palate, Hypocalcemia, and 22q11 deletion
Coarse Facies, Abscesses, Retained Primary Teeth, Hyper-IgE, Dermatologic
The classic presentation is an infant less than 6 months of age with posttussive emesis and apnea. Give Erythromycin for 14 days to patients and close contacts.
Apgar Score ____: Indicate the need for immediate resuscitation.
An acute inflammatory illness of the small airways in the upper and lower respiratory tracts that primarily affects infants and children
An autoimmune disorder manifesting as arthritis with 'morning stiffness' and gradual loss of motion that is present for at least 6 weeks in a patient
Progressive cerebellar ataxia and oculocutaneous telangiectasia. Caused by DNA repair defect. Increased incidence of malignancies.
Caused by Paramyxovirus. An erythematous maculopapular rash spreads from head to toe.
_____ Jaundice: Present in the first 24 hours of life. Bilirubin increases to greater than 15mg per dL.
Caused by HHV-6 and HHV-7. A maculopapular rash appears as fever breaks.
Herniation of the intestine only through the abdominal wall next to the umbilicus with no sac.

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Created Oct 20, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:pediatric