Science / Malouf Lectures Block 3 Spring 2011

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Can you name the Malouf Lectures Block 3 Sprin 2011?

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Due to immature alveolar cells that produce less surfactant, decreased compliance, atelectasis, lung tissue ischemia, sloughing of tissue and edema.
Most common respiratory disorder in newborns.
Name a common pathogen in CF GNRs: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Burkholderia cepacia, Klebsiella pneumoniae
SIDS prevention Counsel on smoking cessation, avoid overheating
Name a risk factor for CLD
Carrier rate of CF gene in white population is 1 in __
Persistent supplemental oxygen requirement with an abnormal CXR examination at 36 weeks, postconceptual age in an infant who required positive pressure ventilation in the 1st wk
CXR: Varies between hyperinflation and perihilar infiltrates (like TTN) to significant heterogenous lung disease with hyperinflated and hypoinflated areas, patchy and linear infilt
Name a risk factor for SIDS. Lack of adequate prenatal care, young maternal age (adolescent mother
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Risk factors are cesarean delivery, macrosomia, male sex, maternal asthma, and maternal diabetes.
A normal pattern of infant breathing defined by 3 or more periods of apnea lasting at least 3 seconds and separated by 20 seconds of breathing.
Neonatal respiratory physiology has a more compliant chest wall, greater reliance on diaphragm, smaller and fewer alveoli, and smaller and more _________ inthrathoracic airways.
SIDS DDx
CXR: Decreased lung inflation with diffuse symmetrical reticulogranular (ground glass appearance) lung fields and air bronchograms.
Presenting complaints: Acute and persistent respiratory illnesses (51%), failure to thrive or malnutrition (43%), abnormal stool or steatorrhea (35%)
Prematurity, genetic predisposition, patent ductus arteriosus, malnutrition, and positive pressure ventilation are risk factors for _______.
CXR: Hyperinflation with clear lung parenchyma except for perihilar linear densities and fluid in the fissures, no consolidations.

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