What are the three incoming nerve roots of the ciliary ganglion in terms of their modalities (sensory, etc.)?
GSA – GENERAL SOMATIC AFFERENT (GENERAL SENSORY: CORNEA AND SCLERA) GVE – GENERAL VISCERAL EFFERENT (PRE-GANGLIONIC PARASYMPATHETIC: MOTOR TO CILIARY BODY AND SPHINCTER PUPILLAE) GVE - GENERAL VISCERAL EFFERENT (POST-GANGLIONIC SYMPATHETIC: MOTOR TO DILATOR PUPILLAE)
Lower motor neuron disease in CN VI can cause what symptom due to an unopposed medial rectus?
What signs does Horner’s syndrome cause?
Lack of a proper corneal reflex response during a clinical examination of the eyes may be caused by what two types of nerve lesion?
Do both mesodermal mesenchyme and neural crest mesenchyme contribute to developmental components in the pharyngeal arches?
How many pharyngeal pouches, grooves and membranes are contained in the pharyngeal apparatus at its maximal development?
How many pharyngeal arches are contained in the pharyngeal apparatus at its maximal development?
Pharyngeal arch 1 (PA1) includes what two major components?
______ crest cells contribute, in part, to cranial and sensory ganglia and nerves
Pharyngeal Membranes are closely juxtaposed endoderm and ________ at the thinnest part of a pharyngeal groove or pouch configuration with a thin layer or mesoderm between
Pharyngeal cleft = pharyngeal ______ at the pharyngeal apparatus
The mesenchymal core of a pharyngeal arch includes contributions from both ________ and neural crest mesenchyme cell populations
What large bone will be most markedly underdeveloped if there is insufficiency of the first pharyngeal arch?
What pharyngeal apparatus structure gives rise to the external auditory meatus and tympanic cavity?
Which pharyngeal arch is CN IX associated with?
What trigeminal nerve division does NOT develop from the first pharyngeal arch?
What organ is derived from pharyngeal pouch two?
What two pharyngeal pouches give rise to the parathyroid glands?
What pharyngeal arch(es) give rise to the epiglottis?
The temporal, maxillary and zygomatic bones develop from the first pharyngeal arch by __________ ossification.
The thick bones at the base of the skull are formed primarily by what type of ossification?
Parietal bone is part of developing _______ neurocranium.
The membranous viscerocranium includes the mandible, maxilla and temporal bone (______ portion)
The occipital bone forms as a part of the ________ neurocranium
Scaphocephaly is a form of cransynostosis caused by the pre-mature fusion of the ______ suture
What is the most severe form of craniosynostosis?
What superficial part of the mouth is derived from the superficial part of the premaxillary segment?
Relative to the incisive foramen, where is the part of the hard palate that develops from the premaxillary segment?
Relative to the incisive foramen, where is the part of the hard palate that develops from the right and left lateral palatine processes?
_________ segment: Wedge shaped mass of mesenchyme between developing maxillae. It is formed by the merger of the median nasal prominences.
_______ palatine processes grow towards the median plane of the hard palate forming the median palatine raphe.
_________ cleft lip is the failure of the mesenchymal mass in the maxillary prominences on the affected side to meet and unite with the merged medial nasal prominences.
THE EPITHELIUM IN THE AFFECTED LABIAL GROOVE BREAKS DOWN AND FORMS THE COMPLETE DISCONTINUITY.