Fungus and Bacteria NGR

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Treatment for Bordetella pertussis 50s
Diagnosed with Cold agglutinin titer, not seen on Gram stain, Eaton's media for culture.
Treatment for Mycoplasma pneumoniae50s
Gram (+) club shaped rods that are non-spore forming.
Reservoir: Desert sand in Southwestern US
Reservoir: Soil with decaying organic material in Eastern US
Treatment for Diphtheria.
Acid fast rods, slow growth, facultative intracellular.
Gram (+) cocci in chains or pairs. Catalase negative, Beta hemolytic, Group A antigen, and Bacitracin sensitive.
______ toxin is an A-B exotoxin that blocks protein synthesis and damages the heart and nervous system.
Gram (-) pleomorphic rods that require X (hemin) and V (NAD) factors.Grows on chocolate agar. Doesn't grow on blood agar
Gram (+) diplococcus that is Lancet shaped, catalase (-), Alpha hemolytic, Bile soluble, and Optochin sensitive
Reservoir: Ubiquitous in soil
Gram (-) diplococci that presents as ear pain.
Filamentous fungus that causes Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, fungal ball, and invasive pulmonary aspergillosis.
Another name for granuloma formation in TB.
Treatment for Hib that causes invasive infections: epiglotittis, pneumonia, meningitis.3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Virulence factor is P1 adhesin that adheres to respiratory epithelial cells, inhibits ciliary action and protection Persistent hacking cough
Gram (-) facultative intracellular pathogen. Water organism
Small obligate intracellular pathogen. Elementary body (EB) and Reticulate Body (RB). No peptidoglycan layer in cell wall.Energy parasites
Treatment of Legionnaire's disease (atypical pneumonia) in elderly, smokers, immunocompromised patients. 50s
______pathogens cause disease in healthy people. Dimorphic. Endemic. Includes Coccidioides immitis, Histoplasma capsulatum, Blastomyces dermatitidis, and Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
Pneumonia in school-age and young adults
Gram (-) rod with a polysaccharide capsule in the Enterobacteriaceae family.
Bacterial pathogens that cause Otitis Media.
Reservoir: Unclear
Treatment for this fungus: Amphotericine B and Flucytosine
Treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa causing fever, productive cough, weight loss, breathing difficulties, and cyanosis.
Gram (-) coccobacilli, fastidious. Causes immobilization of cilia and killing of ciliated cells. Increase in mucus secretion and edema
Treatment for Streptococcus pneumoniae causing Sinusitis and Otitis Media
Disease caused is coccidiodimycosis or 'Valley Fever'
Reservoir: Soil enriched with pigeon droppings.
Gram (+) rod, single, paired, or long serpentine chains, spore forming, polypeptide capsule
Encapsulated yeast.
Intracellular budding yeasts in reticuloendothelial cells.
Treatment for Streptococcus pneumoniae causing pneumonia and meningitis3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Single-celled eukaryotic microorganism that has no ergosterol in the cell membrane. Causes interstitial pneumonia, extrapulmonary manifestations
Treatment for Haemophilus influenzae causing Sinusitis and Otitis media.
Gram (-) rod, Opportunist pathogen. Lung infection in Cystic fibrosis and immunocompromised patients.
Community-acquired pneumonia
Filamentous fungus that causes Rhinocerebral, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cutaneous, disseminated ZygomycosesDisease is Zygomycosis (Mucormycosis)
Clinical presentation: Thick Pseudomembrane that can lead to obstruction and suffocation, sore throat, bull neck.
Treatment for Klebsiella pneumoniae3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Budding yeasts with 'pilot wheel' morphology
Treatment for Streptococcus pyogenes. Treatment prevents Acute rheumatic fever.
Treatment for this fungus: TMP-SMZ
Bacterial pathogen that causes Epiglotittis
Reservoir: Soil contaminated by bird or bat feces in Eastern US.
Smallest free-living bacteria that has NO CELL WALL, and has Sterols in membrane.Causes Atypical/Walking Pneumonia
Treatment of Chlamydophila psitacci causing Pneumonia often associated with hepatitis
Virulence factors: M protein, F protein, hyaluronic acid capsule.
Spherules filled with endosprores in tissue.
Treatment for these fungi: Amphotericine B and surgical removal of focal infection foci
Treatment of Chlamydophila pneumoniae causing Pneumonia or Bronchitis: gradual onset of cough, malaise, dry cough50s
Single broad-based budding yeasts with no capsule.
Reservoir: Soil in South America.
Treatment of Pulmonary anthrax causing fever, chills, cough, massive enlargement of mediastinal lymph nodes, respiratory distress, cyanosis, and shock.

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Created Apr 17, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:bacteria, fungus