Fungus and Bacteria NGR

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Budding yeasts with 'pilot wheel' morphology
Single-celled eukaryotic microorganism that has no ergosterol in the cell membrane. Causes interstitial pneumonia, extrapulmonary manifestations
Reservoir: Soil enriched with pigeon droppings.
Virulence factor is P1 adhesin that adheres to respiratory epithelial cells, inhibits ciliary action and protection Persistent hacking cough
Filamentous fungus that causes Rhinocerebral, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cutaneous, disseminated ZygomycosesDisease is Zygomycosis (Mucormycosis)
Treatment of Legionnaire's disease (atypical pneumonia) in elderly, smokers, immunocompromised patients. 50s
Encapsulated yeast.
Gram (-) facultative intracellular pathogen. Water organism
Treatment of Chlamydophila pneumoniae causing Pneumonia or Bronchitis: gradual onset of cough, malaise, dry cough50s
______ toxin is an A-B exotoxin that blocks protein synthesis and damages the heart and nervous system.
Single broad-based budding yeasts with no capsule.
Treatment for Streptococcus pyogenes. Treatment prevents Acute rheumatic fever.
Gram (-) rod, Opportunist pathogen. Lung infection in Cystic fibrosis and immunocompromised patients.
Disease caused is coccidiodimycosis or 'Valley Fever'
Filamentous fungus that causes Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, fungal ball, and invasive pulmonary aspergillosis.
Treatment for these fungi: Amphotericine B and surgical removal of focal infection foci
Bacterial pathogens that cause Otitis Media.
Gram (-) pleomorphic rods that require X (hemin) and V (NAD) factors.Grows on chocolate agar. Doesn't grow on blood agar
Community-acquired pneumonia
Gram (-) coccobacilli, fastidious. Causes immobilization of cilia and killing of ciliated cells. Increase in mucus secretion and edema
Acid fast rods, slow growth, facultative intracellular.
Gram (+) club shaped rods that are non-spore forming.
Diagnosed with Cold agglutinin titer, not seen on Gram stain, Eaton's media for culture.
Treatment for Haemophilus influenzae causing Sinusitis and Otitis media.
Treatment for Streptococcus pneumoniae causing Sinusitis and Otitis Media
Gram (-) diplococci that presents as ear pain.
Virulence factors: M protein, F protein, hyaluronic acid capsule.
Treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa causing fever, productive cough, weight loss, breathing difficulties, and cyanosis.
Gram (+) rod, single, paired, or long serpentine chains, spore forming, polypeptide capsule
Reservoir: Soil in South America.
Treatment for Streptococcus pneumoniae causing pneumonia and meningitis3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Reservoir: Soil with decaying organic material in Eastern US
Gram (+) cocci in chains or pairs. Catalase negative, Beta hemolytic, Group A antigen, and Bacitracin sensitive.
Smallest free-living bacteria that has NO CELL WALL, and has Sterols in membrane.Causes Atypical/Walking Pneumonia
Treatment for Bordetella pertussis 50s
Small obligate intracellular pathogen. Elementary body (EB) and Reticulate Body (RB). No peptidoglycan layer in cell wall.Energy parasites
Pneumonia in school-age and young adults
Gram (+) diplococcus that is Lancet shaped, catalase (-), Alpha hemolytic, Bile soluble, and Optochin sensitive
Reservoir: Ubiquitous in soil
Reservoir: Desert sand in Southwestern US
Treatment of Pulmonary anthrax causing fever, chills, cough, massive enlargement of mediastinal lymph nodes, respiratory distress, cyanosis, and shock.
Reservoir: Unclear
Clinical presentation: Thick Pseudomembrane that can lead to obstruction and suffocation, sore throat, bull neck.
Bacterial pathogen that causes Epiglotittis
Treatment for Klebsiella pneumoniae3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Spherules filled with endosprores in tissue.
Another name for granuloma formation in TB.
Treatment for this fungus: Amphotericine B and Flucytosine
Treatment for Hib that causes invasive infections: epiglotittis, pneumonia, meningitis.3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Gram (-) rod with a polysaccharide capsule in the Enterobacteriaceae family.
Treatment of Chlamydophila psitacci causing Pneumonia often associated with hepatitis
Reservoir: Soil contaminated by bird or bat feces in Eastern US.
Treatment for Diphtheria.
______pathogens cause disease in healthy people. Dimorphic. Endemic. Includes Coccidioides immitis, Histoplasma capsulatum, Blastomyces dermatitidis, and Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
Intracellular budding yeasts in reticuloendothelial cells.
Treatment for this fungus: TMP-SMZ
Treatment for Mycoplasma pneumoniae50s

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