Fungus and Bacteria NGR

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Treatment of Legionnaire's disease (atypical pneumonia) in elderly, smokers, immunocompromised patients. 50s
Treatment for Mycoplasma pneumoniae50s
Treatment for this fungus: Amphotericine B and Flucytosine
______pathogens cause disease in healthy people. Dimorphic. Endemic. Includes Coccidioides immitis, Histoplasma capsulatum, Blastomyces dermatitidis, and Paracoccidioides brasiliensis
Gram (-) rod with a polysaccharide capsule in the Enterobacteriaceae family.
Gram (+) diplococcus that is Lancet shaped, catalase (-), Alpha hemolytic, Bile soluble, and Optochin sensitive
Encapsulated yeast.
Treatment of Chlamydophila pneumoniae causing Pneumonia or Bronchitis: gradual onset of cough, malaise, dry cough50s
Single-celled eukaryotic microorganism that has no ergosterol in the cell membrane. Causes interstitial pneumonia, extrapulmonary manifestations
Community-acquired pneumonia
Bacterial pathogens that cause Otitis Media.
Intracellular budding yeasts in reticuloendothelial cells.
Treatment for Bordetella pertussis 50s
Bacterial pathogen that causes Epiglotittis
Treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa causing fever, productive cough, weight loss, breathing difficulties, and cyanosis.
Reservoir: Desert sand in Southwestern US
Treatment for Hib that causes invasive infections: epiglotittis, pneumonia, meningitis.3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Pneumonia in school-age and young adults
Gram (-) coccobacilli, fastidious. Causes immobilization of cilia and killing of ciliated cells. Increase in mucus secretion and edema
Treatment of Pulmonary anthrax causing fever, chills, cough, massive enlargement of mediastinal lymph nodes, respiratory distress, cyanosis, and shock.
Reservoir: Soil with decaying organic material in Eastern US
Gram (-) rod, Opportunist pathogen. Lung infection in Cystic fibrosis and immunocompromised patients.
Gram (-) pleomorphic rods that require X (hemin) and V (NAD) factors.Grows on chocolate agar. Doesn't grow on blood agar
Reservoir: Unclear
Treatment for Diphtheria.
Another name for granuloma formation in TB.
Treatment for Streptococcus pneumoniae causing Sinusitis and Otitis Media
Small obligate intracellular pathogen. Elementary body (EB) and Reticulate Body (RB). No peptidoglycan layer in cell wall.Energy parasites
Reservoir: Soil contaminated by bird or bat feces in Eastern US.
Diagnosed with Cold agglutinin titer, not seen on Gram stain, Eaton's media for culture.
Filamentous fungus that causes Rhinocerebral, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cutaneous, disseminated ZygomycosesDisease is Zygomycosis (Mucormycosis)
Treatment of Chlamydophila psitacci causing Pneumonia often associated with hepatitis
Budding yeasts with 'pilot wheel' morphology
Treatment for Streptococcus pneumoniae causing pneumonia and meningitis3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Treatment for Haemophilus influenzae causing Sinusitis and Otitis media.
Reservoir: Soil enriched with pigeon droppings.
Virulence factor is P1 adhesin that adheres to respiratory epithelial cells, inhibits ciliary action and protection Persistent hacking cough
Single broad-based budding yeasts with no capsule.
Smallest free-living bacteria that has NO CELL WALL, and has Sterols in membrane.Causes Atypical/Walking Pneumonia
Gram (+) cocci in chains or pairs. Catalase negative, Beta hemolytic, Group A antigen, and Bacitracin sensitive.
Treatment for Streptococcus pyogenes. Treatment prevents Acute rheumatic fever.
______ toxin is an A-B exotoxin that blocks protein synthesis and damages the heart and nervous system.
Filamentous fungus that causes Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, fungal ball, and invasive pulmonary aspergillosis.
Disease caused is coccidiodimycosis or 'Valley Fever'
Gram (+) rod, single, paired, or long serpentine chains, spore forming, polypeptide capsule
Treatment for this fungus: TMP-SMZ
Gram (-) diplococci that presents as ear pain.
Clinical presentation: Thick Pseudomembrane that can lead to obstruction and suffocation, sore throat, bull neck.
Reservoir: Ubiquitous in soil
Gram (-) facultative intracellular pathogen. Water organism
Gram (+) club shaped rods that are non-spore forming.
Virulence factors: M protein, F protein, hyaluronic acid capsule.
Acid fast rods, slow growth, facultative intracellular.
Spherules filled with endosprores in tissue.
Treatment for these fungi: Amphotericine B and surgical removal of focal infection foci
Treatment for Klebsiella pneumoniae3rd Generation Cephalosporin
Reservoir: Soil in South America.

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