Diuretic Agents

Random Science Quiz

Can you name the Diuretic Agents ?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

How to Play
Challenge
Share
Tweet
Embed
xxx
Toxicity: Nausea, vomiting, headache. May enhance congestive heart failure or cause pulmonary edema.
Used for peripheral edema, hypertension, acute hypercalcemia, hyperkalemia, acute renal failure, anion overdose
Clinical applications: glaucoma, mountain sickness, edema with alkalosis
Used for hypertension, mild heart failure, nephrolithiasis, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
MOA: Blocks epithelial sodium channels in collecting tubules
Inhibition of Na/K/Cl transporter in the ascending limb of Henle's loop
Toxicity: Hyperkalemia, gynecomastia
Reduces reabsorption of HCO3- in the kidney causing self limited diuresis
Toxicity: Infusion site reactions
Toxicities: Hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hyperuricemia, hyperglycemia, hyponatremia
Toxicities: metabolic acidosis, renal stones, hyperammonemia in cirrhotics
Like spironolactone, more selective for aldosterone receptor
xxx
Mechanism like amiloride, much less potent, more toxic
Toxicities: Ototoxicity, hypovolemia, K wasting, hyperuricemia, hypomagnesemia
Antagonist at V1a and V2 ADH receptors. Reduces water reabsorption and increases plasma Na concentration
Sulfonamide similar to thiazide
Only parenteral thiazide available
MOA: Inhibition of the enzyme prevents dehydration of H2CO3 and hydration of CO2
MOA: Inhibition of NaCl transporter in the distal convoluted tubule
Toxicity: Hyperkalemic metabolic acidosis
Popular for use with loop agents for synergistic effects
MOA: Physical osmotic effect on tissue water distribution because it is retained in the vascular compartment
Pharmacologic antagonist of aldosterone
Not a sulfonamide but has typical loop activity and some uricosuric action loop diuretic

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
OR
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments

Extras