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Auditory Physiology - Klapstein
Can you name the Auditory Physiology - Klapstein ?
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Perception of sound in absence of external source.
Most spiral ganglion receive their input only from _____ hair cells.
______ labyrinth is filled with endolymph. Low Na, High K.
Muscle on the neck of stapes. Motor innervation from CN7. Decreases sound transmission.
Rinne Test: in Conductive hearing loss, _______ conduction is better than air.
Membranous labyrinth containing endolymph.
Ossicle that is attached to oval window of cochlea
Serve as a compound lever which can amplify sound waves between the tympanic membrane and the oval window of cochlea
Communicate at the apical end via the helicotrema. Contain perilymph.
Weber Test: in Sensorineural hearing loss, tone is ______ on normal side
_______ labyrinth is continuous with subarachnoid space and is filled with perilymph which is similar to CSF. High Na, Low K.
Contains the spiral ganglion with cell bodies of the cochlear nerve.
Muscle on the handle of the malleus. Motor innervation from CN5. Decreases sound transmission.
______ deafness: impairment of the cochlea or auditory nerve. Exposure to loud sounds, meningitis, drugs, trauma, meniere.
Rinne Test: in Sensorineural hearing loss, air conduction is better, but hearing is _______ in affected ear.
Bending the stereocilia bundle toward the tallest stretches the tip link and opens a cation channel in stereocilia. K+ enters and ______ the hair cell & firing rate in CN8 increase
Weber Test: in Conductive hearing loss, tone is louder on ______ side
Ossicle that attaches to Tympanic membrane
_____ of cochlea: narrow and stiff. more sensitive to higher frequencies.
_____ of cochlea: wider and floppier. lower frequencies
_____ tones: medial part of the gyrus in tonotopic map.
Amplified basilar vibration that can be detected by placing a very sensitive microphone sealed in the external auditory canal.
Name a cause of Tinnitus.
aminoglycosides, cisplatin, aspirin, quinine
_____ tones: lateral part of the gyrus in tonotopic map
A disorder of the inner ear in which circulation of endolymph is impeded resulting in swelling (hydrops) of the membranous labyrinth. Vertigo, tinnitus, fullness in ear, hearing lo
Lies within the scala media and contain hair cells which transduce sound into neural signals
______ membrane: divide scala vestibuli and scala media.
A gelatinous mass which assists the mechanical transduction by the hair cells.
______ deafness: impairment of sound transmission prior to cochlea. Cerumen, perforation, sclerosis of ossicles.
Very slow pressure changes will dissipate through the _______ with little effect on the basilar membrane.
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