Yr13 Media Studies

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First M in SMMTS
Chicago study on children with their TV role models, finding aggression rises when older.
Second M in SMMTS
Did the Attachment theory
Did the Prestige hypothesis
Looked at 33 games and found 80% contained aggression
Suggested that the older a child is, the more they can understand the message conveyed by TV shows
Looked at NC in smokers with fact-based or emotion-based leaflets
First A in ACRA
Suggested that desensitisation of violence on TV can lead to violent acts because it seems more normal
Created the ELM
Theory of parasocial relationships stating they are natural as it makes sense to observe and copy those who we can see are successful.
R in ACRA
Found that children watching violence will interpret others' behaviour as being hostile
Theory that states that it is what gets you watching the violent TV (the third variable) that determines whether you will be violent
Did the third variable theory
Devised the celebrity attitude scale
Studied the role of Fear in persuasion
Social learning theory
Created the Dissonance theory
Found that when watching violent TV, those used to it will have brain scans showing signs of desensitisation
View of parasocial relationships that states that they allows fans to take a more positive and active role, as they allow for groups to be formed and to develop appreciation of oth
Suggested mood and personality influence the response to games
Found no relationship between video games and aggression
ELM stands for...
Suggested the relationship of videogames with aggression is weaker than that of television and aggression
Studied the Dissonance theory using a silly task where p'pants were given either $1 or $20 to lie to others
HintAnswer
Found people with an aggressive version of a videogame would be more likely to exploit another person than cooperating with them.
Suggested the amount of dissonance a person has is based on whether there are unpleasant consequences and personal responsibility.
C in ACRA
Theory that says when a person sees a behaviour, they actively think about what they see and learn from it
NC stands for...
Created the Self-Perception theory
Created the Excitation transfer theory
T in SMMTS
The storing of aggressive ideas/scenes which may be activated later in similar situations
Component of an attitude that says you have thoughts about something
Found that it is important to discuss a TV programme with parents
Looked at the link of attachment type and stalking and found an insecure attachment has a correlation with approval of stalking behaviours
Dissonance which takes place following decisions; Knox and Inkster did a study on this
Component of an attitude that says you have a tendency to act in a certain way
Did a content analysis on TV shows, finding 73% showed some form of helping
Said Self-Perception theory and dissonance theory are both right.
Found children watch 3.5 hours of TV a day on average, which contains at least 5 violent acts per hour
GAM stands for...
Identified 3 levels of parasocial relationships: Entertainment, Personal, Pathological
The theory stating that arousal from TV is then transferred to real life
Found that after playing a violent game, only more violent people beforehand were likely to increase violence
Model of parasocial relationships that states people pursue parasocial relationships due to deficits in their real life, and so pursue the relationship to gain a sense of personal
Stored ways of behaving in social situations which may include roles and plans of action
Looked at 80 games, found 94% were violent
Found playing violent games leads to desensitation to the violence in an actual violent film
Reviewed studies and found that watching violence has a big effect on later behaviour
The hypothesis that says that after a decision is made, people seek information that supports their choice
HintAnswer
Did brain scans of children watching violent or non-violent TV
Found that watching pro-social behaviour boosts sharing and co-operation in children
Second S in SMMTS
Said personal factors such as experience and personal relevance determine whether a person chooses central processing
Cognitions that don't fit together with ease
First S in SMMTS
Did the absorption-addiction model
Found Doom with music leads to a greater physiological response
Looked at the role of changing the source and message in persuasion
Created the GAM
Did the positive/active view of parasocial relationships
Created the heuristic/systematic model
Said adverts are most effective if repeated 2-3 times a week
Found the main effects of videogames, ie. physiological arousal
Found that watching pro-social behaviour improves pro-social attitudes, but this only lasts for a few weeks
Second A in ACRA
Component of an attitude that is the feelings of that attitude
Did the Hovland Yale model
Said familiarity to an advert is a big part of liking it
Model of attitudes that say attitudes involve a readiness to act in a certain kind of way that influences our judgements
Cognitions that fit together easily
Said that learning of aggressive scripts explains aggressive behaviour
Zajonc's theory
Says the Hovland Yale model and the ELM fails to take into account collective attitudes. Also the boy who lived.
Studied the dissonance theory using betting shop punters
St Helena study - found after TV was introduced, only those aggressive beforehand became more aggressive

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