Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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HintAnswer
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
HintAnswer
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
HintAnswer
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2

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