Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
HintAnswer
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Location of cortisol synthesis
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
HintAnswer
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)

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