Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
HintAnswer
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
HintAnswer
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology