Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Hypersecretion of cortisol
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
HintAnswer
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
HintAnswer
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.

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