Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Location of cortisol synthesis
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
HintAnswer
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
HintAnswer
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.

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