Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Location of cortisol synthesis
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
HintAnswer
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
HintAnswer
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology