Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
HintAnswer
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
HintAnswer
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Location of cortisol synthesis
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology