Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Hypersecretion of cortisol
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
HintAnswer
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Location of cortisol synthesis
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
HintAnswer
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology