Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
HintAnswer
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Location of cortisol synthesis
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
HintAnswer
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Primary site of steroid inactivation

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