Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
HintAnswer
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Location of cortisol synthesis
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
HintAnswer
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.

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