Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
HintAnswer
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
HintAnswer
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Location of cortisol synthesis
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun

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