Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
HintAnswer
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
HintAnswer
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Location of cortisol synthesis
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)

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