Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
HintAnswer
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
HintAnswer
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Location of cortisol synthesis
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology