Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
HintAnswer
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
HintAnswer
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Location of cortisol synthesis
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology