Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
HintAnswer
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Location of cortisol synthesis
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
HintAnswer
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology