Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
HintAnswer
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Location of cortisol synthesis
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
HintAnswer
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Hypersecretion of cortisol

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology