Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
HintAnswer
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Location of cortisol synthesis
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
HintAnswer
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology