Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
HintAnswer
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Location of cortisol synthesis
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
HintAnswer
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology