Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
HintAnswer
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Location of cortisol synthesis
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
HintAnswer
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology