Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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HintAnswer
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Location of cortisol synthesis
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
HintAnswer
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
HintAnswer
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology