Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
HintAnswer
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
HintAnswer
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology