Science / Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
HintAnswer
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypersecretion of cortisol
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
HintAnswer
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)

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