Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
HintAnswer
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
HintAnswer
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology