Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Location of cortisol synthesis
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
HintAnswer
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
HintAnswer
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.

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