Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
HintAnswer
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
HintAnswer
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology