Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
HintAnswer
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
HintAnswer
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Location of cortisol synthesis
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology