Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
HintAnswer
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Location of cortisol synthesis
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
HintAnswer
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)

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