Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypersecretion of cortisol
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Location of cortisol synthesis
Primary site of steroid inactivation
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
HintAnswer
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
HintAnswer
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology