Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
HintAnswer
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
HintAnswer
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Primary site of steroid inactivation
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology