Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
HintAnswer
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
HintAnswer
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology