Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Location of cortisol synthesis
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
HintAnswer
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
HintAnswer
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.

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