Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Number of receptors on a cell surface
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
HintAnswer
Location of cortisol synthesis
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
HintAnswer
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Primary site of steroid inactivation
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.

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