Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Hypersecretion of cortisol
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
HintAnswer
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
HintAnswer
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology