Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Primary site of steroid inactivation
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
HintAnswer
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
HintAnswer
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Location of cortisol synthesis
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology