Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
HintAnswer
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
HintAnswer
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology