Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
HintAnswer
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Location of cortisol synthesis
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
HintAnswer
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology