Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
HintAnswer
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
HintAnswer
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)

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