Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Primary site of steroid inactivation
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Location of cortisol synthesis
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
HintAnswer
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
HintAnswer
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.

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