Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Location of cortisol synthesis
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
HintAnswer
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
HintAnswer
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor

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