Science / Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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HintAnswer
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
HintAnswer
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
HintAnswer
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Location of cortisol synthesis
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.

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