Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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HintAnswer
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
HintAnswer
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
HintAnswer
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology