Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
HintAnswer
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
HintAnswer
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology