Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
HintAnswer
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
HintAnswer
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology