Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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HintAnswer
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
HintAnswer
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Location of cortisol synthesis
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
HintAnswer
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology