Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
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Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Location of cortisol synthesis
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
HintAnswer
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Primary site of steroid inactivation
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology