Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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HintAnswer
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
HintAnswer
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
HintAnswer
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology