Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Hypersecretion of cortisol
HintAnswer
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
HintAnswer
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology