Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
HintAnswer
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Location of cortisol synthesis
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
HintAnswer
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin

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