Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Location of cortisol synthesis
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
HintAnswer
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
HintAnswer
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology