Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Location of cortisol synthesis
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
HintAnswer
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Number of receptors on a cell surface
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
HintAnswer
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?

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Created Feb 28, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, physiology