Endocrine Physiology

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Can you name the Endocrine Physiology?

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Pituitary hormone responsible for testosterone production in men.
Region of the adrenal gland in which the cells don't have 17-alpha hydroxylase.
ACTH levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of increased blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Most common cause of hypothyroidism.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of growth hormone (along with others).
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of ACTH.
Part of adrenal gland that makes up 20% of the gland
Hypersecretion of cortisol
Enzyme that oxidizes iodide and incorporates it into thyroglobulin.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Most commonly deficient enzyme in congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Part of the adrenal gland that makes amine hormones
Location of cortisol synthesis
Pituitary hormone responsible for growth of ovarian follicles and secretion of estrogen in women.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of prolactin
Part of adrenal gland with mesodermal origin.
Effect of calcitonin on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Part of the adrenal gland that makes up 80% of the gland.
Pituitary cell type that produces luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Serum levels of TSH with secondary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of beta adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
One hormone causes the loss of receptors for another hormone thus decreasing the effectiveness of the other hormone.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in fasting states.
Effect of opioids on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Disorder caused by a primary GH insensitivity or resistance that causes a lack of cell response to GH.
Cortisol levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
17-alpha hydroxylase is needed to produce what hormone?
Disorder characterized by decreased GH levels prior to puberty.
Enzyme that cleaves the transitional block from the preprohormone
Antibody that stimulates thyroid hormone receptors in Grave's Disease.
Pituitary hormone responsible for secretion of thyroid hormone.
Cortisol levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
ACTH levels in adrenal tumor (High/Low)
Effect of PTH on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
HintAnswer
Second most potent mineralocorticoid.
Primary site of steroid inactivation
Pituitary cell type that produces ATCH.
Serum levels of TSH with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Serum levels of TSH with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hyperthyroidism due to a hypersecreting thyroid tumor. (High/Low)
Effect of low blood cortisol on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Effect of sleep-wake transition on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Cortisol levels in ectopic ACTH secreting tumor (High/Low)
Effect of somatostatin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
This substance accounts for most of the body’s calcium stores.
Neural downgrowth of the diencephalon becomes...
What enzyme activates vitamin D?
This substance does not participate in minute-to-minute regulation of plasma Ca+2 in humans and may not even have a physiologic role in regulating plasma Ca+2
This substance can be converted to cholecalciferol by the sun
Effect of ADH on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Thyroid hormone product of combining MIT and DIT side chains.
Part of adrenal gland that is of neuroectodermal origin
Pacemaker for most circadian rhythms
Pituitary cell type that produced growth hormone.
Pituitary hormone responsible for sperm production in men.
Hormone carried in the blood from the adrenal cortex to the adrenal medulla that stimulates conversion of NE to epinephrine.
Rathke's pouch grows up from the mouth to form....
Most common cause of primary hyperthyroidism.
Thyroid hormone product made after combining two DIT side chains.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the largest percentage of pituitary cells.
Pituitary cell type that makes up the lowest percentage of pituitary cells.
The combined effect of several hormones in greater than the sum of each individual effect.
Effect of stress, hypoglycemia, surgery and trauma on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible responsible for body growth and metabolism.
This substance needs only to be hydroxylated in the kidney to become fully active vitamin D.
Disorder characterized by increased GH levels prior to puberty.
Hormonal response to danger, uncertainty or change.
T4 converting enzyme that predominates in freezing states.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone.
Part of adrenal gland that makes steroid hormones.
ACTH levels in Cushing's disease (High/Low)
ACTH dependent hypercortisolism caused by a pituitary microadenoma
HintAnswer
Serum levels of TSH with primary hyperthyroidism. (High/Low)
Derived from the diencephalon, composed mostly of nervous tissue.
How tight a hormone binds to its receptor
Pituitary cell type that produces thyroid stimulating hormone.
Effect of calcitonin on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Effect of seratonin on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hormone specific binding protein for cortisol
Enzyme that converts T4 to rT3 peripherally.
Concept that one hormone must be present in adequate amounts for the full effect of another hormone.
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of growth hormone.
Pituitary cell type that produces prolactin.
Effect of psychiatric disturbances on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Pituitary hormone responsible for the secretion of cortisol from the adrenal gland.
Hypothalamic product that inhibits secretion of prolactin.
Disorder characterized by increased GH secretion that starts after puberty leading to coarse features and metabolic problems.
Part of adrenal gland that is sympathetically innervated
Enzyme that converts T4 to T3 peripherally.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with hypothyroidism due to iodide insufficiency. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Pituitary hormone responsible for ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of estrogen and progesterone in females.
Membrane protein that transports iodide into the lumen on the apical surface of thyroid cells.
Effect of alpha adrenergic agonists on cortisol secretion (Inhibits/Stimulates)
Hypothalamic product that stimulates secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone and prolactin
The concept that a receptor can bind a given hormone (and agonists and antogonists) but not others.
Derived from the roof of the mouth, composed of glandular tissue.
This substance is the most important regulator of calcium absorption from the gut
Number of receptors on a cell surface
Hormone that stimulates growth and vascularity of the thyroid gland.
Pituitary hormone responsible for breast development and milk production in women.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with secondary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
PTH is secreted from ___________ cells.
Serum levels of T3/T4 with primary hypothyroidism. (High/Low)
Effect of vitamin D on blood phosphate (increases/decreases)
Effect of PTH on blood calcium (increases/decreases)
Anatomical seat of the pituitary.
Part of adrenal gland that is essential for life.

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