ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Mineral required for PTH release
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Corrected Ca+2=
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Stimulates GH release
Normal range of calcium
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Stimulates FSH release
Stimulates TSH release
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
HintAnswer
Stimulates prolactin release
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
First-line medication for prolactinoma
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Screening test for acromegaly.
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Most common cause of dialysis
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Stimulates LH release
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Principle route of drug elimniation
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
HintAnswer
Stimulates ACTH release
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Inhibits prolactin release
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism

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