ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Stimulates TSH release
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Principle route of drug elimniation
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Corrected Ca+2=
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Stimulates LH release
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
HintAnswer
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Mineral required for PTH release
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Stimulates ACTH release
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
HintAnswer
Stimulates prolactin release
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
First-line medication for prolactinoma
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Stimulates FSH release
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Normal range of calcium
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Most common cause of dialysis
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Screening test for acromegaly.
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
Inhibits prolactin release
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Stimulates GH release
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...

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