ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Stimulates ACTH release
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Principle route of drug elimniation
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Screening test for acromegaly.
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Most common cause of dialysis
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Stimulates LH release
HintAnswer
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Stimulates TSH release
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
First-line medication for prolactinoma
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
Stimulates FSH release
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Stimulates GH release
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Inhibits prolactin release
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
HintAnswer
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Corrected Ca+2=
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Normal range of calcium
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Mineral required for PTH release
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Stimulates prolactin release
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'

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Created Oct 14, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:combined, endocrine, high, yield