ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Stimulates LH release
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
HintAnswer
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Mineral required for PTH release
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Principle route of drug elimniation
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Corrected Ca+2=
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Normal range of calcium
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Inhibits prolactin release
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Stimulates prolactin release
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
HintAnswer
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Stimulates FSH release
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Stimulates ACTH release
First-line medication for prolactinoma
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Most common cause of dialysis
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
Stimulates GH release
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Stimulates TSH release
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Screening test for acromegaly.
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia

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