Science / ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Most common cause of dialysis
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Stimulates FSH release
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
First-line medication for prolactinoma
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
HintAnswer
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Mineral required for PTH release
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Inhibits prolactin release
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Stimulates ACTH release
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Principle route of drug elimniation
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Screening test for acromegaly.
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Corrected Ca+2=
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Stimulates TSH release
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
HintAnswer
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Normal range of calcium
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
Stimulates prolactin release
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Stimulates LH release
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Stimulates GH release
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids

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