ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Stimulates ACTH release
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Normal range of calcium
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Stimulates LH release
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Stimulates FSH release
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Most common cause of dialysis
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Stimulates prolactin release
Stimulates TSH release
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Stimulates GH release
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
HintAnswer
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Mineral required for PTH release
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
HintAnswer
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Screening test for acromegaly.
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
Inhibits prolactin release
Corrected Ca+2=
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
First-line medication for prolactinoma
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Principle route of drug elimniation
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone

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Created Oct 14, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:combined, endocrine, high, yield