ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Stimulates ACTH release
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
First-line medication for prolactinoma
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
Screening test for acromegaly.
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Normal range of calcium
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Stimulates prolactin release
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
HintAnswer
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
Mineral required for PTH release
Stimulates TSH release
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Stimulates FSH release
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
Principle route of drug elimniation
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
Inhibits prolactin release
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
HintAnswer
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
Most common cause of dialysis
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Stimulates GH release
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Corrected Ca+2=
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Stimulates LH release
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder

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