ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
Stimulates FSH release
Corrected Ca+2=
Inhibits prolactin release
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Normal range of calcium
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
Stimulates LH release
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Stimulates GH release
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Screening test for acromegaly.
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Mineral required for PTH release
HintAnswer
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Stimulates ACTH release
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
HintAnswer
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Stimulates TSH release
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Stimulates prolactin release
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
First-line medication for prolactinoma
Principle route of drug elimniation
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Most common cause of dialysis
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)

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Created Oct 14, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:combined, endocrine, high, yield