ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Stimulates prolactin release
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Stimulates FSH release
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
Mineral required for PTH release
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
HintAnswer
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Principle route of drug elimniation
Stimulates LH release
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Stimulates ACTH release
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Normal range of calcium
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Corrected Ca+2=
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
HintAnswer
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Inhibits prolactin release
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
Stimulates GH release
Most common cause of dialysis
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
First-line medication for prolactinoma
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Stimulates TSH release
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Screening test for acromegaly.
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women

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