ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Stimulates LH release
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Stimulates GH release
First-line medication for prolactinoma
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Stimulates prolactin release
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Normal range of calcium
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
HintAnswer
Inhibits prolactin release
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Principle route of drug elimniation
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Corrected Ca+2=
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Stimulates ACTH release
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Stimulates FSH release
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
HintAnswer
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Mineral required for PTH release
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Stimulates TSH release
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Screening test for acromegaly.
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Most common cause of dialysis
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.

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Created Oct 14, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:combined, endocrine, high, yield