ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Stimulates ACTH release
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Most common symptom of MEN 1
First-line medication for prolactinoma
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Stimulates FSH release
Inhibits prolactin release
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Normal range of calcium
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
HintAnswer
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Stimulates LH release
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Stimulates prolactin release
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Stimulates GH release
Principle route of drug elimniation
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
Corrected Ca+2=
Most common cause of dialysis
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
HintAnswer
Mineral required for PTH release
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
Stimulates TSH release
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Screening test for acromegaly.
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?

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Created Oct 14, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:combined, endocrine, high, yield