ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
First-line medication for prolactinoma
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Inhibits prolactin release
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
HintAnswer
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Stimulates TSH release
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Principle route of drug elimniation
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Stimulates LH release
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Screening test for acromegaly.
Most common cause of dialysis
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
Stimulates GH release
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Stimulates FSH release
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
HintAnswer
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Stimulates ACTH release
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Normal range of calcium
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Stimulates prolactin release
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Corrected Ca+2=
Mineral required for PTH release
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?

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Created Oct 14, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:combined, endocrine, yield