ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
First-line medication for prolactinoma
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Stimulates LH release
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Stimulates TSH release
Screening test for acromegaly.
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Stimulates GH release
Mineral required for PTH release
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
HintAnswer
Stimulates prolactin release
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Stimulates ACTH release
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Corrected Ca+2=
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Inhibits prolactin release
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
HintAnswer
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Principle route of drug elimniation
Stimulates FSH release
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Most common cause of dialysis
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Normal range of calcium
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester

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Created Oct 14, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:combined, endocrine, yield