ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Mineral required for PTH release
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Stimulates ACTH release
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
HintAnswer
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Normal range of calcium
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
Inhibits prolactin release
Screening test for acromegaly.
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
First-line medication for prolactinoma
Most common cause of dialysis
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Corrected Ca+2=
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Principle route of drug elimniation
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
HintAnswer
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Stimulates LH release
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Stimulates GH release
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Stimulates prolactin release
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Stimulates FSH release
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Stimulates TSH release
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome

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