ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Inhibits prolactin release
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
HintAnswer
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Screening test for acromegaly.
Stimulates GH release
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Corrected Ca+2=
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Stimulates TSH release
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Mineral required for PTH release
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
HintAnswer
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Normal range of calcium
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Stimulates ACTH release
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
Principle route of drug elimniation
First-line medication for prolactinoma
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Stimulates prolactin release
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Stimulates FSH release
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Most common cause of dialysis
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Stimulates LH release
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?

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Created Oct 14, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:combined, endocrine, high, yield