ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
Corrected Ca+2=
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Stimulates ACTH release
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Stimulates LH release
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Stimulates GH release
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Stimulates prolactin release
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
HintAnswer
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Normal range of calcium
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
First-line medication for prolactinoma
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Mineral required for PTH release
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
HintAnswer
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Stimulates TSH release
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Type of assay used to measure PTH
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
Inhibits prolactin release
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Principle route of drug elimniation
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Most common cause of dialysis
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Screening test for acromegaly.
Stimulates FSH release
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia

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