ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Stimulates ACTH release
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Normal range of calcium
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Stimulates GH release
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
HintAnswer
Stimulates prolactin release
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Stimulates FSH release
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Most common cause of dialysis
First-line medication for prolactinoma
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Principle route of drug elimniation
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Mineral required for PTH release
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
HintAnswer
Stimulates LH release
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Stimulates TSH release
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Screening test for acromegaly.
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Inhibits prolactin release
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Corrected Ca+2=
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high

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Created Oct 14, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:combined, endocrine, high, yield