ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Stimulates GH release
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Principle route of drug elimniation
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Normal range of calcium
Corrected Ca+2=
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
HintAnswer
Screening test for acromegaly.
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
Mineral required for PTH release
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Most common symptom of MEN 1
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
HintAnswer
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Stimulates prolactin release
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
First-line medication for prolactinoma
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Most common cause of dialysis
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Stimulates FSH release
Stimulates LH release
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Stimulates ACTH release
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
Stimulates TSH release
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Inhibits prolactin release
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?

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Created Oct 14, 2013ReportNominate
Tags:combined, endocrine, yield