ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Most common symptom of MEN 1
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Stimulates TSH release
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Most common cause of dialysis
HintAnswer
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
Normal range of calcium
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
Stimulates FSH release
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
Mineral required for PTH release
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Corrected Ca+2=
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Screening test for acromegaly.
Stimulates LH release
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
HintAnswer
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Stimulates ACTH release
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
Inhibits prolactin release
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
First-line medication for prolactinoma
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Stimulates prolactin release
Stimulates GH release
Principle route of drug elimniation
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value

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