ClinMed High Yield Endocrine

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Can you name the Combined HIgh Yield Endocrine

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HintAnswer
Antibiotic to avoid during the last trimester
In what familial neoplastic disorder do you see glucagonoma?
Spectrum of action of streptomycin
NPH and Lente are _________ acting insulins
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this in their diet
Gold standard test for evaluating a primary hypothyroid patient
Type of insulin with a high concentration that is helpful in managment of morbidly obese diabetics
PTH receptor does not respond to Calcium until the levels are very high
Corrected Ca+2=
People on tetracyclines or quinolones should avoid this medication
Complicating skin condition that is pathognomonic for diabetes
Which gender has a high risk of thyroid malignancy?
Waterhouse Friedrichson syndrome is associated with what bacteria
First-line medication for prolactinoma
Lantus and Detamir are __________________ insulins
MEN 2b shows this type of body habitus
Antibiotic associated with neural tube defects
Antibiotic that has the major side effect of crystalizing in the gallbladder and causing stones and 'sludge'
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in men
Mainstay treatment of hypertyroidism
People with prolactinoma should have levels of what two chemicals checked?
GH secreting adenomas are usually __________adenomas (micro/macro)
Gold standard measure for euthyroidal illness
Bone complication associated with hyperparathyroidism and hypercalcemia
Low testosterone with low or normal levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism?
Type of thyroid cancer with a very strong genetic link
Primary antbiotic used for anaerobic infection
During pregnancy, TSH levels are (increased/decreased)
Stimulates ACTH release
Most common cause of dialysis
Aldosterone causes _____________ of sodium (retention/excretion)
High levels of this hormone can mimic TSH during pregnancy because they share an alpha subunit
Trousseau and Chvostek signs are signs of what disorder?
Most common cause of Cushing syndrome
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 2 hours
Mineral required for PTH release
First line medical therapy for acromegaly.
VIPoma has symptoms that resemble what type of infection
Most common symptom of MEN 1
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma but after an alpha blockade to decrease risk a hypertensive crisis?
Drug classes that lowers seizure threshold
Short stature, round face, short neck, shortened 4th and 5th digits on fingers and toes
Drug that is co-secreted with insulin and inhibits glucagon, delays gastric emptying and decreases appetite
Test that automatically runs free T4 if TSH is abnormal
Stimulates FSH release
HintAnswer
Step in bacterial cell wall synthesis that is inhibited by penicillin
Type of thyroid cancer that can't be determined by fine'-need biopsy
Normal range of calcium
Antibiotic associated with gray baby syndrome
Resin uptake of thyroid hormone is (higher/lower) in a women on birth control?
Condition in which Archibald sign is seen but there is no hypocalcemia
Most commonly diagnosed form of hyperaldosteronism
Which gender gets more thyroid nodules
Candidiasis (representing T-cell defect) is seen in what disorder along with hypoparathyroidism and Addison's disease?
Patient relaxes his/her facial muscles then the physician taps the facial nerve in front of the ear, if the person's face twitches or spasms it is a positive ___________
Fluoroquinolone used to treat anaerobic infections
Best way to induce stress in patients with potential adrenal insufficiency
Stimulates GH release
Cushing disease patient that has bilateral adrenalectomy and subsequent symptoms of headache, hyperpigmentation, visual changes
Hyperthyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Altered persperation due to autonomic dysfunction as a late complication of diabetes causes excessive sweating during this activity
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value to start
Metabolic syndrome: fasting glucose must be higher than _____ and lower than ______.
GH causes (hypo/hyper)glycemia.
Metabolic syndrome: Triglycerides greater than this value
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome is associated with which familial neoplastic disorder?
In MEN 1, how many parathyroid glands show enlargment?
MEN 2b shows this type of neuroma
Autonomic dysfunction of the GI tract associated with late-stage diabetes - delayed gastric emptying
One hour glucose in pregnant women should be below this value
Drug that is currently used most often to maintain baseline insulin levels
Low testosterone with high levels of LH and FSH are present in what type of hypogonadism
Pathologic Wolff-Chaikoff causes (hyper/hypo)thyroidism.
VIPoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Treatment of hypoparathyroidism
Mainstay treatment of hyperthyroidism in pregnancy
Gene that is associated with MEN 2
Most accurate test to diagnose Klinefelter Syndrome
Type of assay used to measure PTH
Hypothyroidism (higher/lower) resin thyroid hormone uptake
Condition with which an archibald sign is associated
Two of the three: DM Type I, Addison's disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are needed to diagnosis this disorder
Stimulates secretion of glucocorticoids and sex steroids
Normal physiologic response of the body to downregulate iodine symporters in the presence of iodine to prevent hyperthyroidism
Commonly used drug that can cause drug-induced hypogonadism
Class of drug that is a PPAR gamma agonist that enhances insulin sensitivity
Autonomic dysfunction in diabetes causes diarrhea that is worse when?
Type of insulin pump infusion where the bolus is given over a period of time
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 1 hour
The most common pituitary adenoma secretes this hormone
HintAnswer
Stimulates production and release of thyroxine and triiodothyronine
Most common cause of hyperthyroidism
Enzyme that plays a role in the development of gestational diabetes
Aldosteron causes ______________ of potassium (retention/excretion)
Humalog, novolog and Apidra are all _______acting insulins
Type of thyroid cancer that can met to bone
What type of drugs must you give before resecting a pheochromocytoma or else you risk a hypertensive crisis? (Usually 7-10 days prior)
Gastrinoma would be seen in what familial neoplastic disorder?
Metabolic syndrome: Male waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Diagnostic test for acromegaly.
Stimulates TSH release
What organism are cephalosporins particularly useful against?
Best time of day to check testosterone levels
Type of insulin pump infusion where the entire bolus is given at one time
A woman with gestational diabetes has a _____-_____ % chance of developing diabetes?
What type of cell is neoplastic in medullary thyroid carcinoma
DeQuerivain's thyroiditis would show (high/low) levels of exogenous iodine upake?
Leading cause of blindness in people older than 50 years old.
Metabolic syndrome: Female waistline must be greater than how many inches?
Mainstay medical treatment of hypothyroidism
Lack of this hormone from the posterior pituitary can cause central diabetes insipidus
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in inpatients
Most common cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients
Inflate a BP cuff on the arm and see if the patient develops tetany in the forearm/hand, if they do it is called __________
Two different classes of diabetes drugs that are secretagogues and share a common post-receptor pathway
Condition in which too much TBG leads to decreased levels of free T3 and T4 and what seems to be inappropriately high bound T4
Pancreatic tumors, hyperparathyroidism and pituitary adenomas are characteristic of what syndrome?
Most sensitive tool for testing thyroid
Alright Hereditary Osteodystrophy aka...
Most common cause of death in acromegaly
Stimulates release of IGF-1.
Type of insulin pump infusion where part of the bolus is given immediately and the rest is given over a period of time.
Metabolic Syndrome: HDL below this number in women
Principle route of drug elimniation
Deficient PTH secretion is a complication of what genetic disorder
Stimulates LH release
What is the hallmark symptom of glugaconoma?
Inhibits prolactin release
Paroxysmal headaches are associated with what?
Stimulates prolactin release
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with what familial autoimmune condition
Screening test for acromegaly.
Vitamin D exerts its effects in the ____.
During the 3 hour oral glucose tolerance test, women should be below this value after 3 hours
80-100% of MEN2a patients have this type of tumore

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