Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins

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Can you name the Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins?

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DefinitionTerms
Isoleucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Hsp protein mutaions are known to be responsible for
Proline (Essential or Non-Essential)
Threonine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Heat shock protein family that is only involved in protein folding
The E. coli chaperonin system requires ________ ATP
When oxygen is not bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
The concept that upon each binding of an O2 to a heme subunit causes a higher affinity for the next O2 binding is called...
Deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for H+ ions
Removing HCO3- ion (bicarbonate) from the blood by kidneys helps to ____________ pH.
Chemical that 'locks' Hb in T-state forcing the release of oxygen
-log[H+]=
Blood pH must be maintained around....
Glutamic Acid/Glutamate (Essential or Non-Essential)
Enzyme that assists in the formation, rearrangement and breaking of disulfide bonds
Tryptophan (Essential or Non-Essential)
The concept that deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for CO2
________________ regions tend to be structural and functional regions between homologous proteins.
Functional regions of the tertiary structure are referred to as
Which hemoglobin state has a lower binding affinity for oxygen?
These help to stabilize the folding and unfolding intermediates
Hb with ferric form of iron ion can't beind oxygen. This form of Hb is called....
Less toxic Hsp90 inhibitor that blocks ATP binding pocket
At low pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
A2 Hemoglobin structure
Valine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Cysteine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Co-chaperson for Hsp60
The higher the altitud you to the _________ Hb your body will produce? (more/less)
Serine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Normal range of male Hb at sea level
DefinitionTerms
When the blood pH drops below ________ it is considered acidosis
High serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts O2 binding curve
Methionine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Alanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Asparagine (Essential or Non-Essential)
A Hemaglobin structure
When there are equal amounts of protonated and deprotonated acid molecules...
Low 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve
Secondary structure is a result of __________________ between amino acids within a protein.
High temperature shifts the O2 binding curve...
Chemical that minimized the change in pH of a solution by binding excess H+ while also being able to release H+ if pH is low
Alpha helicies are generally ______ resides long with _______ amino acids per turn
Normal range of female Hb at sea level
Leucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
pKa=
Low serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts the O2 binding curve
Fetal Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the....
Phenylalanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Amino acid that forms covalent bonds between sulfers
Adult Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the...
The most important buffer in maintaining pH balance in the blood
At high pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
High pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
F Hemaglobin structure
Glutamine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Hsp90 works with which other protein?
Co-chaperone for Hsp70
Hsp70 mainly serves to
Similar proteins found in different organisms
Pressure at which 50% of hemoglobin is saturated
A1C Hemoglobin structure
DefinitionTerms
Which secondary structure is more stable?
Low temperature shifts the O2 binding curve....
P50 of adult Hb (mmHg)
Persistent, prolonged vomiting can result in...
Histidine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Drug that induces erythropoesis of gamma-globin
Sickle cell doesn't affect which Hb subunit chain?
Hypoventhilation makes the blood
When oxygen is bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Removing CO2 from the blood by the lungs helps to ____________ pH
Low pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Protein folding is primarily driven by
Failure of the lungs to eliminate CO2 as fast as it is produced is called
The lid structure of the E. coli chaperonin system is
When blood pH is above _________ it is considered alkalosis
Heat shock protein family that is involved in protein folding, prevents aggregation and assists transport of proteins to organelles
Lysine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Which organ plays the fastest role in maintaining blood pH?
Blood pH above ________ can result in coma and death.
Arginine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Aspartic Acid (Aspartate) (Essential or Non-Essential)
This type of breathing can cause alkalosis.
Glycine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Drug that inhibits Hsp90 by binding to the ATP binding pocket
Blood pH below _______ can result in coma and death.
 
Acidosis can be an indicator for.....
High 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve....
P50 of fetal Hb (mmHg)

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