Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins

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Can you name the Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins?

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DefinitionTerms
Cysteine (Essential or Non-Essential)
 
Co-chaperone for Hsp70
Chemical that minimized the change in pH of a solution by binding excess H+ while also being able to release H+ if pH is low
Hsp90 works with which other protein?
________________ regions tend to be structural and functional regions between homologous proteins.
Low 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve
High pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Chemical that 'locks' Hb in T-state forcing the release of oxygen
Histidine (Essential or Non-Essential)
These help to stabilize the folding and unfolding intermediates
Blood pH below _______ can result in coma and death.
High 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve....
Hypoventhilation makes the blood
Enzyme that assists in the formation, rearrangement and breaking of disulfide bonds
Which secondary structure is more stable?
High serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts O2 binding curve
A2 Hemoglobin structure
When there are equal amounts of protonated and deprotonated acid molecules...
Low pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
The concept that deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for CO2
When blood pH is above _________ it is considered alkalosis
Similar proteins found in different organisms
Alpha helicies are generally ______ resides long with _______ amino acids per turn
Leucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
P50 of fetal Hb (mmHg)
When the blood pH drops below ________ it is considered acidosis
Lysine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Secondary structure is a result of __________________ between amino acids within a protein.
Tryptophan (Essential or Non-Essential)
The E. coli chaperonin system requires ________ ATP
DefinitionTerms
Drug that induces erythropoesis of gamma-globin
F Hemaglobin structure
-log[H+]=
This type of breathing can cause alkalosis.
Glycine (Essential or Non-Essential)
A1C Hemoglobin structure
Arginine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Removing CO2 from the blood by the lungs helps to ____________ pH
Serine (Essential or Non-Essential)
At low pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Failure of the lungs to eliminate CO2 as fast as it is produced is called
Blood pH must be maintained around....
Heat shock protein family that is involved in protein folding, prevents aggregation and assists transport of proteins to organelles
Glutamic Acid/Glutamate (Essential or Non-Essential)
Proline (Essential or Non-Essential)
Which hemoglobin state has a lower binding affinity for oxygen?
Normal range of male Hb at sea level
Low temperature shifts the O2 binding curve....
P50 of adult Hb (mmHg)
The most important buffer in maintaining pH balance in the blood
Less toxic Hsp90 inhibitor that blocks ATP binding pocket
Functional regions of the tertiary structure are referred to as
Amino acid that forms covalent bonds between sulfers
Hsp protein mutaions are known to be responsible for
The lid structure of the E. coli chaperonin system is
Hsp70 mainly serves to
Blood pH above ________ can result in coma and death.
Low serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts the O2 binding curve
Co-chaperson for Hsp60
Heat shock protein family that is only involved in protein folding
pKa=
DefinitionTerms
Asparagine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Pressure at which 50% of hemoglobin is saturated
Glutamine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Removing HCO3- ion (bicarbonate) from the blood by kidneys helps to ____________ pH.
High temperature shifts the O2 binding curve...
A Hemaglobin structure
Persistent, prolonged vomiting can result in...
Aspartic Acid (Aspartate) (Essential or Non-Essential)
The higher the altitud you to the _________ Hb your body will produce? (more/less)
When oxygen is not bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
At high pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Valine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Phenylalanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Protein folding is primarily driven by
Which organ plays the fastest role in maintaining blood pH?
Isoleucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Fetal Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the....
Methionine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Sickle cell doesn't affect which Hb subunit chain?
Drug that inhibits Hsp90 by binding to the ATP binding pocket
Acidosis can be an indicator for.....
Deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for H+ ions
Adult Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the...
Alanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
The concept that upon each binding of an O2 to a heme subunit causes a higher affinity for the next O2 binding is called...
Threonine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Normal range of female Hb at sea level
When oxygen is bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Hb with ferric form of iron ion can't beind oxygen. This form of Hb is called....

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