Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins

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Can you name the Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins?

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DefinitionTerms
F Hemaglobin structure
Heat shock protein family that is involved in protein folding, prevents aggregation and assists transport of proteins to organelles
Histidine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Amino acid that forms covalent bonds between sulfers
Deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for H+ ions
Removing HCO3- ion (bicarbonate) from the blood by kidneys helps to ____________ pH.
pKa=
Asparagine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Serine (Essential or Non-Essential)
________________ regions tend to be structural and functional regions between homologous proteins.
Leucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
 
Valine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Threonine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Alpha helicies are generally ______ resides long with _______ amino acids per turn
Acidosis can be an indicator for.....
Hsp protein mutaions are known to be responsible for
Aspartic Acid (Aspartate) (Essential or Non-Essential)
Blood pH below _______ can result in coma and death.
Which organ plays the fastest role in maintaining blood pH?
Similar proteins found in different organisms
The concept that deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for CO2
Low pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
High 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve....
Lysine (Essential or Non-Essential)
High pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Glutamine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Glutamic Acid/Glutamate (Essential or Non-Essential)
The concept that upon each binding of an O2 to a heme subunit causes a higher affinity for the next O2 binding is called...
Which secondary structure is more stable?
P50 of adult Hb (mmHg)
DefinitionTerms
At high pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Adult Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the...
Co-chaperone for Hsp70
Low 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve
These help to stabilize the folding and unfolding intermediates
The E. coli chaperonin system requires ________ ATP
Tryptophan (Essential or Non-Essential)
-log[H+]=
Normal range of male Hb at sea level
Fetal Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the....
Blood pH above ________ can result in coma and death.
Low temperature shifts the O2 binding curve....
Enzyme that assists in the formation, rearrangement and breaking of disulfide bonds
Cysteine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Isoleucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
When the blood pH drops below ________ it is considered acidosis
Co-chaperson for Hsp60
When there are equal amounts of protonated and deprotonated acid molecules...
Low serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts the O2 binding curve
Hb with ferric form of iron ion can't beind oxygen. This form of Hb is called....
The most important buffer in maintaining pH balance in the blood
The lid structure of the E. coli chaperonin system is
Hsp90 works with which other protein?
Drug that inhibits Hsp90 by binding to the ATP binding pocket
At low pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Sickle cell doesn't affect which Hb subunit chain?
High serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts O2 binding curve
Protein folding is primarily driven by
Phenylalanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Glycine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Methionine (Essential or Non-Essential)
DefinitionTerms
Hsp70 mainly serves to
Persistent, prolonged vomiting can result in...
Heat shock protein family that is only involved in protein folding
Chemical that 'locks' Hb in T-state forcing the release of oxygen
Arginine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Failure of the lungs to eliminate CO2 as fast as it is produced is called
Proline (Essential or Non-Essential)
When oxygen is bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Less toxic Hsp90 inhibitor that blocks ATP binding pocket
Hypoventhilation makes the blood
This type of breathing can cause alkalosis.
High temperature shifts the O2 binding curve...
Pressure at which 50% of hemoglobin is saturated
When blood pH is above _________ it is considered alkalosis
Secondary structure is a result of __________________ between amino acids within a protein.
A Hemaglobin structure
The higher the altitud you to the _________ Hb your body will produce? (more/less)
Normal range of female Hb at sea level
P50 of fetal Hb (mmHg)
Removing CO2 from the blood by the lungs helps to ____________ pH
Which hemoglobin state has a lower binding affinity for oxygen?
Blood pH must be maintained around....
Alanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
A1C Hemoglobin structure
Drug that induces erythropoesis of gamma-globin
Functional regions of the tertiary structure are referred to as
When oxygen is not bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
A2 Hemoglobin structure
Chemical that minimized the change in pH of a solution by binding excess H+ while also being able to release H+ if pH is low

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