Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins

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Can you name the Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins?

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DefinitionTerms
A1C Hemoglobin structure
Low pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
At low pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Isoleucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Protein folding is primarily driven by
Removing HCO3- ion (bicarbonate) from the blood by kidneys helps to ____________ pH.
A2 Hemoglobin structure
Co-chaperson for Hsp60
Which hemoglobin state has a lower binding affinity for oxygen?
Methionine (Essential or Non-Essential)
When oxygen is not bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
When oxygen is bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
The most important buffer in maintaining pH balance in the blood
Secondary structure is a result of __________________ between amino acids within a protein.
Enzyme that assists in the formation, rearrangement and breaking of disulfide bonds
Similar proteins found in different organisms
This type of breathing can cause alkalosis.
Glutamic Acid/Glutamate (Essential or Non-Essential)
Heat shock protein family that is involved in protein folding, prevents aggregation and assists transport of proteins to organelles
When there are equal amounts of protonated and deprotonated acid molecules...
-log[H+]=
P50 of adult Hb (mmHg)
Low temperature shifts the O2 binding curve....
Blood pH must be maintained around....
Amino acid that forms covalent bonds between sulfers
Acidosis can be an indicator for.....
Removing CO2 from the blood by the lungs helps to ____________ pH
Drug that inhibits Hsp90 by binding to the ATP binding pocket
The E. coli chaperonin system requires ________ ATP
Failure of the lungs to eliminate CO2 as fast as it is produced is called
The lid structure of the E. coli chaperonin system is
DefinitionTerms
Histidine (Essential or Non-Essential)
P50 of fetal Hb (mmHg)
At high pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Asparagine (Essential or Non-Essential)
When the blood pH drops below ________ it is considered acidosis
High temperature shifts the O2 binding curve...
Normal range of female Hb at sea level
The concept that upon each binding of an O2 to a heme subunit causes a higher affinity for the next O2 binding is called...
Hypoventhilation makes the blood
Hsp protein mutaions are known to be responsible for
Leucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Pressure at which 50% of hemoglobin is saturated
Adult Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the...
Alpha helicies are generally ______ resides long with _______ amino acids per turn
Blood pH below _______ can result in coma and death.
Normal range of male Hb at sea level
F Hemaglobin structure
The concept that deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for CO2
Low serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts the O2 binding curve
 
Sickle cell doesn't affect which Hb subunit chain?
Serine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Blood pH above ________ can result in coma and death.
These help to stabilize the folding and unfolding intermediates
pKa=
Proline (Essential or Non-Essential)
Glutamine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Glycine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Hsp70 mainly serves to
Hsp90 works with which other protein?
Chemical that 'locks' Hb in T-state forcing the release of oxygen
DefinitionTerms
Low 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve
Cysteine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Less toxic Hsp90 inhibitor that blocks ATP binding pocket
Which secondary structure is more stable?
High serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts O2 binding curve
High 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve....
Valine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Alanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Functional regions of the tertiary structure are referred to as
Aspartic Acid (Aspartate) (Essential or Non-Essential)
Phenylalanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Heat shock protein family that is only involved in protein folding
A Hemaglobin structure
Lysine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Hb with ferric form of iron ion can't beind oxygen. This form of Hb is called....
Tryptophan (Essential or Non-Essential)
Arginine (Essential or Non-Essential)
________________ regions tend to be structural and functional regions between homologous proteins.
Drug that induces erythropoesis of gamma-globin
Fetal Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the....
When blood pH is above _________ it is considered alkalosis
High pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Chemical that minimized the change in pH of a solution by binding excess H+ while also being able to release H+ if pH is low
Co-chaperone for Hsp70
Threonine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Which organ plays the fastest role in maintaining blood pH?
Persistent, prolonged vomiting can result in...
Deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for H+ ions
The higher the altitud you to the _________ Hb your body will produce? (more/less)

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