Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins

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Can you name the Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins?

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DefinitionTerms
P50 of fetal Hb (mmHg)
This type of breathing can cause alkalosis.
Blood pH must be maintained around....
High 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve....
Methionine (Essential or Non-Essential)
The most important buffer in maintaining pH balance in the blood
High pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Glutamic Acid/Glutamate (Essential or Non-Essential)
Histidine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Enzyme that assists in the formation, rearrangement and breaking of disulfide bonds
Alpha helicies are generally ______ resides long with _______ amino acids per turn
pKa=
Serine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Low pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Valine (Essential or Non-Essential)
When the blood pH drops below ________ it is considered acidosis
Which secondary structure is more stable?
________________ regions tend to be structural and functional regions between homologous proteins.
Pressure at which 50% of hemoglobin is saturated
Low serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts the O2 binding curve
A Hemaglobin structure
Blood pH below _______ can result in coma and death.
Removing HCO3- ion (bicarbonate) from the blood by kidneys helps to ____________ pH.
When blood pH is above _________ it is considered alkalosis
Normal range of male Hb at sea level
Co-chaperone for Hsp70
Hsp protein mutaions are known to be responsible for
Which hemoglobin state has a lower binding affinity for oxygen?
Arginine (Essential or Non-Essential)
P50 of adult Hb (mmHg)
Threonine (Essential or Non-Essential)
DefinitionTerms
The concept that upon each binding of an O2 to a heme subunit causes a higher affinity for the next O2 binding is called...
Hb with ferric form of iron ion can't beind oxygen. This form of Hb is called....
Co-chaperson for Hsp60
Amino acid that forms covalent bonds between sulfers
Heat shock protein family that is involved in protein folding, prevents aggregation and assists transport of proteins to organelles
The higher the altitud you to the _________ Hb your body will produce? (more/less)
When oxygen is not bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Fetal Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the....
Blood pH above ________ can result in coma and death.
Glutamine (Essential or Non-Essential)
At high pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Isoleucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
At low pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
These help to stabilize the folding and unfolding intermediates
Adult Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the...
Acidosis can be an indicator for.....
A1C Hemoglobin structure
Normal range of female Hb at sea level
Asparagine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Glycine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for H+ ions
Sickle cell doesn't affect which Hb subunit chain?
Cysteine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Low temperature shifts the O2 binding curve....
High serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts O2 binding curve
Functional regions of the tertiary structure are referred to as
A2 Hemoglobin structure
Chemical that minimized the change in pH of a solution by binding excess H+ while also being able to release H+ if pH is low
Hsp70 mainly serves to
Low 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve
Removing CO2 from the blood by the lungs helps to ____________ pH
DefinitionTerms
Drug that induces erythropoesis of gamma-globin
The E. coli chaperonin system requires ________ ATP
The concept that deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for CO2
Proline (Essential or Non-Essential)
The lid structure of the E. coli chaperonin system is
-log[H+]=
When there are equal amounts of protonated and deprotonated acid molecules...
Secondary structure is a result of __________________ between amino acids within a protein.
 
Protein folding is primarily driven by
When oxygen is bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Hsp90 works with which other protein?
Aspartic Acid (Aspartate) (Essential or Non-Essential)
Leucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Hypoventhilation makes the blood
Which organ plays the fastest role in maintaining blood pH?
Failure of the lungs to eliminate CO2 as fast as it is produced is called
Drug that inhibits Hsp90 by binding to the ATP binding pocket
Less toxic Hsp90 inhibitor that blocks ATP binding pocket
Phenylalanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Chemical that 'locks' Hb in T-state forcing the release of oxygen
Lysine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Similar proteins found in different organisms
Tryptophan (Essential or Non-Essential)
Alanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
High temperature shifts the O2 binding curve...
Persistent, prolonged vomiting can result in...
F Hemaglobin structure
Heat shock protein family that is only involved in protein folding

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