Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins

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Can you name the Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins?

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DefinitionTerms
When oxygen is not bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Hsp90 works with which other protein?
When the blood pH drops below ________ it is considered acidosis
Removing HCO3- ion (bicarbonate) from the blood by kidneys helps to ____________ pH.
Low 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve
Sickle cell doesn't affect which Hb subunit chain?
Normal range of female Hb at sea level
Phenylalanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
At low pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Serine (Essential or Non-Essential)
F Hemaglobin structure
Amino acid that forms covalent bonds between sulfers
Low pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Aspartic Acid (Aspartate) (Essential or Non-Essential)
Persistent, prolonged vomiting can result in...
Threonine (Essential or Non-Essential)
pKa=
P50 of fetal Hb (mmHg)
Blood pH above ________ can result in coma and death.
These help to stabilize the folding and unfolding intermediates
This type of breathing can cause alkalosis.
A1C Hemoglobin structure
 
High serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts O2 binding curve
Fetal Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the....
The most important buffer in maintaining pH balance in the blood
Proline (Essential or Non-Essential)
Co-chaperone for Hsp70
Pressure at which 50% of hemoglobin is saturated
The concept that upon each binding of an O2 to a heme subunit causes a higher affinity for the next O2 binding is called...
The higher the altitud you to the _________ Hb your body will produce? (more/less)
DefinitionTerms
Alpha helicies are generally ______ resides long with _______ amino acids per turn
Drug that induces erythropoesis of gamma-globin
Cysteine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Hsp protein mutaions are known to be responsible for
Adult Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the...
Hsp70 mainly serves to
Leucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Glycine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Heat shock protein family that is involved in protein folding, prevents aggregation and assists transport of proteins to organelles
A Hemaglobin structure
When blood pH is above _________ it is considered alkalosis
Removing CO2 from the blood by the lungs helps to ____________ pH
Isoleucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Histidine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Which secondary structure is more stable?
Co-chaperson for Hsp60
High temperature shifts the O2 binding curve...
Alanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Glutamine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Less toxic Hsp90 inhibitor that blocks ATP binding pocket
High 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve....
Secondary structure is a result of __________________ between amino acids within a protein.
The E. coli chaperonin system requires ________ ATP
Enzyme that assists in the formation, rearrangement and breaking of disulfide bonds
Valine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Methionine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Failure of the lungs to eliminate CO2 as fast as it is produced is called
High pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Glutamic Acid/Glutamate (Essential or Non-Essential)
-log[H+]=
Normal range of male Hb at sea level
DefinitionTerms
The concept that deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for CO2
Lysine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Asparagine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Hypoventhilation makes the blood
Tryptophan (Essential or Non-Essential)
A2 Hemoglobin structure
Which organ plays the fastest role in maintaining blood pH?
Drug that inhibits Hsp90 by binding to the ATP binding pocket
At high pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Low serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts the O2 binding curve
Blood pH must be maintained around....
Hb with ferric form of iron ion can't beind oxygen. This form of Hb is called....
Arginine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Functional regions of the tertiary structure are referred to as
When oxygen is bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Protein folding is primarily driven by
Blood pH below _______ can result in coma and death.
Similar proteins found in different organisms
________________ regions tend to be structural and functional regions between homologous proteins.
Acidosis can be an indicator for.....
The lid structure of the E. coli chaperonin system is
Heat shock protein family that is only involved in protein folding
Low temperature shifts the O2 binding curve....
P50 of adult Hb (mmHg)
When there are equal amounts of protonated and deprotonated acid molecules...
Which hemoglobin state has a lower binding affinity for oxygen?
Chemical that minimized the change in pH of a solution by binding excess H+ while also being able to release H+ if pH is low
Deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for H+ ions
Chemical that 'locks' Hb in T-state forcing the release of oxygen

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