Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins

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Can you name the Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins?

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DefinitionTerms
At low pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Histidine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Less toxic Hsp90 inhibitor that blocks ATP binding pocket
Tryptophan (Essential or Non-Essential)
Co-chaperone for Hsp70
Proline (Essential or Non-Essential)
A Hemaglobin structure
Threonine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Heat shock protein family that is involved in protein folding, prevents aggregation and assists transport of proteins to organelles
At high pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
High serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts O2 binding curve
Deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for H+ ions
Normal range of male Hb at sea level
Isoleucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Drug that induces erythropoesis of gamma-globin
Glycine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Sickle cell doesn't affect which Hb subunit chain?
Blood pH above ________ can result in coma and death.
Glutamic Acid/Glutamate (Essential or Non-Essential)
When there are equal amounts of protonated and deprotonated acid molecules...
P50 of adult Hb (mmHg)
________________ regions tend to be structural and functional regions between homologous proteins.
Alpha helicies are generally ______ resides long with _______ amino acids per turn
High 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve....
Which secondary structure is more stable?
Pressure at which 50% of hemoglobin is saturated
Asparagine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Cysteine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Protein folding is primarily driven by
Secondary structure is a result of __________________ between amino acids within a protein.
Amino acid that forms covalent bonds between sulfers
DefinitionTerms
These help to stabilize the folding and unfolding intermediates
Co-chaperson for Hsp60
Hsp90 works with which other protein?
Hypoventhilation makes the blood
The lid structure of the E. coli chaperonin system is
The most important buffer in maintaining pH balance in the blood
Removing HCO3- ion (bicarbonate) from the blood by kidneys helps to ____________ pH.
A2 Hemoglobin structure
Acidosis can be an indicator for.....
Blood pH below _______ can result in coma and death.
Enzyme that assists in the formation, rearrangement and breaking of disulfide bonds
Which hemoglobin state has a lower binding affinity for oxygen?
Removing CO2 from the blood by the lungs helps to ____________ pH
-log[H+]=
Valine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Phenylalanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Chemical that 'locks' Hb in T-state forcing the release of oxygen
Blood pH must be maintained around....
Glutamine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Functional regions of the tertiary structure are referred to as
Normal range of female Hb at sea level
Which organ plays the fastest role in maintaining blood pH?
When oxygen is bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
F Hemaglobin structure
Serine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Drug that inhibits Hsp90 by binding to the ATP binding pocket
Lysine (Essential or Non-Essential)
This type of breathing can cause alkalosis.
Low serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts the O2 binding curve
Low temperature shifts the O2 binding curve....
Arginine (Essential or Non-Essential)
DefinitionTerms
Failure of the lungs to eliminate CO2 as fast as it is produced is called
The higher the altitud you to the _________ Hb your body will produce? (more/less)
When oxygen is not bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Alanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Hb with ferric form of iron ion can't beind oxygen. This form of Hb is called....
Fetal Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the....
Leucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Heat shock protein family that is only involved in protein folding
Similar proteins found in different organisms
High temperature shifts the O2 binding curve...
Methionine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Low 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve
Hsp70 mainly serves to
pKa=
Hsp protein mutaions are known to be responsible for
P50 of fetal Hb (mmHg)
When blood pH is above _________ it is considered alkalosis
Adult Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the...
The concept that deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for CO2
High pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Aspartic Acid (Aspartate) (Essential or Non-Essential)
When the blood pH drops below ________ it is considered acidosis
Chemical that minimized the change in pH of a solution by binding excess H+ while also being able to release H+ if pH is low
Low pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
The concept that upon each binding of an O2 to a heme subunit causes a higher affinity for the next O2 binding is called...
The E. coli chaperonin system requires ________ ATP
A1C Hemoglobin structure
 
Persistent, prolonged vomiting can result in...

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