Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins

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Can you name the Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins?

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DefinitionTerms
The concept that upon each binding of an O2 to a heme subunit causes a higher affinity for the next O2 binding is called...
Which hemoglobin state has a lower binding affinity for oxygen?
F Hemaglobin structure
Which organ plays the fastest role in maintaining blood pH?
Blood pH above ________ can result in coma and death.
 
Sickle cell doesn't affect which Hb subunit chain?
Hypoventhilation makes the blood
Leucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
When there are equal amounts of protonated and deprotonated acid molecules...
High temperature shifts the O2 binding curve...
Which secondary structure is more stable?
Valine (Essential or Non-Essential)
At low pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Cysteine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Pressure at which 50% of hemoglobin is saturated
Persistent, prolonged vomiting can result in...
Isoleucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Less toxic Hsp90 inhibitor that blocks ATP binding pocket
Drug that inhibits Hsp90 by binding to the ATP binding pocket
Removing CO2 from the blood by the lungs helps to ____________ pH
The concept that deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for CO2
Secondary structure is a result of __________________ between amino acids within a protein.
The E. coli chaperonin system requires ________ ATP
Low 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve
Adult Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the...
Acidosis can be an indicator for.....
Asparagine (Essential or Non-Essential)
The higher the altitud you to the _________ Hb your body will produce? (more/less)
Normal range of male Hb at sea level
Tryptophan (Essential or Non-Essential)
DefinitionTerms
________________ regions tend to be structural and functional regions between homologous proteins.
A1C Hemoglobin structure
P50 of fetal Hb (mmHg)
Low temperature shifts the O2 binding curve....
Blood pH below _______ can result in coma and death.
Alanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Lysine (Essential or Non-Essential)
When the blood pH drops below ________ it is considered acidosis
Protein folding is primarily driven by
Amino acid that forms covalent bonds between sulfers
Glutamine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Low pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Aspartic Acid (Aspartate) (Essential or Non-Essential)
This type of breathing can cause alkalosis.
Similar proteins found in different organisms
Hsp90 works with which other protein?
Glycine (Essential or Non-Essential)
These help to stabilize the folding and unfolding intermediates
-log[H+]=
Histidine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Normal range of female Hb at sea level
Functional regions of the tertiary structure are referred to as
High 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve....
Methionine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Drug that induces erythropoesis of gamma-globin
Alpha helicies are generally ______ resides long with _______ amino acids per turn
Removing HCO3- ion (bicarbonate) from the blood by kidneys helps to ____________ pH.
Co-chaperone for Hsp70
Heat shock protein family that is only involved in protein folding
Enzyme that assists in the formation, rearrangement and breaking of disulfide bonds
Hsp protein mutaions are known to be responsible for
DefinitionTerms
High pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
A2 Hemoglobin structure
When blood pH is above _________ it is considered alkalosis
Fetal Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the....
When oxygen is bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
When oxygen is not bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Phenylalanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Serine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Chemical that 'locks' Hb in T-state forcing the release of oxygen
Hsp70 mainly serves to
Co-chaperson for Hsp60
Proline (Essential or Non-Essential)
Blood pH must be maintained around....
pKa=
Hb with ferric form of iron ion can't beind oxygen. This form of Hb is called....
Failure of the lungs to eliminate CO2 as fast as it is produced is called
Threonine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Glutamic Acid/Glutamate (Essential or Non-Essential)
Heat shock protein family that is involved in protein folding, prevents aggregation and assists transport of proteins to organelles
Arginine (Essential or Non-Essential)
The lid structure of the E. coli chaperonin system is
A Hemaglobin structure
At high pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
The most important buffer in maintaining pH balance in the blood
Chemical that minimized the change in pH of a solution by binding excess H+ while also being able to release H+ if pH is low
Low serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts the O2 binding curve
High serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts O2 binding curve
Deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for H+ ions
P50 of adult Hb (mmHg)

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