Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins

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Can you name the Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins?

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DefinitionTerms
At low pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
High serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts O2 binding curve
P50 of fetal Hb (mmHg)
This type of breathing can cause alkalosis.
Blood pH above ________ can result in coma and death.
High pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Removing CO2 from the blood by the lungs helps to ____________ pH
The concept that upon each binding of an O2 to a heme subunit causes a higher affinity for the next O2 binding is called...
Low temperature shifts the O2 binding curve....
When there are equal amounts of protonated and deprotonated acid molecules...
When oxygen is not bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Arginine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Normal range of male Hb at sea level
Asparagine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Protein folding is primarily driven by
A1C Hemoglobin structure
Blood pH below _______ can result in coma and death.
Cysteine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Low serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts the O2 binding curve
At high pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Which organ plays the fastest role in maintaining blood pH?
Removing HCO3- ion (bicarbonate) from the blood by kidneys helps to ____________ pH.
P50 of adult Hb (mmHg)
Persistent, prolonged vomiting can result in...
Enzyme that assists in the formation, rearrangement and breaking of disulfide bonds
High temperature shifts the O2 binding curve...
Proline (Essential or Non-Essential)
Tryptophan (Essential or Non-Essential)
Similar proteins found in different organisms
Deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for H+ ions
Which secondary structure is more stable?
DefinitionTerms
Glutamic Acid/Glutamate (Essential or Non-Essential)
Fetal Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the....
A Hemaglobin structure
F Hemaglobin structure
Leucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Which hemoglobin state has a lower binding affinity for oxygen?
The concept that deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for CO2
Chemical that 'locks' Hb in T-state forcing the release of oxygen
Heat shock protein family that is only involved in protein folding
Histidine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Normal range of female Hb at sea level
When oxygen is bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Pressure at which 50% of hemoglobin is saturated
Co-chaperson for Hsp60
Glycine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Alanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Secondary structure is a result of __________________ between amino acids within a protein.
Aspartic Acid (Aspartate) (Essential or Non-Essential)
Threonine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Adult Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the...
These help to stabilize the folding and unfolding intermediates
Failure of the lungs to eliminate CO2 as fast as it is produced is called
 
The E. coli chaperonin system requires ________ ATP
The lid structure of the E. coli chaperonin system is
A2 Hemoglobin structure
Hsp70 mainly serves to
Serine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Hsp protein mutaions are known to be responsible for
Alpha helicies are generally ______ resides long with _______ amino acids per turn
The most important buffer in maintaining pH balance in the blood
DefinitionTerms
Drug that induces erythropoesis of gamma-globin
Less toxic Hsp90 inhibitor that blocks ATP binding pocket
When blood pH is above _________ it is considered alkalosis
Co-chaperone for Hsp70
Low pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Phenylalanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Functional regions of the tertiary structure are referred to as
When the blood pH drops below ________ it is considered acidosis
Acidosis can be an indicator for.....
Glutamine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Lysine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Chemical that minimized the change in pH of a solution by binding excess H+ while also being able to release H+ if pH is low
Methionine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Hb with ferric form of iron ion can't beind oxygen. This form of Hb is called....
Valine (Essential or Non-Essential)
High 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve....
Sickle cell doesn't affect which Hb subunit chain?
Blood pH must be maintained around....
________________ regions tend to be structural and functional regions between homologous proteins.
Heat shock protein family that is involved in protein folding, prevents aggregation and assists transport of proteins to organelles
Low 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve
Drug that inhibits Hsp90 by binding to the ATP binding pocket
Hypoventhilation makes the blood
Isoleucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Hsp90 works with which other protein?
Amino acid that forms covalent bonds between sulfers
pKa=
The higher the altitud you to the _________ Hb your body will produce? (more/less)
-log[H+]=

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