Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins

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Can you name the Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins?

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DefinitionTerms
Removing HCO3- ion (bicarbonate) from the blood by kidneys helps to ____________ pH.
Deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for H+ ions
At high pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Similar proteins found in different organisms
Low serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts the O2 binding curve
Isoleucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
________________ regions tend to be structural and functional regions between homologous proteins.
Protein folding is primarily driven by
Pressure at which 50% of hemoglobin is saturated
When the blood pH drops below ________ it is considered acidosis
Low temperature shifts the O2 binding curve....
Histidine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Tryptophan (Essential or Non-Essential)
Low 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve
High temperature shifts the O2 binding curve...
Threonine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Phenylalanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Less toxic Hsp90 inhibitor that blocks ATP binding pocket
Proline (Essential or Non-Essential)
Glutamine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Fetal Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the....
Hsp90 works with which other protein?
Glutamic Acid/Glutamate (Essential or Non-Essential)
The concept that upon each binding of an O2 to a heme subunit causes a higher affinity for the next O2 binding is called...
Sickle cell doesn't affect which Hb subunit chain?
A2 Hemoglobin structure
Heat shock protein family that is only involved in protein folding
Amino acid that forms covalent bonds between sulfers
P50 of fetal Hb (mmHg)
Hsp70 mainly serves to
High pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
DefinitionTerms
The lid structure of the E. coli chaperonin system is
Arginine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Glycine (Essential or Non-Essential)
-log[H+]=
When oxygen is bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
When blood pH is above _________ it is considered alkalosis
Heat shock protein family that is involved in protein folding, prevents aggregation and assists transport of proteins to organelles
Blood pH above ________ can result in coma and death.
Which organ plays the fastest role in maintaining blood pH?
Low pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
The higher the altitud you to the _________ Hb your body will produce? (more/less)
Drug that inhibits Hsp90 by binding to the ATP binding pocket
Chemical that minimized the change in pH of a solution by binding excess H+ while also being able to release H+ if pH is low
Aspartic Acid (Aspartate) (Essential or Non-Essential)
The most important buffer in maintaining pH balance in the blood
The concept that deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for CO2
The E. coli chaperonin system requires ________ ATP
When there are equal amounts of protonated and deprotonated acid molecules...
Hypoventhilation makes the blood
Alanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Co-chaperson for Hsp60
Serine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Blood pH below _______ can result in coma and death.
Valine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Which secondary structure is more stable?
Hb with ferric form of iron ion can't beind oxygen. This form of Hb is called....
High 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve....
At low pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
A Hemaglobin structure
 
Normal range of male Hb at sea level
DefinitionTerms
Functional regions of the tertiary structure are referred to as
Methionine (Essential or Non-Essential)
P50 of adult Hb (mmHg)
Chemical that 'locks' Hb in T-state forcing the release of oxygen
Drug that induces erythropoesis of gamma-globin
Hsp protein mutaions are known to be responsible for
This type of breathing can cause alkalosis.
Lysine (Essential or Non-Essential)
When oxygen is not bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
High serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts O2 binding curve
Failure of the lungs to eliminate CO2 as fast as it is produced is called
Which hemoglobin state has a lower binding affinity for oxygen?
F Hemaglobin structure
These help to stabilize the folding and unfolding intermediates
Blood pH must be maintained around....
A1C Hemoglobin structure
Alpha helicies are generally ______ resides long with _______ amino acids per turn
Asparagine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Persistent, prolonged vomiting can result in...
Secondary structure is a result of __________________ between amino acids within a protein.
Cysteine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Enzyme that assists in the formation, rearrangement and breaking of disulfide bonds
Adult Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the...
Removing CO2 from the blood by the lungs helps to ____________ pH
pKa=
Acidosis can be an indicator for.....
Normal range of female Hb at sea level
Co-chaperone for Hsp70
Leucine (Essential or Non-Essential)

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