Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins

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Can you name the Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Proteins?

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DefinitionTerms
Blood pH above ________ can result in coma and death.
Pressure at which 50% of hemoglobin is saturated
Low pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
Amino acid that forms covalent bonds between sulfers
Which organ plays the fastest role in maintaining blood pH?
-log[H+]=
The most important buffer in maintaining pH balance in the blood
Low serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts the O2 binding curve
Histidine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Hb with ferric form of iron ion can't beind oxygen. This form of Hb is called....
High serum carbon monoxide concentration shifts O2 binding curve
Which secondary structure is more stable?
Low 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve
Glutamine (Essential or Non-Essential)
When oxygen is not bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Co-chaperson for Hsp60
Protein folding is primarily driven by
Proline (Essential or Non-Essential)
This type of breathing can cause alkalosis.
Aspartic Acid (Aspartate) (Essential or Non-Essential)
Drug that induces erythropoesis of gamma-globin
Tryptophan (Essential or Non-Essential)
At low pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
A2 Hemoglobin structure
Methionine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Glutamic Acid/Glutamate (Essential or Non-Essential)
Low temperature shifts the O2 binding curve....
Alanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Removing CO2 from the blood by the lungs helps to ____________ pH
Serine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Hsp90 works with which other protein?
DefinitionTerms
Removing HCO3- ion (bicarbonate) from the blood by kidneys helps to ____________ pH.
Alpha helicies are generally ______ resides long with _______ amino acids per turn
Acidosis can be an indicator for.....
The E. coli chaperonin system requires ________ ATP
When blood pH is above _________ it is considered alkalosis
Co-chaperone for Hsp70
Which hemoglobin state has a lower binding affinity for oxygen?
At high pH the amino acid is ______________ at both the amino and carboxyl groups.
Blood pH below _______ can result in coma and death.
P50 of adult Hb (mmHg)
When there are equal amounts of protonated and deprotonated acid molecules...
Isoleucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Similar proteins found in different organisms
Fetal Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the....
Adult Hb shifts the O2 binding curve to the...
Less toxic Hsp90 inhibitor that blocks ATP binding pocket
F Hemaglobin structure
Deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for H+ ions
Heat shock protein family that is involved in protein folding, prevents aggregation and assists transport of proteins to organelles
The higher the altitud you to the _________ Hb your body will produce? (more/less)
Persistent, prolonged vomiting can result in...
Glycine (Essential or Non-Essential)
When oxygen is bound to the heme iron it is in which form? (T or R)
Arginine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Sickle cell doesn't affect which Hb subunit chain?
Normal range of male Hb at sea level
Hypoventhilation makes the blood
The concept that deoxygenated Hb has a higher affinity for CO2
Lysine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Hsp protein mutaions are known to be responsible for
Blood pH must be maintained around....
DefinitionTerms
Valine (Essential or Non-Essential)
A1C Hemoglobin structure
P50 of fetal Hb (mmHg)
High temperature shifts the O2 binding curve...
High 2,3-BPG levels shift the O2 binding curve....
Threonine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Secondary structure is a result of __________________ between amino acids within a protein.
Chemical that minimized the change in pH of a solution by binding excess H+ while also being able to release H+ if pH is low
Enzyme that assists in the formation, rearrangement and breaking of disulfide bonds
These help to stabilize the folding and unfolding intermediates
Phenylalanine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Leucine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Normal range of female Hb at sea level
Hsp70 mainly serves to
High pH causes the O2 binding curve to shift...
 
Drug that inhibits Hsp90 by binding to the ATP binding pocket
The concept that upon each binding of an O2 to a heme subunit causes a higher affinity for the next O2 binding is called...
The lid structure of the E. coli chaperonin system is
Asparagine (Essential or Non-Essential)
Failure of the lungs to eliminate CO2 as fast as it is produced is called
Cysteine (Essential or Non-Essential)
pKa=
Functional regions of the tertiary structure are referred to as
When the blood pH drops below ________ it is considered acidosis
Heat shock protein family that is only involved in protein folding
A Hemaglobin structure
________________ regions tend to be structural and functional regions between homologous proteins.
Chemical that 'locks' Hb in T-state forcing the release of oxygen

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