Powerful Physiology Practice Princess Pink Pony Pumpkin

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Can you name the Powerful Physiology Practice?

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QuestionAnswer
Smallest functional contractile unit
During contraction, the A band gets shorter or remains the same
Which hormone increases blood calcium
Pathology: autoimmune disorder of pancreatic islet cells
Cycle that regenerates glucose from lactic acid
Principle that bones remodel in response to physical environment
Muscle fiber that does not require oxygen
During contraction, the sarcomere gets shorter or remains the same
Which gland is connected by neuron to the hypothalmus
Groups that remodel bone
Pathology caused by too much GH after growth plates fuse
Which gland secretes TSH, FSH, LH, ACTH, GH, PRL
From Smelley: How do you prevent getting type II diabetes?
Bone destroying cell
Thin filaments
Muscle contraction with shortening of the muscle
Mechanosensor
Chemical class of Oxytocin, PTH, ADH
What happens without the above chemical
Bone that has been remodeled
Pathology: hyperthyroidism
Stimulation of hormone production by neuron
QuestionAnswer
Pathology: hypothyroidism in children
Muscle that is not striated and not voluntary; found in the walls of hollow visceral organs
Pathology: too much cortisone
Muscle that is striated and voluntary; attaches to and covers bony skeleton
Which gland deals with long term stress
Neurotransmitter that tells muscles when to contract
Which hormone increases calcium storage in bones
Thick filaments
Which hormone raises blood sugar
Pathology: too much GH while still growing
Endocrine signaling within the cell
Chemical required for muscle contraction
Which hormone lowers blood sugar
Endocrine signaling using gap junctions
Bone formation direct, not involving a cartilage intermediary; flat bones
Endocrine signaling that also involves neurons
Endocrine signaling where the molecule exits into the lumen
During contraction, the H zone and I band gets shorter or remains the same?
Pathology: resistance to insulin
Stimulation of hormone production by imbalance in the blood
Muscle contraction without shortening of muscle
Endocrine signaling where the hormone stays in the immediate interstitial fluid
QuestionAnswer
Which gland deals with short term stress
Microscopic anatomy: length of myosin fibers
Microscopic anatomy: distance between myosin fibers
Muscle fiber that requires oxygen
Bone that has never been remodeled
Endocrine signaling where the molecule is secreted into the blood stream
Pathology: hyposecretory disorder of the adrenal cortex
Microscopic anatomy: midline of myosin fiber
Chemical class of Testosterone, Estrogen, Progesterone, Cortisol
Endocrine signaling where the receptor is on the surface of the same producing cell
Muscle that is striated by not voluntary; found only in the heart
Pathology: not enough GH
Chemical class of Melatonin, epinephrine, norepinephrine, thyroxine
Stimulation of hormone production by other hormones
Microscopic anatomy: distance between actin ends
Stiffening of the body after death
Chemical class of GH, Insulin, Glucagon, Insulin-like Growth Factor
Effect that increases bone strength
Pathology: hypothyroid syndrome in adults
Bone forming cell
Bone formation involving a cartilage intermediary; long bones

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