UW MSCI 211 Quiz 2 Practice (CH6)

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Can you name the UW MSCI 211 CH6 terms?

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Motivation - the forces inside an individual that lead to the ____, ____, and ____ of effort he or she makes at work
amount of effort (great or small) 
choice as to where to direct effort when given alternatives 
time spent continuing to try in an action 
Three Categories of Motivational Theories
Emphasize controlling an individual’s behaviour through manipulating its consequences 
Identify the needs that motivate individual behaviour, i.e., the physiological and psychological deficiencies we feel compelled to reduce 
Seek to understand the thought processes that determine behaviour, why a person acts in a certain way given available rewards and work opportunities 
Reinforcement Theories
the administration of a consequence as a result of behaviour 
learning through association 
the process of controlling behaviour by manipulating consequences 
states behaviour resulting in pleasing outcomes is likely to be repeated & behaviour resulting in unpleasant outcomes is not likely to be repeated 
the administration of positive consequences that tend to increase the likelihood of the behaviour being repeated in similar settings 
the withdrawal of negative consequences, which leads to the likelihood of desirable behaviour being repeated in a similar setting (i.e., reward by taking away something bad) 
the administration of negative consequences that tend to reduce the likelihood of the behaviour being repeated in similar settings 
the withdrawal of the reinforcing consequences for a particular behaviour 
Scheduling of Reinforcement
reward at random times 
reward specific # of behaviors 
reward 1st behavior after specific time elapses 
reward random # of occurrences of behavior 
Content Theories
category theory #1 
category theory #2 
category theory #3 
category theory #4 
Maslow's Pyramid of Needs
Highest priority need 
Second-highest priority need 
Middle priority need 
Second-lowest priority need 
Lowest priority need 
ERG Needs
Highest priority need 
Middle priority need 
Lowest priority need 
when a higher-level need can't be satisfied, a lower level need can become reactivated 
Acquired Needs
associated with individual responsibilities, challenging goals, performance feedback 
associated with attention, recognition, opportunity for influence over others 
associated with interpersonal relationships, opportunities for communication 
Other Theories
Theory suggesting that person feeling under rewarded or overrewarded will try to restore fairness in rewards 
Theory arguing that work motivation is determined by individual beliefs about effort-performance relationships and work outcomes 
Expectancy Theory
Can I do it? How hard must I work? 
What will happen as a result of my success? 
How much do I care about those outcomes? 
Other Terms
how positively or negatively individuals feel about their jobs 
Two Factor Theory
source of dissatisfaction - problems with hygiene factors lead to dissatisfaction 
source of job satisfaction - link with performance 

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Created Oct 17, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:211, Ch 6, description, practice, term