PTSD Research

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Can you name the Name the researchers who conducted these studies on PTSD?

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PTSD/Trauma is a classically conditioned fear response.
Self-help guides for students in Baghdad. Significant reductions in PTSD symptoms, anxiety and depression and higher use of positive coping strategies.
Two pathways: verbally and situationally accessible memories.
Found PTSD symptoms in those who acted as counsellors after 9/11.2004
Over 4-5 days, participants wrote stories and then signed them. Less PTSD symptoms in the year follow up.
Trauma focused treatment was more effective than non-truama focused treatment. TF-CBT was significantly best therapy in reducing symptoms. Stress management therapy was good, but o2009
7.8% of nearly 6000 adults had suffered from PTSD at some point in their lives.1995
RCT - 33 children with PTSD randomised into either EMDR or waiting list, and then crossover performed. Independent evaluator conducted pre/post tests. Children treated with EMDR sh2007
Neuroleptics were generally inferior to antidepressants.1981
More coherent narrative = less likely to suffer from PTSD.
Used narrative exposure therapy with survivors of the Szechan earthquake in China. Had a positive effect on reduction of symptoms, general health, anxiety and depression.2008
Expressive writing - writing out the story several times including emotions worked for students and had positive health and behavioural effects.1999
Benzodiazepines - patients with MPD and PTSD responded well long term.1988
Beta blockers in 12 Vietnam veterans. Improvements for nightmares, intrusive recollection and impaired sleep but side effects of depression.1984
No effect of secondary trauma in children of holocaust survivors.2003
Right hippocampus is significantly smaller in MRIs of Vietnam combat veterans with PTSD.1995
Tricylic drugs were more effective than placebo in Vietnam veterans.1990
Emotional processingtheory - how we deal with stress is affected by our appraisals of what we do. Negative believes regarding the trauma can reinforce the negative schemata.
MAOIs had a positive effect however large side effects.1998
No significant difference in hippocampal size 1 week and 6 montsh after trauma. But only 10/37 had PTSD at the 6 months point.2001
CBT effective for 9/11 survivors in reducing symptoms and depression.2007
Stress Response Theory - after an initial distress, the individual attempts to assimilate new trauma knowledge and existing schema and this results in an information overload.

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