Science / Salamanders and Caecilians

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Can you name the the amphibian family that matches the characteristic?

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Also try: 'A' for Anatomy
4 species in 1 genus, found in NW USA
Has 27 genera and 431 species
Fully aquatic, flattened, and up to 1.6 meters in length, this family can live for over 30 years.
The axolotl is in this family.
Lay eggs in logs or in alligator mounds, up to 1 meter in length.
Torrent salamanders
[caecilian]2 genera & 11 species found in South America
[caecilian]True tail, tentacle adjacent to eye
Obvious costal grooves, up to 22 cm, and found only in North America.
[caecilian]Up to 1 meter long, eats earthworms
Found in E. North America and E. Asia, this family has 3 species in 2 genera.
Found in Europe, NW Africa, Asia & N.A. Rough, pebbly skin.
Live only in Central and E. Asia, difficult to distinguish from other groups without skeletons.
4 species in 1 genus, found in NW USA
Found in the NW USA only, internal reproduction, tail-lash defense, and are fairly small.
External fertilization, eggs tended by females. This family can escape drought conditions by aestivating in a mucous cocoon.
[caecilian]2 genera & 42 species, Central & South America
Paedomorphic and found in slow moving waters in the SE US. Internal fertilization.
2 genera and six species, found in E. United States and central/SE Europe.
[caecilian]Often bright coloration, mostly viviparous
Have noxious milky-white skin secretions and some have aposematic coloration. Found only in North America.
Caecilians- yeah i know it's not a family, deal with it
[caecilian]True tail, tentacle between eye and nostril.
Internal fertilization and noxious skin secretions/aposematic coloration. Some retain eggs in body, birthing advanced larva or 'mature' young.
21 genera & 97 species
Projectile tongues and mental glands. Males in some species have cirri.
The hellbender is in this family.
[subfamily]Aneides, Desmognathus, Ensantina, Hydromantes, Plethodon
Toad-like and big(35 cm), with sharp teeth, indistinct costal grooves and mottled skin patterns.
9 genera & 58 species
Squared off glands behind vent in males, internal fertilization, and found in old growth forests and cold streams.
Slender & eel-like, lacking hindlimbs and eyelids. Adults retain eternal gills and suction-feeding.
Superfamily that includes all salamanders with internal fertilization
[caecilian]Recessed mouth, lacks tail
Can survive drought by forming a cocoon, aquatic, 4 limbs
No nasolabial or distinct costal grooves.Terrestrial as young, have laterally compressed tails as aquatic adults.
[caecilian]3 genera & 53 species. Found in SE Asia.
32 species in 1 genus
External fertilization, terrestrial as adults, lay eggs in high mountain streams
This family is fully aquatic, found in slow-moving water, and is found in SE United States and NE Mexico.
Have nasolabial grooves, lungless. Found in the Americas and Europe.
Males herd females into their nests under large rocks and tend to the eggs after mating through external fertilization.
Mudpuppies and olms
Internal fertilization. Genera include Necturus and Proteus. Eats a variety of food including small invertebrates/vertebrates, fish eggs, carrion
[caecilian]Up to 50 cm, free swimming larva, female attends 25-40 eggs(thus oviparous)
[caecilian]Up to 33 cm, oviparous, larva have gill slits, mouth at the tip of the snout
[subfamily]Batrachoseps, Bolitoglossa, Dendrotriton, Eurycea, Psuedotriton
Mole salamanders
[order]Elongate and limbless, have tentacles. Internal fertilization, often no tail, specialized for burrowing.
1 genus & 3 species found in the Southeastern US
Includes the genera Siren & Pseudobranchus(4 species total)
Sometimes called conger eels or congo snakes.
Can live over 50 years, are aquatic with gills and reduced number of toes, but retain all 4 limbs.

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