Salamanders and Caecilians

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Can you name the the amphibian family that matches the characteristic?

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CharacteristicFamily
Caecilians- yeah i know it's not a family, deal with it
[subfamily]Batrachoseps, Bolitoglossa, Dendrotriton, Eurycea, Psuedotriton
Paedomorphic and found in slow moving waters in the SE US. Internal fertilization.
Projectile tongues and mental glands. Males in some species have cirri.
Superfamily that includes all salamanders with internal fertilization
Have nasolabial grooves, lungless. Found in the Americas and Europe.
21 genera & 97 species
[caecilian]Up to 33 cm, oviparous, larva have gill slits, mouth at the tip of the snout
Has 27 genera and 431 species
Can live over 50 years, are aquatic with gills and reduced number of toes, but retain all 4 limbs.
Mudpuppies and olms
Mole salamanders
Found in Europe, NW Africa, Asia & N.A. Rough, pebbly skin.
[caecilian]Recessed mouth, lacks tail
4 species in 1 genus, found in NW USA
Fully aquatic, flattened, and up to 1.6 meters in length, this family can live for over 30 years.
[caecilian]Often bright coloration, mostly viviparous
[order]Elongate and limbless, have tentacles. Internal fertilization, often no tail, specialized for burrowing.
Newts
Slender & eel-like, lacking hindlimbs and eyelids. Adults retain eternal gills and suction-feeding.
Found in E. North America and E. Asia, this family has 3 species in 2 genera.
Lay eggs in logs or in alligator mounds, up to 1 meter in length.
Found in the NW USA only, internal reproduction, tail-lash defense, and are fairly small.
Can survive drought by forming a cocoon, aquatic, 4 limbs
[caecilian]3 genera & 53 species. Found in SE Asia.
External fertilization, eggs tended by females. This family can escape drought conditions by aestivating in a mucous cocoon.
This family is fully aquatic, found in slow-moving water, and is found in SE United States and NE Mexico.
CharacteristicFamily
No nasolabial or distinct costal grooves.Terrestrial as young, have laterally compressed tails as aquatic adults.
Includes the genera Siren & Pseudobranchus(4 species total)
[caecilian]True tail, tentacle adjacent to eye
Torrent salamanders
External fertilization, terrestrial as adults, lay eggs in high mountain streams
Sometimes called conger eels or congo snakes.
9 genera & 58 species
Have noxious milky-white skin secretions and some have aposematic coloration. Found only in North America.
[caecilian]Up to 1 meter long, eats earthworms
[caecilian]2 genera & 42 species, Central & South America
Internal fertilization. Genera include Necturus and Proteus. Eats a variety of food including small invertebrates/vertebrates, fish eggs, carrion
Toad-like and big(35 cm), with sharp teeth, indistinct costal grooves and mottled skin patterns.
The axolotl is in this family.
[subfamily]Aneides, Desmognathus, Ensantina, Hydromantes, Plethodon
Males herd females into their nests under large rocks and tend to the eggs after mating through external fertilization.
2 genera and six species, found in E. United States and central/SE Europe.
4 species in 1 genus, found in NW USA
The hellbender is in this family.
[caecilian]True tail, tentacle between eye and nostril.
[caecilian]Up to 50 cm, free swimming larva, female attends 25-40 eggs(thus oviparous)
[caecilian]2 genera & 11 species found in South America
Obvious costal grooves, up to 22 cm, and found only in North America.
Internal fertilization and noxious skin secretions/aposematic coloration. Some retain eggs in body, birthing advanced larva or 'mature' young.
1 genus & 3 species found in the Southeastern US
Squared off glands behind vent in males, internal fertilization, and found in old growth forests and cold streams.
Live only in Central and E. Asia, difficult to distinguish from other groups without skeletons.
32 species in 1 genus

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