Salamanders and Caecilians

Random Science Quiz

Can you name the the amphibian family that matches the characteristic?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

How to Play
Share
Tweet
Email
Embed
CharacteristicFamily
[caecilian]Up to 33 cm, oviparous, larva have gill slits, mouth at the tip of the snout
[caecilian]3 genera & 53 species. Found in SE Asia.
Have nasolabial grooves, lungless. Found in the Americas and Europe.
4 species in 1 genus, found in NW USA
Internal fertilization. Genera include Necturus and Proteus. Eats a variety of food including small invertebrates/vertebrates, fish eggs, carrion
Paedomorphic and found in slow moving waters in the SE US. Internal fertilization.
Can live over 50 years, are aquatic with gills and reduced number of toes, but retain all 4 limbs.
Caecilians- yeah i know it's not a family, deal with it
[subfamily]Aneides, Desmognathus, Ensantina, Hydromantes, Plethodon
Males herd females into their nests under large rocks and tend to the eggs after mating through external fertilization.
Found in Europe, NW Africa, Asia & N.A. Rough, pebbly skin.
Squared off glands behind vent in males, internal fertilization, and found in old growth forests and cold streams.
Found in E. North America and E. Asia, this family has 3 species in 2 genera.
Live only in Central and E. Asia, difficult to distinguish from other groups without skeletons.
[caecilian]Up to 50 cm, free swimming larva, female attends 25-40 eggs(thus oviparous)
Torrent salamanders
[caecilian]Up to 1 meter long, eats earthworms
This family is fully aquatic, found in slow-moving water, and is found in SE United States and NE Mexico.
Mole salamanders
4 species in 1 genus, found in NW USA
[caecilian]Recessed mouth, lacks tail
No nasolabial or distinct costal grooves.Terrestrial as young, have laterally compressed tails as aquatic adults.
Toad-like and big(35 cm), with sharp teeth, indistinct costal grooves and mottled skin patterns.
[caecilian]2 genera & 42 species, Central & South America
Projectile tongues and mental glands. Males in some species have cirri.
Lay eggs in logs or in alligator mounds, up to 1 meter in length.
External fertilization, terrestrial as adults, lay eggs in high mountain streams
CharacteristicFamily
Have noxious milky-white skin secretions and some have aposematic coloration. Found only in North America.
Fully aquatic, flattened, and up to 1.6 meters in length, this family can live for over 30 years.
Includes the genera Siren & Pseudobranchus(4 species total)
Found in the NW USA only, internal reproduction, tail-lash defense, and are fairly small.
1 genus & 3 species found in the Southeastern US
[caecilian]True tail, tentacle adjacent to eye
[caecilian]Often bright coloration, mostly viviparous
Can survive drought by forming a cocoon, aquatic, 4 limbs
32 species in 1 genus
Internal fertilization and noxious skin secretions/aposematic coloration. Some retain eggs in body, birthing advanced larva or 'mature' young.
Obvious costal grooves, up to 22 cm, and found only in North America.
Mudpuppies and olms
The axolotl is in this family.
[caecilian]2 genera & 11 species found in South America
The hellbender is in this family.
2 genera and six species, found in E. United States and central/SE Europe.
21 genera & 97 species
Slender & eel-like, lacking hindlimbs and eyelids. Adults retain eternal gills and suction-feeding.
Sometimes called conger eels or congo snakes.
[caecilian]True tail, tentacle between eye and nostril.
External fertilization, eggs tended by females. This family can escape drought conditions by aestivating in a mucous cocoon.
9 genera & 58 species
[order]Elongate and limbless, have tentacles. Internal fertilization, often no tail, specialized for burrowing.
Superfamily that includes all salamanders with internal fertilization
Newts
[subfamily]Batrachoseps, Bolitoglossa, Dendrotriton, Eurycea, Psuedotriton
Has 27 genera and 431 species

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
OR
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments

Extras