Science / Salamanders and Caecilians

Random Science Quiz

Can you name the the amphibian family that matches the characteristic?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

Forced Order
Found in Europe, NW Africa, Asia & N.A. Rough, pebbly skin.
Males herd females into their nests under large rocks and tend to the eggs after mating through external fertilization.
External fertilization, terrestrial as adults, lay eggs in high mountain streams
Lay eggs in logs or in alligator mounds, up to 1 meter in length.
[subfamily]Aneides, Desmognathus, Ensantina, Hydromantes, Plethodon
Internal fertilization. Genera include Necturus and Proteus. Eats a variety of food including small invertebrates/vertebrates, fish eggs, carrion
Squared off glands behind vent in males, internal fertilization, and found in old growth forests and cold streams.
Slender & eel-like, lacking hindlimbs and eyelids. Adults retain eternal gills and suction-feeding.
21 genera & 97 species
[caecilian]2 genera & 42 species, Central & South America
The hellbender is in this family.
Can survive drought by forming a cocoon, aquatic, 4 limbs
[caecilian]True tail, tentacle between eye and nostril.
The axolotl is in this family.
[order]Elongate and limbless, have tentacles. Internal fertilization, often no tail, specialized for burrowing.
1 genus & 3 species found in the Southeastern US
Internal fertilization and noxious skin secretions/aposematic coloration. Some retain eggs in body, birthing advanced larva or 'mature' young.
4 species in 1 genus, found in NW USA
[subfamily]Batrachoseps, Bolitoglossa, Dendrotriton, Eurycea, Psuedotriton
Have noxious milky-white skin secretions and some have aposematic coloration. Found only in North America.
[caecilian]2 genera & 11 species found in South America
Projectile tongues and mental glands. Males in some species have cirri.
[caecilian]Up to 50 cm, free swimming larva, female attends 25-40 eggs(thus oviparous)
Obvious costal grooves, up to 22 cm, and found only in North America.
[caecilian]Often bright coloration, mostly viviparous
Has 27 genera and 431 species
[caecilian]Up to 33 cm, oviparous, larva have gill slits, mouth at the tip of the snout
Live only in Central and E. Asia, difficult to distinguish from other groups without skeletons.
[caecilian]True tail, tentacle adjacent to eye
Toad-like and big(35 cm), with sharp teeth, indistinct costal grooves and mottled skin patterns.
[caecilian]Up to 1 meter long, eats earthworms
No nasolabial or distinct costal grooves.Terrestrial as young, have laterally compressed tails as aquatic adults.
[caecilian]3 genera & 53 species. Found in SE Asia.
External fertilization, eggs tended by females. This family can escape drought conditions by aestivating in a mucous cocoon.
Have nasolabial grooves, lungless. Found in the Americas and Europe.
Can live over 50 years, are aquatic with gills and reduced number of toes, but retain all 4 limbs.
Found in the NW USA only, internal reproduction, tail-lash defense, and are fairly small.
Superfamily that includes all salamanders with internal fertilization
4 species in 1 genus, found in NW USA
Mudpuppies and olms
Paedomorphic and found in slow moving waters in the SE US. Internal fertilization.
Fully aquatic, flattened, and up to 1.6 meters in length, this family can live for over 30 years.
Torrent salamanders
Found in E. North America and E. Asia, this family has 3 species in 2 genera.
Mole salamanders
Sometimes called conger eels or congo snakes.
This family is fully aquatic, found in slow-moving water, and is found in SE United States and NE Mexico.
9 genera & 58 species
Includes the genera Siren & Pseudobranchus(4 species total)
2 genera and six species, found in E. United States and central/SE Europe.
Caecilians- yeah i know it's not a family, deal with it
[caecilian]Recessed mouth, lacks tail
32 species in 1 genus

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments


Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.