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Chemistry Terminology: Atomic Structure
Can you name the Chemistry Terminology of Atomics Structure by definition?
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Description of Term
Through shielding, the breaking of degenerate orbitals within a shell in multi-electron atoms.
The cardinal rule of bonding. States that atoms gain stability when they have a full complement of 8 electrons in their valence shells.
The small, dense central region of an atom around which electrons orbit. Made up of protons and neutrons.
ELectrons in the outermost energy shell of an atom.
The highest energy shell in an atom, containing valence electrons. All interactions between atoms take place through the electrons of the valence shell.
States that no two electrons in an atom or molecule can have the same set of four quantum numbers.
An ion with a net positive charge.
German for 'building up', a systematic procedure for determining the electron configuration of any atom
Any atom or molecule with a net charge.
A set of electron orbitals with the same principal and second quantum numbers.
A set of electron orbitals with the same principal quantum number.
The energy it takes to remove an electron from an atom.
Orbitals with identical energies
Description of Term
Measure of the ability of an atom to attract electrons to itself.
A rule which says that, when choosing between orbitals, electrons prefer to go in separate orbitals of the same energy.
A positively charged particle of mass 1.6726x10-27
The four numbers that define each particular electron of an atom.
Description for two elemental species with the same electronic configuration
Negatively charged elementary particle of mass
When the attraction from the nucleus felt by one electron is lessened or blocked by intermediate electrons.
An uncharged atomic particle of mass 1.67493x10-27 . It resides in the nucleus.
An ion with a net negative charge.
Atoms with the same number of protons (i.e. same atomic number) but a different number of neutrons.
A tenet of quantum mechanics that says that the position and momentum of any particle cannot both be known precisely at the same time.
Associated with one particular atom, in which electrons reside
The energy change in an atom when it gains an electron.
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