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Chemistry Terminology: Atomic Structure
Can you name the Chemistry Terminology of Atomics Structure by definition?
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Description of Term
German for 'building up', a systematic procedure for determining the electron configuration of any atom
Any atom or molecule with a net charge.
States that no two electrons in an atom or molecule can have the same set of four quantum numbers.
A rule which says that, when choosing between orbitals, electrons prefer to go in separate orbitals of the same energy.
A positively charged particle of mass 1.6726x10-27
An ion with a net negative charge.
The cardinal rule of bonding. States that atoms gain stability when they have a full complement of 8 electrons in their valence shells.
An ion with a net positive charge.
Associated with one particular atom, in which electrons reside
ELectrons in the outermost energy shell of an atom.
When the attraction from the nucleus felt by one electron is lessened or blocked by intermediate electrons.
Description for two elemental species with the same electronic configuration
The small, dense central region of an atom around which electrons orbit. Made up of protons and neutrons.
Description of Term
A set of electron orbitals with the same principal quantum number.
The four numbers that define each particular electron of an atom.
Orbitals with identical energies
Atoms with the same number of protons (i.e. same atomic number) but a different number of neutrons.
The energy it takes to remove an electron from an atom.
A set of electron orbitals with the same principal and second quantum numbers.
Negatively charged elementary particle of mass
Measure of the ability of an atom to attract electrons to itself.
The energy change in an atom when it gains an electron.
A tenet of quantum mechanics that says that the position and momentum of any particle cannot both be known precisely at the same time.
An uncharged atomic particle of mass 1.67493x10-27 . It resides in the nucleus.
Through shielding, the breaking of degenerate orbitals within a shell in multi-electron atoms.
The highest energy shell in an atom, containing valence electrons. All interactions between atoms take place through the electrons of the valence shell.
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