De facto independent state recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, South Ossetia, Transnistria and Nauru. Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia
De facto independent state that is recognised by 65 UN member states and by Taiwan (Republic of China). Claimed in whole by the Republic of Serbia as part of its Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija. In turn, the Republic of Kosovo claims the part of Kosovo controlled by the Republic of Serbia and still administered by the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK). An ethnic Serbian area, North Kosovo, is largely autonomous and not under Kosovo control.
De facto independent state that has not been diplomatically recognized by any other state. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Azerbaijan.
De facto independent state that is recognised only by Turkey. It was accepted as an observer state of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference under the name of the Turkish Cypriot State since 1979. In addition, the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic regards TRNC as sovereign but Azerbaijan (the sovereign state that Nakhichevan belongs to) has not followed suit. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.
Israel but has areas in the West Bank
Palestine has observer status at United Nations General Assembly and maintains a permanent observer mission at the UN Headquarters. The declared State of Palestine is recognized by more than 100 countries, though with varying territorial borders, or even none. In foreign relations, the State of Palestine is represented by the Palestine Liberation Organization. The Palestinian National Authority is an interim administrative body formed as a result of the Oslo Accords that exercises limited control over parts of the West Bank, the rest of which is controlled by Israel, while the Gaza Strip is controlled by Hamas.
De facto independent state recognized by 81 other states. It is a founding member of the African Union and the Asian-African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian-African Conference. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of the Western Sahara to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in Tindouf , Algeria.
De facto independent state not diplomatically recognized by any other state, claimed in whole by the Somali Republic.
De facto independent state recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Venezuela, Abkhazia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.
People's Democratic Republic of China
A state competing for recognition with the People's Republic of China as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China controls the island of Taiwan and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas, and part of the Spratly Islands and has not renounced claims over the territory of the PRC and Mongolia.The Republic of China is currently recognised by 23 states including the Holy See. The territory of the Republic of China is claimed in whole by the People's Republic of China. The Republic of China participates in the World Health Organization and a number of non-UN international organizations such as the World Trade Organization, International Olympic Committee and others under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly Chinese Taipei.
De facto independent state, recognized by Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Moldova as the Territorial Unit of Transnistria.
Republic of China
After the fall of the Qing Dynasty, the Republic of China was the institute that controlled what is commonly known as China and Tibet. After the Cultural Revolution led by Chairman Moa Tse Tung, the People's Republic of China controlled mainland China and to this day lays claim to the Republic of China. The Republic of China, in turn, claims the whole of the People's Republic.